Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1440 [1414]

Q. Mary. Examination of M. Iohn Rogers, Martyr.

MarginaliaAn 1555. February.the Counsell, MarginaliaM. Rogers agayne called before the Counsell, & cōmaunded to keepe hys house. (for the Bishops thirsted after his bloude). The Counsell quarelled with hym cōcerning his doctrine, and in conclusion commaunded hym as prisoner to keepe hys owne house, and se he did: although by flying he myght easily haue escaped their cruell handes, and many thynges there were, which might haue moued hym therunto. He dyd see the recouery of religion in England for that present, desperate: he knew he coulde not want a liuyng in Germany, and he could not forget his wyfe and ten children, and to seeke meanes to succour them. But all these thynges set a part, after hee was called to aunswere in Christes cause, he would not depart, but stoutely stoode in defence of the same, and for the triall of that truth, was content to hazarde his lyfe.

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Thus he remayned in hys owne house as prisoner a long tyme, 

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Rogers was transferred to Newgate on 27 January 1554.

till at the length through the vncharitable procurement of Boner Bishop of London, who coulde not abyde such honest neighbours to dwell by him,  
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In the Rerum, Foxe explains that Rogers's house was near to Bonner'sLondon palace (Rerum, p. 267).

he was MarginaliaM. Rogers sent to Newgate.remoued from his owne house to the prison called Newgate, where he was lodged among theues and murtherers for a great space: duryng which tyme, what businesse hee had with the aduersaries of Christ, all is not knowen, neyther yet any certainty of his examinations, further then he hymselfe did leaue in writing, which God would not to bee lost, but to remayne for a perpetuall testimony in the cause of gods truth, as here followeth recorded and testified by hys own writyng.

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The examination and aunswere of Iohn Rogers made to the Lord Chauncellor, and to the rest of the Counsaile, 
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I.e., the Privy Council.

the 22. of Ianuary. Anno. 1555.  
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BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 187v-199r is a complete copy of Roger's examinations (including the answers he has not allowed to give). For a printed copy of this document, together with a detailed, albeit hypercritical, comparison of the manuscript with Foxe's version of it, see Chester, pp. 293-337, cf. Chester's overall assessment of Foxe's editing on pp. 151-54, 158 and 208-10. ECL 261, fos. 20r-44r is a partial copy of this material.

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Lord Chauncellour.

MarginaliaExamination & aunswere of M. Iohn Rogers.FIrst the Lord Chauncellour sayd vnto me thus. Sir ye haue heard of the state of the Realme in whiche it standeth now.

Rogers. No my Lord, I haue ben kept in close prison, and except there haue bene some generall thyng said at the table when I was at dinner or supper, I haue heard nothing: & there haue I heard nothing whereupon any speciall thyng might be grounded.

L. Chan. Then said the L. Chancellor: Generall thinges, generall things, mockingly? Ye haue heard of my Lord Cardinals commyng, and that the Parliament hath receyued his blessing, not one resisting vnto it, but one man whiche did speake against it. Such an vnity & such a miracle hath not bene sene. And all they of which there are 8. score in one house, 

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I.e., the House of Commons.

said one that was by, (whose name I know not) haue with one assent and * Marginalia* Ful sore agaynst their wils if they could otherwyse haue chosen consent receiued pardon of their offences for the schisme that we haue had in England, in refusing the holy father of Rome to be head of the Catholicke church. How say ye, are ye content to vnite and knitte your selfe to the fayth of the catholike church with vs in the state in which it is now in England? will ye do that?

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Rog. The Catholike Church I neuer did nor will dissent from.

L. Chan. Nay, but I speake of the state of the Catholicke Church, in that wyse in which we now stand in England, hauyng receiued the Pope to bee supreme hed.

MarginaliaNo head of the Catholicke Church, but Christ.Rog. I know none other hed but Christ, of his catholicke church, neither will I acknowledge the bishop of Rome to haue any more authority, then any other bishop hath, by the word of god, and by the doctrine of the old and pure Catholike church 400. yeres after Christ.

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L. Chaun. Why didst thou then acknowledge king Henry the 8. to be supreme hed of the church, if Christ be the onely hed?

MarginaliaThe supremacie of king Henry. 8. how it is to be taken.Rog. I neuer graunted him to haue any supremacy in spirituall thinges, as are the forgeuenesse of sinnes, geuyng of the holy Ghost, authoritie to be a Iudge aboue the worde of God.

L. Chan. Yea sayd he, and Tonstall Byshop of Duresme, & MarginaliaTonstall B. of Duresme. N. Bish. of Worcester.N. B. of Worcester, if thou hadst said so in his dayes (and they nodded the hed at me, with a laughter) thou hadst not bene a lyue now.

Rog. Which thing I denied, and would haue told how he was sayd and ment to be supreme hed. But they loked and laughed one vpō an other, and made such a busines, that I was constrayned to let it passe. There lyeth also no great waight therupon: MarginaliaThe meaning why K. Henry was titled supreame head.for all the world knoweth what the meanyng was. The Lorde Chauncellour also sayd to the Lord Wil. Haward that there was no inconuenience therein, to haue Christ to be supreme hed, and the B. of Rome also: & when I was ready to haue aunswered, that there could not be two heds of one church, & haue more plainly declared

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the vanity of that his reason, the L. Chancellor sad: what sayst thou? make vs a directed answer, whether thou wilt be one of this catholike church, or not, with vs in the state in which we are now?

