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Thematic Divisions in Book 5
1. Preface to Rubric 2. The Rubric 3. Mary's First Moves 4. The Inhibition5. Bourne's Sermon 6. The True Report7. The Precept to Bonner 8. Anno 15549. From 'The Communication' to 'A Monition' 10. Bonner's Monition11. Mary's Articles for Bonner 12. The Articles 13. From Mary's Proclamation to the 'Stile'14. From the 'Stile' to the 'Communication' 15. The 'Communication' 16. How Thomas Cranmer ... 17. Cranmer18. Ridley 19. Latimer20. Harpsfield's Forme 21. 1563's Disputational Digest22. Political Events up to Suffolk's Death 23. Between Mantell and the Preacher's Declaration 24. The Declaration of Bradford et al 25. May 19 to August 1 26. August 1 - September 3 27. From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration 28. Winchester's Sermon to Bonner's Visitation 29. Pole's Oration 30. From the Supplication to Gardiner's Sermon 31. From Gardiner's Sermon to 1555 32. From the Arrest of Rose to Hooper's Letter 33. Hooper's Answer and Letter 34. To the End of Book X 35. The Martyrdom of Rogers 36. The Martyrdom of Saunders 37. Saunders' Letters 38. Hooper's Martyrdom 39. Hooper's Letters 40. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 41. Becket's Image and other events 42. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 43. Bonner and Reconciliation 44. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 45. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 46. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White47. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 48. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 49. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 50. Judge Hales 51. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 52. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 53. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 54. The Letters of George Marsh 55. The Martyrdom of William Flower 56. Mary's False Pregnancy57. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 58. John Tooly 59. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]60. Censorship Proclamation 61. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 62. Letters of Haukes 63. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 64. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain65. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 66. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 67. Bradford's Letters 68. William Minge 69. The Martyrdom of John Bland 70. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 71. Sheterden's Letters 72. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 73. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 74. John Aleworth 75. Martyrdom of James Abbes 76. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 77. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 78. Richard Hooke 79. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 80. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 81. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 82. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 83. Martyrdom of William Haile 84. Examination of John Newman 85. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 86. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 87. William Andrew 88. William Allen 89. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 90. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 91. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 92. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 93. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 94. John and William Glover 95. Cornelius Bungey 96. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 97. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 98. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 99. Ridley's Letters 100. Life of Hugh Latimer 101. Latimer's Letters 102. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed103. More Letters of Ridley 104. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 105. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 106. William Wiseman 107. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 108. John Went 109. Isobel Foster 110. Joan Lashford 111. Five Canterbury Martyrs 112. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 113. Letters of Cranmer 114. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 115. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 116. William Tyms, et al 117. The Norfolk Supplication 118. Letters of Tyms 119. John Hullier's Execution120. John Hullier 121. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 122. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 123. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 124. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 125. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 126. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 127. Thomas Rede128. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 129. William Slech 130. Avington Read, et al 131. Wood and Miles 132. Adherall and Clement 133. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 134. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow135. Persecution in Lichfield 136. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 137. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 138. John Careless 139. Letters of John Careless 140. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 141. Guernsey Martyrdoms 142. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 143. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 144. Three Men of Bristol145. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 146. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 147. John Horne and a woman 148. Northampton Shoemaker 149. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 150. More Persecution at Lichfield 151. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife152. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent153. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury154. The 'Bloody Commission'155. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester156. Five Burnt at Smithfield157. Stephen Gratwick and others158. Edmund Allen and other martyrs159. Edmund Allen160. Alice Benden and other martyrs161. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs162. Ambrose163. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper164. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs165. John Thurston166. Thomas More167. George Eagles168. Richard Crashfield169. Fryer and George Eagles' sister170. John Kurde171. Cicelye Ormes172. Joyce Lewes173. Rafe Allerton and others174. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston175. Persecution at Lichfield176. Persecution at Chichester177. Thomas Spurdance178. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson179. John Rough and Margaret Mearing180. Cuthbert Simson181. William Nicholl182. Seaman, Carman and Hudson183. Three at Colchester184. A Royal Proclamation185. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs186. Richard Yeoman187. John Alcocke188. Alcocke's Epistles189. Thomas Benbridge190. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs191. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver192. Three at Bury193. The Final Five Martyrs194. William Living195. The King's Brief196. William Browne197. Some Persecuted at Suffolk198. Elizabeth Lawson199. Edward Grew200. The Persecuted of Norfolk201. The Persecuted of Essex202. Thomas Bryce203. The Persecuted in Kent204. The Persecuted in Coventry and the Exiles205. Thomas Parkinson206. The Scourged: Introduction207. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax208. Thomas Greene209. Bartlett Greene and Cotton210. Steven Cotton's Letter211. Scourging of John Milles212. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw213. Robert Williams214. Bonner's Beating of Boys215. A Beggar of Salisbury216. John Fetty217. James Harris218. Providences: Introduction219. The Miraculously Preserved220. Christenmas and Wattes221. Simon Grinaeus222. John Glover223. Dabney224. Alexander Wimshurst225. Bosom's wife226. The Delivery of Moyse227. Lady Knevet228. Crosman's wife229. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk230. Congregation of London231. Robert Cole232. Englishmen at Calais233. John Hunt and Richard White234. Punishments of Persecutors235. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth236. The Westminster Conference237. Nicholas Burton238. Another Martyrdom in Spain239. Baker and Burgate240. Burges and Hoker241. Justice Nine-Holes242. Back to the Appendix notes243. A Poor Woman of Exeter244. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material245. Priest's Wife of Exeter246. Gertrude Crockhey
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the GlossesCommentary on the Text
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996 [928]

