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471 [471]

Iohn Tybault.
Iohn Cranforde of Bumsted.
Edmond Tybault of Bum-
Alis shypwright of Bumsted.
Robert beast 
Commentary  *  Close

This is Robert Bates of Colchester. It appears that Foxe's account of Edward Freeze and 'father' Bate is based on material sent to Foxe by an informant; very probably an informant in Colchester (this account contains quite a bit of detail on people from Essex and Colchester). But there is quite a bit of corroboration for Foxe's account. First of all, A. G. Dickens uncovered information on Edward Freese's family. Edward's father Frederick was a Dutch immigrant (the family name was probably Vries or de Vries), who settled in York and made a living as a bookbinder and stationer (A. G. Dickens, Lollards and Protestants in the diocese of York 1509-1558 [Oxford, 1959], p. 30). This Dutch background may explain the pronounced evangelical convictions of Valentine and Edward Freese. Another major piece of corroboration is a letter, almost certainly sent to Thomas Cromwell, which is now in the TNA. Although the signature has been cut off of the letter, the biographical details related in it fit Edward Freese so closely that is virtually certain that he wrote it. The author of the letter, detained in London for religious offences, admits that he had been a monk since the age of 13, but claims that he was 'sold' by his master to the abbot of Jervaulx (see C 214/34). The author of the letter declared that he attempted to flee the abbey several times but was recaptured. Finally he fled to Colchester and he got married (TNA SP 1/73, fos. 175r-176r).

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Robert Wigge of London.
Wylliam Bull of London.
George Couper of London.
Iohn Toy, of the paryshe of
saint faythes in London.
Harry Railland of Colchester.
Richard Chapman of Withā
Robert faire of Bansted.
Abrahā Water of Colchester.
Christopher Rauen tayler of
William Russell tayler of
Iohn smyth of Bansted.
Thomas Bowgas of Col-
Dorretie Long of Colchester.
Rose Bate of Colchester.
William butcher of Bansted.
Robert Hempsted.
Thomas Hempsted of Bāsted
Iohn Turke.
Iohn Sirling.
Denby Wydowe of Colchest.
Nicolas White of Rie.
Richard Kitchen curate of ligh
William Wiggen priest,
William Haille parysh clerck
of Totnam.
Paule Luther warden of the
graie friers in Ware.
William Barlo priest.
William Bromfeld alias Rac
kelsdone, Monke of Berye. 
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William Blomefield. Almost certainly this the same William Blomefield, a Benedictine monk, who publicly denounced evgeryone in religious orders and who was imprisoned in Norwich (Thomas More, The Apology, ed. J. B. Trapp, CWTM 9 [New Haven, CT, 1979], p. 113).

William Woorsly priest and
Iohn Stacie Tyler.
Thomas Geffrey Tayler of
Thomas Philips, pointer of
William Curson alias Felde
Humfrey Mummouth draper
of London, whose story for
the notablenes therof shalbe
partly recited.
Laurence Swarfe tayler of
William Russell tayler of
Thomas Foxe and Dorothey
his wyfe.
Laurence Maxwel bricklayer
of London, who was twyse
imprysoned. First for char-
ging a priest wt a lie, þt prea-
ched at Paules Crosse that
the bloud of Christ was not
sufficient for mans redemp-
tion without workes. The
seconde tyme he was againe
imprysoned with his other
brethren. When Barnes
was burned, and about two
yeares after, at the comming
in of Quene Anne a Cleue,
he with his brethren were
pardoned by a generall par-
Robert Goldstone glasier.
Laurence Staple.
Iohn Periman Skinner.
Henry Tompson Tayler, for
his penaunce cōdempned to
perpetuall pryson.
Iasper Wetsel of Cullen.
Sir Robert Cooper priest.
Henry Feldone.
Thomas Row of Baromsted
Robert Man of Much cornard
Williā Waltā of Colchester.
Grace Palmer of saint Oseye.
Philippe Brasier of Bocksted
Henry Fersted of Colchester. 
Commentary  *  Close

Henry Fasted of Colchester. This is very probably the Henry Fasted who, in 1534, tried to disseminate evangelical books in Colchester and who reported his efforts, as well those who resisted them, to Thomas Cromwell (L&P VII, p. 170).

George Bull of Much hadam.
Iohn Hammond of Colchester
Iohn Hewes of London.
Thomas Potmar of London. 
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Thomas Patmore of Much Hadham. Susan Brigden has persuasively argued that the two Thomas Patmores mentioned by Foxer were, in fact, the same person and that Patmore while still vicar of Much Hadham, became free of the Drapers's Company (Susan Brigden, London and the Reformation [Oxford, 1989], p. 206). She suggests that the purpose of this was to remain incognito and that the Drapers were chosen because of a significant evangelical presence in their membership. But Patmore's purpose may simply have been to acquire London citizenship. And the Drapers's Company may have been chosen beecause his father had been a member of the company.

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Symon Smith maister of art.
Thomas Patmer of Much ha-
William Nelson priest.
Thomas Eue clerck of Muche
Commentary  *  Close

This is a mistake. Thomas Eve was a weaver, probably of London, and not clerk of the parish of Much Hadham.

Robert Hudson.
Iames Benham a knightes
sonne of Glocester shyre. 
Commentary  *  Close

James Bainham was later burned in 1532. This is a reference to his abjuration, which he later recanted (James Bainham was the youngest son of Sir Alexander Bainham, who was the head of the most prominent family in the Forest of Dean and who had been sheriff of Gloucestershire five times. James Bainham's mother was the sister of William Tracy. On the Bainham family, see Caroline Litzenberger, The English Reformation and the Laity: Gloucestershire, 1540-1580 (Cambridge, 1997), pp. 30-31.).

