Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1808 [1807]

Queene Mary. Godly letters of Thomas Haukes. The story and trouble of Thomas Wattes.

Marginalia1555. Iune.In fine, no filthy persō, but choose you such a one as god may be gloryfied in both your liues. And again on your part, loue hym, serue hym, obey him in all godlynes, as lōg as God shal giue you life in this world. Thē shal ye both be sure to obtayne that kyngdome which God the father hath prepared and Iesus Christ obtained for you, that neuer shall haue ende, where I trust to abyde your comming, Amen.

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By your Husband Thomas Haukes.

Ye heard before in the letter of Tho. Haukes written to his wife, mention made concernyng hys eldest sonne to be sent to M. Throgmorton. Now what he writeth hym selfe to the sayd M. Throgmorton touchyng the same matter, by this his letter to þe sayd partie here vnder ensuyng, may appeare.

¶ A letter of Thomas Haukes to Maister Clement Throgmorton. 
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This letter was first printed in the 1570 edition; it was not printed in the Letters of the Martyrs.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Thomas Haukes written to M. Clemēt Throgmorton.GRace, mercy, and peace from God the father and frō our Lord Iesus Christ be with you and assiste you in all your thoughtes, wordes, and workes, that he in all thinges, as most worthy, may be glorified, and that the blessyng of Abraham, may be poured plenteously on you and all your posterity.

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Whereas the loue of God hath moued you to require my sonne to be brought vp before your eyes, and the selfe same loue hath also moued me in lyke case to leaue hym in your handes as vnto a father in myne absence, I shal require you in Gods behalf, accordyng to your promise, that ye will see him brought vp in the feare of the Lord, and instructed in the knowledge of his holy word, that he may thereby learne to leaue the euill and know the good, and alwayes be pricked forward with fatherly instructions to folow my footesteps: that as almighty God hath made me worthy through his speciall grace to worke his will in obedience, he may learne to folow me his father in the like, to Gods honor and prayse: And this I require you in Gods behalfe to fulfill or cause to be fulfilled, as ye before the lyuing God will make aunswere for the same. I haue left for the child certain bokes whiche shalbe deliuer vnto you, wherein his instruction and saluation lieth if he learne and practise the same. And thus, most humbly besechyng you once agayne, to be as good vnto him as your promise was to me, that is, to be a father, and a wal of defence vnto him in all troubles, I leaue hym in your hand through the Lord Iesu, and desire hym to blesse both hym & you accordyng to his good promise: and all that good which ye shall doe vnto hym, I shall most hartly desire the euerlasting God to recompēce vnto you in hys kyngdome, where I hope to meete both hym and you amōg all Gods elect. To which God be all prayse honor and glory, Amen.

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Yours and all mens in Christ Iesu,
Thomas Haukes.

The hystory of Thomas Wattes, examined, tryed, and burnt for the truth of the Gospell. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Wats

The Rerum merely mentions that Wats was executed at Chelmsford on 10June 1555. All the information Foxe printed on Wats appeared in the 1563 edition, although the materials were rearranged in the 1570 edition. The letter to Bonner from the Essex justices, the articles objected against Wats together his answers and the description of Wats's appearances in Consistory court all come from official records, probably a court book, which is now lost. The background on Wats's life, the account of the examination of Wats by Lord Rich and the description of Wats's execution came from oral sources and eyewitness accounts. (The disorder of this material in the 1563edition and its subsequent rearrangement show that this material came to Foxe from different sources). The account of Wats's life and martyrdom was reprinted without alteration in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
Thomas Watts

Most of the glosses in this section give brief summaries of the content of the articles against Watts and his answers to them. As is usual, 1563 simply uses marginal numbers to distinguish articles, while later editions use verbal glosses. Foxe in the gloss 'Q. Maryes seruice reproued' interestingly goes out of the way (if one compares it to the text) to make the point that the religious service in question was the queen's. Sir Anthony Browne's turn against his former profession is also highlighted in the margin ('Syr Anthony Browne a Gospeller in K. Edwardes dayes & a persecuter in Queene Maryes dayes'). A reference in 1563 to two who wanted to be burned along with Watts was later dropped, although the piece of text it corresponds to was retained: perhaps Foxe did not want to emphasise a case which could be portrayed as seeking martyrdom.

