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1212 [1211]

K. Hen. 8. Persecution in Windsore. Testwood, Filmer, Person, Marbecke, Bennet.

Bishop sent one of his Gentlemen, to the vnder keeper called Stokes, commaundyng him to put yrons vpon Marbecke, and to keepe him fast shut in a chamber alone, & when he should bryng him downe to dyner or supper, to see that he spake to no man nor no mā to him: and furthermore, that he should suffer no maner of persō (not his owne wife) to come and see him or minister any thyng vnto him. MarginaliaA cruell porter of the Marshalsey, but yet good to Marbecke. When the porter (who was the cruelest man that might be, to all such as were layd in for any matter of Religion, and yet as GOD would, fauourable to this poore man) had receiued this commaundement from the Byshop, he clapt yrōs vpon him and shut him vp geuyng warnyng to all the house, that no man should speake or talke to Marbecke, when soeuer he was brought downe: & so he continued for the space of iij. weekes and more, till his wife was suffered to come vnto him.

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¶ The sute of Marbeckes wife to the Byshop of Winchester.

MarginaliaMarbeckes wife sueth to Winchester for her husband. MArbeckes wife, at the tyme of her husbandes apprehension, had a young child of a quarter old, suckyng vpon her brest: and when her husband was taken from her, and had away to the Counsaile, not knowyng what should be come of him, she left the childe and all, and gat her vp to London, & hearyng her husbād to be in the Marshalsey, goeth thether. But when she came there, she could in no wise be suffered to see him, which greatly augmented her sorrow. Then by counsaile of frendes, she gat her to the Byshop of Winchester (for other helpe was there none to be had at that tyme) makyng great sute to haue his licence to goe and see her husband, and to helpe him with such things as he lacked. Nay, quoth the Byshop, thy husband is acquainted with al þe heretickes that be in the Realme, both on this side the Sea & beyond and yet will he vtter none of them. Alas my Lord, quoth she, my husband was neuer beyond the Seas, nor no great trauailer in the Realme to be so acquainted, therefore good my Lord let me go see him. MarginaliaMarbeckes wife denyed a great while to goe to her husband. But all her earnest sute from day to day would not helpe, but still he put her of, harpyng alwayes vpon this stryng: thy husband will vtter nothyng. At the last, she finding him in the court at S. Iames goyng toward his chamber, was so bold to take him by the ratched and say: O my Lord, these 18. dayes I haue troubled your Lordshyp: Now for the loue of God, and as euer ye came of a womā, put me of no longer, but let me go to my husband. And as she was standyng with the Byshop and his men in a blynd corner goyng to his chamber, one of the kynges seruaunts called Harry Carrike, & her next neighbour chaunced to be by: and hearyng the talke betwene the Byshop and her, desired his Lordshyp to be good Lord vnto the poore woman, which had her owne mother lying bedred vpon her handes, beside v. or. vj. children. I promise you quoth the Byshop, MarginaliaWinchesters argument.
He hath read much scripture:
Ergo, he is an hereticke.
her husband is a great hereticke, & hath read more Scripture then any mā in the realme hath done. MarginaliaHenry Carricke playeth the part of a good neighbour. I cā not tell my Lord, quoth Carricke, what he is inwardly, but outwardly he is as honest a quyet neighbour as euer I dwelt by. He will tell nothyng, quoth the Byshop. Hee knoweth a great sorte of false harlots, & wil not vtter them. Yes my Lord, quoth Carricke, he will tell, I dare say for he is an honest man. Well, quoth the Bishop (speaking to the wife) thou seemest to be an honest woman, and if thou loue thy husband well, go to him and gyue him good counsaile, to vtter such naughty felowes as he knoweth, and I promise thee he shall haue what I cā do for him: for I do fansie him well for his arte, wherein he hath pleased me as well as any man: and so stepping into his chamber, sayd she should haue his letter to the keeper. MarginaliaMarbeckes wife permitted at last to go to her husband. But his mynde beyng chaunged he sent out his ryng by a Gentleman, which Gentleman deliuered the ryng to his man, charging him with the Bishops message. And so his man went with the woman to the water side, & tooke boate, who neuer rested rayling on her husband all the way till they came to the prison: which was no small crosse vnto the poore woman.

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And when they were come to the Marshalsey, the messēger shewed the Byshops ryng to the Porter saying: Maister Stokes, my Lord willeth you by this token, that ye suffer this woman to haue recourse to her husband: but he straightly chargeth you, that ye search her both commyng & going lest she bryng or cary any letters to or fro, and that she bryng no body vnto him, nor no word from no man. Gods bloud quoth the Porter MarginaliaLike maister lyke man. (who was a foule swearer) what will my Lord haue me to do? Can I let her to bryng word from any man? Either let her go to her husband, or let her not go, for I see nothing by him, but an honest man. The poore woman fearing to be repulsed, spake the Porter fayre, saying: Good Maister be cōtent, for I haue foūd my Lord very good Lord vnto me. This yōg man is but the Gēntlemans seruaunt, which brought the ring from my Lord, and I thinke doth his message a great deale more straiter then my Lord commaunded the Gentleman, or that the Gentleman his maister commaunded him. MarginaliaThe part of a good wyfe & an honest Matrone. But neuerthelesse good Maister, quoth she, I shall be content to strip my selfe before you, both commyng and goyng, so farre as any honest woman may do with honesty. For I entend no such thyng, but onely to comfort and helpe my husband. Then the messenger sayd no more, but went his way, leauing the woman there, who from that tyme forth, was suffered to come and go at her pleasure.

