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1262 [1261]

K. Hen. 8. Persecution in Scotland. Walter Mille, Martyr.

MarginaliaThe aunswere of an olde man, to whom they should say their Pater noster. Christ (who made the Pater noster) neuer came into the Ile of Brittaine, & so vnderstode not the English toūg, MarginaliaA doctorly reason wht the Pater noster should be sayd in Latine.therfore it was that the Doctors concluded it should be said in Latin.

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MarginaliaThe Councell of Edenbrough could not agree to whom they should say their Pater noster. This perturbation and open sclaunder yet dependyng, it was thought good to call a principall Councell 

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Apparently the general provincial council of the Scottish church which assembled in Edinburgh on 26 January 1552, although this dispute was not the formal nor the principal business of that council. David Patrick (ed), Statutes of the Scottish Church 1225-1559 (Edinburgh, 1907), pp. 135-47.

to decide the matter. MarginaliaThe Papistes maintaine their cause with lyes and rayling whē reason lacketh. Whiche beyng assembled at Edenbrough, the Papistes beyng destitute of reason, defended their partes with lyes, alledging that the Vniuersitie of Paris had concluded that the Lordes prayer should be sayd to Saintes. But because that could not be proued, and that they could not preuayle by reason, they vsed their will in place of reasō, and sometyme dispytefull and iniurious talke. As Frier Scot beyng asked of one to whom hee should say the Pater noster, he aunswered saying: say it to the deuill, knaue. So the Counsell perceauyng they could profite nothyng by reasonyng, they were compelled to passe to Marginalia* That is to the numbring of voyces. * votyng.

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MarginaliaThe Fryers and Prelates could not agree among them selues about saying the Pater noster. But then incontinent they that were called Churchmē, were found deuided and repugnaunt among themselues. For some Byshops with the Doctors and Friers, consented that the Pater noster should be sayd to Saintes: but the Byshops of S. Andrewes, Caitness and Atheins, with other more learned mē, refused vtterly to subscribe þe same. Finally, with consent of both þe parties, Cōmmissiō was geuen by the holy Churche to Dane Marginalia* This Winrame is now become a godly minister in the Church of God, and a maried man. * Iohn Wynrame, then Suppriour of S. Andrewes, to declare to the people how and after what maner they should pray the Lords prayer. Who acceptyng the Commission, declared that it should be sayd to God, with some other restrictions which are not necessary to be put in memory. And so by little and little, the brute and tumult ceased. Ex testimonio e Scotia allato.

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The Martyrdome of the blessed seruant of God, Waltet Mille.

MarginaliaWalter Mylle, Martyr. AMong the rest of the Martyrs of Scotlād, the marueilous constancie of Walter Mille is not to be passed ouer with silence. Out of whose ashes sprang thousandes of his opinion and religion in Scotlād, who altogether chose rather to dye, then to be any longer ouertroden by the tyranny of the foresayd cruell, ignoraunt, and beastly Byshops, Abbots, Monkes, and Friers, and so began the congregation of Scotland, to debate the true Religion of Christ agaynst the Frenchmen and Papistes, who sought alwayes to depresse and keepe downe the same: for it began soone after the Martyrdome of Walter Mille, of the which the forme hereafter followeth.

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In the yeare of our Lord. 1558. in the tyme of Mary Duches of Longawayll Queene Regent of Scotland, and the sayd Iohn Hamelton beyng Byshop of S. Andrewes, and Primate of Scotland, this Walter Mille (who in his youth had bene a papist) after that he had bene in Almaine, & had heard the doctrine of the Gospell, MarginaliaWalter Mille contrary to hys popishe vow maryed. he returned agayne into Scotland: and setting aside all Papistry and compelled chastitie, maryed a wife, MarginaliaWalter Mylle first suspected of heresye. whiche thyng made him vnto the Byshops of Scotland to be suspected of heresie: MarginaliaWalter Mylle taken by two popsih priestes George Straqwhen and Syr Hew Turry. and after long watchyng of hym hee was taken by two Popish Priestes, one called rir George Straqwhen, and the other sir Hew Turry seruaūtes to the sayd Bishop for the tyme, within the town of Dysart in Fiffe and brought to S. Andrewes and imprisoned in the Castle thereof. He beyng in prison, the Papistes earnestly trauailed and laboured to haue seduced him, and threatned him with death and corporall tormentes, to the entent they would cause him to recant and forsake the truth. But seyng they could profit nothyng thereby, and that he remained stil firme and constaunt, they laboured to perswade him by fayre promises, and offered vnto hym a Monkes portion for all the dayes of hys lyfe, in the Abbaye of Dunfermelyng, so that hee would denye the thynges he had taught, and graunt that they were heresie: but he continuyng in the truth euen vnto the end, despised their threatnynges and fayre promises.

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MarginaliaConcilium malignantium. Then assembled together the byshops of S. Andrewes, Murray, Brechin, Caitnes, and Atheins, the Abbots of Dunfermelyng, Landors, Balindrinot, and Towper, with Doctours of Theologie of S. Andrewes, as Iohn Greson blacke Frier, and Dane Iohn Vymame suppriour of S. Andrewes, William Trāston Prouost of the old Colledge, with diuers others, as sondry Friers blacke & gray. These beyng assembled, and hauing consulted together, he was taken out of prison and brought to the Metropolitane church where he was put in a Pulpit tofore the Bishops to be accused, the 20. day of Aprill 

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20 April 1558.

