Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1999 [1960]

Quene Mary. Iohn Webbe, Georg. Roper, Greg. Parke, VV. Wiseman, Iames Goore, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAn. 1555. Nouember. December.bearers of CHRISTES army Doct. Nicolas Ridley, and M. Hugh Latymer (of whom ye haue heard at large) folowed three other stout and bold souldiours, that is to say, Iohn Webbe gentleman, George Roper, and Gregory Parke.

MarginaliaThe appearance of M. Webbe before the B. of Douer.This Iohn Webbe was brought before the Bishop of Douer and Nicolas Harpesfield, or some other deputed in their roome, 

Commentary  *  Close

Place, position.

long before the other two, videlicet, the xvj. day of September, and there had propoūded vnto hym such ordinary Articles (as it seemeth) as were commonly ministred by Boner to those of his iurisdiction: And beyng willed for that present to depart, & to deliberate with him selfe vpon the matter agaynst the next tyme of his appearance, he made answere, that he woulde no otherwise say (by Gods grace) then hee had already sayd, which was this: MarginaliaAunswers of Master Webbe to the Bishops articles.As touching the Sacrament of CHRISTES body, I do beleue (quoth he) it to be left vnto hys Church (with thākes geuing) in commemoration of his death and passion vntill hys commyng agayne. So that it is left in remembraunce of his body, and not by the wordes of consecration to be made his body, really, substantially, and the same body that was borne of the Virgin Mary: I vtterly do deny that. After this (besides sondry other tymes) the thyrd day of October the sayd Iohn Webbe, and Gregory Roper, and George Parke were brought all three together before the sayd Iudge: who there and then agreeing and stedfastly allowyng the former aunswere made before by Master Webbe, were by the bloudy Prelates adiudged as heretickes, and therfore about the end of the same moneth of Octob. or els as I otherwise finde, in the latter end of Nouēber they together were takē & brought out of prison to the place of Martyrdome. Who by the way goyng toward the stake said certeine Psalmes mournfully. Roper was a yonger man of a fresh colour, courage, & cōplexion, the

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other two were somewhat more elderly, all goyng in white linnen with their gownes vppon. Roper at his cōmyng to the stake puttyng of hys gowne, MarginaliaGeorge Roper leapeth at the stake.fet a great leppe. So soone as þe flame was about him, the said Roper put out both his armes from his body lyke a roode, MarginaliaGeorge Roper stoode in the fier like a roode. and so stoode stedfast, continuyng in that maner, not plucking his armes in, till the fire had consumed them, and burnt them of.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Webbe, Roper, & Parke, at Canterbury.And thus these foresayd Martyrs of CHRIST beyng brought (as I sayd) to the stake, and there compassed about with a cheyne, were burnt and consumed all iij. together in one fire at Caunterbury, abidyng most patiently their tormentes, and countyng them selues happy and blessed of þe Lord, that they were made worthy to suffer for CHRISTES Gospels sake.

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¶ Of VVilliam VVyseman. 
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William Wiseman

There is a note in the Rerum that William Wiseman, at an unspecified date,died in Lollards' Tower and was buried in the fields (Rerum, p. 538). Foxe printed his complete account of Wiseman's death, derived from oral sources, in the 1563 edition. It was reprinted, without change, in all subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

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MarginaliaDecember. 13.
William Wiseman dead in Lollars tower, and cast into the fieldes.
THe. xiij. of December in the Lollards tower dyed William Wyseman a Clothwoorker of London, where he was in prison and bandes for the Gospel and word of God. How and whereupon he deceased it is not fully certayne. Some thought that eyther through famine, or yll handelyng of some murthering Papistes he was made away. By reason whereof the Crowner named Iohn Gybbes Gentleman, with an enquest of. xij. men were faine to sit vpon hym, who although to the outward appearaunce were said to finde nothing in hym els but onely Gods visitatiō, yet what other priuy causes there might bee of hys death, the Lord knoweth: I haue not to say. After the said William was departed (as is sayd) in þe Tower, the holy catholicke churchmen cast him out into the fieldes, commaunding that no man should bury him, according as their deuout maner is to do wyth all such as dye in like sort, whom they accompt as profane and worthy of no

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MarginaliaThe burying of the poore saintes in the fieldes.¶ The order and maner of burying in the fieldes such as dyed in prisons.

woodcut [View a larger version]

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Alternative title: 1583: The order and maner of burying in the Fields such as dyed in prison, and namely, of William Wiseman. The fate of the London clothworker, William Wiseman, who died in the bishop of London's prison, the so-called Lollards' Tower of St Paul's, was not unique. Another woodcut (1583, p. 1703), told the story of four prisoners who earlier in 1555 had similarly been 'cast into the fields' after dying in custody. As was here explained with caustic irony, the 'devout manner' customary in church law prevented suicides and heretics whose alienation placed them beyond God's mercy from being granted burial in consecrated ground. The scene shows the charitable action of a group of devout 'good Tobies', who put themselves at risk by giving decent burial to the outcast under cover of darkness. The reference is to the example of Tobit in the apocryphal book of Tobit (included in the Geneva Bible), who made a grave and buried a man who had been strangled and cast out in the market place. A sizable throng is depicted, including the archers mentioned as being out in the fields, one of whom looks heavenward, doffing his cap. This was a religious ceremony, with psalm-singing and women with praying hands, as Wiseman was gently laid to rest. In 1563 the woodcut has no top framing line - giving the appearance of its having been removed to make room for the heading. In 1570 this is made good by a thin replacement line of the kind used to surround the columns of text. In 1576 and 1583 the line is again lacking.

buriall, but to be cast to dogges and byrdes, ἑλώρια κύνεσσι 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text Greek

ἑλώρια κύνεσσι

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

Prey for dogs

Actual text of Homer, Iliad, I, 4-5

ἡρώων, αὐτοὺς δὲ ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν οἰωνοῖσί τε πᾶσι, Διὸς δ" ἐτελείτο Βουλή,

Translation (Hammond, 1987)

of heroes, making their bodies the prey to dogs and the birds' feasting: and this was the working of Zeus' will.

[Accurate citation]

as the Poet sayth. And yet all thys their mercyles commaundement notwithstanding, some good Tobies 
Commentary  *  Close

Tobit, the eponymous hero of the apocryphal Old Testament book, was conspicuously zealous in good works such as almsgiving and burying the dead.

there were which buried him in the euening, as commonly they did all the rest throwen out in like sort, whom they were wont priuily by night to couer, and many tymes the Archers in the fieldes standyng

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by, and singing together Psalmes at their buriall.

¶ Iames Gore. 
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The Death of James Gore

There is a note in the Rerum that one Gore died in prison in Colchester(Rerum, p. 538). A somewhat expanded account, giving the date of Gore's death as 7 December 1555, was added in the 1563 edition. It was unchanged in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

MarginaliaIames Gore Martyr, died in Colchester prison.JN the same moneth, about the vij. day of December deceased also Iames Gore in the prison at Colchester, layd there in bandes for the right and truth of Gods word.

¶ The
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