Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1483 [1457]

Q. Mary. The K. of Denmarkes letters for M. Couerdale. The Popes absolution.

Marginalia1555. Februa.mine Milonem Couerdalū, nuper diœcesis Exoniensis, piæ laudatissimæq; memoriæ proximi Regis Serenitatis vestræ fratris, consanguinei itidem nostri chariss. authoritate constitutū Episcopum, nunc in tristiss. calamitates, carcerem, ac periculū vitæ, nulla atrocioris delicti culpa, sed illa fatali temporū ruina incidisse. Quæ quidem hic Machabæus noster, quod ei affinitate (et quod grauius est) pietatis, eruditionis, ac morum similitudine, tanquam frater deuinctus sit, non minus ad se pertinere existimat. Itaq; nostrā opē implorat, vt quam ipse gratiam et fauorem apud nos meretur, hominis innocentis calamitati ac periculo (quod ipse nō minus suum putat) accōmodemus. Mouemur profecto non temere, illius viri (cui suo merito imprimis bene volumus) cōmiseratione, eiusq̀ maximè testimonio de captiui Antistitis innocentia atq; integritate: de qua quidē est vt eo meliu speremus, quod multis iā morte mulctatis sontibu, de ipso integrū adhuc deus esse voluit. Proinde non dubitauimus serenitatē vestram quanta possimus diligentia atq; animi propensione rogare, vt nostra causa captiui illius D. Milonis rationē clemēter habere dignetur, eumq; vt à sceleris: ita à pœnæ etiā acrocitate alienum esse voluit, et tēporum offensam, qua ipsum quoq; affligi verisimile est, nobis nostræq; amicitiæ regiæ et precibus, præsertim hoc primo auditu, benignè condonare, saltem eatenus, vt si forte hoc rerū statu grauis eius præsentia sit, incolumis ad nos cū suis dimittatur. Id nobis summi benificij loco, et Serenitati vestræ inflorentiss. regni auspicijs (quæ augusta, fausta, ac fortunata serenitati vestræ ex animo optamus) ad clementiæ laudem honorificum erit: et nos dabimus operam, vt cū amicitiæ nostræ habitā rationem intellexerimus, eo maiore studio in mutuam vicem gratitudinis omniumq; officiorū erga Serenitatem vestram eiusq; vniuersum regnū et subditos incumbamus. Deum optimum maximum precamur, vt Serenitati vestræ ad gloriam sui nominis & publicam salutem fœlices omniū rerum successus & incolumitatem diuturnam largiatur. Datæ ex arce nostra Coldingeū. septimo Calendas Maij. Anno. 1554.

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Vester consanguineus, frater, et
amicus Christianus Rex.

MarginaliaQ. Maryes slender aunswere to the kinges first letter.To these letters of the king, Queene Mary answearing againe, declared that the saide Miles Couerdale was in no such captiuitie for any religion, but for certaine debt: 

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Mary was correct in maintaining that Coverdale was under sureties for being in arrears to the Crown over clerical taxes; in fact, Foxe's use of the word 'captivity' obscures the fact that Coverdale was not being held in prison, but was free and merely obliged to report weekly to the Court of First Fruits and Tenths (PRO E347/1, fo. 38r). However, this was a rather cynical device to hold him until laws against heresy, repealed under Edward VI, could be re-enacted.

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so neither plainly graunting, nor expressely denying his request, but vsing a colorable excuse for shifting of the matter, as appeareth by his second letter sent to the Queene, dated the. 24. day of Sept. as foloweth.

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¶ Christianus Dei gratia Daniæ, Norwegiæ, Gottorum et Vandalorum Rex: Sleswici, Holsatiæ, Stormariæ ac Dithmersiæ Dux: Comes in Oldenburgh et Delmenhorst, Sereniss. principi dominæ Mariæ, Angliæ, Frāciæ, et Hiberniæ Reginæ fidei defens. &c. Sorori & consanguineæ nostræ chariss. salutem, et omium rerum optatos et faustos successus.

REdditæ sunt nobis literæ Serenitatis vestræ, quibus benignè admodū ad deprecationem nostrā, qua pro D. Milonis Couerdali ecclesiæ Exon. nuper nominati Episcopi incolumitate vsi sumus, respondetur: ita vt intelligamus, &c.

The same in Englishe.
¶ Christierne by the grace of God king of Denmarke, Norway, Gotland, and of the Vandals: Duke of Sleswike, Holston, Stormar, & Detmarsh: Earle of Oldenburgh & Delmenhorst. &c. To the most noble princesse and Lady Mary Queene of England, Fraunce, and Ireland, defender of the fayth. &c. Our most dearly beloued sister and cousin, wisheth prosperitie with good and luckie successe of al thynges.

MarginaliaThe same epistle in English.WE haue receiued your maiesties letters, whereby aunswere is rendred, and that very gratiously vnto our petition whiche we made for the safegard of maister Couerdale, late called bishop of Exon. So that we perceiue, though he be in daunger for an other cause then was signified vnto vs afore, yet your maiestie wyl so regard our intercession that Couerdale hym selfe shal vnderstand it to haue done hym good. To the which regal promise, seeing we (as reason is we should do) attribute so muche, that trusting vnto the same, we doubt not, where as he being in captiuitie, his frendes (whom we specially tender) are therefore in heauines and care, your good promise doth cal them from such sorowe and solicitude, to the hope & expectation of his assured welfare: we could not do otherwise, but rēder thankes vnto your maiestie for such your ready & gratious good wyll, not only in respect of thys benefite, but also of the conseruation and keping of perpetual amitie betwene vs & our realmes,