Actes and Monumentes of the church
The exhortation of D. Boner byshop of London, to them of the Conuocation house.

MarginaliaHyghe reasons of Bōner why the order of priestes is to be honored aboue Angels and kinges. WHerefore it is to be knowen, that priestes and Elders be worthy of all men to be worshipped for the dignitie sake which they haue of God as in Mat. 16 For whatsoeuer ye shal loose vpō the earth &c. And whatsoeuer you shall bynde &c. for a priest by some meanes is like Mary the Virgin, and is shewed by three pointes. As the blessed virgyn by fiue wordes did conceiue Christ as it is said: Luk. 1. (Fiat mihi secundum verbum tuum) that is to saie, be it vnto me according to thy word. So the Priestes by fiue wordes, doth make the very body of Christ. Euen as immediatly, after the consent of Mary, Christe was all whole in her wombe, so immediatly after the speaking of these wordes of consecration, the bread is transubstantiated into the very body of Christ. Secondly, as the virgin caried Christ in her armes and laid him in an oxe stall after his byrth, Euē so the priest after the consecration, doth lifte vp the body of Christ and placeth it and carieth it, and handleth it with his handes. Thyrdly, as the blessed Virgin was sanctified before she cōceiued. So the Priest being ordeined and annointed before he doth cōsecrate: because without orders he could cōsecrate nothing, therfore the layeman being neuer so holye, can not doo the thyng, although he be neuer so holy, and do speake the selfe same wordes of consecration. Therfore here is to be knowen, that the dignitie of Priestes by some meanes passeth the dignitie of Aungelles, because there is no power to any of the Aungelles to make the bodye of Christ. Whereby the least priest may do in earth that the greatest and hyghest Aungel in heauen can not do, as sainte Bernarde sayeth: O worshipfull dignitie of priestes, in whose handes the sonne of God is, as in the wombe of the virgin he was incarnate. Saynt Austen saith that Angels in the cōsecratiō of þe sacred hoost doth serue him, & the Lorde of heauen descendeth to hym: whereupō saint Ambrose vpon lyke saith: doubte thou not the Aungel to be where Christ is present vpon the altar. wherfore priestes are to be honored before all kynges of the earth, prynces and nobles. for a priest is hygher then a Kyng, happier then an Aungell, maker of his creator. Wherfore. &c.

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IT was declared a litle before how D. Ridley was had from Fremingham to the Tower, where being in duraunce, and inuited to the Lieutenantes table, he had certaine talke or conference with Secretary Bourn, maister Fecknam, and other, concerning the controuersies in religion, the summe whereof, as it was penned with his owne hande, hereafter ensueth. 

