Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 45. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 46. John Aleworth 47. Martyrdom of James Abbes 48. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 49. Richard Hooke 50. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 51. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 52. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 53. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 54. Martyrdom of William Haile 55. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 56. William Andrew 57. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 58. Samuel's Letters 59. William Allen 60. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 61. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 62. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 63. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 64. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 65. Cornelius Bungey 66. John and William Glover 67. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 68. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 69. Ridley's Letters 70. Life of Hugh Latimer 71. Latimer's Letters 72. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed73. More Letters of Ridley 74. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 75. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 76. William Wiseman 77. James Gore 78. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 79. Philpot's Letters 80. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 81. Letters of Thomas Wittle 82. Life of Bartlett Green 83. Letters of Bartlett Green 84. Thomas Browne 85. John Tudson 86. John Went 87. Isobel Foster 88. Joan Lashford 89. Five Canterbury Martyrs 90. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 91. Letters of Cranmer 92. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 93. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 94. William Tyms, et al 95. Letters of Tyms 96. The Norfolk Supplication 97. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 98. John Hullier 99. Hullier's Letters 100. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 101. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 102. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 103. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 104. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 105. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 106. Gregory Crow 107. William Slech 108. Avington Read, et al 109. Wood and Miles 110. Adherall and Clement 111. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 112. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow113. Persecution in Lichfield 114. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 115. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 116. Examinations of John Fortune117. John Careless 118. Letters of John Careless 119. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 120. Agnes Wardall 121. Peter Moone and his wife 122. Guernsey Martyrdoms 123. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 124. Martyrdom of Thomas More125. Examination of John Jackson126. Examination of John Newman 127. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 128. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 129. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 130. John Horne and a woman 131. William Dangerfield 132. Northampton Shoemaker 133. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 134. More Persecution at Lichfield
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2176 [2137]

Queene Mary. Newmās argumētes. Persecutiō in Darby. The story of Ioane Waste a blind womā.

Marginalia1556. August.I do, is onely my conscience, and if there be a further truth, then I see, except it appeare a truth to me, I can not receiue it as a truth. And seyng faith is the gift of God & cōmeth not of mā, for it is not you that cā giue me faith nor no man els, therfore I trust ye will beare the more with me, seyng it must be wrought by God, and when it shall please God to open a further truth to me, I shall receiue it with all my hart, & embrace it.

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Thornton had many other questions, which I did not beare away: but as I do vnderstand, these are the chiefest: as for tauntes, foolish, & vnlearned, he lacked none. Prayse God for his giftes, and God increase in vs strength.

¶ The Argumentes of Iohn Newman.

MarginaliaArg. in the 2. figure.If the body of Christ were really and bodely in the Sacramēt, then who soeuer receaued the Sacrament, receiued also the body.

The wicked, receauing the Sacrament, receaue not the body of Christ.

Ergo, the body of Christ is not really in the Sacrament.


Ca.They which eate the flesh, and drinke the bloud of
Christ, dwell in him, and he in them.
mes.The wicked dwell not in Christ, nor he in them.
tres.Ergo, the wicked eate not the fleshe, nor drinke the
bloud of Christ.


Ca.They that haue Christ dwellyng in thē, bring forth
much fruite. Ioh. 15. He that dwelleth in me, and I
in him, bringeth forth much fruite. &c.
mes-The wicked bryng forth no fruite of goodnes.
tres.Ergo, they haue not Christes body dwellyng in thē.

MarginaliaArg. in the 3. figure.Argument.

Da.Where remembraunce is of a thing, there is impor-
ted the absence therof.
ti.Remembraunce of Christes body is in the Sa-
crament: Do this in remembraunce of me. &c.
si.Ergo,Christes body there is imported to be absent.

Mary they wil say, we see him not with our outward eyes, but he is commended vnder the forme of bread and wyne, and that that we see, is nothing but a qualitie or an accidence. But let them shew me a qualitie or an accidēce without a substaunce & I will beleue them. And thus much concerning Newmans examinations & argumentes, whose Martyrdome is before, pag. 1864.

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The Martyrdome of Ioane Wast, a blind woman, in the towne of Darby. 
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Joan Waste

In 1563, Foxe had an account of Joan Waste, which was based on an individual informant's account. In 1570, Foxe expanded this account with trial documents which had been sent to him (BL, Harley 421, fos. 75r-v, 76r and more material drawn from individual informants, including the curate and baliff of Derby). There were no further changes in this account in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaAug. 1. MarginaliaIoane Waste a blind woman and Martyr.THe first day of August, in the yeare aboue specified, suffered likewise at the Towne of Darby, a certaine poore honest godly womā, being blind from her birth, & vnmaried, about the age of xxij. named Ioane Wast, of the parish of Al hallowes. Of them that sat vpon this innocēt womans bloud, the chiefest was Rafe Bayne B. of the Dioces, Doct. Draycot his Chauncelour, Syr Iohn Porte Knight, Henry Vernon Esquyre, Peter Finsh officiall of Darby, with þe assistance also of diuers other, Rich. Ward, and William Bembrige, the same tyme beyng Bailiffes of the townes of Darby &c. 

