Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1696 [1657]

Queene Mary. Examination of M. Iohn Rogers, Martyr.

Marginalia1555. thē ouermatched wyth popish and bloudy bishops, called him to accompt for his sermon: MarginaliaM. Rogers called to accompt for his Sermō at Paules Crosse. to whō he made a stout, wittie, and godly aunswer, and yet in such sort handled hym selfe, that at that tyme he was clearly dimissed: but after that Proclamation was set foorth by the Queene to prohibite true preaching, he was called agayne before the Counsel, MarginaliaM. Rogers againe called before the Counsell, & commaunded to keepe hys house. (for the bishops thirsted after his bloud). The Counsail quarelled with him concerning hys doctrine, and in conclusion commaunded hym as prisouer to keepe his own house, and so he did: although by flying he myght easely haue escaped theyr cruell handes, and many thynges there were whych myght haue moued hym thereunto. He dyd see the recouery of religion in England for that present, desperate: he knew he could not want a lyuing in Germanie, and he could not forget his wyfe and ten children, and to seeke meanes to succour them. But all these thynges set a part, after hee was called to aunswere in Christes cause, he would not depart, but stoutly stoode in defence of the same, and for the triall of that truth, was content to hassard his lyfe.

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Thus he remayned in hys own house as prisoner a long time, 

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Rogers was transferred to Newgate on 27 January 1554.

till at the length, through the vncharitable procurement of Boner B. of London, who could not abyde such honest neyghbours to dwell by him,  
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In the Rerum, Foxe explains that Rogers's house was near to Bonner'sLondon palace (Rerum, p. 267).

he was MarginaliaM. Rogers sent to Newgate.remoued from hys own house to þe prison called Newgate, where he was lodged amōgest theeues and murtherers for a great space: duryng which tyme what busines he had wyth the aduersaries of Christ, al is not knowen, neyther yet any certainty of hys examinatiōs, further then he hym selfe dyd leaue in wryting, which God would not to bee lost, but to remaine for a perpetuall testimony in the cause of Gods truth, as here followeth recorded and testified by his own writyng.

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¶ The examination and aunswere of Iohn Rogers made to the Lord Chauncellour & to the rest of the Counsell 
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I.e., the Privy Council.

the xxij. of Ianuary. Anno. 1555.  
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BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 187v-199r is a complete copy of Roger's examinations (including the answers he has not allowed to give). For a printed copy of this document, together with a detailed, albeit hypercritical, comparison of the manuscript with Foxe's version of it, see Chester, pp. 293-337, cf. Chester's overall assessment of Foxe's editing on pp. 151-54, 158 and 208-10. ECL 261, fos. 20r-44r is a partial copy of this material.

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Lord Chauncellour.

MarginaliaExamination & aunswere of M. Iohn Rogers.FIrst the Lord Chauncellor sayd vnto me thus. Syr ye haue heard of the state of the Realme in which it standeth now.

Rogers. No my Lord, I haue bene kept in close prison, and except there haue bene some generall thyng sayd at þe table whē I was at dynner or supper, I haue heard nothing: and there haue I heard nothing wherupon any speciall thyng might be grounded.

L. Chan. Thē sayd þe L. Chaūcellor: Generall things, generall things, mockingly? Ye haue heard of my Lord Cardinals cōmyng, & that the Parlament hath receaued his blessing, not one resistyng vnto it, but one man which did speake agaynst it. Such an vnity and such a miracle hath not bene seene. And al they (of which there are viij. score in one house, 

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I.e., the House of Commons.

sayd one that was by, whose name I know not) haue with one assent and * Marginalia* Full sore agaynst there wils if they could other wyse haue chosen. consent receaued pardon of their offences for the schisme that we haue had in England, in refusing the holy father of Rome to be head of the holy Catholicke Church. How say ye, are ye content to vnite and knit your selfe to the fayth of the Catholicke Church with vs in the state in which it is now in England? will ye do that?

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Rog. The Catholicke Church I neuer did nor will dissent from.

L. Chaun. Nay, but I speake of the state of the Catholicke Church, in that wise in which we now stand in England, hauyng receaued the Pope to bee supreme head.

MarginaliaNo head of the Catholicke churche, but Christ.Rog. I know none other head but Christ, of his Catholicke Church, neither will I acknowledge the Byshop of Rome to haue any more authoritie, then any other Byshop hath, by the word of God, and by the doctrine of the old and pure Catholicke Church iiij. hundreth yeares after Christ.

