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682 [626]

Actes and Monuments Of the Churche.

would he signify vnto vs then that we ought to receiue the scriptures, and destribute them vnto the people.

MarginaliaFinmore.Also it was obiected againste Finmore, that he had saide the sacrament of the altare to be but a similitude or ceremony.

Item that he did further affirme, that if the sacrament of the altare were God, he had eatē xx. Gods in his life.

MarginaliaTestwoodRobert Testwood was condempned for this one poynt, because that iesting one daye wyth a priest, whiche after the manner as they do at masse helde vp a cake a greate heigthe aboue his head, he said, hoe, do you lifte so hie, what? and yet higher, take hede then that he fall not.

MarginaliaMarbeke.There was an action brought against Marbeke, that with his own hands, he had drawn out certen annotations out of certen authors which then semed to be repugnant to the masse and the sacrament of the altare. 

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Very probably this was a translation of Calvin's De fugiendis impiorum illicitis sacris (1537).

Furthermore that he saide, that the Masse wherin the priest dothe consecrate the body of the Lord, to be impure and defiled with muche vngodlines, which for so muche as it spoyleth God him self of his honor, it ought in no wyse to be suffred of Christians. 

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The argument below closely follows one of Calvin's arguments in De fugiendis impiorum illicitis sacris (1537), which suggest that this was the work of Calvin's that Marbeck transcribed.

Also that the eleuation of the Sacramente, dothe as it were represent a similitude of the Calues set vp in the temple by Ieroboam. And that this was farre worse Idolatry, then those old sacrifices of Ieroboam in the temple of the Israelites. And finallye that it was not to be doubted, but that Christ herein was in a manner counted a mocking stocke.

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MarginaliaBennet.There was besides all these yet a fyfte man named Bennet, vnto whose charge thys was laide, that he should say, the dailye masses vsed in the Churche, to be superfluous, and that it were sufficient for christianity that these great nomber of masses should be set a part, and the seuenth day only kept holy which were sufficient for the whole weke.

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Vpon these articles, these v. men were condempned to death by the statute of the vi. articles, (wherof is spoken before) and adiudged to be burned: sauing that Benet and Finmore eskaped by the kinges pardon. The other thre Peerson, Testwood, and Marbeke 

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Foxe got this wrong since Marbeck was not burned and was, in fact, probably an informant about his own examinations. Foxe acknowledged this in later editions.

, constantly and stoutly suffred martirdome in the fire, the xxviii. day of Iuly 1543.

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The chiefe autors of this cruel and bloudye tragedy was doctor Lōdon and William Simons, where of the one was prebendarye of Wynsore Colledge, and thother is to be thought of litle better brode.

Beside these whom we haue spoken of, they wente aboute also to vexe and trouble fower gentlemen of the kinges preueye Chamber, in so muche they forced them to plead their cause in open courte. They by and by vnderstāding the matter, went and complained vnto þe king,declaringe in what pearill and daunger they were. Finally they did so much wyth the king throughe his grace and their authoritye, that they whiche went aboute to procure daunger vnto other, were nowe called into questyon them selues.

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At the fyrste all be it with manifest periurye they cloked their preuy and traiterous purposes: Notwithstanding at the laste beinge conuict by such manifest and euident argumentes that they could by no gainsaying dissimule the matter anye longer, they suffered the open ignominye and shame of their periury, by wearing papers in the open market of Wynsore. And afterwardes they were cast into prisonne in London, where as the saide doctor London ended his life.

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¶ A notable and famous example of fidelity in a matrone towardes her husband.

FOr so muche as we haue happened vpon the name and story of doctor London, we wil somewhat speake of him because the storye seemeth not vnmeete. Whereby maye euidentlye appeare, what fidelitye is to be looked for, in these cruell kinde of papistes 

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This account first appeared in Rerum, p. 143. It is taken from Edward Hall, The union of the two noble and illustre famelies of Lancastre and Yorke (London, 1550), STC 1234a, fo. 257r.

. This doctor London was president of the famous new Colledge of Oxenforde, where as it happened that certaine plate was stolen and conueyed, and brought vp to London, and sold to a goldsmith named William Calaway. This Calaway was a man of good and honest name and reputation amongste his neighboures, but specially earnest and zelous towards the gospell, and a greate maintainer therof. He hadde oftentimes before boughte muche plate of the same manne withoute anye pearill or daunger: wherefore he doubted the lesse of hys fidelitye.

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At the laste the principall of the theft beinge taken, and the goldsmithe that was the byer, Doctor London, when he vnderstode hym to be a fauourer of the Gospell, where of he was an extreame aduersarye, began straightwaies to be in a rage, and to sweare great and deepe othes, that he woulde spare neither labour nor coste, but he woulde bringe the Goldsmith to the gallowes, althoughe it shoulde coste hym fiue hundred pounde. To be shorte thys good manne Calaway was araigned as accessarye and an action of felonye brought against hym. He contrariwise alledged that they ought not to proceade againste him the principall beinge a lyue. Doctour London on the contrary part affyrmed that the principal was hāged, which was mooste false, for he was one of the same Colledge and was a liue, and but latelye sett at liberty. To be brief he was foūd gilty, & the iudge asked him what he could aledge why he

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