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496 [496]

Actes and Monuments of the Church.

townes of the Cantōnes, stopped al þe straightes, that there coulde no vitayles passe vnto thē. Wherupō they sodenly prouided a power to come against them of Bernes and Zurike and foughte a greate conflycte wyth them, MarginaliaSwinglius which fight, Swinglius being minister of Zurick was slain, & afterward his deadcorps takē by his ennemies and burned, at whiche time this notable chance happenid. When his body was burned to ashes, his hart was founde in the middest of the fire whole, without any blemish, which thing could not happen without some great miracle of god.

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The like also happened (as I am credibly informed) to the late Bishoppe of Canterburye Thomas Cranmer, whose hart after his body was consumed, was founde whole in lyke maner, whereof by the grace of God, we will speake more when we come to his story.

In the latter ending of this yeare, in the moneth of Nouember the king began his highe court of parliament at Westminster: wherein amongest other thinges, there were dyuers articles put vp againste the Clergie, touchinge their great excesses and extorcions. Whiche thinges were debated not without great contentions and complaintes on bothe partes.

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There was also actes prouided for pluralities of benefices, non residentes, byng and sellyng and taking of pardons by spirituall persones, whiche acte sore displeased the priestes. In so muche that they rayled vpon the commons calling them heretikes & Scismatikes, for which cause diuerse of them were punished. Duryng this parliament, ther was a boke of articles which the Lordes put vp to the kyng against the Cardinall, the chiefe articles were these.

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Marginalia1.Fyrst that he without the kynges assent had procured to be Legate, by reason whereof he tooke away the ryght of all byshoppes and spirituall persones.

Marginalia2.Item in al wyrtings he wrote to Rome or to any other Prynce, he wrote. Ego & Rex meus, I and my kyng as who would saye, that the kyng were hys seruaunt.

Marginalia3.Item that he slaundered the churche of Englande in the courte of Rome. for his suggestion to be Legate was to reforme the churche of Euglande, whiche as he wrote was, Facta in reprobum sensum.

Marginalia4.Item he without the kynges assent, caried the kynges great seale with hym into Flaunders whē he was sent Ambassadour to the Emperour.

Marginalia5.Item without the kynges consent, he sent commission to Syr Gregory de Cassado knyght, to conclude a leage betwene the kynge and the Duke of Ferrare.

Marginalia6.Item that he hauing the French pockes presumed to come and breath on the kyng.

Marginalia7.Item that he caused the Cardinalles hat to be put on the kynges coyne.

Marginalia8.Item that he had sent innumerable substance to Rome for the obetyning of his dignities, to the great impouerishmēt of the Realme, with many other things whiche are touched more at large in Cronicles.

By the ambitious pride and excessiue worldly welthe of this one Cardinall, all men maye easely vnderstande and iudge what the state and condicion of all the rest of the spiritualty was in those daies, aswell in all other places of Christendome, as especially here in Englādwheras the princelye possessions and greate pride of the clergy, did not only farre passe and excede the common measure and order of subiectes, but also surmoūted the estate of kings and princes and all other estates, MarginaliaA libel put vp to the apereth by a libel put vp by the cōmons in a parlamēt holdē at Westminster, in the. xii. yeare of king henry the. iiii. mouing the king to take away the temporall landes out of the spirituall mēs handes, which libell, though it seme not to perteyne vnto this yeare of the history now present, yet bycause it perteyneth to the mater whiche nowe we haue in hande we haue not thought good to omitte it, the effect of which libell as is declared in Fabians cronicles was this.

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MarginaliaEx Cronich Fabiani.That the tēporalites disordinatly wasted by men of the church, might suffice to finde to the king, xv. Erles. 1500. Knightes. 6000 .200. Squiers, and one hundred houses of almes for the relief of the poore people, and aboue all these forsaide charges, the kynge myght put yearly in his coffers xx. thousand pounde. Prouided that euery Earle should haue of yearly rente iii. thousand marke, euery knight a hundred marke and foure plowe lande. Euery Squier fourty marke and two plowe lande, and euery house of almes a hundred marke, with the ouersight of two true seculers vnto euery house, and also with prouision that euery township shoulde kepe all poore people of their owne dwellers which might not labour for their liuing: with condicion that if mo fell in a towne then the towne might maynteine, then the sayde almes houses to releue towneshippes, and for to beare these charges. They alleaged that the temporalties beinge in the possession of the spirituall men, admounted to 322000. markes by the yeare, wherof they affyrmed to be in the sea of Canterbury with the abbies of Christes churche, saint Augustines, Shrowesbury, Cogshale, and saint Oseyes twentye thousande marke by the yeare. In the sea of Durram and other Abbies their xx. thowsand markes. In the sea of Yorke and Abbies ther xx. thowsand markes. In the sea of Winchester and Abbies ther. xx. thowsand markes. In the sea of Londō with Abbies and other houses ther. xx. thowsand markes. In þe sea of Lincoln with the Abbes of Peterborow xx. thowsand markes. In the sea of Norwiche with the Abbies of Bury & other. xx. thowsād markes. In the sea of Ely with the Abbies of Ely, spalding and other. xx. thowsand markes In the sea of Bath with the Abbey of Okingborne and others, xx. thowsand markes. In þe sea of Worseter with the Abbies of Eusam Abbington and others. xx. thowsand markes. In the sea of Chester with the precincte of the same with the seas of Saint Dauid Salysbury and Exetor with the precincte of the same.

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