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& so as much as in vs lyeth, to omit nothing that to the norishing & continuance of these fortunate beginnyngs might appertaine. Neither had we euer any doubt concerning the clemencie & moderation of your goodnes, whom we hartily beseeche almighty God, euer more and more to prosper, vnto the glory of his name, & profite of the cōmon weale. Wherfore seing your maiestie writeth that maister Couerdalle is in daunger for certaine accomptes of money, & not for any other more greeuous offence, wee haue cause on his behalfe to reioyce: and therefore we doubt so much the lesse, that at our request, he shal gratiously haue his deliuerance geuen hym, and be out of daunger. For as touching the Bishoprike, by reason whereof he came in debt, we vnderstand he yeelded it vp, that payment might therof be required, specially seeing he is reputed neither to haue enioyed it long, neither to haue had at any time so great cōmoditie of it. More ouer, though it be possible to finde some perplexitie in the accompt, or happily some other cause, yet your maiesties letters offering such fauour and benignitie, haue takē from vs all carefulnes and doubt: In so muche that we thinke your maiestie (as much as may be) wyl haue more respect vnto our honour, then vnto that which might of hym be required. And therefore we purpose not to trouble your Maiestie by repeting of our petition, but to declare howe greatly we esteeme it, that your maiestie would gratifie vs herein: wherof we plainly hope for such an ende, that Couerdale hym selfe shall shortly in our presence make declaration cōcerning the benefite of his welfare obteined of your maiestie. And of this we desire your maiestie to be specially assured again, that we will not only omitte no occasiō or oportunitie to requite thys benefite, but also to establishe & amplifie our mutual loue & amitie betwene vs & our realmes on either side. Almighty god preserue your maiestie in prosperous health and felicitie. Geuen at our citie of Otton the 24. of Septemb. Ann. D. 1554.

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To these letters it was a great whyle before the queene would aunsweare. 

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In the meantime, Christian III was probably applying pressure to have Coverdale released.

At length through great suite made, the next yere, the 18. of Febr. she answered again in this wise.

¶ Sereniss. Principi D. Christiano Dei gratia Daniæ. etc. Regi Sleswici. etc. Duci: Comiti in Oldenburgh. etc. fratri et amico nostro charissimo.

MarginaliaFebruary 18. The aunswere of Queene Mary to the king of Denmarkes letter.MAria dei gratia, Regina Angliæ, Franciæ, Neapolis, Hierusalem & Hiberniæ. etc. Serenissimo Principi Christiano, eadem gratia, Daniæ, Noruegiæ, Gothorum et Vandalorum Regi: Slesuici, Holsatiæ, Stormariæ et Ditmersiæ Duci: Comiti in Oldenburgh et Delmenhorst. etc. fratri & amico nostro chariss. salutem, prosperumq̀ rerum incrementum. Cum intellexerimus ex Serenitatis vestræ literis, quas hic nuntius nobis attulit, desideriū vestrum obtinendi a nobis pro M. Couerdalo subdito MarginaliaM. Couerdale deliuered and sent to the King of Denmarke.nostro exeundi è regno nostro & ad vos profiscendi facultatem: facile quidē in V. Serenitatis gratiam, hanc illi facultatem concessimus. Et quanquam ille natus subditus noster nondum explicatus fuerat a debitione certæ cuiusdam pecuniæ quā nostro ærario soluere iure tenebatur, tamē maiorē vestri desiderij quam nostri debiti rationem habendam esse duximus. Quin insuper animum & voluntatē gratificandi vestræ Serenitati pro nostra mutua amicitia, in qua alia etiam re possumus, cum oportunitas feret, libenter ostendemus. Deus V. Serenitatem diutissiime seruet incolumē. Ex Regia nostra Westmonasterij. 18. Februarij. 1555.

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MarginaliaFebruary 19.The same moneth, the. xix. day was a certaine intimation set forth and printed in the name of Boner, 

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Bonner's Absolution

Foxe's printing of the absolution and his description of its being issued first appear in the 1563 edition. The document was reprinted from Bishop Bonner's register (Guildhall MS 9531/12, fol. 372r-v), Foxe's major archival source for his first edition. This material was reprinted unchanged in subsequent editions of the Acts and Monuments.

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MarginaliaThe effect of B. Boners intimatiō sent into his dioces to receaue the Cardinals absolution, and to be reconciled to the Pope in the Lent next folowing.wherein was conteyned a generall monition and strait charge geuen to euery man and woman within his dioces, to prepare them selues against Lent then neare approching to receiue the glad tidinges of peace and reconciliation sent from Pope Iulius. 3. by Poole his Cardinal & Legate De Latere, 
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A papal legate a latere had authority to exercise any papal powers on the pope's behalf, being, in effect, a papal viceroy. Cardinal Pole was legate a latere from November 1554 to May 1557.

and so receaue also þe ioyfull benefite of absolutiō, being sēt first frō the Cardinal to Boner, & from him to euerich of his Archdeacons to bee ministred to euery priuate person within his Dioces, that would come the said holy time of Lent to his Pastor or Curate to be confessed, & to receiue of him wholsome counsell, penance, and absolution: Signifying moreouer, that as he was authorised by the foresaid Cardinall, so he for the same purpose had indued with the like authoritie, al and singular Pastors and Curates within his Dioces, to reconcile and assoyle from their former heresie, and schisme, and from the censures of the Church, suche as woulde resort vnto them. And least any scruple or doubt rising peraduenture in their consciences, shoulde be any stay or let in this behalfe, he had assigned and deputed therfore through his Dioces certaine learned men, to whom they might resort, or els might open their griefes to any of his Archdea-

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