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548 [492]

Actes and Monuments of the Churche.

the churche of God through Germanie hathe bene infected with heretikes, there haue bene founde many children of iniquitie, which haue gone about to bring in the olde and dampnable heresie of Wicklieffe and Luther, translatyng them into our Englishe tongue, and causinge the bookes to bee imprynted, brought in great nõber into this Realme, whiche they haue withall their endeuour gone aboute to infecte with their pestilent doctrine, contrarye to the catholike faith. wherefore it is greatlye to be feared, least the catholike truth be wholy brought in daunger, except that good and learned men doo stoutly withstande the malice of these wicked persones, whiche can by no other meanes be more aptly or better brought about then if the truthe being set out in the vniuersall tongue, impugning these wicked doctrines, be also imprynted and put fourth, wherby it shall come to passe, that suche as are ignoraunt of the scriptures, and haue read these newe hereticall bookes, and nowe also shall read these catholike bokes cõfuting the same, shall eyther by them selues be able to discerne the truth by them selues, or els þe better to be admonished or taught by other who haue quicker iudgemēt. And for as much as you, dearly beloued brother, can playe the Demosthenes, both in this our Englyshe tongue and also in the Latin 

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I.e., More can be eloquent in English and Latin. Demosthenes (384-322 BC) was the most renowned orator of ancient Greece.

, and haue alwayes accustomed to be an earnest defendour of the truthe in all assultes, you can neuer bestow your spare houres better, if ye can steale any frõ your wayghtie affayres, then to set fourth somethyng in oure tongue, to declare vnto the rude and symple people, the craftie malice of the heretykes, and to make vs þe more prõpt against these wicked supplãters of þe church. You haue herein befor you a worthy example to folowe of our moste noble kyng Henry the eight. Whiche with al his power hath defended the sacramentes of the churche against Luther, whiche went about to subuerte the same, and therfore hathe eternally deserued the immortal name of þe defendour of þe church.

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And least ye shoulde striue and contende, after the maner of the Antabates 

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I.e. 'Andabates' or heavily-armoured gladiator.

, MarginaliaThese Antabates are certain mē that fought can not tell against what: I sende vnto you here, their fonde tryfles in our owne tongue, and therewithall also certain bookes of Luther out of the whiche these monstruous opinions haue come fourth. Whiche being diligētly read ouer by you, ye shall the easyer vnderstande in what startyng holes these wynding serpentes do hyde thē selues, & through what straightes they wyll seake to slippe awaye, when they ar taken. for it is greatly auaylable vnto victory, to know the councels of their enemies, and to vnderstãd certēly what they meane or wherunto they tēde. For if you shal go about to roote out that whiche these men shall saye they ne-uer thought, it were but labour loste. Therfor boldly go through & set vpon this holy worke, wherby ye shal profit the churche of God, and get your selfe an immortall name, and eternall glory in heauen. Whiche thing that you wil do, and help the church with your defence, we earnestly desyre you in the Lorde, and to this ende we graunt you licence to haue and reade the same bookes.

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¶ The historie of Maister Iames Bainham Gentleman.

Marginalia1532.THis Maister Bainham 

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Foxe's first account of James Bainham was in the Rerum (pp. 126-7). Foxe stated that George [sic] Bainham was in 1532 for denying the existence of Purgatory and denying that Thomas Becket was a saint. Foxe's source for this was clearly John Bale, who had written that 'George' Bainham was burned for denying the existence of Purgatory and denying that Thomas Becket was a saint (Bale, Catalogus, p. 763 and John Bale, The epistle exhortatorye of an English Christiane [Antwerp, 1544?], STC 1291.5, fo. 13v).

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MarginaliaMaister Bainham the lawyer gentlemã þt maried maister Fishes wyfe which made the boke of beggers.was well learned in the Lattin and Greke tounges, godly of conuersation, mightely adicted to prayer, a great reader of þe scriptures, a myghtie mainteiner of the godly, a vysitour of the prysoners, lyberall to schollers, very mercifull to his clientes, vsyng equitie and iustice to the poore, very diligent in geuing counsell to all the nedy wydowes, fatherlesse and afflicted without mony or rewarde, briefly a syngular example to all lawyers. And this Maister Bainham, was accused to Syr Thomas Moore Chauncelour of Englande, and rested with a Sargeaunt at armes, and caried out of the myddle temple vnto Chelsey to his house, & there continued gently in free pryson a whyle, tyll the tyme sir Thomas More sawe he could not preuayle in peruerting of hym to his secte. Then he caste him in pryson in his own house, and whipped him at the tree in his garden, called the tree of trothe, & after sent him to the tower to be racked & so was. Sir Thomas More being presēt till in a maner he had lamed hym, because he would not accuse the Gentlemen of the temple of his acquaintaunce, nor would not shew where his bookes laye. And because his wyfe denied 
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Although Foxe does not say so, it is pretty clear that Joan Bainham was the source for this story of More's treatment of James Bainham. Notice that the account ends with a description of her imprisonment. For Joan Bainham as a source for other accounts in Foxe see Thomas S. Freeman, 'The importance of dying earnestly: the metamorphosis of the account of James Bainham in "Foxe's Book of Martyrs" in The Church Retrospective, ed. R. N. Swanson, Studies in Church History 33 (Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 272-3. Given the source, and her understandable animus against More, the stories his torturing her husband should be treated with caution. More vehemently denied contemporary allegations that accused heretics were beaten in his garden (Thomas More, The Apology, ed. J. B. Trapp, CWTM 9 [New Haven , CT, 1974] pp. 117-20).

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they ware not at his house, she was sent to the Flete, and they confyscate the goodes. And when they hadde often vsed him on their tortores, then he sent hym to the Byshop of London, and there he was in the Lowlars tower, vntyll the tyme that he hadd bene dyuers tymes afore them, both priuatly and in the consistory openly examined, and they ware not able to resist him, he was both myghtie in the scriptures and argumentations, that he was able to confounde them with their owne argumentes and reasons, and accordinge to their old maner, before the Shreues condempned hym to death, and deliuered hym to them to be caried to Newgate & to be burned when the byshop did sende the wryte. And when he 
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This account of Bainham's execution probably came from Joan Bainham (see Thomas S. Freeman, 'The importance of dying earnestly: the metamorphosis of the account of James Bainham in "Foxe's Book of Martyrs" in The Church Retrospective, ed. R. N. Swanson, Studies in Church History 33 (Woodbridge, 1997), pp. 272-3). It was replaced in the second, and subsequent, editions of the Acts and Monuments with a different account of Bainham's death. Almost certainly, this second account was fictitious but it was more inspiring and eloquent, and so it became the version Foxe preferred.

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came out of the dungeon, the byshop of London had sent one doctor Simons, to peruerte hym, and to wayte vpon hym to the stake, and after muche cõmunication in the vpper house

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