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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1451 [1382]

Actes and Monumentes of the churche

solum, vt in eum credatis, verum etiam vt pro illo patiamini: et dum probris afficiamini in nomine Christi, cogitate vos voce Petri, imo et Christi saluatoris beatos esse, cum Prophetis, cum Apostolis, cum Martyribus Christi, cum gloria et spes domini super vos requiescit. Iuxta illos seruator noster maledictis afficitur: iuxta vos glorificatur. Marginalia1 Pet. 4.Quid enim aliud vos persequendo. aut etiam crudeliora designādo vobis facere possent, quā vestras coronas vobis insignire, ornare, et multiplicare: sibi vero plagas suas, et iras dei graues accumulare et aggrauare. Ergo ne tamen, quod maxime in nos debacchētur male precemur illis, fratres, scientes quoniā dum nos ob Christum insectantur, in seipsos maxime sæuiunt, ardentesq̀ in capita propria carbones congerūt. Sed bene precemur potius, scientes in Christo vocatos esse, vt benedictionem hæreditate poßideamus. Precemur ergo vt dominus e cordibus eorū, errorū tenebras dispellat, & veritatis lucem illis faciat illucescere. MarginaliaRoma. 12. 1. Pet. 3. vt agnitis erroribus supplices pænitudine ad dominum conuertantur, et nobiscum solum illum verum deum (qui est pater luminum) et eius vnicum filium dominū Iesum Christum agnoscant, atq;, in spiritu et veritate adorent Amē. Spiritus domini nostri Iesu Christi confortet corda vestra in charitate dei, patientia Christi.

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Vester in domino frater quem tabellarius vobis denunciabit, per dei gratiam ad conuiuendum et cōmoriendum.

The death and end of Stephen Gardiner Byshop of Winchester. 
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The Death of Stephen Gardiner

The account of Gardiner's character and career first appeared in the 1563 edition along with Ridley's treatise on the theological differences between Gardiner and other catholics. In the 1570 edition, Foxe expanded this account with a diatribe of his own on Gardiner's inconstancy. He also moved Gardiner's sermon from Book IX, where it had been placed in the 1563 edition, to here. He also added quotations from Gardiner's works which appeared to attack catholic doctrines, and William Turner's attack on Gardiner. Enzinas?s letter describing Gardiner's hostile reception at Louvain was also moved from Book IX, where it had been printed, to this section of the book. There was no changemade to this material in 1576, but in 1583, material was added to show Henry VIII's distrust of Gardiner. Another account of Stephen Gardiner's death was also added to this edition.

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THe nexte monethe after the burninge of Doctor Ridley, & maister Latimer, which was the moneth of Nouember and the moneth when Quene Mary also dyed the third yeare after, Stephen Gardiner Byshop and Chauncelor, a man hated to God and al good men, ended his wretched life. Concerninge which man, seing we haue discoursed sufficiently and so muche before, in his proces in kinge Edwardes time, as maye be thought sufficient to open al the qualities, nature, and disposition of that man, I haue lesse now to speake of. First he was borne in Bery in Suffolke, broughte vp moste parte of his youth in Cambridge, his witte, capacitye, memorye, and other indumentes of nature not to bee complayned of, if he had wel vsed and applied the same, wherein there was no wante of nature in him, but he rather wanted to the goodnes of his nature. Throughe this promptnes 

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Readiness, energy.

and felicitye of wyt and towardnes  
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Willingness to learn.

he profited not a litle in suche studyes as he gaue his head vnto, as firste in the lawe ciuil, then in languages, and suche other like, especiallye those artes and faculties, which had any prospect to dignitye and prefermente to be hoped for. Besides other ornamentes or helpes of nature, MarginaliaMemory beneficiall to Winchester.memorye chefely semed to be beneficial vnto him, rather then diligence of studye. To these gyfts of nature were ioyned againe as great vices and greater, which not so much folowed him, as ouertoke him, not so muche burdened him, as made him burdensom to the whole Realme. MarginaliaThe vices of Winchester described.In stomacke high minded, 
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Of a proud spirit.

in his own opinion and conceite flatteryng hymselfe to muche. In wit craftye and subtile, toward his superiour politike and pleasing, to his inferiours fierce, against his equal stout,  
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Proud, arrogant, haughty (OED).

and enuious, namely if in iudgement and sentence they any thing withstode him, as appeared betwene the good lord Cromwel and him in the reigne of king Henry, hauing the hart that the Poets attribute to Pelides Cedere nescius. 
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Foxe text Latin