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Edward Hewet.
Water Kirrie.
Michaell Lobley, seruaunt to
maister Pepwell.
Margaret Bowegrace 
Commentary  *  Close

Margaret Bowgas had been forced to find six compurgators to clear her of charges of heresy in Colchester in July 1528 (BL, Harley MS 421, fo. 30v). Her husband Thomas had been forced to abjure his heretical beliefs and do pennance in Colchester in 1528 (Fines).

Thomas Mathew of colchester
Iohn Wyly seniour.
Edward Wentworth alias
Iohn Tirrell of Billerica in
Essex tayler.
William Lancaster tayler.
Iohn Medwell a skriueners
Androw Hewet tayler of Fe-
Iohn Woodcocke. 
Commentary  *  Close

The names on this list - from here through the name of Hugh Morris - are never mentioned again by Foxe and we have no record of them. When and where they abjured, if indeed they abjured, is unknown. (It is possible that these names were not mentioned because they might have been forced to abjure by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer; as was John Harrydance). If Hugh Morris was cited to appear at Windsor, it was probably in 1543, in connection with the heresy investigation there (In March 1543, William Simons, a Windsor lawyer and Dr. John London, the warden of New College, Oxford, and a prebendary of Windsor, accused five people of heresy: Anthony Pearson, a preacher and outspoken sacramentarian, Robert Bennet, a lawyer, Henry Filmer, a tailor, Robert Testwood, a chorister of St. George's Chapel and John Marbeck, the organist at the chapel. There were high stakes involved; these accusations were an attempt to eradicate heresy at the royal court).

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Iohn fowrd of Dedham.
Iohn Allin of Colchester.
Henry Golder Shomaker.
Iames Locke of Glinested.
Thomas Dacres and Iohn
Hughe Morris detected, cited,
and after excommunicated
For lacke of appearing at
Vncertaine yeares.
Robert West parson of saint
Roger Waplode.
Seger Nicolson.
Thomas Gerarde priest.
Galfride Lome.
Iohn Petit, alias Petye. 
Commentary  *  Close

Interestingly, this is Foxe's only mention of John Petit, a prominent London grocer and MP, who was a friend and supporter of William Tyndale, Thomas Bilney, John Firth and Robert Barnes. Petyt was arrested by Thomas More and died in 1532 (BL, Harley MS 425, fos. 138r-139r and Bindoff, HOC).

William Smyth.
Christopher Fulman.
Iohn George of Cressing. 
Commentary  *  Close

All of the names on this list, through to that of John Cole, are never mentioned again by Foxe and, except for John Harrydance, we have no other record of them. It is possible that these names were not mentioned again by Foxe because they might have been forced to abjure by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer. John Harrydance was a London bricklayer and an illiterate, itinerant preacher. He was imprisoned for his activities and forced to do penance at Paul's Cross in 1538 (TNA E 36/129, fos. 133r-135r and SP 1/124, fo. 155r). Foxe probably did not mention Harrydance again, because, embarrassingly, it was Archbishop Thomas Cranmer who forced him to recant and do penance.

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Iohn Whyby the yonger of
Iohn Morris.
William Blackman of Col-
Iohn Harredaunce. 
Commentary  *  Close

This is John Harrydance, a London bricklayer and an illiterate, itinerant preacher. He was imprisoned for his activities and forced to do penance at Paul's Cross in 1538 (TNA E 36/129, fos. 133r-135r and SP 1/124, fo. 155r. Also see Charles Wriothesley, A Chronicle of England during the reigns of the Tudors, 1485-1559, ed. W. D. Hamilton. Camden Society, new series xi and xx (2 vols., London, 1875-7), pp. 82-3 and Two London Chronicles from the Collections of John Stow, ed. C. L. Kingsford. Camden Society, miscellany, xii (London, 1910), p. 15). Foxe pronbably did not mention Harrydance again, because, embarrassingly, it was Archbishop Thomas Cranmer who forced him to recant and do penance.

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Iohn Cole of Boxsted.

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After all these whose yeares we haue expressed, there were also diuers others of whome although we haue no certaine tyme or yeare expressed, yet because we fynd them in the fragmentes of olde registers, we thought not good to omitte or leaue them out. 

Commentary  *  Close

The following names were forced to abjure around 1540. Except for Herman Peterson, James Gosson and John Goodale (Peterson and Gosson were imprisoned in one of the Compter prisons in London in March 1540 (L&P, Add. II, no. 1463). Their fate is unknown. John Goodale had been imprisoned in the Fleet back in 1528 for distributing heretical literature, but this abjuration probably stemmed from his arrest as a 'sacramentary' in 1539 (Fines)) they are discussed in more detail by Foxe in later editions (1570, pp. 1375-82; 1576, pp. 1173-9 and 1583, pp. 1201-7).

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Iohn Coygnes, alias lyuelande was detected for contēpning the Sacrament of the altar, and for that he did not receaue at Easter, and died at saint Martynes.

Robert Warde, shomaker of saint Brydes paryshe in Fletestreate, taken at Isselwoorth and detected by thre witnesses of the same towne, for holding opinions againste the Sacrament of the altar, and died in the counter in bredstreate.

Frier Ward, otherwyse called Mathew Ward, marchaūt venturer committed to the coūter in bredstreate, for that he beyng priest contracted matrimonie was maried, and kepte company with his wyfe, and for suspition that he was a sacramentary (as then they called them) a despyser of auriculer confession and priuate masses, a defender that the commu

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