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L. Chaun. Why didst thou then acknowledge kyng Henry the eight to bee supreme head of the Church, if Christ be the onely head?

MarginaliaThe supremacie of Kyng Henry 8. how it is to be taken.Rog. I neuer graunted him to haue any supremacy in spirituall thinges, as are the forgeuenes of sinnes, giuyng of the holy Ghost, authoritie to be a Iudge aboue the word of God.

L. Chaun. Yea sayd he, and Tonstall Byshop of Duresme, & MarginaliaTonstall B. of Duresme. N. Bish. of Worcester.N. B. of Worcester, if thou haddest sayd so in his dayes (and they nodded the head at me, with a laughter) thou haddest not bene a lyue now.

Rog. Which thyng I denyed, and would haue told how he was sayd and ment to be supreme head. But they looked and laughed one vpon an other, and made such a busines, that I was constrained to let it passe. There lieth also no great waight therupon: MarginaliaThe meaning why Kyng Henry was titled supreme head.for all the world knoweth what the meanyng was. The Lord Chauncellour also sayd to the Lord William Haward that there was no incōuenience therin, to haue Christ to be supreme head, and the Byshop of Rome also: and when I was ready to haue aūswered, that there could not be two heades of one Church, & haue more playnly declared the vanity of that his reason, the L. Chaūcellour sayd: what sayst thou? make vs a directed aūswer, whether thou wilt be one of this Catholicke Church, or not, with vs in the state in which we are now?

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Rog. My Lord, wythout fayle I can not beleue, that ye your selues do thincke in your hartes, that hee is supreme head, in forgeuing of sinne. &c. (as is before said) MarginaliaThe Byshops contrary to their former doinges and writinges.seing you, and all the Bishops of the realme haue now xx. yeares long preached, and some of you also wrytten to the contrary, 

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Rogers is referring to Stephen Gardiner's treatise De vera obedentia, which was first published in 1535 (STC 11584). This work argued for royal, rather than papal, supremacy of the English church. Marian Protestants frequently taunted Gardiner with his authorship of this work and, in fact, illicit protestant presses reprinted the work during Mary's reign (STC 11585-7).

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and the Parlament hath so long agone condescēded vnto it. And there he interrupted me thus.

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L. Chan. Tush that Parlament was with most great cruelty constrained to abolish and put away the primacie from the bishop of Rome.

Rog. Wyth cruelty? MarginaliaAnd why then do you cōstrain mens consciences by crueltie to your religion.Why then I perceiue that you take a wrong way, with cruelty to perswade mens consciences. For it should appeare by your doinges now, that the cruelty then vsed hath not perswaded your consciences. How would ye then haue our consciences, perswaded wyth cruelty?

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L. Chan. I talke to thee of no cruelty, MarginaliaAs who should say, that men were not called vpō in this last Parlament with lyke and greater forcement to receiue the Pope.but that they were so often and so cruelly called vpon in that Parlament, to let that Act go forward, yea and euen wyth force driuen thereunto, where as in thys Parlament it was so vniformely receiued, as is aforesayd.

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Rog. Here my Lord Paget tolde me more plainly, what my Lord Chauncellour ment. Vnto whom I aūswered: My Lord, what wyll ye conclude therby? that the fyrst Parlament was of lesse authority, because but few condescended vnto it, & thys last Parlamēt of great authority, because more condescended vnto it? MarginaliaTruth goeth not by nūber, nor by the greater part.It goeth not (my Lord) by the more or lesser part, but by the wyser, truer, and godlier part: and I would haue said more, but the Lord Chauncellour interrupted me with his question, willing me once agayne to aunswere hym. For (sayd hee) we haue moe to speake wyth then thou, which must come in after thee. And so there were in dede MarginaliaX. prisoners out of Newgate to be conuented before Gardiner.ten persons moe out of Newgate, besides two that were not called. Of which ten one was a Citizen of London, which graunted vnto them: and nine of the countrey: which all came to prison again, and refused the Cardinals blessing, and the authoritie of hys holy Fathers church: Marginalia9. of these prisoners refused the Popes authoritie: the tenth yelded,sauing that one of these. ix. was not asked the question otherwyse then thus: whether he would be an honest man as hys Father was before him: and aunswering yea, he was so discharged by the friendship of my Lord William Haward (as I haue vnderstanded). He bad me tell hym what I would do: whether I woulde enter into one Church wyth the whole Realme, as it is now, or not? No, sayd I, I will first see it proued by the Scriptures. Let me haue penne, incke, and bookes. &c. And I will take vpon me playnly to set out the matter, so that the con-

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