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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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Commentary on the Text
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1698 [1617]

thus, as he taught at Capernaū, wherat his diciples murmured saiēg: this is an hard saying. Who can abide the hearing of it? Iesus perceiuing their thoughtes said: doth this offēd you?

Then he raged and sayde: oh, thou wrastest the text for thyne owne purpose. For the disciples did neuer mnrmur, but the vnbeleuers, as thou art.

I sayd: yes, but I perceyue you knowe not the text. Then sayde he with muche raging: I wyll laye my head theron, it is not so.

Then sayde I: I haue done with you. Then sayde he: what shall I tell my Lorde of you? If you haue nothing to tel hym, your errant shal be the soner done, sayde I. And so we parted.

Then on fryday I was brought foorth to receiue iudgemēt. Then the Chauncellour sayd vnto me: are you a newe man, or are you not? I aunswered and sayde: I truste I am a newe man borne of God. God geue grace you be so, sayd he. So he rehersed all my examination, & sayde: How say you? are not these your words? I sayde yes: I wyll not denie them.

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Then he sayde to Doctor Pore, standing by: I praye you talke with him. Then he alledging to me many fayre flattring words, said: take, eate, this is my body. Howe saye you to this? Doe you not beleue that it is Christes body? speake. I sayd: haue you not my mynde? Why doe you trouble me? He sayde: what did Christe geue? was it bread? or was it not? I sayde: Christ tooke bread, and gaue thankes, & gaue it, and they tooke bread, and did eate. And as saint Paule maketh it more manifest, wher he sayeth: so oft as ye shall eate of this bread, & drinke of this cuppe, ye shall shewe foorthe the Lordes death vntill he come. Saint Paule sayeth not here, as you saye: for saint Paule sayeth, so oft as you shall eate of this bread. He doth not saye body. So they entending that I should go no further in the text, sayde: tushe, you go about the bushe. Aunswere me to the first question. Let vs make an ende of that. What saye you to the bread that Christ gaue? Let me haue your mynde in that. I answered, I haue sayde my mynde in it.

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Then the Chauncellour saide: no, wee wyll haue your mynde more plainly. For we intēde not to haue many wordes with you. I sayd: my faithe is fully grounded and stablished, that Christes Iesus the Easter lambe, hathe offered his blessed body a sacrifice to God the father, þe price of my redemption. For by that onely sacrifice are all faithfull sanctified, and he is our onely aduocate and mediatour, and he hathe made perfect our redemption. This hathe he done alone, without any of your dayly oblations. Then Doctor Brigges starte vp and said: truth, your wordes are true in dede. You take well the litterall sense: but this you must vnderstande, that lyke as you sayde, that Christe

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offered his body vpon the crosse, whiche was a bloudie sacrifice, and a visible sacrifice: so lykewyse we daily offer the selfe same bodie that was offered vpon the crosse, but not bloudye and visible, but inuisible vnto God the father. Doe you offer Christes body, I saide? why then Christes sacrifice was not perfect. But Christe is true, when all men shall be lyars. Then he saide: thou shalt not feare him that hath power to kyll the bodie: but thou shalt feare him that hath power to kill both bodie and soule. I aunswered and saide: it is not so. But the texte is thus: thou shalt not feare them that haue power to kill the bodie, and then haue done what they can. But thou shalt feare him that hathe power to kill both body and soule, and caste them bothe into hell fyre, and not them. He aunswered and said: yes. for it is the churche. I answered and sayde: why, Christ saieth: I geue my life for the redemption of the worlde. No man taketh my life from me (saieth he) but I geue it of myne owne power, and soo I haue power to take it agayne. Therfore Christe the sonne of God did offer his blessed bodie once for all. And if you will presume to offer his bodie daily, then your power is aboue Christes power: with that he chafed and saide. what, shal we haue doctrine? Ye ar not hereto appointed.

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Then the Chauncellour stoode vp, and said: will ye tourne from this wicked errour, and be an example of goodnes, as you haue ben an example of euill? For by your wycked reding you haue perswaded symple weomen to bee in this errour: and ye shall haue mercy.

And I saide: it is of God that I dooe craue mercie, whom I haue offended, and not of you.

Then sayde the Chauncellour: When were you at your parysh churche? These two yeares and more you haue stande excommunicate. Wherefore you are condemned. And so I was condemned.

MarginaliaAugust. 5.THus hast thou, gentle Reader, the examinations of this godly young man, set forth and written with his owne hande, who not long after his condemnation, was by the Sherifes and officers there brought to the stake, where with muche pacience and constancie he entred his blessed martyrdome. At the burning of whiche Christian martyr, one Thomas Carman the same time was apprehended, by what occasion, it is yet to vs fully certen whether it was for words, or for praying with him, or for pledging him at his burning: concerninge whiche T. Carman, his story here after followeth in order and place, further to be seen. 

Commentary  *  Close

See 1563, p. 1655; 1570, p. 2232; 1576, p. 1927 and 1583, p. 2037 for Carman's martyrdom.

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