Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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445 [424]

K. Henry. 3. Trouble of prince Edward in Fraunce. Actes and Mon. of the church.

Earle de Chalons: who sent vnto him & requyred him, that he might breake a staffe with him at the Tilte in his countrey: Which thing to do, for þt the prince would not deminishe his honour and fame (although he might haue wel alleaged a sufficient cause & excuse by meanes of his trauell) yet he would not, but willingly consented therunto. MarginaliaA day of sport in Fraunce appointed, which turned to good earnest.Wherupō it was proclaimed, that prince Edward by such a day with those that were with him had chalenged all commers at the Tilte and Barriers. Wherupon great assembles were made in the countrey all about: and diuers as well horsemen as footemen had coniured amongst them selues and conspyred agaynst the Englishmen, selling their horses and armour aforehande, and drinking one to an other in bon viage of the spoyle of them whom they shoulde take as their prisoners. Prince Edward in þe meane time, sent into England for diuers Earles and Barons which came vnto hym. When the daye appoynted was come, the prince had with him more then 1000. horsemen whiche were knights, besides his footemen. But yet there was as many mo on the other side both in horsemen and footemen. When the parties should meete: MarginaliaA conspiracy of the French men against the EnglishmēThe french foote, men which had before conspired: began both to spoyle, rifle, and kill. The Englishmē resisted and defēded them selues both with bowes & slynges: Manie of them they slew and draue them to the gates of theyr citie, the other they chased ouer a riuer where many were drowned. In þe meane season, the Earle with fiftie of his knightes which followed him, came forth and ioyned together so many for so many, and a longe tyme together they tryed it with their swordes, laying one at an other. At the last, the Earle perceauing himselfe not able to matche with hym at the armes eand: enclosed with him, and taking hym about the necke held hym with his armes very strayte. What meane you my Lord sayth the prince, thinke you to haue my horse? Ye marie quod the Earle, I meane to haue both thee and thy horse. Hereat prince Edward being ascorned, lifted vp himselfe & gaue hym such a blowe, that therwith all he forsaking hys horse honge still aboute the princes necke till that he shooke hym of to the ground. Herewith the prince, being somewhat in a heate left the prease to take some ayre, therby to refreshe hymself. MarginaliaExercise of battaile vsed in stede of barriors end TorneyBut when he sawe the iniurie of the Frenchmen towards hys men, and how they had slaine many of them: he then sayd vnto them, that they vsed rather the exercise of battaile thē of Torney: Spare you not therfore sayth he, from henceforth none of them all, but geue them agayne as good as they bryng. Then they assayed to kill eche other frely on eyther parte, and let their swordes walke. And whē by this time the Englishe footemen were agayne returned, and saw the conflicte of horsemen and many Englishmen ouerthrowne: thei put them selues amiddes the prease, some panching the horses, some cutting a sonder the gyrthes of the Frenchmens sadells, ouerthrewe the riders and gaue them halibread. Then when the foresayd Earle was horsed again by some of his men & amongst the throng, prince Edward also rushed in amongst the thickest and coped agayne with him: to whom he often spake and cryed, that he should yelde himselfe as vanquished: but that he would not do. MarginaliaThe victory of the prince and english men against the earle Chalons and French men.Notwithstāding, whē his strēgth beganne to fayle him, he was fayne to yeld himself vnto a simple knight, according as prince Edward him bad: and all the reast of his horsemen and knightes fled and saued themselues: Howbeit, many of them in that place were slaine, and our men returned hauing the victorie. But when after this they thought them selues to be quiet and at rest: they were killed by two and by three at once, as they went in the streates, of the Citizens. Which thing whē the prince herd, he sent for the Maior and Burgeses, commaunding them to see the same redressed & that immediatly: for otherwyse, of his knight-hoode he assured them, that vpon the morowe he would fire the citie and make it leuell with the ground. Wherupon, they wente their wayes and set watchmen in diuers places of the same to keepe the peace: by whiche meanes the prince and his men were in saftie and quiet. Thus in this pastime of Tornieng and Barriers, much bloud was spilte, wherupon the name of the place was chaunged: so that it is not called Torniamentu de Chalons, but paruum bellum de Challons. From thence the prince came to Parris, and was of the French king honourably entertained: and after certaine daies, he went from thence into Vasconia, where he taryed till that he heard of the death of the king his father.

