Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. William Living68. The Miraculously Preserved69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. John Davis80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth99. The Unprosperous Queen Mary100. Punishments of Persecutors101. Foreign Examples102. A Letter to Henry II of France103. The Death of Henry II and others104. Admonition to the Reader
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2261 [2221]

Queene Mary. The examination and aunsweres of Thomas Spurdance.

Marginalia1557. October.bread that is yonder in the pixe, is not God. God dwelleth not in temples made with handes, neither will be worshipped with the workes of mens handes. And therfore you doo very euill to cause the people to knele downe, and worship the bread: for God did neuer bid you holde it vp aboue your heades, neither had the Apostles such vse.

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Then sayd the Chauncellor: he denith the presence in the sacrament. Write thys article also. He is a very hereticke.

Then sayd I: the seruaunt is not greater then his master. For your predecessors killed my master Christ, the Prophets, and Apostles, and holy vertuous men, and now you also kill the seruauntes of Christ, so that all the righteous bloud that hath bene shed, euen from righteous Abel vntill thys day, shall be required at your handes.

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Well, sayd the Chauncellor: haue him away.

¶ An other examination of Spurdance before the Byshop in his house.

MarginaliaAn other examination of Thomas Spurdāce before the Byshop.THe Bishop sayd: sirrha, doost thou not beleue in the catholicke fayth of holy church?

And I sayd: I beleue Christes catholicke church.

Yea sayd he? in Christes church, of the which the Pope is þe head. Doost thon not beleue that the Pope is supreame head of the catholicke church?

And I sayd, no. I beleue not that he should be aboue the Apostles if he take them to be his predecessors. For when there came a thought among the Apostles, who should be þe greatest whē their master was gone, Christ answered them vnto their thoughtes: MarginaliaLuk. xxij.The kinges of the earth beare dominion aboue other, but ye shall not so do, for he that will be greatest among you, shall become seruaunt vnto you all. How is it then (sayd I) that he will clime so high aboue his fellowes? And also we were sworne by my maister K. Henryes tyme, that we should to the vttermost of our power, neuer consent to him againe. And therefore as he hath nothing to do here in England, so neither in hys owne countrey more then a Bishop hath in hys dioces.

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Yea sayd the Byshop? what of that? MarginaliaThe Popes supremacie.We were then in error and sinne, now we are in þe right way againe, and therefore thou must come home agayne with vs, and knowledge thy fault and become a Christian man, and be sworne vnto the Pope as our supreme head. Wilt thou be sworne vnto the Pope? How saist thou?

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Then I sayd: no I warrant you, by the grace of God, not as long as I liue. For you can not proue by the scriptures, that the Pope is head of the church, and may do therein what hym list.

No, sayd he?: yes I trow: For as the Belweather, which weareth the Bell, is head of the flocke of sheepe, euen so is the Pope the head of the church of Christ. And as the Bees in the hieue haue a master Bee when they are gone out, to bring them home agayne to the hieue: euen so the Pope, when we be gone astray, and wandred from the folde, from the hieue. &c. then is ordeined our head by succession of Peter, to bring vs home agayne to the true church: as thou now my good fellow, has wandred long out of the way, lyke a scattered sheepe. &c. Heare therfore þe Belweather, the master bell. &c. and come home with vs to thy mother the true Church agayne.

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Vnto whom I aunswered: My Lord, all this is but naturall reason, and no Scripture: but since ye can not proue the Pope to be authorised by Scripture, ye aunswere not me, as I thought ye would.

Ha, said he: I see well ye be stout and will not be aūswered: therefore ye shall be compelled by law whether ye will or no.

My Lord sayd I: so did your forefathers intreate Christ and his Apostles. MarginaliaThe Phariseis law.They had a law, and by theyr law they put hym to death: and so likewise, you haue a law, which is tyranny, and by that would ye inforce me to beleue as you do. But þe Lord, I trust, will assist me

against all your beggerly ceremonies, and make your foolishnes knowen to all the world one day.

Then sayd he: when were ye at church and went in procession, and did the ceremonies of the church?

And I sayd: neuer since I was borne.

No, sayd he: how old are you?

And I sayd: I thinke about xl.

Why sayd he, how did you vse your selfe at church xx. yeares ago?

I sayd: as you do now.

And euen now, sayd he, you sayd you did not the Ceremonies since you were borne.

No more I did, said I, since I was borne a new: as Christ sayd vnto Nicodemus, except ye be borne a new, ye can not enter into the kingdome of heauen.

Then sayd a Doctor that sat by: he is a very Anabaptist: for that is their opinion playne.

No syr, you say falsly, sayd I, for I am no Anabaptist: for they deny children to be Baptised, and so do not I.

Well, sayd the Byshop: why doest thou not goe to the church, and do the Ceremonies?

And I sayd: because they be cōtrary to Gods worde and lawes, as you your selfe haue taught: but now you say it is good agayne: and I thinke if there were a returne to morrow, you would say that is false agayne which you hold now. Therefore I may well say there is no truth in you.

Then sayd the Bishop: thou art a stubborne fellow, and an hereticke, and a Traitor.

No sayd I: I am no Traitor, for I haue done, I thinke, better seruice to the crowne imperiall of England then you.

If you had done so good seruice (sayd he) you would be obedient to the lawes of the realme.

So I am, sayd I. There is no man a liue (I thanke God) to accuse me iustly that euer I was disobedient to any ciuill lawes. But you must consider my Lord, that I haue a soule and a body: MarginaliaObedience to princes, how farre.and my soule is none of the Queenes, but my body & my goods are þe Queenes. And I must geue God my soule, and all that belongeth vnto it: that is, I must do the law and commaundementes of God, and who so euer commaundeth lawes contrary to Gods lawes, I may not do them, for losing of my soule, but rather obey God then man.

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And he sayd: why doest thou not these lawes then? are they not agreeble to Gods law?

And I sayd: no, you can not proue them to be Gods lawes.

Yes sayth he: that I can.

Then sayd I: if you can proue me by the word of God, that you should haue any grauen MarginaliaImages.Images made to set in your churches for lay mens bookes, or to worship God by them, or that ye should haue any ceremonies in your church as you haue, proue them by the word of God, and I will do them.

Then sayd he: it is a good and decent order to furnish the church: as when you shall goe to dinner, you haue a cloth vpon the table to furnish the table before the meate shall come vpon it: so are these ceremonies a comely decent order to be in the church among Christen people.

These sayd I, are inuentions and imaginations out of your owne brayne, without any word of God to proue them. For God sayth: looke what you thinke good in your owne eyes, if I commaund the contrary, it is abominable in my sight. And these Ceremonies are against Gods lawes: for Saint Paul saith they be weake and beggarly, and rebuketh the Galathians for doing of them.

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Well, sayd he: if you wyll not do them, seing they be the lawes of the realme, you are an hereticke and disobedient: and therefore come home agayne and confesse your fault with vs, that you haue bene in errour &c. Will you do so?

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