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¶ The fourth examination of Marbecke before the Commissioners in the Byshop of Londons house.

MarginaliaThe 4. examination of Marbecke. ABout a three weekes before Whitsonday, was Marbecke sent for to the Byshop of Londons house, MarginaliaCommissioners for the vi. Articles.
D. Capon Byshop of Salisburye.
D. Skippe Byshop of Harforde.
D. Goodricke. Byshop of Ely.
D. Oking.
D. May.
where sat in Commission Doctor Capon Byshop of Salisbury, Doct. Skyp Byshop of Harford, Doct. Goodricke Bishop of Ely, Doct. Oking, Doct May, and the Byshop of Lōdons Scribe, hauing before them, all Marbeckes bookes. Then sayd the Byshop of Salisbury: Marbecke, we are here in Commission sent frō the kynges maiestie, to examine thee of certaine things, wherof thou must be sworne to aūswere vs faythfully & truly. I am cōtēt my Lord, quoth he, to tell you the truth, so farre as I cā, and so tooke his oth. Then the Byshop of Salisbury layd forth before him, his 3. bookes of notes, demaundyng whose hand they were. He aunswered, they were his owne hand, & notes which he had gathered out of other mēs workes vj. yeares ago. For what cause, quoth the Byshop of Salisbury diddest thou gather them? For none other cause my Lord, quoth he, but to come by knowledge. For I beyng vnlearned and desirous to vnderstand some part of Scripture, thought by reading of learned mens workes to come the sooner therby: and where as I found any place of Scripture opened and expounded by thē that I noted as ye see, with a letter of his name in the margent, that had set out the worke. So me thinke, quoth the Byshop of Ely (who had one of the bookes of notes in his hād all the time of their sitting) thou hast read of al sorts of bookes both good and bad, as seemeth by the notes. So I haue my Lord, quoth he. And to what purpose, quoth the Byshop of Salis. by my trouth, quoth he, for no other purpose but to see euery mans mynde. Then the Byshop of Salisbury drew out a quire of the Cōcordance, & layd it before the Byshop of Harford, who lookyng vpon it a while, lifted vp his eyes to Doctor Oking (standyng next him) and sayd: This man hath bene better occupied, then a great sort of our Priestes. To the which he made no aunswere.

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Then sayd the Byshop of Salisbury, whose helpe hadst thou in settyng forth this booke? Truly my Lord, quoth he no helpe at all. How couldest thou quoth the Byshop, inuent such a booke, or know what a Concordace ment, without an instructer. I will tell your Lordshiy, quoth he, what instructer I had to begyn it. MarginaliaThe occasion why Marbecke began the Concordance in Englishe. When Thomas Mathewes Bible came first out in print 

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This was in 1537.

, I was much desirous to haue one of them: & beyng a poore mā not able to bye one of them, determined with my selfe to borrow one among my frendes and to write it forth. And when I had writtē out the fiue bookes of Moyses in faire great paper, & was entred into the booke of Iosua, my frend Maister Turner MarginaliaM. Richard Turner of Magdalen Colledge in Oxforde and after of Windsore a godly lerned man and a good preacher: who in Queene Maryes tyme fledde into Germanye, and there dyed. chaunced to steale vpon me vnwares, and seing me writing out the Bible, asked me what I ment thereby. And when I had told him the cause: Tush, quoth he, thou goest about a vayne & tedious labour. But this were a profitable worke for thee, to set out a Concordaunce in English. A Concordance sayd I? what is that? Then he tolde me it was a booke to finde out any word in the whole Bible by the letter, & that there was such a one in Latin already. Then I told him I had no learnyng to goe aboute such a thyng. Enough, quoth he, for that matter, for it requireth not so muche learnyng, as diligence. And seing thou art so painfull a man, and one that cannot be vnoccupied, it were a goodly exercise for thee. And this (my Lord) is all the instruction that euer I had before or after, of any man. What is that Turner, quoth the Byshop of Salisbury? Mary, quoth D. May, an honest learned man, and a Bacheler of Diuinitie, and sometime a felow in Magdalene Colledge in Oxford. How couldest thou, quoth the Bishop of Salisbury with this instruction, bring it to this order & forme, as it is? I borrowed a Latin Concordance, quoth he, and began to practise my wit, and at last with great labour and diligence, brought it into this order, as your Lordship doth see. A good wit with diligēce quoth the bysh. of Harford, may bring hard thyngs to passe. It is great pitie quoth the Byshop of Ely, he had not the Latine toung. So it is, quoth Doct. May. Yet can not I beleue, quoth the Bish. of Salis. that he hath done any more in this worke, then written it out after some other that is learned.

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MarginaliaMarbeckes wordes to the Byshops. My Lordes, quoth Marbecke, I shall besech you all to pardon me what I shall say, and to graunt my request if it

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