Pelides Cedere nescius

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

not knowing how to yield

Actual text of Horace, Odes I, vi

Nos, Agrippa, neque haec dicere nec gravem
Pelidae stomachum cedere nescii

[Horace's genitivenesciiis changed to a nominativenesciusto fit into Foxe's sentence grammatically. Also a Latin alphabet Greek first declension nominative endingPelidesis used in place of the original genitivePelidae]

And though he gaue no place to mē, yet I wish he would haue giuen place to truth, as well as he seemed not to bee ignoraunt of the truth, that is, I wysh hys conscience had bene as good as hys knowledge was. What hys

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knowledge was therin, it is euident to vnderstand both by hys booke De vera obedentia, 

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Stephen Gardiner, De vera obedientia (London, 1535), STC 11584. This work argued that the English king, and not the pope, was the legitimate head of the English church. It was frequently cited by protestants as proof of Gardiner's opportunism and lack of principle.

& also by his sermon before king Edward. pag. 772. and by hys answers to the Counsell the same tyme,  
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Gardiner's answers to the articles the privy council charged against him in 1550 are printed in 1563, pp. 755-68; 1570, pp. 1524-32; 1576, pp. 1300-06 and 1583, pp. 1550-06.

and moreouer in his own wordes may be gathered in sundrye places, as more plainly may appeare in the next leafe folowing,  
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See 1563, pp. 1384-86; 1570, pp. 1956-59; 1576, pp. 1683-86 and 1583, pp. .

pag. 1386. col. 2. lin. 1. Vpon his estimation and fame he stoode to to much, more then was mete for a man of hys function, that shoulde be crucified vnto the worlde, whyche thynge made him so stiffe  
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Stubborn, obstinate.

in maintaining that he had once begon to take vpon him. I wyl not here speake of, what hath bene constantly reported to me, of the monstrous makinge and fashion of his feat and toes, the nailes wherof are said not to be like other men,, but to croke doune ward & sharp like þe clawes of a beast.  
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Foxe derived this colourful, if spurious, piece of gossip from John Ponet, A shorte treatise of politike power (Strasburg, 1556), STC 20178, sig. I4r. Notice thatFoxe does not say that this information is true, he merely repeats it by saying that he will not repeat it.

What is learning was in the Ciuil and Canō law, I haue not to say: What it was in other liberal sciences and artes, thys I suppose, that neyther hys continuance in study, nor diligence, nor reading was such (by reason of hys intermedlyng in Princes matters) as could truely geue hym tytle of a depe learned man. MarginaliaWinchester not worthy the title of a lerned man.As touching diuinity, if he spake and wrote so as he thought, he was grosse, vnskylful and rude, as in many hys other doinges, especiallye in hys writing may wel appere to the Lorde Protectour, concerninge the article of iustification, which also we trust hereafter to set abroad. If he spake and wrote otherwise thē he thought, then was he impious, and a wycked mā. But whether he dyd as he thought or no, concerning his diuinity, that which he had, semed by his bookes most to be borowed of Peresius, 
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I.e., the Spanish theologian Martin Perez de Ayala.

rather then to be gotte by hys laborious trauaile of study,except perchaunce his chaplains did helpe at a pinche, where hee was not able. In tong and vtterance somwhat perchaunce prayseworthy. In stile of writing far from all commēdation, obscure, vnpleasant, intricate, perplexe, withoute perspicuitye and grace of pen: what moued him to be so sturdy agaynst maister Cheke, & Sir. T. Smith, for the greke pronunciation? other may thinke what they please. I speake but what I thinke, that he so dyd, for that he saw it a thing rather newlye begon, thē truly impugned.  
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Sir Thomas Smith, lecturer in Greek, and John Cheke had, since themid-1530s, been teaching Greek with an 'ancient' pronunciation (i.e., the pronunciation putatively used in ancient Greece rather than the modern Greek pronunciation). This 'ancient' pronunciation was championed by many humanists, notably Erasmus, but Gardiner favoured the modern pronunciation which had been traditionally taught in universities. In his capacity as chancellor of Cambridge, Gardiner banned the 'ancient' pronunciation from being taught at the University. Cheke and Smith wrote Latin treatises attacking Gardiner's position and Gardiner defended his position in lengthy Latin letters. (See J. A. Muller, Stephen Gardiner and the Tudor Reaction [London: 1926], pp. 121-23.

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Such was the disposition of that man (as it semeth) that of purpose he euer affected to seme to be a patron of

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al old
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