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MarginaliaPrince Edward was in vasconia at the time of hys fathers death. Marginalia1272.
Pope Clemēt the 4. dyeth.
Pope Gregory the 10.
In the yeare of our Lord. 1272. dyed pope Clement the 4. After whō succeded pope Gregory the 10. who in the next yeare folowyng, whiche was the yeare of our Lord. 1273. called a generall coūcel at Lions, about the controuerise betwene the Greeke churche, and the Latine churche, & for the vacansie of the see apostolicall. &c.

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Rychard k. of Almaine dyeth.
A great variaunce betwene the Monks and citisens of Norwiche.
This yeare also in the moneth of Aprill, Richarde Kyng of Almaine died, at the castell of Barchamsted, & was buried at the Abbey of Hayles, whiche he built out of the ground. The same yeare also Norwiche, there fell a great controuerise, betwene the monkes and the Citizens, about certeine tallagies and liberties. At last, after much altercation and wranglyng wordes, the fuirous rage of the citizens so much increased and preuailed, and so litle was the feare of God before their eyes, that altogether they set vpō the Abbey and Priorie, and burned both the churche and the byshops palace. When this thyng was hard abroad, the people were very sory to heare of so bold and naughty an enterprice, and much discommended the same. At the last, King Henry calling for certeine of his Lordes, and Barons, sent them to the citie of Norwiche, that they mght punishe and see executiō done of the chiefest malefactours: In so much that some of them were condemned and burnt, some of them hāged, and some were drawen by the heales with horses throughout the streates of the citie, & after in much miserie ended their wretched lyues. MarginaliaWilliā Pryor of Cant. refused to be archb. of Cant.The same yeare, William the prior of Canterbury, and bishop elect: in the presence of pope Gregory the. 10. refused to be archbyshop, although he was elect. MarginaliaRob. Kilwerbye archbish. of Cant.Wherfore, the pope gaue the same Archbishopricke, to his brother Robert Kylwardby the prouost of the preachyng friers: a man of good lyfe and great learnyng. He was cōsecrated at Canterbury, the fourth day of March by ij. bishops of the same prouince. The same yeare also at Michelmas, the Lord Edmund, the sonne of Kyng Richard of Almaine, maried the sister of Gilbert Earle of Glocester. MarginaliaThe death of K. Henrye the. 3.Also in this yeare of our Lord. 1273. the xvi. day before the Calendes of Decēber vpon S. Edmundes day the archbyshop and confessour: died kyng Henry, in the. 56. yere of his raigne, and was buried at Westminster: leauyng after hym two sonnes and two daughters, to wit Edward the prince, and Edmund earle of Leycester and Lancaster: Beatrice, and Margeret. Whiche Margeret was maried to the kyng of Scottes. This kyng Henry in his life tyme beganne the buildyng of the churche and steple at Westminster, but did not throughly finish the same before his death.

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¶ King Edward the First. 
Commentary  *  Close
First seven years of Edward I's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaKyng Edward. 1.IN the time of the death of kyng Hēry, Edward his eldest sonne was absent in Vasconia, as a litle before you hard: yet notwithstanding, by Robert Kilwarby archbishop of Canterbury, and other bishops and nobles, he was ordeined heyre and successour after his father: who, after he hard of his fathers death, returned home to his countrey, and was crowned the yere of our lord. 1274. Who thē layd down hys crown saying, he would no more put it on, before he had gathered together all the landes perteinyng to the same. This

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