Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1917 [1878]

Quene Mary. George King, Tho. Leyes, Iohn VVade, VV. Andrew, Rob. Samuell, Martyrs.
MarginaliaAn. 1555 August. MarginaliaGeorge King, Tho. Leyes, Iohn VVade, VV. Andrew, sickening in prison, and afterward buried in the fieldes.¶ The picture describing the strait handlyng of the close prisonres in Lollards tower.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
In conjoining two adjacent reports in the text, this woodcut appears (unusually) to misrepresent Foxe's account, by showing prisoners from two different prisons confined in one place. In 1570 Foxe changed his first report of the prisoners' locations, but the story still involved two prisons. The three men shown seated in the stocks (finally identifed as Thomas Leyes, John Wade and George King), part of the group of ten accused, some of whom featured in the illustration a few pages earlier, were indeed reported as awaiting trial by Bonner in the Lollards' Tower (the southern of the two western towers of old St Paul's Cathedral). There they became so ill that they were confined to houses in the city where they died. William Andrewe however, an Essex carpenter who had been sent up to the council by Sir Richard Rich, was imprisoned in Newgate after examination by Bonner. Depicted here collapsed on the straw, seemingly as broken as the pitcher beside him (his condition attributed in the text to 'straite handlynge' in prison) he died m Newgate. The author's verification of his stories is reflected in the changes of the prisoners' names. In 1563, the central figure in the stocks was labelled 'Ri. Smith', but in 1570 and thereafter, probably because of doubts about his reported death in prison, Smith was replaced by the correct name of John Wade. George King was named Thomas in 1563, corrected to George in 1570. The typeface label for Andrewe, originally set upside down as 'Androws' (1563) and then 'Andrew' (1570), was only placed the right way up in the block in 1583. This illustration therefore shows the endeavour to provide accuracy, as reflected in the changes to the names, combined with the pictorial licence of representing in one prison individuals who were incarcerated in different places. However, the latter procedure may be seen as analogous to the temporal elisions that appear elsewhere (with separate episodes of one narrative being set in a single picture frame), itself an old and accepted device of pictorial narrative. A comparable picture of prison stocks appears in the scene of 'Maister Philpots beyng in the Colehouse'.

whose names were Elizabeth Warne, George Tankerfild, Robert Smith, Steuen Harwood, Thomas Fust, and William Haile. MarginaliaGeor. King, Tho. Leyes, Iohn Wade, Martyrs.Other three, to wit, George King, Thomas Leyes, and Iohn Wade sickning in Lollardes tower, were so weake that they were remoued into sundry houses within the citye of London, and there departed, and were cast out into the fieldes, and there buried by night of the faithfull brethren, whē none in the day durst do it, Propter metum Iudeorū. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe narrative
Foxe text Latin

Propter metum Iudeorum.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

Because of their fear of the Jews.

The last that remained of this foresaid company, was MarginaliaThe story of Ioane Layshford hereafter followeth among the Martyrs of the nexte yeare.Ioane Laysh or Layshford, þe daughter in law to Iohn Warne and Elizabeth Warne Martyrs, but because she was repreued to a longer day, her story and martyrdome we wyll deferre tyll the moneth of Ianuarye the next yeare following.

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William Andrew.

MarginaliaWilliam Andrew buried in the fieldes.The like catholicke charitie was also shewed vpon W. Andrew of Horsley 

Commentary  *  Close
William Andrew

The Rerum has a note stating that William Andrew died in Lollard's Tower in September 1555 (Rerum, p. 525). Foxe's complete account of Andrew, including Southwell's letter, first appeared in the 1563 edition. All of this material was drawn from official records, now lost, of the London diocese. The account of William Andrew was substantially unchanged in later editions.

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in þe county of Essex Carpēter, who was brought to Newgate þe fyrst day of April, 1555. by Iohn Motham  
Commentary  *  Close

John Motham's name was only introduced in the 1570 edition; it may have come from oral sources or it may have been a detail from the official documents which had been previously overlooked.