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Block 16: The Communication between Bourne and Ridley

The dialogue between Ridley and Sir John Bourne continues the pattern of argument about the eucharist alternating with political narrative which runs throughout Book 10. The dialogue first appeared in print in the 1563 edition (1563, p. 929-32; 1570, p. 1589-91; 1576, p. 1356-58; 1583, p. 1426-28); there is no earlier surviving print or manuscript version. Foxe states that the dialogue was penned with Ridley's own hand; apparently Foxe obtained a unique copy. As will be seen in Book 11, George Shipside, Ridley's brother-in-law, was one of Foxe's sources; it is quite possible that he obtained the dialogue for Foxe.

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Here followeth the summe and effect of the communication betwene D. Ridley, and Secretary Bourne, with others, at the Lieutenauntes table, in the Tower.

MAister Thomas Bridges sayd at his Brother Maister Lieuetenauntes bord I pray you Maister Doctors, for my learning tel me, what an heriticke is. Maister

Secretary Bourn sayd, I will tell you who is an heriticke:  

Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
'The Communication'

A large number of glosses ('Vnitie, Antiquitie, Vniuersalitie' and ten following) appear in all editions, and concern Ridley's successful answer to Fecknam, taking his own categories of unity, antiquity and universality and refashioning them in a suitably protestant way, together with an exposition of 'hoc est' (see also 'The place of Saint Cyprian expounded' for another example of Ridley expounding). For an example of Ridley's view being given authoritative status by a marginal gloss, see 'The doctrine of the Sacrament not new'. A 1563 gloss which seems to be mocking the poor logic of the catholics was later dropped, possibly because it was rather obscurely phrased ('Ergo ther is no substance of bread in the sacrament'). The veil drawn over the connection between the catechism and Cranmer after 1563 ('Bishop of Caunterburys boke' (1563); 'The booke of Catechisme' (later editions)) is perhaps significant in the light of concerns about the Prayer Book.

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MarginaliaWho is an heretike.he that stubburnely and styfly maintayneth an vntruth, he is an heriticke. Ye meane Sir (sayd I) an vntruth in matters of religiō and concerning our fayth: yea that is true sayd he, and in thys we were sone agreed: then sayd Maister Fecknam, sytting at the head of the table, whōe they called Maister Deane of Paules. I will tell you by Sainte Augustine who is an hereticke. Qui adulandi Principibus vel lucri gratia, falsas opiniones gignit, vel sequitur, hereticus est. saith Sainte Austine: and then he englished the same: syr sayd I, I wene sainte Augustine addeth the third member which is vel vanæ gloriæ causa: ye saye euen trewe Maister Doctor sayd he, & thus farre we did agree al thre. Maister Fecknam began againe to saye, he that doth not beleue that scripture affirmeth, but wil obstinatlye mayntayne the contrary, he is Hæreticus, as in the sacrament of the alter Mathewe doth affirme, there to be Christes body, Marke doth affirme it, Luke affirmeth, Paule affirmeth, and none denieth it: therefore to holde the contrary it is heresie. It is the same bodye and flesh that was borne of the Virgin: and this is confirmed by vnytye, Antyquitie, and vniuersalyty: MarginaliaVnitie. Antiquitie. Vniuersalitie. for none before Berengarius dyd euer doubte of this, and he was an hereticke, as Maister Doctor there knoweth full well, I do testify hys own conscience: sayd he. Mary syr sayd Maister secretary, Maister Fecknam hath spoken well: these be great matters vnitie, antiquitie, and vniuersalytye: do ye not so thinke maister Doctor sayd he to me?

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Here while I strayned curtesy, and pretended as nothing to talke, sayd one of the commissioners, peraduenture maister Ridley doth agree with maister Fecknam, and then there needes not much debating of the matter: syr sayd I, in some thinges I do & shall agree with hym, and in some thinges which he hath spoken, to be plain, I do not agree with him at al. maisters, sayd I, ye be as I vnderstand the Quenes commissioners here, and if ye haue commission to examine me in those matters, I shall declare vnto you plainely my fayth: yf ye haue not, then I shall praye you eyther geue me leaue to speake my mynde frely, or els to hold my peace.

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There is none here, sayd maister secretary that doth not fauour you, and then euery man shewed what fauour they beare towardes me and how glad they would be of an agrement; but as I strayned to haue licence of them, in playne wordes to speake my mynde, so me thought they graunted me it but vix or agre. well at the last I was contente to take it for lycenced, and so began to talke.

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To maister Fecknams argumentes of the manifold affirmation, where no deniall was,

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