Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1247 [1247]

K. Henry. 8. Notes of Tonstalls sermon, agaynst the Popes supremacie.

stles preached, we haue therin 

Commentary  *  Close

Galatians 1.8-9.

a general rule to folow: That though an Angell came from heauen, and would tell vs such newe expositions of those places, as are now made, to turne the wordes, which weare spoken for spirituall authoritie of preaching the word of God, and ministring of the Sacramentes, to a worldly authoritie, we ought to reiecte hym, as S. Paule wylleth vs. Gal. 1. MarginaliaGal. 1.

[Back to Top]

To open therfore the true sense of the Scripture in the places aforesayd, and first to begynne 

Commentary  *  Close

Matthew 16.16-18.

with the. xvi. Chap. of Math. here is to be obserued that the question beyng putt in general of Christ to al his Apostles, what they thought or iudged of hym, Peter aunsweryng for them all, as he was alwayes ready to aunswere, sayd: Thou art Christ, the Sonne of the lyuyng God. To whom Iesus aunswered agayn: Blessed be thou Simō the Sonne of Iona: for flesh and bloud hath not reueled this vnto thee, but my Father which is in heauen: And I say to thee, thou art Peter, and vpon this rock I will builde my churche, and the gates of hell shal not preuaile agaynst yt. MarginaliaThe place of Matth. xvj. expounded.That is to say: 
Commentary  *  Close

Romans 10.8-9.

vpon this rocke of thy cōfession of me to be the Sonne of God, I will build my church: for this faith conteyneth the whole summarye of our faythe and saluation, as it is writen Rom. 10. MarginaliaRom. 10.
Fayth the mother of saluation.
The worde of fayth, that we doo preache is at hand, in thy mouthe and in thyne hart. For if thou cōfesse with thy mouth our Lord Iesus Christ, and with thy hart doe beleue that God raysed hym from death to lyfe, thou shalt be saued. &c. MarginaliaPeter the first confessor of Christ.And this confession beyng first vttered by the mouth of Peter, vpon the same confession of his, and not vppon the person of Peter, Christ buildeth his Church, as Chrysostome expoundeth 
Commentary  *  Close

St John Chrysostom, Homilies on the Gospel of Matthew, homily lxxxii (on the text of Matthew 26.26-8 [for which, see the on-line edition at].

that place in the. xxvi. sermon of the feast of Pentecoste, saying: MarginaliaThe church builded vpon the confession of Peter, not vpon the person of Peter.Not vpon the person of Peter, but vpō the fayth, Christ hath builded his Church. And what is the faith? This: Thou art Christ the Sonne of the lyuing God. What is to say, vpon this rocke? That is, vpō this confession of Peter. &c. And with this saying of Chrisostome, al auncient expositors, sayth Tonstall treatyng that place, do agree. For if we shoulde expounde that place, that the Church is builded vpō the person of Peter, we should put an other fundatiō of the church, then Christ, which is directlye agaynst 
Commentary  *  Close

I Corinthians 3.11.

S. Paule, saying: No man may put any other foundatiō, but that which is put already, which is Christ Iesus. &c. Marginalia1. Cor. 3.

[Back to Top]

And because Peter was the first of all the Apostles, that confessed this, that Christ is the Sonne of God, by the which fayth all men must be saued: therof commeth the primacie, that is, the first place or standyng of Peter in the number of all the Apostles.

MarginaliaWhat is the primacie of Peter, & how it commeth.And as Peter was the first of them that confessed Christ to be the sonne of God, so was hee most ardent in his fayth, most bold and hardy in Christ, as appeared by 

Commentary  *  Close

Matthew 14.29.

his commyng out of the shyp in the great tempest, and also most vehement in his masters cause, as appeared by 
Commentary  *  Close

Acts 2, 3 and 4.

drawyng out hys sworde, and after the Lordes resurrection, is declared in the 2. 3. 4. chap. of the Actes: where as the Iewes withstandyng the Apostles preachyng the fayth of Christ, MarginaliaThe honorable names of Peter in the olde Doctors, how and wherfore they be geuen.Peter as most ardent in fayth, was euer most ready to defende the faith agaynst the impugners thereof, speakyng for them all vnto the people. &c. and therfore hath these honorable names gyuen him, by the auncient interpreters, that some tymes he is called the mouth of the Apostles, the chief of the Apostles, some tyme the prince of the Apostles, some time the presidēt of the whole Churche, and some tyme hath the name of primacie, or prioritie attributed to hym.

[Back to Top]

And yet the sayd Peter notwithstandyng these honorable names gyuē vnto him, that he should not haue a rule, or a iudicial power 

Commentary  *  Close

Galatians 2.7-8.

aboue all the other Apostles, it is playne by S. Paul, and many other.

MarginaliaGala. 2.
The authoritie of the Apostles all alyke.
First, S. Paul, Gal. 2. plainly declareth the same, saying: That as the Apostleshyp of the Circumcision, that is, of the Iewes, was giuen by Christ to Peter: so was the Apostleshyp of the Gentiles giuen to me among the Gentiles. Here- by it appeareth that Paul knewe no primacie of Peter concernyng people and places, but among the Iewes. And thereof S. Ambrose 

Commentary  *  Close

The quote is taken from 'De Spiritu sancto', book ii, p.808. The bishops draw out the equity argument for Paul and Peter. The Henrician apologist often referred to Ambrose, as his writings could be interpreted against the theory of the church's foundation on one human figure.

expoundyng that place, sayth thus: MarginaliaAmbrosius.The primacie of the Iewes was giuen chiefly to Peter, albeit Iames and Iohn were ioyned with him: as the primacie of the Gentiles was giuen to Paul, albeit Barnabas was ioyned with hym: So that Peter had not a rule ouer all.

