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545 [489]

But after this recouering more grace againe, and better strength at the hande of the Lorde, two yeares after beyng apprehended agayne, was brought before Syr Thomas More and the bishop of London 

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Tewkesbury was, in fact, tried at More's house at Chelsea, which was unusual, but not illegal. This provided fuel for lurid rumours that More tortured accused heretics at his house.

, where the same articles were obiected to hym agayne, that he was abiured for and did his penaunce before, by Cutbert Tonstall, in the yeare of our Lorde. 1529. The viii. daye of May, the chief wherof, we intend here to resyte for þt the matter is prolixe. 
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Foxe's sudden desire for brevity is a little suspicious, especially since it contrasts with his diligence in printing documents from Tewkesbury's first heresy trial. Foxe clearly had access to the records of Tewkesbury's second trial, so why didn't he print those? Thomas More, who was present, claimed that Tewkesbury, at his second trial, denied that he had ever held the opinions that he had abjured at his first trial (Thomas More, The Confutation of Tyndale's Answer, ed. Louis A. Schuster, Richard C. Marius, James P. Lusardi and Richard J. Schoeck, CWTM 8 (3 vols, New Haven, CT, 1973), I, p. 21). If Tewkesbury had appeared to be disingenuous, evasive or even deceptive at his trial, then Foxe would have wanted to conceal this.

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In primis, he confesseth that he was baptised and intendeth to kepe the catholike faith. Secondly he affirmeth that the abiuratiō, othe and subscription that he made before Cutbert late byshop of London, was done by cōpulsiō. 

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This is an indication that More was correct and that Tewkesbury had attempted to deny that he had held the beliefs he abjured at his first trial (see preceding comment). Tewkesbury's answer to this article, had Foxe printed it, would have been interesting.

Thyrdly, that he had the bookes of the obedience of a Christian man 

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This is a work by William Tyndale.

, and of the wycked Mammon, in his custody, and hath read them synce his abiuration.

Fourthly, he affirmeth that he suffered the two faggotes that were embrothered vpō his sleue to be taken from him, for that he deserued not to weare them.

Fiftly, he sayeth that fayth onely iustifieth, whiche lacketh not charitie.

Syxtly, he sayth þt Christe is a sufficient mediatour for vs, and therfore no prayer is to be made vnto any sainctes, wherupon they layde vnto hym this verse of the Antheme, Salue regina, ergo aduocata nostra &c. To the whiche be aunswered that he knew none other aduocate but Christ alone.

MarginaliaChrist our purgatory.Seuently, he affirmeth that there is no purgatory, after this lyfe, but that Christe our sauiour is a sufficient purgation for vs.

Eightly, he affirmeth that the soules of the faythfull departinge this lyfe, resteth with Christ.

Nynthly, he affirmeth that a priest by receauing of orders, receaueth more grace if his faith be increased or els not.

Tently, and last of all, he beleueth that the sacrament of the flesh and bloud of Christe, is not the very body of Christe in fleshe & bloude as it was borne of the virgin Mary. Whereupon the byshoppes chauncelour asked the sayd Tewkesberie if he could showe any cause why he should not be taken for an heretike, falling into his heresie agayne, and receaue the punishement of an hereticke. Wherunto he aunswered that he hadd wrong before, and if he be condempned nowe, he rekeneth that he hathe wronge. Then the Chauncelour caused the articles to be read openly, with the aunswers vnto the same, the whiche the sayde Tewkesberie confessed, and thereupon the byshop pronounced sentence against him, and delyuered hym vnto the shryues of London, for the tyme beyng, MarginaliaRycharde Gresham Edwarde Altam sherifes.who were Rychard Gresham and Edward Altam, who burned hym in Smythfield vpon saint Thomas euen, being the xx. dayeof December, in the yeare aforesayde, the tenor of whose sentence pronounced against hym by the byshop doth here ensewe worde for worde.

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IN the 

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This document must have come from a now lost court book of Bishop John Stokesley of London.

name of God amen. Beyng hard, seene, and vnderstande, and fully discussed by vs, Iohn by the suffraunce of God byshop of London, the deseruinges and circūstaunces of a certaine cause of hereticall prauitie, and falling againe thereunto by thee Iohn Tewkesberie of the parish of Saint Michaels in the Querne, of the citie of London, and of our iurisdictiō, appearing before vs syttyng in iudgement. because we doo fynde by inquisitions manifestly enough that thou diddest abiure frely and voluntarely before Cutberte late byshop of London, thy ordinary, dyuerse & sondrie heresies, of errors and dampnable opinions, contrary to the determination of oure mother holie churche, as wel special, as generall, and that synce and besyde thy foresayde abiuration, thou art agayne fallen into the same dampnable heresies, opinions, and errours, (whiche is greatly to be lamented) & the same dost holde, affirme and beleue. We therfore Iohn the byshop aforesayde, in the name of God fyrst beyng called vpon, and the same only God set before our eyes, and with the counsell of learned mē, assisting vs in this behalfe, with whome in this cause we haue communicated, of our definitiue sentence and finall decree, in this behalfe to be done, doo intende to proceade & do proceade in this maner, because as it is aforesayde, we do fynde thee, the foresayde Iohn Tewkesberie of our iurisdiction, to be a contempner of the fyrst abiuration. And moreouer before and after the foresaide firste errors and other dampnable opinions to haue fallen, and to be an heretike fallē, and to haue incurred the paine of such fallen heretikes, we do pronounce, determine, declare and condemne thee, of the premisses, to haue incurred the daunger of the great excommunication, and do pronounce thee to be excommunicated and also do declare thee, the sayde Tewkesberie to be so dampnably fallen agayne into heresie, in the seculer power and in their iudgement (as the holy canōs haue decreed) and here we doo leaue thee to the forsayd seculer power and to their iudgement, besechynge them earnestly in the bowelles of Iesus Christe, that suche seuere punyshment and execution as in this behalfe is to be done against thee, may be so moderated that no rigorous rigour be vsed, MarginaliaIn words they pretēd moderation but their articles be clene cōtrary.but the health and saluation of thy soule, and to the terrour feare & rooting out of heretykes and their conuersion to the catholike faith and vnitie, by this our finall decree which we declare in these in our writynges.

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This foresayde sentence definitiue agaynste Iohn Tewkesberie, was read and pronounced by the bishop of London, the xvi. day of the

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