Constable of Mauldon in Essex. The first and principall promoter of hym was the Lord Rich, MarginaliaThe L. Rich the first sender vppe of W. Andrew. who sent him first to prison. An other great doer agaynst him also seemeth to be Syr Richard Southwell knight, by a letter wrytten by hym to Boner, as by the copy hereof appeareth.  
Commentary  *  Close

This letter had probably originally been copied into a court book of Bishop Bonner which contained the examinations of Andrew. This court book is now lost.

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¶ A letter sent to Boner bishop of London, from Sir Richard Southwell Knight.

MarginaliaA letter of Sir Richard Southwell to Byshop Boner.PLeaseth it your Lordship to vnderstand, that the L. Rich did about. vij. or viij. wekes by past, send vp vn to the Counsell one William Andrew of Thorpe wythin the county of Essex, an arrogant hereticke. Their pleasure was to commaund me to commit hym vnto Newgate, where he remayneth, and as I am informed, hath infected a nomber in the pryson with his heresye. 

Commentary  *  Close

Andrew must have been quite effective in proselytizing for word of it to have reached the privy council. This was one of the dangers of the long incarceration of protestants; it gave them an opportunity to convert fellow prisoners. The martyr Richard Gibson was a prisoner converted to protestantism.

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Your Lordship shall do very well (if it please you) to conuent hym before you, and to take order with him, as his case doth require. I know þe Coūsel ment to haue writ herein vnto your Lordship,  
Commentary  *  Close

This is one of a number of examples of the privy council prodding Bonner to move faster in bringing heretics to trial. This would be especially apparent in the case of John Philpot.

but by occasiō of other busynes, the thing hath bene omitted. Wherfore knowing their good pleasure, I dyd aduise the Keeper of Newgate to wayte vpon you with these few lynes. And so referring the rest

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to your vertuous consideration, I remayne your good Lordships to commaund, this. xij. of Iune. 1555.

Richard Southwell.

MarginaliaW. Andrew twise before B. Boner.This William Andrew being twyse brought before Boner to examination, there manfully stood in the defence of hys religion. MarginaliaW. Andrew through strait handling died in Newgate.At length through straite handling in the prison of Newgate, there hee lost hys lyfe, which els his aduersaries would haue taken away by fire: & so after the popish maner he was cast out into the fielde, and by night was priuely buryed by the handes of good men and faithfull brethren. MarginaliaW. Andrew buried in the fieldes.

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The Martyrdome of Robert Samuell Preacher, suffering for the true defence of Christes Gospell. 
Commentary  *  Close
Martyrdom of Robert Samuel

The full account of Robert Samuel's background, arrest, visions and martyrdom appeared in the Rerum along with the mentions of the martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield (pp. 523-25). This material was reprinted without change in the 1563 edition. Details, particularly the names of people involved, were added in the 1570 edition; after this the account of Samuel's martyrdom was unchanged. Foxe built this account on the testimony of protestantsfrom Ipswich whose accounts he obtained during his exile, particularly Rose Nottingham whom he cited as a source.

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MarginaliaMaster Foster Iustice, a persecutour of Christes people.MAster Foster iustice, dwelling at Cobdocke in the county of Suffolke and a litle from Ipswich, being in continual hatred against the truth and the professours of the same, did not onely not cease day nor nyght to study how to bring those in thrall & captiuity that were honest and godly inclined to religion, but also whatsoeuer they were that once came in hys clawes, they easely escaped not without clog of conscience, or els losse of lyfe: so greedy was he of bloud. Among many whom he had troubled, there was one MarginaliaRobert Samuell in King Edwardes dayes a godly preacher.Samuel, in king Edwards daies a very godly and right faythfull fauorer of Gods word, who for his valiant and constant behauiour in his Sermōs, seemeth worthy of high admiratiō. He was Minister at Barfold in Suffolke, where he taught faythfully and fruitfully that flocke which the Lord had committed to his charge, so long as the tyme would suffer him to do hys duty.

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At the last being remoued from the ministery, MarginaliaRobert Samuell remoued from the ministery. and put from his benefice (as many other good Pastors were beside) when he could not auoyde the ragyng violence of the tyme, yet woulde hee not geue ouer the care that he had for hys flocke, but would teach them priuely and by stelth, when he could not openly be suffered so to do. At what tyme order was taken by the Queene to be published by the Commissioners, that all

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