. MarginaliaWalter Mylle for age could scarse clyme to the pulpit. Beyng brought vnto the church and climyng vp to the Pulpit, they seyng him so weake and feeble of person, partly by age and trauaile, & partly by euill intreatment, that without helpe he could not clime vp, they were in dispayre not to haue heard him for weakenesse of voyce. MarginaliaGod geueth strength contrary to mans expectation. But when he began to speake, he made the Churche to ryng and sounde agayne, with so great courage & stout nes, that the Christians which were present, were no lesse reioyced, then the aduersaries were cōfounded and ashamed. He beyng in the Pulpit, and on his knees at Prayer, MarginaliaAndrew Oliphant the Archbishops Chaplayne. sir Andrew Oliphant one of the Byshops Priestes, commaūded hym to arise and to aunswere to his Articles, saying on this maner: sir Walter Mille, arise and aunswere to the articles, for you hold my Lord here ouer long. To whom Walter after he had finished his prayer, answered saying: we ought to obey God more then men, I serue one more mighty, euen the omnipotent Lord: and where you call me sir Walter, they call me Walter and not sir Walter, I haue bene ouer long one of the Popes Knightes. Now say what thou hast to say.

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These were the Articles wherof he was accused, with his aunsweres vnto the same.

MarginaliaOliphant. OLiphant. What thincke you of Priestes mariage? MarginaliaMylle. Mille. I hold it a blessed band, for Christ himselfe maintained it, and approued the same, and also made it free to all men: but ye thinke it not free to you: ye abhorre it, and in the meane tyme take other mens wiues and daughters, & will not keepe the bande that God hath made. Ye vow chastitie, & breake the same. S. Paule 

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I Corinthians 7:9.

bad rather marry then burne: the whiche I haue done, for God forbad neuer mariage to any man, of what state or degree so euer he were.

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MarginaliaOliphant. Olip. Thou sayest there is not vij. sacramentes.

MarginaliaMylle. Mille. Geue me the Lordes supper and Baptisme, and take you the rest, & part them amōg you: For if there be vij. why haue you omitted one of them to wit, mariage, & geue your selues to sclaunderous and vngodly whoredome.

MarginaliaOliphant. Oliph. Thou art agaynst the blessed sacrament of the aultar, and sayest, that the Masse is wrong, and is Idolatry.

MarginaliaMylle. Mille. A Lord or a Kyng sendeth & calleth many to a dyner, and when the dyner is in readynesse, he causeth to ryng a bell, and the men come to the hall, and sit downe to be pertakers of the dyner, but the Lord turnyng his backe vnto thē eateth all himselfe, and mocketh them: MarginaliaA similitude aptely aplyed. so do ye.

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MarginaliaOliphant. Oliph. Thou denyest the sacrament of the aultar to be the very body of Christ really in flesh and bloud.

MarginaliaMylle. Mille. The scripture of God is not to be taken carnally but spiritually, and standeth in fayth onely: MarginaliaThe Sacrament and sacrifice of the Masse. & as for the Masse, it is wrong, for Christ was once offered on the Crosse for mans trespasse, and will neuer be offered agayne, for then he ended all sacrifice.

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MarginaliaOliphant, Oliph. Thou denyest the office of a Byshop.

MarginaliaMylle. Mille. I affirme that they whom ye call Byshops, do no Byshops workes, nor vse the offices of bishops, (as Paul 

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I Timothy 3:2-7.

byddeth writyng to Timothy) MarginaliaByshops no Byshops. but lyue after their owne sensuall pleasure and take no care of the flocke, nor yet regarde they the word of God, but desire to be honored and called, my Lordes.

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MarginaliaOlyphant. Oliph. Thou speakest agaynst pilgrimage, and callest it a pilgrimage to whoredome.

MarginaliaMylle. Mille. I affirme that, and say that it is not commaunded in the scripture, and that there is no greater whoredome in no places, then at your pilgrimages, except it be in common brothells.

Oliph. Thou preachest quietly and priuatly in houses and openly in the fieldes.

Mille. Yea man, and on the sea also sailyng in shyp.

Oliph. Wilt thou not recant thyne erroneous opiniōs? and if thou wilt not, I will pronounce sentence agaynst thee.

Mille. I am accused of my lyfe: I knowe I must dye once 

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Hebrews 9:27.

, & therfore as Christ 
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John 13:27.

sayd to Iudas: Quod facis, fac citius. MarginaliaWalter Mylle constant in the truth. Ye shall know that I wil not recant the truth, for I am corne, I am no chaffe, I wil not be blowen away with the winde nor burst with the flaile, but I will abyde both.

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These thynges rehearsed they of purpose, with other light trifles, to augment their finall accusation, MarginaliaSentence pronounced against Walter Mylle. and then sir Andrewe Oliphant pronounced sentence agaynst him that he should be deliuered to the temporall iudge, and punished as an hereticke, which was to be burnt. MarginaliaPatrike Learmonde the Archbishops stuard and Prouost, refuseth to be his temporall iudge. Also the Archbishops chamberlain refuseth to be his iudge. Notwithstandyng his boldnes and constauncie moued so the hartes of many, that the Byshops Stuard of his regalitie, Prouost of the towne called Patrike Learmond, refused to be his temporall iudge: to whom it appertained if the cause had bene iust, Also the Byshops chamberlaine beyng therewith charged, would in no wise take vppon hym so vngodly an office. MarginaliaThe towne offended with the condemnation of Walter Mylle. Yea the whole Towne was so offended with his vniust condēnation, MarginaliaNo corde in all the towne coulde be bought to tye hym to the stake. that the Byshops seruauntes could not get for their money so much as one corde to tye him to þe stake, or a tarre barell to burne him, but were constrained to cut the cordes of their masters owne pauillion to serue their turne.

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Neuerthelesse one seruaunt of the Byshops more ignoraunt and cruell then the rest, called Alexander Symmerwayll, enterprising the office of a tēporall iudge in that part,

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