Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2057 [2018]

Quene Mary. Persecution in London dioces. Thomas Whittell, Martyr.

MarginaliaAn. 1556. Ianuary.dyngs to me that Iordanis conuersus est retrorsum. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Psalms, 113. 3 (114. 3).
Foxe text Latin

Iordanis conuersus est retrorsum

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Authorised KJ Bible)

Jordan was driven back

Actual text of Psalms, 114. 3. (113. 3.) (Vulgate, from both the Greek and the Hebrew)

[mare vidit et fugit] Iordanis conversus est retrorsum.

MarginaliaHe meaneth of the returne agayne of Tho. Whittel. Cluney commyng to the Priest, found him lying prostrate, and gronying as though he should haue dyed forthwith. Thē Cluney tooke hym vp, and set him vpō a stoole, and came to me and told me of this reuell. It chaūced that M. Iohnson was with me, and we went to this fond hereticke, and found hym lying all along, holdyng his hands vp, and lookyng hypocritically towardes heauen. I caused Thomas More and Cluney to set him on the stole, & with much ado at length he told me that Sathā had bene with him in the night, and told hym that he was damned, and wepyng he prayed M. Iohnson & me to see the Bill whervnto he subscribed, and when he saw it, he tare out hys name è libro, scilicet viuentium. 
Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text Latin

e libro, scilicet viuentium

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

from the book of the living of course

Me thinketh by hym hee will needes burne a Fagot, neither is there any other likelyhode of the young woman. MarginaliaThis young woman was Ioane Warrē, otherwise named Ioane Lashford, who was burned also with the same Whittell. I haue enquired of the two persons which sue to haue a licēce to eate flesh. And the woman of CHRIST Church is in deede very much diseased, and hath bene long difeased, and she and her husband both Catholicke. Of the other yet I can learne nothyng. Thus IESVS euermore preserue your good Lordshyp, and my mistres your Lordshyps sister, with all yours. This present Saterday.

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Your Lordships most bounden seruaunt
Iohn Harpesfield.

¶ Here foloweth an other letter of Rob. Iohnson Register, touchyng Thom. Whittell, wrtten to Boner Byshop of London. 
Commentary  *  Close

This document almost certainly came from one of Bonner's court books, now unfortunately lost.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Iohnson touching the sayd Tho. Whittel.MY bounden duty premised, pleaseth your Lordshyp to vnderstād that this last Friday in the after noone, Master Archdeacon of London did diligently trauaile with Sir Tho. Whittell. I beyng present, and perceiuing his conformitie, as outwardly appeared, deuised a submission, and he beyng content therwith did subscribe the same. But now this Saterday mornyng Master Archdeacon and I, vpon Cluneyes report, declaryng that he fayned him selfe to be extracted of his senses, went vnto hym, to whom he declared that Sathā in the night tyme appeared vnto him, and sayd that he was damned, for that he had done agaynst his conscience in subscribyng the sayd submission, with other like wordes. &c. And then Master Archdeacō at his earnest request, deliuered vnto him the submission. And therupon the sayd Whittel dyd teare out his subscription, made in the foote of the same, as your Lordshyp shall perceiue by the submission sent now vnto your Lordship by Master Archdeacon: wherwith the sayd Whittell was somwhat quieted.

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And as touchyng Ioane Lashford, MarginaliaTouching Ioane Lashford. Master Archdeacon did likewise trauail with her, and shewing her Sir Thomas submission, which I red vnto her two tymes, demaunded if she could be content to make the like submission, and she desired respite vntill this mornyng. And beyng now eftsoones demaunded, in lykewise sayth that she will not make any thyng in writyng, nor put any signe therunto. Master Archdeacon and I entēdeth this after noone to examine the sayd Syr Thomas vpon Articles: for as yet there doth appeare nothyng in writyng agaynst hym, as knoweth almighty God, who preserue your good Lordshyp in prosperitie long with honor to endure. From London this Saterday.

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By your Lordshyps dayly bedesman, and
bounden seruaunt, Robert Iohnsonne.

¶ The condemnation, death, and Martyrdome of Thomas Whittell.