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Note that the list of Waste's persecutors is different in the 1563 edition from that in later editions; names were added to and removed from the 1563 list by Foxe's informants for his account of Waste in the 1570 edition.

First after the aboue named Bishop, and Doct. Draycot had caused the sayd Ioane Wast to be apprehended in the towne of Darby, suspecting her to be guiltie of certaine heresies, she was diuers times priuely examined, as well in prison as out of prison, by Finsh the Official aforesaid: After that brought to publicke examination before the Bishop, at last was there burnt in Darby, as is aboue sayd. Touchyng whose life, bringing vp, and conuersation, somwhat more amply we mynd to discourse, as by faythfull relation hath come to my handes.

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First, this Ioane Waste was the daughter of one

William Waste, an honest poore man, and by his science a Barber: who sometime also vsed to make ropes. MarginaliaThe life and conuersatiō of Ioane Waste.His wife had the same Ioane, and one other at one birth, and she was borne blynd. And when she was about xij. or xiiij. yeares old, she learned to knit hosen & sleues, and other thinges, which in time she could do very well. Furthermore as time serued she would helpe her father to turne ropes, & do such other things as she was able, and in no case would be idle. Thus cōtinued she with her father & mother during their liues: After whose departure then kept she with one Roger Waste her brother, who in the time of kyng Edward the vj. of blessed memorie, gaue her selfe dayly to go to the Church to heare Diuine seruice read in the vulgare tounge. MarginaliaIoane Waste drawen by the spirite of God, to the loue of religion.And thus by hearing Homelies and Sermons, she became meruelous well affected to the religion then taught. So at length hauing by her labor gotten and saued so much monie as would buy her a new Testament, she caused one to be prouided for her, And though she was of her selfe vnlearned and by reason of her blindnes vnable to reade, yet for the great desire she had to vnderstand and haue printed in her memory and sayinges of holy scriptures conteined in the new Testament, she acquainted her selfe chiefelie with one Iohn Hurt, then prisoner in the cūmon hall of Darby, for debtes.

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The same Iohn Hurt being a sober graue man of the age of three score and ten yeares, MarginaliaThe earnest desire of Ioane Waste to learne the her earnest intreatie, and being a prisoner, and many times idle and and without company, did for his exercise dayly reade vnto her some one Chapiter of the new Testament. And if at any time he were otherwise occupied or letted through sickenes, MarginaliaIohn Hurt and Iohn Pemerton readers to Ioane Waste.she would repaire vnto one Iohn Pemerton Clarke of the parish church of all Saintes in the same towne of Darby, or to some other person which could reade, and sometimes she would geue a pennie or two, (as she might spare) to such persons as would not freely reade vnto her, appoynting vnto them aforehand how many Chapiters of the new Testamēt they should reade, or how often they should repeate one Chapiter vpon a price.

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Moreouer in þe said Ioane Wast, this was notorious that she being vtterlie blinde, MarginaliaA notable gift of God in a blinde womā.could notwithstanding without a guide, go to any church within þe said towne of Darby, or to any other place or person, with whō she had any such exercise. By which exercise she so profited, MarginaliaIoane Waste both blind and vnlearned, yet was perfect in the Scriptures.that she was able not only to recite many Chapiters of the New Testament without booke, but also coulde aptly impugne, by diuers places of scriptures, as well sinne, as such abuses in religion, as then were to much in vse, in diuers and sondry persons.

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As this godly woman thus dayly increased in the knowledge of Gods holy word and no lesse in her life expressed the vertuous fruites and exercise of the same. Not long after, through þe fatall death of blessed King Edward followed the wofull ruine of religion, in the raigne of Q. Mary his sister. In which alteration, notwithstanding þe generall backsliding of þe greatest part & multitude of the whole realme into the old papisme agayne: yet this poore blind woman continuing in a constant conscience, proceaded still in her former exercise, both being zealous in that she had learned, and also refusing to communicate in religion with those which taught contrary doctrine to that she before had learned in King Edwardes time, as is aboue declared.

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For the which she was called and conuented before the foresayd Bishop and D. Draycot, with diuers others called in to beare witnes.

Articles ministred vnto her. 
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A copy of these articles are in Foxe's papers: BL, Harley 421, fo. 75r-v.

MarginaliaThe articles obiected to Ioane Waste.THe articles ministred to her, and wherwith she was charged, were these: First, that she did hold the sacrament of the altar, to be but onely a memorie or representation of Christes body, and materiall bread and wyne, but not his naturall body, vnlesse it were receyued. And that it ought not to be reserued from time to time ouer

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