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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1604 []

☞ In the time that this foresayd Ihō Careles was in prison, in the kinges Bench, it chaūced he was in great heauines and perturbation of mynde and conscience, 

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The Letters of John Careless

Careless's letters to John Philpot, to his co-religionists in Newgate and his prayer were first printed in the 1563 edition. The letters to Margaret Careless, Bradford, to Green, Whittle and the other prisoners in Newgate, to Tyms, to 'M.C.', to Thomas Upcher (both letters), to Henry Adlington, to 'a faithfull friend' and the letter in Agnes Glascock's book were all first printed in Letters of the Martyrs (yet another indication of the scope and thoroughness of Henry Bull's research). The letter to 'E.K.' was first printed in 1566 along with Nicholas Ridley's Pituous Lamentation. All of the other letters were first printed in the 1570 edition.

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whereupon he wrote to maister Philpot being thē in the Colehouse. Vpon the occasion hereof Maister Philpot sēdeth this Epistle consolatorye vnto hym, the copy and effect whereof is this.

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A certayne letter written by. M. Philpot to Iohn Careles, being in heuinesse and trouble of conscience, whervnto he maketh an aunswere hereafter following, full of godly comfort. 
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ECL 260, fo. 164r-v is the original of this letter. It was first printed in 1563 and then in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 226-29. This letter was written on or soon after 20 November 1555.


THe God of all coumfort, and the father of our Lord Iesus Christ, send vnto thee my deare brother Careles, the inwarde consolatiō of his holy spirit in all the malicious assaultes and troubles tēptations of oure common aduersary the Deuyll. Amen.

vThat God geueth you so contrite a hearte for your sinnes, I cannot but reioyce to behold the liuely marke of the children of God, whose propertie is to thinke more lowly and vilely of thē selues, then of any other, and often times do set theyr sinnes before them, that they mighte the more be stirred to bring forth the fruites of repentaunce, and learne to mourne in this world that in an other they might be glad and reioyce. Such a broken heart is a pleasaunt sacrifice vnto God. O that I had the like contrite heart. God mollify my stonye heart, which lamenteth not in such wise my former detestable iniquities Praysed be God that he hath geuen you this sorowful hart in respect of righteousnes, & I pray you let me be partaker of these godly sorrowes for sin, which be the testimony of the presēce of þe holy ghost. Did not the sweord of sorow pearce the heart of the elect and blessed mother of oure Lorde? Did not Peter wepe bitterly for his sinnes, which was so beloued of Christ? Did not Mary Magdalene washe the feete of our sauior with her teares, and receiued therwithal remison of her seuenfolde synnes? Be of good coumfort therfore mine owne deare heart, in thys thy sorrowe. for it is the earnest peny of eternal consolation. In thy sorrowe laugh. for the spirit of God is with thee.

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Blessed be they, saith Christ, that mourne. for they shalbe coumforted. They went foorth and wept, saith the Prophet: suche shal come agayne hauing their gripes full of gladnesse. And although a sorowful heart in consideration of his sinne, be an acceptable sacrifice before GOD, whereby we are stirred vp to more thankfulnes vnto God, knowing that muche is forgeuen vs that we might loue the more: yet the manne of God must kepe a measure of the same, least he be swallowed vp by to muche sorow. Sainct Paul would not the Thessaloniās to be sory as other men whiche haue no hope. Such a sorow is not commendable, but worketh damnation, and is farre from the children of God, who are contynually sorowfull in God, when they loke vpon their own vnworthines with hope of foregeuenes. For God to this ende by hys spirite setteth

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the sinnes of his elect stil before them, that wher they perceiue sinne to abounde, ther they might bee assured that grace shall superabounde. and bringeth them downe vnto hell, that he mighte lift thē vp with greater ioy vnto heauen. Wherfore mine owne bowelles in Christe, as long as you are not voyde altogether of hope be not dismaide through your pensite heart for your synnes, howe huge so euer they haue bene. For god is able to forgeue more then you are able to sin: yea, and he will forgeue hym whiche with hope is sorye for his sinnes. But know brother, that as ofte as we doe goe about by the help of gods spirit, to dooe that is good, the euyl spirite Sathan layeth hard wayte to tourne the good vnto euyll, and goeth aboute to mixe the detestable darnell of desperation with the godlye sorrowe of a pure penitent heart. You be not ignoraunt of his malicious subtlety, and howe that continuallye he assaulteth that good which the grace of God planteth. I see the battell betwixt you and hym, but the victorye is yours, yea and that daily. For you haue layde holde vppon the anker of saluation, whiche is hope in Christe, the whiche will not suffer you to be made ashamed.

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Be not discomfited that you haue this conflict, but be gladde that God hath geuen you the same to trye your fayth, and that you might appeare dailye worthye of the kingdome of God, for the whiche you striue. God beholdeth youre striuyng faith against Sathan, and is pleased with your mighty resistaunce. The spirit which is in you is myghtier then all the aduersaries power. Tempt he maye, and lying awayte at youre heeles geue you a fall vnwares: but ouer come he shall not, yea, he cannot. for you are sealed vppe alreadye with a liuelye faith to bee the child of god for euer, & whom god hath once sealed for his own, him he neuer vtterly forsaketh. The iust falleth seuen times, but he riseth again. It is mannes frailtie to fall, but it is the propertie of the Deuils childe to lye still. Thys stryfe against sinne is a sufficient testimony that you are the sonne of god. for if you were not, you should fele no such malice as he nowe troubleth you withall. when this strong Goliah hath the holde, all thinges bee in peace whiche he possesseth: and because he hath you not, hee wyll not suffer you vnassaulted. But stande faste, and holde oute the buckeler of Faith, and wyth the sweord of Goddes promyses, smite hym on the scalpe, that he may receiue a deadly wound and neuer be able to stande agaynst you any more. Sainct Iames telleth you that he is but a cowarde, saying: resist the Deuill and he will flye awaye It is the will of god that he shoulde thus long tempt you, and not goe awaye as yet, or els he hadde doone with you long ere this. He knoweth alreadye that he shall receiue the foyle at youre hands, and encrease the crown of your glory. for he that ouercommeth shall bee crowned.

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Therfore glorye in youre temptations, synce they shall tourne to your felicitie. Bee not afrayde of youre continuall assaultes whiche bee occasions of your daily victorye. The worde of God abideth for euer: in what houre so euer a sinner repenteth him of his sinnes, they bee forgeuen. Who can lay any thinge to the charge of Goddes elect? Dooe you not perceiue the manifest tokens of your election? first your vocation

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