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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
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1699 [1618]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church
¶ One Friar, and a certen godly woman burned at Rochester, who was the syster of George Egles. 
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Robert Frier and Eagles' Sister

Foxe's accounts of martyrs condemned in the diocese of Rochester earlier in Mary's reign were based on extracts from the diocesan registers. The accounts of Frier and of Eagles' sister, however, were not based on official records, and are in fact, quite vague. The identity of one of these martyrs is clear and verifiable: a notice of the excommunication and condemnation of Robert Frier of Tunbridge, dated 11 June 1557, survives (PRO C/85/144/36). But the notice also states that Robert Stevenson of Stowe was excommunicated and condemned at the same time and place; yet Foxe never mentions Stevenson. It is possible that Stevenson died in prison or escaped or (less likely) was pardoned before execution, yet the accounts of two other English martyrologists leave room for doubt. Robert Crowley, writing in 1559, stated that Robert Frier was burned at Rochester on 20 August 1557 along with another man and two other women (Robert Crowley, An epitome of chronicles[London, 1559], STC 15217.5, unpaginated). Thomas Brice, also writing in 1559, declared that Frier was burned, along with two women, on 20 July - this date is clearly an error - 1557 (A compendious regester in metre? [London, 1559], STC 3726, sig. D2v). It is impossible to be sure how many martyrs died in Rochester in August 1557, but it is likely that Stevenson was one of them and certain that Robert Frier was.

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Foxe's account of these martyrs was unchanged in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.


August. 20.

One Friar and the sister of G. Egles burned at Rochester.

ABout the same time and moneth, one named Fryar, 
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We know from official documents that Frier's name was Robert and that he was from Tunbridge, Kent.

with a woman accōpaniyng him, who was the syster of George Egles, in the lyke cause of rightetuousnes, suffered the lyke martyrdom by the vnrighteous Papistes, Whose tyranny the Lorde of his mercy abate and cut short, turning that wycked generation, if it be his wyll to a better mynde.

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¶ Iohn Kurde. 
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John Kurde

This account, based entirely on information sent to Foxe by individual informants, came to light while the 1563 edition was being printed. Foxe realized that it referred to an unnamed shoemaker whose death had already been recounted in the Acts and Monuments and inserted cross-references to the earlier narrative. But he never integrated the two accounts into one narrative. After the first edition, no changes were made to the narrative of this martyr.

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MarginaliaSeptember 20.IN the story before, in the Pag. thus marked 1546. some thyng was touched of a certen Shomaker, suffering at Northampton being vnnamed, whom because we vnderstand by a letter sent from the sayde parties, þt he suffered in this yere 1557. & in the moneth of September, therfore were thought here to place hym. His name was Iohn Kurd a shomaker, late of the paryshe of Sysam, in Northampton shyre, who was imprysoned in Northampton castel, for denying the Popyshe transubstantiation, for the whiche cause MarginaliaW. Brusler Chauncellor to the B. of Peterborowe, condemned I. Kurde.William Brusler Bacheler of lawe, and Chauncellour vnto the Bishop of Peterborow, did pronounce sentēce of death against the sayd Kurd, in the churche of all Saintes in Northampton in August, Anon Do. 1557. And in September followynge, at the commaundement of MarginaliaSyr Thomas Tresham Sherif of North hāton shereSyr Thomas Tresham, Sherife then of the shyre, was led by his officers wtout the North gate of Northampton, and in the stonepittes was burned. A Popyshe priest standing by, whose name was Iohn Iohn Rote, MarginaliaIhon Rote a Popyshe priest. Vicar of saint Giles in Northampton, did declare vnto him, that if he would recant, he was autorised to geue him his pardō. MarginaliaPopish pardon refused.His answere was that he had his pardon by Iesus Christ. &c.

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☞ The martyrdom and suffering of Cicelie Ormes, burnt at Norwich for the testimonie and witnes of Christes Gospell. 
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Cicely Ormes

This entire account first appears in the 1563 edition and it was based entirely on testimony from an individual informant or informants. It was unchanged in subsequent editions.

MarginaliaSeptemb. 1. MarginaliaCicilie Ormes Martyr. ABout the xxiii. day of the said moneth of September, next after the other aboue mencioned, suffered at Norwich Cicelie Ormes, wyfe of Edmond Ormes worstedweuer, dwelling in S. Laurence parysh in Norwich. She being of thage of xxxii. yeres or more, was taken at the death of Simon Miller and Elisabeth Cooper aboue mentioned, in a place called Lollardes pyt, without byshops gate, at the said Norwiche, for that she said she wold pledge them of the same cuppe that they dranke on. For so saing, one maister MarginaliaM. Corbet of sprousō persecutor.Corbet of Sprowson, by Norwich, toke her, & sent her

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to the Chauncellor. when she came before him the MarginaliaThe Chaūcellors name was Downing.Chauncellor asked her, what she said to the sacrament of Christes body. And she saide, she did beleue, that it was the sacramēt of the body of Christ. Yea said þe Chaūcellor, but what is that þe priest holdeth ouer his head? She answered him & said, it is bread: and if ye make it any better, it is worse. wherby at those wordes the Chaūcellor sent her to the bishops prison, to the keper, called master Fellow, with many thretning & hote wordes, as a man being in a great chafe. Then the xxiii. day of Iulye she was called before the Chauncellor again, who sat in iudgement wt maister MarginaliaBrigges a Popish persecutor.Brigges & others. but she was most examined of Brigges. The Chauncellor offered her if she wold go to the church, & kepe her tongue, she shoulde be at libertie, and beleue as she would. But she told him she wold not consent to his wicked desire therein, do with her what he would: for if she shold, she said God wold surely plage her. Thē the Chauncellor told her, he had shewed more fauour to her, then euer he did to any, & that he was loth to condēne her, considering þt she was an ignorāt, vnlearned & folish womā. But she not weying his wordes, tolde him if he did, he shold not be so desirous of her sinful flesh, as she wold (by gods grace) be cōtent to geue it in so good a quarell. Then rose he & red the bloudy sentence of condēnatiō against her, 

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The sentence condemning Ormes, dated 23 July 1557, survives among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 152r-153r).

& so deliuered her to þe secular power, þe sherifs of the city, maister T. Sutterton, & master Leonard Suttertō brethrē, who immediatly caried her to þe Gildhal in Norw. wher she remained vntil her death. This Cicely Ormes was a very simple woman, but yet zelous in the lordes cause, being borne in East Deram, & was ther þe daughter of one T. Hawnd, tailor. She was taken þe v. day of Iuly, & did for a xii. moneth before she was takē, recāt. but neuer after was she quiet in conscience, vntil she was vtterly driuē from all their Poperie. betwene the time she recanted, & that she was taken, she had gotten a letter made, to geue to the Chaūcellor, to let him know, that she repented her recantation from the bottom of her hart, & wold neuer do the like again while she liued: but before she exhibited her bill, she was takē & sent to prison, as is before said. She was burnt the first day of Sept. betwene 7. & 8. of the clock in the morning, the said two sherifes being there, & of people to the nōber of 200. When she came to the stake, she kneled down & made her praiers to God: that being done, she rose vp, & said. good people, I beleue in God the father, God the sonne, & God þe holy ghost, thre persons & one God. This doe I not, nor will I recāt, but I recāt vtterly from the bottom of my hart, the doings of the Pope of Rome, & all his popish priests & shauelings. I vtterly refuse, & neuer wil haue to doe wt thē again by gods grace. And good people, I wold

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