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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1701 []

Actes and Monumentes of the church.

church, she aunswered: because, sayde she, I finde not these things in gods word which you so vrge and magnify as thinges moste nedefull for mens saluation. If these thinges were in the same word of God commended, I would with all my hart receiue, esteme, and beleue them. The bishop answered: if thou wilt beleue no more thē is in the scripture, concerning matters of religion, thou arte in a damnable case: at the which iniurious woordes she was wonderfullye amased, and beinge moued by the sprite of God told my lord that his wordes were vngodly & wicked. After her condemnation 

Commentary  *  Close

BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 78r-v is a copy of the sentence condemning Lewes.

she continueth a hole twelue moneth in prison, for because that she was cōmitted to the sherife that was of late chosē, who could not be cōpelled to put her to deth in his time (as he affirmed) for þe which thing, MarginaliaA good sherife.aftet her death he was sore troubled & in dāger of his life. All that time she was in prisō her behauiour was such, both in words & dedes, that al they that had any spark of godlines or ciuil honesty, dyd greatly lament her case that she should be put to deathe. Nowe when the time did drawe nere the which god had appoynted for her deliuerance, the write of Comburendo: 
Commentary  *  Close

De heretico comburendo was the act which made heresy a crime punishable by death. The name was also given to the writs from the chancery authorizing executions for heresy.

(as they terme it) being brought down from Londō, she desired certayn of her frendes to come vn her, with whome (when they came) she consulted how she might behaue herself, that her death might be most glorius to the name of god, comfortable to his people, and also moste discōfortable vnto the enemies of god. As for the feare of death, I do not greatly passe whē I behold (sayd she) the amiable coūtenāce of Christ my dere sauiour, MarginaliaMaistres Lewes cōforted in Christe. the vgsome face of death doth not greatly trouble me. In the whiche time also she reasoned most comfortablye out of gods word of gods election and reprobatiō. In the euening, before the day of her sufferinge, two of the priests of the close of Lichefield came to the vnder sherifes house wher she lay, and sent word to her by the shirife that they wer come to heare her confession. for they would be sory she should die with out it. MarginaliaMaystres Lewes refuseth to be confessed to the priests.She sent them worde agayn, she had made her confession to Christe her sauiour, at whose hands she was sure to haue forgeueness of her synnes. As cōcerning the cause for the which she shold die, she had no cause to cōfesse that, but rather geue vnto God moste humble prayse that he did make her worthy to suffer death for his worde. And as concerning that absolution that they were able to geue vnto her, (being authorised by the Pope) she did defye the same, euen from the bottom of her hart. The whiche thing whē the priests heard they sayd to the sherife. wel, sayd they: to morowe her stoutnes will be proued & tried. for although perhaps she hath now some frendes that whisper her in her eares, to morow will we see who dare be so hardy as to come nere her: and so they went their wayes with angre, that their cōfession & absolution was naughte sette by. All that night she was wonderfully cherefull and mery with a certaine grauitie, in so muche that the maiestie of the spirite of God did manifestly appere in her, who did expell the feare of death out of her hart, spending the time in praier, reding, and talkinge with them that were purposly come vnto her for to cōfort her with the word of God. About thre of the clock in the morning, Sathan (who neuer slepeth especially when death is at hand) began to sturre him selfe busely, shoting at her that fyry darte the whiche he is wont to do against al that are at defiance with him, questioning with her howe she could tell that she was chosen to eternall lyfe, and

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that Christ died for her. I graūt that he died: but that he died for thee how canst thou tel? With this suggestion when she was troubled, they that wer about her, did counsell her to followe the example of S. Paul, Gal. 2. where he sayth Qui dilexit me et tradidit semetipsum pro me. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Vulgate, Gal. ii. 20.
Foxe text Latin

Qui dilexit me et tradidit semetipsum pro me.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Cattley-Pratt,1877, viii, 403)

which hath loved me, and given himself for me.

[Accurate citation]

Also, that her vocation & calling to the knowlege of Gods word, was a manifest token of gods loue towards her, especially that same holy spirit of God working in her hart that loue and desire towards God to please him, and to be iustified by him through Christ. &c. By these and like persuasions, and specially by the cōfortable promises of christ, brought out of the scripture, Sathan was put to flight, and she comforted in Christ. About viii. of the clock, maister sherife came to her into her chamber, sayinge these wordes: maistres Lewys, I am com to bring you tidings of the quenes pleasure, the which is, that you shall liue no longer but one houre in this worlde. Therfore prepare your selfe thereunto, it standeth you in hand: at which wordes beinge so grossely vttered & so sodenly by such an officer as he was, she was somwhat abashed, wherfore one of her frendes & acquaintaunce standing by, sayde these woordes: maistres Lewys, you haue great cause to prayse god, who will vouchsafe so spedely to take you out of this world, & make you worthy to b a witnesse to his truthe, and to beare record vnto Christ that he is the only sauiour. After the whiche wordes spoken thus, she sayd: maister sherife, your message is welcom to me, & I thank my god that he wil make me worthy to aduēture my life in his quarell. And thus maister sherife departed: and within the space of one hour, he came againe, cum gladiis et fustibus. 
Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

cum gladiis et fustibus

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2004)

with swords and clubs

And whē he came vp into the chamber, one of her frēdes desired him to geue him leaue to go with her to the stake, and to comfort her, the which the sherife graūted at that time, but afterwardes was sore troubled for the same when she was dead. Nowe when she was brought through the towne with a number of byl men, a great multitude of people beinge present, she beyng led by two of her frendes (of the which M. Michael Renigar was one) 
Commentary  *  Close

Only Reniger is mentioned by name in the 1563 edition; later editions also name Bernher. Augustine Bernher was a friend of the Glovers (Mary Glover was the niece of Hugh Latimer, Bernher's friend and employer) and they were, as this account shows, spiritual mentors of Lewes. His presence at her execution is not surprising. Reniger's presence is interesting, as he had gone into exile in Germany and Switzerland (Garrett, Marian Exiles). Although Garrett does not comment on it, Reniger had obviously returned from exile before the end of Mary's reign.

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she was brought to the place of execution: & because the place was farre of, and the throng of the people great, & she not acquainted with the fresh ayre (being so long in pryson) one of her frendes sent a messenger to the sherifes house for some drinke. And after she had prayed thre seueral times, in the which praier she desired god most instantly to abolish the vyle masse, and to deliuer this Realme from Papistrie, at the end of the whiche prayers, the moste part of the people cried Amen, yea, euen the sherife that stode hard by her, ready to cast her in the fire for not allowing the masse, at this her praiers he said with the rest of the people, Amen. Whē she had thus prayed, she toke the cup into her hands, saying. I drinke to all them that vnfainedly loue the gospell of Iesus Christ, and wysh for the abolyshment of papistrie: when she had dronken, they that were her frendes, dranke also. After that a great nomber, especially the weomē of the town, did drinke with her: whiche afterwarde were put to open penaunce in the churche by the cruell papistes, for drinking of the cuppe of bere with that weoman. When she was tied to the stake with the chayn, she shewed such a cherefulnes that it passed mans reason, being so well colored in her face, & so pacient, that the most part of them that had honest hartes did lament, and euen with teares bewayle the tyranny of the papistes. When the fyre

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