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MarginaliaIune. 10. The story of Thomas Wattes, Martyr.THomas Wates of Billerica, within the County of Essex, and of the Dioces of Londō, was by his occupation a lynen Draper, who before 
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This little anecedote about Wats giving away his possessions and settling his affairs appeared at the end of the account of Wats in the 1563 edition. This indicates that this particular anecdote came to Foxe from a different source than the material on Wats's background.

he was apprehended, had sold and made away his cloth in his Shop, and MarginaliaThomas Wattes disposeth his goodes before he should be apprehended.disposed his thynges beyng set in order to his wife and children, and gaue away much of his cloth vnto the poore: For he looked alwayes to be taken by Gods aduersaries and his, as shortly after came in deede to passe: so that vppon the 26. day of Aprill he was apprehended and brought before the Lord Rich, and other Commissioners at Chelmisford, and there beyng accused for not commyng to the Church, was vpon the same examined before the Lord Rich, Henry Tyrell, Syr Antho. Browne, Edmond Tyrell, Tho. Mildman, Iohn Wiseman, Roger Appleton, Rich. Weston, Iustice Gaudy. &c. The summe and principall effect of which examination here vnder foloweth briefly expressed.

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¶ The examination of Tho. Wattes, before the Lorde Rich and others. 
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This examination appeared at the end of the account of Wats's martyrdom, indicating that it came from another source than the other material. It is clearly written by a spectator, or more probably, Wats himself and not taken from an official record.

MarginaliaThe examination of Tho. Wattes before the Lord Rich and other the Queenes commissioners.WHen this Thom. Wattes came before the Lord Rich and other the Iustices, whose names are specified in the letter following (which they sent vnto þe Bishop of Londō against him) at the Sessions at Chelmisford, the Lord Rich sayd these wordes or the lyke in effect vnto him.

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MarginaliaThe wordes of the Lord Rich to Tho. Wattes.Wattes, ye be brought hither (as I vnderstand) because of disobediēce to the Kyng and Queenes lawes. Ye will not come to the Church, ye will not heare Masse: &c. but haue your conuenticles, a sort of you in corners, contrary to the Kyng and Queenes procedynges. Vnto which his wordes Wattes aunswered and sayd.

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MarginaliaWatses wordes to the L. Rich.My Lord, if I haue offended a law, I am subiect here to the law. Then Anthony Browne Iustice sayd vnto him: Wattes, I pray thee tell me, who hath bene thy scholemaister to teach thee this geare, or where diddest thou first learne this Religiō? Forsoth (quoth Wattes) euen of you Sir: MarginaliaSyr Anthony Browne a Gospeller in K. Edwardes dayes and a persecutor in Q. Maryes taught it me, and none more thē you. For in kyng Edwardes dayes in open Sessions you spake agaynst this Religion now vsed, no Preacher more. You then sayd, the Masse was abominable, and all their trompery besides, wishyng and earnestly exhortyng that none should beleue therin, and that our belief should be only in Christ: and you said then, who soeuer should bryng in any straūge nation to rule here, it were treason and not to be suffered.

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Then sayd Browne to my Lord Rich: he belyes me my Lord. What a knaue is this? he will soone belye me behynd my backe, when he doth it before my face: and my Lord Rich sayd agayne, I dare say he doth so.

After these wordes, Wattes toke occasiō to speake somewhat of K. Philip, and of his comming in: but what it was, I coulde not iustly learne: but thys much was heard, that after those wordes spoken, the Bench among them selues stoode vp, and said one to an other: treason, sauing one good man called Iustice Gaudy, MarginaliaIustice Gaudy a good man. who a litle before was about to speake: but when hee heard them crye treason, hee helde downe his head, as one greeued and troubled at their doinges.

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In conclusion, the Commissioners beyng wery of him, or els not willyng to medle further in such high matters, sent him vp to the Byshop of London, with their letter withall importyng the cause of his sendyng vppe, as by þe contentes therof here vnder foloweth to be seene.

¶ A letter sent by certaine Iustices in Essex to Boner byshop of London. 
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The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

MarginaliaA letter of the L. Rich, Henry Tyrell, and other iustices to Boner.AFter our most harty commendations to your good Lordship, these shall be to aduertise you, that at our Sessions of Oyer and terminer holden at Chelmisford the. xxvj. day of April last past, there came before vs in open Court one Thomas Wattes of Billerica within your dioces by ordinary processe, and then and there being examined why he refused to come to his parish church, and there to receaue the sacrament of the aultar, and heare diuine seruice, according to the institution of holy church, he openly there aunswered generally, that lyke as the seruice of the church set out in the dayes of the late king Edward the sixt, was sayd by vs now to bee abominable, heretical, schismaticall, and all nought: so he sayd that all that is now vsed & done in the Church is abominable, hereticall, schismaticall, & all nought, with diuers other erroneous and arrogant words: MarginaliaTho. Wattes sent vp by the Iustices of Essex, to B. Boner.and therfore we haue thought good to send hym to your Lordship, to bee further examined by you of hys particular opinions, as to your pastorall office shall seme cōuenient, certifying you further, that in our opinion hee is one of the most arrogant heretickes that hath ben heard speake, or euer came before you, and not meete to be kept here in any Gaole, aswel for feare of corrupting others, as for diuers and sundrye other speciall causes hereafter to be more declared. Thus leauing to molest your good Lordship, wee

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