MarginaliaThe last examination of Tho. Whittel.COncerning the wordes and aunswers of the sayd Thomas Whittell at hys last examination before the bishop, vpon the. xiiij. day of Ianuarye, the yeare aboue expressed, Boner wyth his other fellowe Bonerlings sitting in hys Consistory at after noone, first called forth Thomas Whittell, with whom he began in effect as followeth: Because ye be a Priest (sayth he) as I and other Bishops here bee, and dyd receaue the order of Priesthoode after the rite and forme of the catholicke church, ye shall not thinke but I will minister iustice as well vnto you, as to other. And then the said Boner in further communication dyd charge him: that when in times past he had sayd Masse according to the order then vsed, the same Whittell now of late had railed and spoken against the same, saying that it was idolatry and abomination. Wherunto Thomas Whittell

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aunsweryng agayne sayd, that at such time as he so said Masse, he was then ignorant. &c. adding moreouer that MarginaliaEleuation of the Sacrament cause of Idolatry.the eleuation of the sacrament at the Masse geueth occasion of idolatry to thē that be ignorant & vnlearned.

After thys the Bishop makyng hast to the articles (which in all hys examinations euer he harped vpon) came to this article: MarginaliaB. Boners argument. He was baptised in the fayth of the Catholicke church: Ergo, he was baptised in the fayth of Rome.That thou wast in times past baptised in the fayth of the catholicke church.

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To this the sayd Whittell inferred agayne: I was baptised in the faith of the catholicke church, although I dyd forsake the church of Rome. And ye my Lord do call these heresies that be no heresies, and doe charge me therewith as heresies, and ye ground your self vpon þe religion which is not agreable to Gods word. &c.

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Then the sayd victorious souldiour and seruant of our Sauiour, constant in þe verity receiued and professed, was againe admonished, and with perswasions entreated by the bishop: who because he would not agree vnto the same, the bishop forthwith proceeded. first to hys actuall degradation, that is, MarginaliaThomas Whittell vnpriest hym of all hys priestly trinckets, and clarkly habite. The order & maner of which their popishe and most vaine degradation, before in the story of bishop Hoper page. 1681. is to be seene. Then Whittel in the myddest of the ceremonies, when he saw them so busy in disgradyng hym after their father the Popes pontificall fashion, sayd vnto them: Paul and Titus had not so much ado wyth their Priestes and Bishops. And farther, speaking to the Bishop, he sayd vnto hym: MarginaliaWhittels wordes to B. Boner.My Lord, your religion standeth most with the church of Rome, and not wyth the catholicke church of CHRIST.

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The bishop after this, according to hys accustomed and formall proceedings, assayed hym yet agayne with wordes, rather then with substantiall argumentes, to conforme hym to hys religion. Who then denying so to do, sayd: As for your religion I can not be perswaded that it is according to Gods word.

The bishop then asked what fault he founde in the administration of the sacrament of the aultar.

Whittell aunswered and sayd, MarginaliaCauses why the administration of the Popish sacrament is to be is not vsed according to CHRISTES institutiō, in that it is priuately, & not openly done: and also for that it is ministred but in one kinde to the lay people, which is agaynst CHRISTES ordinaunce. Farther, CHRIST commaunded it not to be eleuated nor adored: For the adoration and eleuation cannot be approued by scripture.

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Well, quoth Boner, my Lords here and other learned men haue shewed great learnyng for thy conuersion: wherefore if thou wylt yet returne to the fayth and religion of the catholicke church, I wil receiue thee thereunto, and not cōmit thee to the secular power. &c. To make short, Whittell strengthened with the grace of the Lord, stoode strong and vnmoueable in that hee had affirmed. Wherefore the sentence being red, the next daye following hee was committed to the secular power, and so in fewe dayes after brought to the fyre with the other sixe aforenamed, sealyng vp the testimonie of hys doctrine wyth his bloud, which he willingly and cheerefully gaue for the witnes of the truth.

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¶ Letters of Thomas Whittell. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Letters of Thomas Whittle

One of Whittle's letters first appeared in the 1563 edition and another first appeared in the 1570 edition. The remaining four letters first appeared in the Letters of the Martyrs and were then reprinted in the 1570 edition.

¶ A letter of Thomas Whittell to Iohn Careles prisoner in the Kinges Bench. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter first appeared in the 1563 edition and was reprinted in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 491-92. It is dated 21 January 1556. BL, Additional MS 19400, fo. 58r-v is the original letter.

MarginaliaA letter of Thomas Whittel written to Iohn Careles.THe peace of God in CHRIST be with you continually dearely beloued brother in CHRIST, with the assistāce of Gods grace and holy spirit, to the working and performyng of those things which may comfort and edifye his church (as ye dayly do) to the glory of hys name, and the increase of your ioy and solace of soule in this lyfe, & also your reward in heauen wyth CHRIST our Captain, whose faithful souldiours ye are in the life to come, Amē.

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I haue greatly reioyced (my deare hart) with thanks to God for you, since I haue heard of your faith and loue which you beare towardes God & hys Saintes, wyth a most godly ardent zeale to the veritie of CHRISTES doctrine and religion which I haue heard by the report of

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