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717 [661]

MarginaliaSir Tho. Palmer. M. Rockewood.

other of the counsel of the said town of Caleis, to the nomber of vii. mo besydes them selues, sekinge occasion, or rather a quarell where no iust cause was geuen, began to wryte very heynous letters, MarginaliaThe coūcel of Calis letters. and greuous complayntes vnto the Lordes of the priuye counsell againste dyuers of the Towne of Caleis, affirminge that they were horribly infected with heresies, and pernitious opinions. As fyrste the forsaide Adam Damlip, who though he were for a tyme eskaped their handes, yet stacke still in theyr remembrance from time to time, vntyll the innocent man was cruelly put to death as a traitor. As hereafter shal appere. Also besides thys Damlip they complained of Thomas Broke, Raphe Hare, sir Ihon Butler then commissarye and Ieffray Loueday, men at armes ther. the names of all these persons were sent ouer, and they commaunded to appeare before my Lord of Cauntorbury, the bishop of Winchester, the bishop of Chichester, and tenne other apoynted by the kings maiestys commission, for thexamination of them 

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This was in May 1539.

: and their accusers were sent ouer with letters from the councell ther, vnto his priuy counsel here in the furtherauns of their malitious sutes agaynste those honest men with certen speciall letters directed vnto the Lord Fitzwilliams then Earle of Souch hampton, and great Admiral of England. to the Lord Sandes, Lord Chamberlain of the houshold, likewyse also to Syr William Kingstonne knighte, Comptroller of the housholde, and to doctoure Samson then byshop of Chichester, and other, tending al to one effect, that is to say, to the vtter destruction of these godly men, if God (after his wonted māner had not mightely preserued them, and as it were ourshadowed them with the winges of his mercye. MarginaliaThe troble of Raphe Hare. That the same maye the better appeare, you shal vnderstand that one Raphe Hare a man, rude and so vnlearned that skace he could read, yet through Goddes grace, was very zelous, 
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Ralph Hare was a soldier in the Calais garrison.

and therewith led so godlye and temperate a life, as not one of his enemyes enterprised to accuse or blame the same his sober life and conuersation. This Raphe Hare was charged to be one that had spoken against auriculer confession, against holy bread and holy water, yea and beside that he was one whyche wold not lightly swere an oth, nor vse almost any manner of pastime nor good felowship as they terme it, but was alwayes in a corner by him selfe, loking on his booke. The pore simple man being charged by the commissioners, that he was a naughty man and erronious, affirmīg that he could not be otherwise, cōming out of a towne so infected with pernitious errors & sectes as that was, willed by thē to take good hede to him selfe, least through obstinacye he turned his erronious opinions to plaine heresy, for an error defended is heresy. My goodLords said the pore man, I take God to record I wold not willingly maintain an erroure or heresy, wherfore I beseche you let my accusers comeo face to face before me. For if they charge me wt that which I haue spoken, I will neuer deny it. Moreouer if it be truth, I wil stād vnto it, & otherwise if it be an error, I wil wythall my hart vtterlye forsake it, I meane if it be against Goddes holy word. For the Lord is my witnes I seke, and daily praye to God, that I may know the truth and flie from all errors, & I trust the Lord wil saue me and preserue me from them. A ha said the bishop of Winchester, do you not heare what he saith my Lord? I perceiue now that art a naughty fellowe. Alasse my Lord, said Raphe Hare, what euil sayde I. Mary sir, you said the Lord, the Lord, & that is symbolum hœreticorum said Winchester. MarginaliaWinchester about the lord & our lord. What is that my Lord for Gods sake tell me said Hare. Thou art nought, thou art nought said he. At which words the simple man began to trēble, and seemed much dismayed. Wherwith the aboue named Broke stāding by next to the said Hare, said my Lord, I beseche your honor not to conceiue euil opinion of the pore man for vsing this woord, the Lorde. For, by your Lordships fauor, no man whiche at anye time hathe translated the Bible, hathe vsed to English these two Ebrew words, Iehouah & Adonay, and this Greke word Kyrios, but onlye thus: The Lorde: so that vnder your Lordships correction, it might rather be called Symbolum Christianorum, or Piornm than Symbolum hœreticorum. I pray you syr then, sayde the bishop of Winchester, why dothe Christe teach vs to say: Our father which art in heauē, and not the father. My Lord, by your fauoure said Broke, he vseth there the vocatiue case, teaching vs to inuocate God, and ioyneth therto the pronowne Noster, so that thys Artycle (the) were not there to be vsed, neyther should it expresse the full meaninge of Christ in those words, but if your lordship would descēd down a little from the Lordes prayer vnto the Ane Maria or salutation, there it manifestly appeareth, that the Angell (in no parte falsifyinge Goddes message committed to him) saieth ho Kyrios meta so: whych is truely turned into English no otherwise but thus: the Lord (and not our Lorde, nor the Lorde, nor my Lorde) is with thee, wherfore the poore manne is there taughte plainlye of God, and that by an Angell, to say (as he saide) the Lorde, and therfore he is worthy of no blame. At these wordes the bishoppe began to be much moued and offended. Whervpon Doctor Gwent Deane of the Archesse one of those Commissyoners, sayde: Well master Broke well, you abuse my Lorde here very much, it were a matter rather to be disputed of in scholes, then thus to be resoned of, openly here. Wherat the saide Broke ann-

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