Rog. My Lord, without fayle I can not beleue, that ye your selues do thincke in you hartes, þt he is supreme head, in forgeuyng of sinne. &c, (as is before sayd) MarginaliaThe bishops contrary to their former doinges and writinges.seyng you, and all the Byshops of the realme haue now xx. yeares lōg preached, and some of you also wrytten to the contrary, 

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Rogers is referring to Stephen Gardiner's treatise De vera obedentia, which was first published in 1535 (STC 11584). This work argued for royal, rather than papal, supremacy of the English church. Marian Protestants frequently taunted Gardiner with his authorship of this work and, in fact, illicit protestant presses reprinted the work during Mary's reign (STC 11585-7).

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and the Parlament hath so long agone condescended vnto it. And there he interrupted me thus.

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L. Chan. Tush that Parlament was with most great crueltie constrayned to abolishe and put away the primacie from the byshops of Rome.

Rog. With crueltie? Why then I perceyue that you take a wrong way, with crueltie to perswade mens consciences. For it shoulde appeare by your doynges now, that the cruelty then vsed hath not perswaded your consciences. Howe would ye then haue oure consciences, perswaded wyth cruelty.

L. Chan. I talke to thee of no cruelty, but that they were so often & so cruelly called vpon in that Parliament, to let that Act go forward, yea and euen with force driuen thereunto, where as in this Parlament it was so vniformelie receiued, as is aforesayd.

Rog. Here my Lord Paget tolde mee more playnly, what my Lord Chauncellour ment. Vnto whom I aunswered: My Lord, what will ye conclude therby? that the fyrst parlament was of lesse authoritie, because but few cōdescended vnto it? and this last Parlament of great authority, because more condescended vnto it? MarginaliaTruth goeth not by nūber, nor by the greater part.It goeth not (my Lord) by the more or lesser part, but by the wyser, truer, and godlier part, and I would haue sayd more, but the Lord Chaūcellour interrupted me with his question, willing me once agayne to aunswere him. For, (sayd hee) wee haue moe to speake with then thou: which must come in after the. And so there were in deed MarginaliaX. prisoners out of Newgate to be conuented before Gardiner.ten persons moe out of Newgate, besides two that were not called. Of which ten one was a citizen of London, which graunted vnto them: and nine of the countrey: whiche all came to prison agayne, and refused the Cardinals blessing, and the authoritie of his holy fathers church: Marginalia9. of these prisoners refused the popes authoritie: the tenth yelded.sauyng that one of these. ix. was not asked the question otherwyse then thus, whether hee would be an honest man as his Father was before him, and aunswering yea, he was so discharged by the friendship of my Lord William Hawarde (as I haue vnderstanded): He bad me tell him what I would do: whether I woulde enter into one Churche with the whole Realme, as it is now, or not? No, sayd I, I will first see it proued by the Scriptures. Let me haue penne, incke, and bookes. &c. And I shall take vpon me playnly to set out the matter, so that þe cōtrary shal be proued to be true, and then let any man that wil, conferre with me by writyng.

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L. Chaun. Nay, that shall not bee permitted thee. Thou shalt neuer haue so much profered thee as thou hast nowe, MarginaliaSte. Gardiner refusing to haue the truth to be tryed by learning. if thou refuse it, & wilt not now cōdescend and agree to the catholicke churche. Here are. ij. thinges: mercy, and Iustice: if thou refuse the Queenes mercy now, then shalt thou haue iustice ministred vnto thee.

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Rog. I neuer offended, nor was disobedient vnto her grace: and yet I wyll not refuse her mercy, But if this shall be denyed me, to conferre by writing and to try out the truth, then is it not well, but to farre out of the way, MarginaliaThe bishops neither wyll stand by their assertion, nor yet will suffer other men so to doe.Ye your selues (all the Bishops of the realme) brought mee to the knowledge of the pretensed primacy of the byshop of Rome, when I was a yong man, twenty yeares past: and will ye now without collation, haue me to say and do the contrary? I can not be so perswaded.

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L. Chan. If thou wilt not receiue the Byshop of Rome to be supreme head of the catholicke Church, then thou shalt neuer haue her mercy, thou mayest bee sure. And as touching conferring and tryall, MarginaliaA fayre pretense to excuse your ignoraunce.I am forbidden by the scriptures to vse any conferring and tryall wyth the, For Saint Paul teacheth me that I shall shun and eschewe an Hereticke, after one or two monitions, knowing that suche an one is ouerthrowen and is faulty, in as much as he is condēned by hys owne iudgement.

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Rog. My Lord I deny that, I am an hereticke: proue ye that first, and then alledge the foresayd text. But stil the L. Chauncellour played on one stringe, saying.

L. Chan. If thou wilt enter into one Church with vs. &c. tell vs that, or els thou shalt neuer haue so much profered thee agayne, as thou hast now.

Rog. I will finde it first in the Scripture, and see it tryed therby, before I receiue hym to be supreme head.

Wor. Why? do ye not know what is in your Crede: Credo ecclesiam sanctam Catholicam: I beleue the holy Catholike Church?

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