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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1721 [1640]

Actes and Monumentes Of the Church

row made aunswere and confessed, that he dyd so, but with a troubled conscience he said, god knoweth. And speaking further to the Bishop said: that whiche you call truthe, I dooe beleue (saide he) it to be heresy. And also the Bishop charging him againe with the contents of the fifth article aboue named, he aunswered that he had so done, as is conteined in the same article, and so will doe againe if he wer at libertie. And being further demaunded of Boner, whether he woulde persist and continue in the same or no: made aunswere that he would not goe from his opinions: and adding therevnto, sayd: that whiche you call heresy (speakyng to the Bishop) is good and godly, and that if euery heare of my head were a manne (sayde he) I would burne them all, rather then to goe from the truthe.

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Then being demaunded what grounde of lerning he had to cleaue to his opinions, made aunswere and saide, that all the lawes now vsed (meaning þe ecclesiasticall lawes) ar naught and abhominable. And further adding therunto, said: that the Masse is nought and abhominable &c. Whiche woordes beyng spoken, the Byshoppe immediatelye redde the sentence of condemnation vppon hym, and so deliuered him to the secular power, by whome he was sent to prison againe.

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The Martyrdome and burning of Richard Gibson, Gentleman, a faithfull professour and witnesse of the crosse of Christe, who suffered also for the same profession. 
Commentary  *  Close

Richard Gibson had an unusual history, which Foxe only hints at. He was, at least by birth, a member of London's elite. His grandfather, Sir William Bayly, had been lord mayor of London in 1534-5, while his father was a royal sergeant at arms, bailiff of Southwark and a master of the Merchant Taylors. Gibson was, as Foxe relates, imprisoned for debt and while imprisoned he was denounced to Bonner as a heretic. What Foxe does not relate is that Gibson was a freewillerwho was converted to what Foxe regarded as 'orthodox' (i.e., predestinarian) convictions (On Gibson's background and religious convictions see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-58' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, ed. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge, 2002], pp. 140-41 and 149).

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WIth the other two abouenamed, suffred also in the same fier, & for þe same cause of Martyrdom, a certaine worthy and godly Gentleman, called Richard Gibsō, who firste was caste in the counter in the Pultrye (where he had beene prisoner by the tyme of two yeares for suretiship in a matter of debt, and then stode vpon his deliuerāce) then vpon suspition and euill wyl was accused to Boner, for that in the prison he was neuer confessed nor receyued at the Popish altar, by reason he was called for, and susteyned diuers and sondry conflictes and examinations in the cause of his faith and religion. But first he semed to make a certayne submission 

Commentary  *  Close

Notice Foxe's disingenuous phrasing here; Gibson did not seem to recant; he recanted. The last page of another recantation by Gibson survives among Foxe's papers (BL, Harley 425, fo. 122r). Its relation to the recantation mentioned by Foxe is unclear; but it is dated 27 October 1556, which means that it is not the same document which Foxe described.

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whiche also he exhibited with the other. 28. mentioned aboue. Pag. 1567.  
Commentary  *  Close

A copy of this confession is among Foxe's papers: BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 3r.

but because it semed somthing to differ in wordes from the other, it appereth not to be receyued: or whether it was receyued or no, it is not fully certayne. This is certaine, that although his submission was in the Byshops register recorded,  
Commentary  *  Close

It is not in Bonner's register; it must have been recorded in a court book, which is now lost.

yet he was not delyuered out from imprisonment till the daye of hys martyrdome. The articles first obiected & mynistred vnto him by the bishop, wer these.

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Articles obiected and ministred to Richarde Gibson by Boner Byshoppe of London.

Marginalia1FIrst, that the saide Richarde Gibson hath by a certayn time and space ben a prisoner in the counter in the Pultrye, within the diocesse and citie of London. And ther being, hath both within the said prison and also without, within the dyoces of Londō, otherwise thē became a faithfull Christiā man and a good subiect of this realm of England, behaued himself in woordes and dedes, in diuers conditions and pointes contrary to the order, religion, and faith of Christes Catholyke church, and contrary to the order of this realme, to the pernitious and euyll example of thenhabitauntes of the citye of London, and the prysoners of the sayd prison of the sayd counter in the Pultry, and greatly to the hurt and dammage of his owne soule, offendyng especially in the articles following. By reason wherof the sayd Richard Gibson was, and is of the iurisdiction of the sayd Bishop of London, and subiect to the sayd iurisdiction, to make answere to his offenses and transgression vnderwrytten, accordyng to the order of the law.

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Marginalia2Secondly, that the sayd Richard Gibson in the sayd tyme and places, or in one of thē, hath vnreuerently spoken against the Pope, & Sea, and churche of Rome, and lykewyse against þe whole church of this realme of Englande, and against the. 7. Sacramentes of the Catholike & whole church of Christendome, and against the articles of the Christian fayth here obserued in this realme of Englande, and against the commendable and laudable ceremonies of the Catholike church.

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Marginalia3Thirdly, that the sayde Richard Gibson in the sayde tyme and places, or in one of them, hath commended, allowed, defended, and liked, bothe Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, and also all other heretikes here in this realme of Englād, accordyng to the ecclesiasticall lawes, cōdemned for heretikes, and also lyked all their hereticall and erroneous, damnable, and wicked opinions, especially agaynst the sacrament of þe altar, and the authoritye of the Pope and sea of Rome, with the whole religion therof.

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Marginalia4Fourthly, that the sayde Richarde Gibson in the sayd tyme and places, or in one of them, hath comforted, ayded, assisted and maynteyned both by woordes and otherwyse, heretikes and erroneous persons, or at the least suspected and infamed of heresyes and errours condemned by the catholyke church, to cōtinue in their heretycall and erroneous opinions aforesayde, fauouryng and counsellyng the same vnto his power.

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Marginalia5Fifthly, that the sayde Gibson in the sayde tyme and places, or in one of thē, hath affyrmed

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