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542 [486]

Actes and Monuments of the Churche.
¶ The history of master Ihon Tewxbery Citezin and leather seller of London, put to death for the profession of Christ. In the yere of our Lord 1531.

MAster Ihon Tewxbery was conuerted by þe reading of Tindals testament, & the wicked māmon he had the bible wrytten. In al poyntes of religion be openlye did dispute in the bishops chappel in his palace. A man for iustification and al other articles of his faith very expert & prōpt in his answers that Tunstall and al his learned men were ashamed, that a leather seller should so dispute with them, with such power of the scriptures and heauenly wisdome, that they were not able to resist him. This disputation cōtinued a seuēnight, & 

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This account of More torturing Tewkesbury is only printed in the first edition. Almost certainly this was because Foxe found the account fundamentally unreliable. It is, in fact, clearly part of the same account which confused Tewkesbury with Bainham. Both Tewkesbury and Bainham were detained and examined at More's house in Chelsea. This was unusual, even if More was Lord Chancellor at the time, and it provided fuel for lurid rumours that More tortured accused heretics at his house.

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then he was sent from the lollardes tower to my Lord Chauncellors called syr Thomas More to Chelsey with all his articles, to see whether he coulde tourne him, and that he mighte accuse other, and there he laye in the porters lodge, hande, foote, and heade in the stockes vi. dayes wythout release. Then was he caried to Iesus tree in his priuy garden where he was whipped & also twisted in his browes wyth small ropes that the bloud started oute of his eies, and yet woulde not accuse no man. Than was he let lose in the house for a daye, and hys frendes thought to haue him at libertye the next day. after this he was sēt to be racked in þe towr, til he was almost lame, and there promised to recant at Paules crosse, and thither was broughte with a faggot on his shoulder, and after that let go home to his house, and was bound in recognisaunce wyth his sureties for hys forthe comminge, and he had skarse a moneth bene at home, but he bewailed his fact and his abiuration, and was neuer quiet in minde and conscience, vntil the time that he had vttered to all his acquaintaunce, and asked God and al the world forgeuenes, before the congregation in those daies, in a ware house in bowe lane. Where the parson of hony lane preacher and a doctor of deuinitye had preached at hys Conuersion. Immediatly the next Sonday after, he commeth to S. Austens wyth the new Testament in his hand in English: the obedience of a Christen man in his bosome, & stode vp there before the people in his pewe. There he did declare openly with weping teares that he had denied God, and prayed all the people to forgeue him, and to beware of hys weakenesse, and not to doo as he did. For he said, if I should not tourne again vnto this truthe, hauing the new Testament in his hād, that this Gods word wold dampne him body and soule at the daye of iudgement, and there he prayed euery body rather to die by and bi, then to dooas he did. For he would not fele suche a hell again as he did fele not for al the worlds good. And immediatly was apprehended and caryed to the bishop of London, and lay in þe lollards tower, vntill the time he was caried to Newgate, and so into Smithfeld to be burned, and died a glorious martir.

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Nowe that we haue brieflye dyscoursed the historye of his life and conuersation, here followeth the whole proces of hys examinations articles and answers, also set out at large.

ON Wensday the xxi. day of Aprill, in the yere of our Lord 1529. in the consistory at Lōdon before Cuthbert bishop of Londō and his assistances, Henrye bishop of S. Asse, & Ihon Abbot of Westminster. Ihon Tewkesberye was broughte before him by my Lordes portor his keeper, vnto whome the byshop of London declared that he had at diuers tymes exhorted him to recant the errors and heresies which he held and defended, euen as he did thē again exhort him, not to trust to much to his owne wyt and learning, but vnto the doctrin of our holy mother the churche, who made answer that in his iudgement he did not erre frō the doctrine of the holye mother the churche. And at the laste beinge examined vpon the errors, which are in the said boke called the wicked mammon. He answerd thus: Take ye the boke and read it ouer, & I thinke in my conscience ye shal finde no fault in it. And being asked by the saide bishop whether he did rather geue creadite to his booke or to the gospel. He answered: þe gospell is and euer hath bene true. And moreouer beinge perticulerly examined vpō the article folowing, which was þt the Iewes of good entent and zeale slue Christe. Answeared, loke ye the booke, through before & after as it lieth, and ye shal find a better tale in it then ye make of it, and he thincketh that whosoeuer made the newe Testament, & that boke, meaning the wicked mammon 

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This is one of the works of William Tyndale.

, he did it of good zeale, and by the spirite of God. And being farther asked by the said bishop of London, whether he would stand to the contentes of hys boke, answeared. Loke ye the booke before and after, & I wil be content to stand to it. And then being examined vpon the artycle folowing, to wit, al good works must be don without respect of any thing, answered as foloweth, that a man should do it, for the loue of God only, & for no hope of any reward, higher nor lower in heauen. For if he shuld, it were presūption. Christ wythal hys works dyd not deserue heauen. He answereth & sayeth. That it is plain inough, whyche things being doon. The sayd bishop of London said to Ihō Tewkesbery thus. I tel thee before God and those whych are here present in examination of my conscience, that the articles aboue named, and

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