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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1591 [1522]

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

And for as muche as mention here is made of sir Ihon Silliard, highe sherife of Norfolke and Suffolk, as is a fore said, it commeth ther fore to minde, by occasion thereof, breifly to touche by the way, although fully the matter yet cannot be so exprest as it was done, touching the persecution of the townes of Wenson and Mendlesam in Suffolke, raised and styrred vp by the saide sir Ihon Siliarde, and sir Ihon Tirrell knight of Gippinge hall in Suffolk. 

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Persecution in Winston and Mendlesham

Note that in the 1563 edition Sir John Silliard was blamed along with Sir John Tyrrel for this persecution, but that Silliard's name was removed in the 1570 edition. Undoubtedly Foxe was pressured to make this deletion by Silliard or by friends or family of the former sheriff.

The some and effect of which briefly is thus.

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The persecution of the townes of wenson and Mendleson in Suffolke. 
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This account was complete in the 1563 edition and - except for the deletion of Silliard's name - was unchanged. It was certainly based on information relayed to Foxe by informants, although the list of causes for the persecution may be based on an official document; if so, Foxe obviously reworded it.

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AT the commaundemen of sir Ihon Siliard, knighte, high sherife thē of Suff. and Norfolke, and sir Iohn Tirrell knighte, MarginaliaWenson.there were persecuted out of the Towne of Wenson in Suffolke these persons herafter folowinge, Anno domini. 1556.

Maistres Ales Twaites gentelwoman, of the
age of. lx. yeares & more, & two of her seruāts.
Humfry Smith and his wife.
VVilliam Katchpoole and his wife
Ihon Mauling and his wife.
Nicholas Burlingham and his wife.
And one Rought and his wife.

MarginaliaMendlesam.These here vnder were persecuted out of the towne of Mendelsam, in the countye of Suffolke by Syr Ihon Tirrell of Gipping hal.

Symon Harlstoun 

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Simon Harleston was the brother-in-law of Matthew Parker, who would become the first Elizabethan archbishop of Canterbury. An informer would denounce him to Bishop Bonner as one the leading teachers of heretical doctrine in the Colchester area (1563, p. 1603).

and Katherine hys wyfe
with his fyue children.
VVilliam VVhiting 
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On 8 May 1556, William Whiting recanted, before the chancellor of the diocese of Norwich, his declaration that the sacrament of the altar was an idol (BL, Harley 421, fos. 175r-176v).

and Katherin his wife.
Thomas Dobson 
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Thomas Dobson, the vicar of Orwell, Cambridgeshire, had already been in trouble with the authorities in 1554 for ridiculing the mass (Felicity Heal, 'The Bishops of Ely and their Diocese during the Reformation Period 1515-1600' {Cambridge: 1972], p. 89). Dobson must have fled to Mendlesham after this incident.

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and his wife.
Thomas Hubbard and his wyfe.
Iohn Doncon and his wife and his mayde.
VVilliam Doncon.
Thomas VVodward the elder.
One Konnoldes wyfe.
And a pore wydowe.
And also one mother Semons mayde. 
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Mother Seaman is Joan Seaman, the mother of William Seaman, a Mendlesham husbandman who was burned on 19 May 1558. Joan Seaman was driven from Mendlesham and forced to sleep in the open countryside.

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Besides those that he constrayned and enforced to do against theire conscience, by the helpe of the parishe priest, whose name is Syr Iohn Brodishe.

¶ These be the chefest causes why those aboue named were persecuted.

Marginalia1. MarginaliaThe fayth and doctrin of these confessours,FIrst, they dyd hold & beleue the holy worde of God, to be the fufficient doctrine vnto theyr saluacion.

Marginalia2.Secondly, they denyed the Popes vsurped authority, and dyd hold al that church of Antichrist to be Christes aduersaryes, further refused the abused sacramentes, defied the masse and al Popish seruice and Ceremonies, saing they robbed God of his honnor, and Christ of his death and glory, and would not come at church, without it wer to the defacing of that they dyd there.

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Marginalia3.Thyrdly, they did hold, that the ministers of the church, by Godes worde might laufully marry.

Marginalia4.Fourthly, they held the Quene as cheife head: and wicked rulers a great plague sente of God for sinne. &c.

Marginalia5.Fiftly, they denyed mans free will, and that the Popes church did erre, and many other in that pointe with them, rebukinge their false confidence in workes, and their false trust in mannes righteousnes. Also when any rebuked those persecuted for going so openly, and talking so frely, their answer was: they knowledge, confesse and beleue, and therfore they must speake. And their tribulacion that it was Gods good wil and prouidence, and that hys iudgmentes were righte, to punish thē with other for their sinnes. And that of very faythfullnes and mercy God had caused them to be troubled. So that one heare of theyr heades shoulde not perishe before the tyme: but all thinges should worke vnto the beast, to them that loue God. And that Christ Iesus was their life and onely righteousnes: and that onely by fayth in him, and for his sake al good thinges were freely geuen them: also forgiuenes of sinnes, and lyfe euerlasting.

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Many of these foresayd persecuted, were of greate substance, and hadde possessions of their owne.

Geue God the prayse.

VVilliam Slech.

MarginaliaMaye. 30,THe 

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William Slech

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was never changed in subsequent editions.

last day of the said moneth of May, in the yeare afore sayd, Ihon Sleche beinge in prison for the sayde Doctrine of the Lordes Gospell, and the confession of his trueth, died in the kinges benche, and was buried on the back side of the said pryson, for that the fond papistes thought him not worthy to be layd in theire pope holy churchayrds, neyther in any other christian burial, as they call it.

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Thomas Harland.
Ihon Osward.
Thomas Rede.
Thomas Auington. MarginaliaMartirs. 
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Harland, Oswald, Avington and Read

In the 1563 edition, Foxe gave a brief account of these four martyrs, simply stating their names and the date and place of their deaths. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added the replies of Harland and Oswald to their articles; he derived this from Bishop Bonner's official records.

It is interesting that Foxe did not mention the answers of Avington and Read to their articles. Avington and Read were prominent freewillers and opponents of John Philpot and John Careless (see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers' in The Beginings of English Protestantism, eds. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 136, 141, 146 and 153-54). Harland, on the other hand, signed a confessionby Richard Woodman, which explicitly denounced the freewillers and other radical protestants (see Gonville and Caius MS 218, p. 30). Foxe was anxious to play down and minimize the martyrdom of freewillers (see Freeman, 'Dissenters,' pp. 153-54 for a discussion of this point).

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MarginaliaIune. 6.JN Iune nexte following, about the vi. day. of the same moneth, Thomas Harland myl wryght, Iohn Osward, Thomas Rede, and Thomas Auingtō, long prisoners in the kings Benche, were burned together at Lewes in Sussex in one fier, the day of the moneth aforesayd,

Thomas VVhoode.
Thomas Mylles. 
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Whood and Milles

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition and was unchanged in subsequent editions.


IN the same towne of Lewes lykewise were burned Thomas Whoode minister, and Thomas Mylles, about the. xx. daye of the same moneth, for resisting the erroniouse and hereticall doctrine of the Papisticall and falsely pretensed catholickes.

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