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493 [493]

set suche a ruffling betwixt Christiā Princes, as was not this hūdred yeare, though it shuld cost the whole Realme of Englande. MarginaliaThe Emperors answer vnto þe Cardinals thretWherunto the Emperour aunswering againe, biddeth him loke well about him, least through his doinges and attemptes he might bryng the matter in that case, that it should cost him the Realme of Englande in deede.

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You haue also hard before gentle Reader, how that when Pope Clement was prisoner in the Emperores army, the Cardinal requyred the king, bycause he did beare the title of defendor of the faith, that he should rescew the Pope. Also what the kings aunswer was ther vnto, and what sommes of mony he had obteyned of the king, now, because thou shalt not also be ignorant by what meanes and vpō what occasion this title of the defender of the faith was geuen vnto the king, we thinke it good somwhat to saye in this place. When as Martine Luther had vttered the abhomination of the Pope and his Clergie, and diuers bookes were come into Englande, our Cardinal here thinking to finde a remedie for that, sent immediatly vnto Rome, for this title of defendour of the fayth, whiche afterwarde the Vicar of Croydon preached, the kynges grace would not loose it for al London and xx. myle about it. Neither is it maruail, for it cost more then London and xl. myle about it, consyderyng the great sommes whiche you haue hard the Cardinall obteyned of the kynge for the Popes reliefe, besyde the effusion of muche innocent bloud. When this glorious title was come from Rome, the Cardinall brought it vnto the kynges grace at Grenewyche, and though that the king hadde it already, and had red it, yet againste the morninge were all the Lordes and Gentlemen that could in so short space be gathered, sent for, to come and receaue it with honour. In the morning, the Cardinall gate hym through the backe syde, into the frier obseruantes, and parte of the gentlemen went rounde about and welcomed hym from Rome, parte met hym halfe waye, and some at the Court gate. The kyng him selfe met hym in the halle and broughte him vp into a great chamber, wheras was a seat prepared on high for the kynge and the Cardinall to sytte on, whyles the bull was read, whiche pompe all menne of wysdome and vnderstandynge, laughed to skorne. This done, the kyng went to his chappell to here masse, accompanied with many nobles of his Realme, & Ambassadours of sondrie prynces, the Cardinall beyng reuested to syng masse, the Earle of Essex brought the basen of water, the Duke of Suffolke gaue the assaie, & the Duke of Norfolke held the towell, & so he proceaded to masse. When masse was done, the bull was agayne publyshed, the trompettes blewe, the shawmes and sackbutsplayed in honour of the kinges newe style. Then the kyng went to dyner, in the middest wherof, the kyng of Herawldes and his company began the larges crying: Henricus Dei gratia Rex Angliæ & Franciæ defensor fidæi et dominus Hiberniæ. Thus was all thinges ended with great solempnitie.

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Not much vnlike to this, was the receiuing of the Cardinalles hatte, whiche when a ruffiē had brought vnto hym to Westminster, vnder his cloke, he clothed the messenger in rych araye and sent him backe againe to douer, appointing the byshop of Caunterbury to mete hym, and then another companie of Lordes & Gentlemen, I wote not howe often, before it came to Westminster, wher eit was set vpon a cupbourde, and tapers rounde about it, so that the greatest Duke in the land must make cursye thereunto, and to his emptie seate he beyng awaye.

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And thus much touching this ruffling Cardinall Thomas Wolsey, of whose proude and ambitious nature, although much more might be spoken, yet this shall suffise for this present tyme.

Amongest other actes of this Cardinall this is not to be forgottē. That he foūded a certain newe Colledge in Oxforde, for the furnyture whereof when he hadde gathered together all the best learned he coulde heare of, amongest whiche nomber were these. Clarke, Tyndall, Frith, and Tauerner: whiche holding an assēbly together in the College, were founde to be heretikes (as they called them) whereupō they were cast into a pryson of the College where salt fysh lay, through the stinke wherof they al being infected, the sayde clerke beyng a tender yong man, and the moste singuler in learning amongest them all died therin.

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¶ The wonderfull history of Symon Greneus collected out of Melancthons Comentaries vpon the. x. Chapter of Daniel whose words are these.

Marginalia1529.WHen I was (saith he) at the assēbly holden at Spyre in the yeare of our Lord. 1529. by chaūce Symon Greneus came thyther vnto me from the vniuersity of Hedelberge, when he was come thyther and hard Faber the bishop of Vien in a certain Sermō defende and mainteyne certaine detestable errors, whē the Sermone was done, he folowed Faber going out of the churche & saluted him reuerently, declaringe vnto him that he was moued of a good zeale and intent somwhat to say vnto him, Faber was contented to talke with him. Then Greneus said vnto him: that he was very sory that a man of such learning

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