[Back to Top]

Also in þe Actes 

Commentary  *  Close

Acts 10.11-16.

10. whē Peter was sent for to Cornelius a Gentile, he durst not go to hym without a speciall vision giuen hym from heauen by the Lord. MarginaliaAct. 10.

Item, that all 

Commentary  *  Close

Ephesians 2.19-21.

the Apostles had lyke dignitie and authoritie, it appeareth by S. Paul Ephe. 2. Where hee sayth: Nowe ye are not straungers, nor foreners but ye bee Citizens with the Saintes and of the houshold of almightye God, builded (sayth he) vpon the fundation of the Apostles, and the Prophets, Christ beyng the corner stone: vpon whō euery edifice beyng builded, groweth vp to an holy temple in our Lord. &c. MarginaliaEphes. 2.
The church founded not of Peter only, but of the Apostles.
Here he saith that they be builded, not vppon the fundation of Peter onely, but vpon the fundation of the Apostles, so that all they be in the fundation set vpon Christ the very rocke, wherupon standeth the whole Churche.

[Back to Top]

In the xxi. chap. 

Commentary  *  Close

Revelation 21.10-14.

also of the Apoca. the new Citie, and the heauenly Hierusalem of almyghtie God is described of the holy Ghost, not with one fundation onely of Peter, but with xij. foundations, MarginaliaApoc. 21.after the number of the Apostles.

MarginaliaCypria. lib. De simplic. Prelato.S. Cyprian lib. De simplic. præl. giueth record likewise to the same, that the Apostles had equall power & dignitie giuē to them by Christ. And because all should preache one thyng, therfore the begynnyng therof first came by one, whiche was Peter, who confessed for them all: that Christ was the sonne of the liuyng God, saying further, MarginaliaEuery bishop hath his part wholy to himselfe.that in the Churche there is one office of all Byshops, whereof euery man hath a part allowed wholy vnto hym. Now, if the Byshop of Rome may also medle ouer all, where he will: then euery man hath not wholy his part, for þe Byshop of Rome may also medle in his part ioyntly, with him: so that now he hath it not wholly: which is agaynst Cyprian.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaAug. in Ioan. tractat. 50.S. Austen 

Commentary  *  Close

St Augustine, Tractates (lectures) on the Gospel of John (no.50 on John 11:55-12). Augustine discusses, in part 12, the text of Matthew 16.19 as well, to highlight the power of the church as a whole. [See the on-line version of this tractate at].

likewise expoūding the Gospell of Iohn, in the 50. treaty, speaketh there of the keyes of Peter. Whiche he sayth were giuen of Christ to Peter, not for him selfe alonely, but for the whole Churche.

MarginaliaCyrillus in vlt. cap. Ioannis.Cyrillus expoundyng 

Commentary  *  Close

This refers to the work of St Cyril of Alexandria, a church father of the late fourth and early fifth century.

the last chap. of Iohn, and there speakyng of the wordes of Christ spoken vnto Peter, Fede my shepe. &c. thus vnderstandeth the same: That because Peter had thrise denyed Christ, wherby he thought him selfe he had lost his Apostleshyp: Christ to cōfort him agayne, & to restore him to his office that he had lost, asked him thrise, whether he loued him, and so restored him agayne to his office, whiche els he durst not haue presumed vnto, saying to hym: Fede my shepe. &c. MarginaliaPasce oues meas, maketh nothing for the popes vniuersall pastoralitie.With whiche exposition the auncient holy expositours of that place, do likewise agree: So that by these wordes of fedyng Christes shepe, the Bishop of Rome can take no aduauntage to maintayne his vniuersall pastoralitie ouer all Christian dominions.

[Back to Top]


Commentary  *  Close

Acts 20.28.

, whereas the Bishop of Rome sayeth, that Peter by these wordes of Christ spoken to hym, hath a preeminence aboue the other, S. Paule Act. 20. proueth the contrary: where hee speaking to the Bishops assembled at Milete, sayeth to them: Take heede to your selues, and to all your flock, in whiche the holy Ghost hath putt you to gouerne. &c. MarginaliaAct. 20.

[Back to Top]

And Peter hymselfe 

Commentary  *  Close

I Peter 5.1-2.

likewise 1. Pet. 5. sayeth: Ye that be Priestes fede the flock of God emongest you. &c.

MarginaliaScriptures wrongfullye alleaged, for the popes supremacie.So that by 

Commentary  *  Close

Tunstal's summing up of his interpretation of the meaning of Matthew 16.18 and John 21.17.

these Scriptures conferred to gether, yt may appeare that neyther the. xvi. Chap. of Matth. nor the xxi. of Ioh. doe proue that Peter had power, authoritie, or dignitie gyuē hym by Christ, ouer all þe other, þt they should be vnder him: and yet notwithstāding his primacie, in that he first of all the Apostles confessed Christ to be the Sonne of the lyuynge God (with the

[Back to Top]
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield