Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1647 [1621]

Q. Mary. The lyfe and story of W. Wolsey and Rob. Pigot, Martyrs.

Marginalia1555. October.
Witnesses of the godly end of the sayd W. Glouer dyi-
ing in the true fayth and confession of Christ, Maister

Nowell now Deane of Lichfield, George Wilestone
and his wife, Tho. Constantine, Roger Wydouse, Iohn
Prynne, George Torpelley. &c. 

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George Torpelly was Foxe's source for the refusal to bury both William Glover and Edward Burton.

The like example of charitable affection in these Catholicke Churchmen is also to be sene and noted in MarginaliaM Edward Bourton not suffered to be buried in Christian buriall, the same day when Q. Elizabeth was crowned.the burying of one maister Edward Bourton Esquier, who in the same Diocesse of Chester departyng out of this world the very day before Queene Elizabeth was crowned, required of his frendes, as they would aunswere for it, that his body should be buryed in his Parish Church (which was S. Chaddes in Shrousbury) so that no Massemonger should be present thereat. Which thing being declared to the Curate of that Parish named sir Iohn Marshall, & the body beyng withall brought to the buriall, 

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In the errata printed in the 1576 edition, Foxe printed a correction stating that Burton's body was not actually sent to the church but that a messenger, one John Torperly (probably a relative of George Torpelly), was sent to ask if Burton would be allowed a Christian burial and that permission was denied. Probably the curate of St Chad protested to Foxe or Day about the account of this which appeared in the 1570 edition. This correction was never added to the story of Burton in Foxe's text.

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vpon the same day when the Queene  
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Elizabeth I.

was crowned, the Curate beyng therewith offended, sayd playnly that he should not be buried in the Church there. Wherunto one of his frendes, named George Torpelley aunsweryng agayne sayd, that God would iudge him in the last day. &c. Then the Priest, Iudge God (sayth hee) or deuill, the body shall not come there. And so they buried him in his owne garden. Where he is no doubt as nere the kyngdome of heauen, as if he had bene buried in the middest of the Church.

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MarginaliaOliuer Richardine in Hartford West Martyr.Moreouer, in the sayd Countie of Salop, I find that one Olyuer Richardyne 

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This terse account is all the information known about the obscure Oliver Richardine.

of the Parish of Whitchurch was burned in Hartford Weste, Syr Iohn Ygone beyng Sheriffe the same tyme. Whiche seemeth to be about the latter yeare of kyng Henry viij. Whose name because it was not mentioned before, I thought here to giue some little touch of him,  
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This brief story must have been given to Foxe as the 1570 edition was being printed and he inserted it into the text (far out of chronological order) as soon as he could.

hauyng now in hand to speake of the persecution within the Diocesse of Couentry and Lichfield.

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¶ The Martyrdome of William Wolsey, and Robert Pygot Painter. 
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The Martyrdoms of Wolsey and Pygot

The Rerum simply has a note stating that William Wolsey, weaver, and Robert Pygot, painter, were burned on 19 September 1555 (Rerum, p. 538). In the 1563 edition this note was repeated, mistakenly giving Wolsey's first name as 'Thomas' and correcting the date of their execution to 4 October 1555. (The actual date was 16 October 1555). Foxe provided his full account of Wolsey and Pygot in the 1570 edition. It appears to have been based on personal testimony for the background and examinations of Wolsey and Pygot; some of Foxe's informants were listed in his account. (Fortunately the official records for the trials of Wolsey and Pygot survive - Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fos. 81r-84r - and they confirm the accuracy of Foxe's account at several points. However, it is pretty evident that Foxe did not have access to these materials but to an independent source of information, as his account contains material not in the official records). Foxe also obtained a description of the execution of Wolsey and Pygot from the famous Cambridge puritan divine William Fulke. The account of Wolsey and Pygot was not altered in the 1576 and 1583 editions.

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MarginaliaWilliam Wolsey, Robert. Pigot, Martyrs.AFter the sufferyng of Maister Robert Glouer and Cornelius Bongey at Couentry, followeth next the condemnation of other two blessed Martyrs which were iudged and condemned at Eley by Iohn Fuller the Byshops Chauncellour of Eley, Doctour Shaxton his Suffragane, Robert Steward Deane of Eley, Iohn Christopherson Deane of Norwich. &c. an. 1555. October ix. the names of which Martyrs were William Wolsey and Robert Pygot, dwellyng both in the Towne of Wisbich, which William Wolsey beyng a Constable, dwellyng & inhabityng in the Town of Well, was there brought to death by the meanes and procurement of one MarginaliaRichard Euerard extreame against William Wolsey.Richard Euerard Gētleman a Iustice appointed for those dayes, who extremely hādled the same William Wolsey, and bound him to the good abearyng, 

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I.e., good behaviour.

causing him to put in Sureties vppon his good behauiour vntill the next generall Sessions holden within the Ile of Eley: and so the sayd Wolsey beyng dispatched of his office, and brought in trouble, remoued his house and dwellyng place, commyng to dwell in the Towne of Wisbich. Then beyng called agayne at the next Sessions, he was still constrained to put in newe sureties, which at the length he refused to do, & so was commaunded to the Iayle, MarginaliaW. Wolsey commaunded to the Iayle. at the Syse holden at Eley in Lent.  
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Wolsey had drawn attention to himself in Ely by denying the mass and by not attending church for six months before his arrest (Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fo. 81r).

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In the Easter weeke followyng, there repayred to conferre with him, Doctour Fuller the Chauncellour, with Christopherson, and one Doctour Young: MarginaliaD. Fuller, Christopherson, D. Yong come to conferre with Wolsey. who layd earnestly to his charge that he was out of the Catholicke faith, willyng him to medle no further with the Scriptures, then it did become such lay men as he was, to do. The sayd William Wolsey standyng still a great while, sufferyng them to say their pleasures, at the last aunswered in this wise: MarginaliaWolsey putteth a question to the Doctours.Good Maister Doctour, what did our Sauiour Christ meane, when hee spake these wordes written in the xxiij. Chapter of S. Mathewes Gospell: Wo be vnto you Scribes & Phariseis, ye hypocrites, for ye shut vp the kyngdome of heauen before men: ye your selues go not in, neither suffer ye them that come to enter in.

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Yea sayth Doctour Fuller, you must vnderstand, that Christ spake to the Scribes and Phariseis.

Nay Maister Doctour (sayth Wolsey) Christ spake euen to you, and your fellowes here present, and to all other such like as you be.

Away Maister Doctour (sayth Christopherson) for you can do no good wt this man. Yet sayth Doctour Fuller, I will leaue thee a booke to read, I promise thee, of a learned mans doyng, that is to say of Doctor Watsons doyng, (who was then Byshop of Lincoln.) 

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The book was Thomas Watson, Twoo [sic] notable sermons made'before the quenes highness, concernynge the reall presence (London, 1554), STC 25115. This was considered by contemporaries to have been a very effective defence of transubstantiation.

Wolsey receauyng the same booke, MarginaliaD. Watsons booke of Sermons or Homelies. did diligently read it ouer, whiche in many places did manifestly appeare contrary to the knowen truth of Gods worde. At the length a

fourtnight or three weekes followyng, MarginaliaD. Fuller againe resorteth to W. Wolsey.the sayd Doctour Fuller resortyng agayne to the prison house to cōferre with the sayd Wolsey, did aske him how hee lyked the sayd booke (thinking that he had won him by the reading of the same): who aunswered him and sayd: Syr, I lyke the booke no otherwise then I thought before I should finde it. Whereupon the Chauncellour takyng his booke departed home.

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At night when Doctour Fuller came to his chamber to looke on it, he did finde in many places cōtrary to his minde, the booke raced with a pen by the sayd Wolsey. The which he seyng, and beyng vexed therewith, sayd: Oh this is an obstinate hereticke and hath quyte marred my booke. 

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Wolsey mentioned writing in Watson's book during his trial (Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fo. 81v).

Then the Syse holden at Wisbich drawyng nye, Doctour Fuller commeth agayne to the sayd Wolsey, and speaketh vnto him on this maner: MarginaliaThe Chauncellor geueth leaue to Wolsey to depart.Thou doest much trouble my conscience, wherfore I pray thee depart, and rule thy toung, so that I heare no more complaynt of thee, and come to the Church when thou wilt, and if thou be complayned vpon, so farre as I may, I promise thee I will not heare of it.

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Master Doctour (quoth Wolsey) I was brought hether by a law, and by a law I will be deliuered.

Then beyng brought to the Sessions before named, MarginaliaW. Wolsey layd in the Castle of Wisbich.Wolsey was layd in the Castell at Wisbich, thinking to him and all his frendes, that he should haue suffered there at that present tyme, but it proued nothyng so.

Then Robert Pygot the Painter beyng at libertie, MarginaliaRob. Pigot paynter presented for not comming to the Church.was there presented by some euill disposed persons (sworne men as they called them) for not commyng to the Church. 

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Pygot confessed to not having attended church for three months before his arrest (Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fo. 83r).

The sayd Pygot being called in the Sessions, would not absent him selfe, but there did playnly appeare before Syr Clement Hygham being Iudge, who sayd vnto him: MarginaliaTalke betwene Syr Clement Higham Iudge, and Rob. Pigot.Ah, are you the holy father the Paynter? How chaunce ye came not to the Churche? Syr (quoth the Paynter) I am not out of the Church, I trust in God.

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No Syr, sayd the Iudge, thys is no Churche, this is a Haull. Yea Syr sayd Pygot, I know very well it is a Haull: but hee that is in the true fayth of Iesus Christ, is neuer absent, but present in the Church of God.

Ah Syrha, sayd the Iudge, you are to high learned for me to talke withall: wherfore I will send you to them that be better learned then I, MarginaliaRob. Pigot brought to the Iayle where William Wolsey lay.straight wayes commaundyng him to the Iayle where Wolsey lay. So the Sessions being broken vp and ended, MarginaliaWolsey and Pigot returned to Eley to prison.the sayd Wolsey and Pygot were caryed agayne to Eley into prison, where they both dyd remaine till the day of their death.

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In the meane time certaine of their neighbours of Wisbych aforesayd beyng at Eley, came to see how they did.

There came thether also a Chaplayne of MarginaliaT. Goodricke Byshop of Eley.Bishop Gooderikes a Frenchman borne, one Peter Valentius, who sayd vnto the sayd Wolsey and Pygot: My brethren, according to mine office I am come to talke with you, for I haue bene Amner here this. xx. yeares and aboue.

MarginaliaThe Byshops Chaplayne a frenchman confirmeth the prisoners in the truth.Wherefore I must desire you my brethren to take it in good part that I am come to talke wyth you, I promise you, not to pull you from your fayth. But I both require and desire in the name of Iesus Christ that you stand to the truth of his Gospell and woorde, and I beseech the almighty GOD for his sonne Iesus Christes sake to preserue both you and mee in the same vnto the end. For I know not my selfe (my brethren) how soone I shall bee at the same poynt that you now are. Thus with many other like woordes he made an ende, causing all that were there present to water their cheekes, 

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I.e., they wept.

contrary to all the hope that they had in him, God be praysed therefore.

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Then within short tyme after, MarginaliaPigot and Wolsey called to iudgement in the Byshops ConsistoryPygot and Wolsey were called to iudgement about the ix. day of October, before Doctour Fuller then Chauncellour, with old Doct. Shaxton, Christopherson, and others in Commission, who layd earnestly to their charge for their beliefe in diuers Articles, but especially of the Sacrament of the aultar. Whereunto their aūswere was: that the Sacrament of the aultar was an Idoll, and that the naturall body and bloud of Christ was not present really in the sayd Sacrament, and to this opinion they sayd they would sticke, beleuyng perfectly the same to bee no heresie that they had affirmed, but the very truth wherupon they would stād. 

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This answer appears word-for-word in the trial register (Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fo. 82r).

Then sayd the Doctors, that they were out of the Catholicke fayth.

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Then Doctour Shaxton sayd 

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Wolsey's exchange with Shaxton and Fuller's remark do not appear in the trial record.

vnto them: MarginaliaThe wordes of Nicholas Shaxton to the Martyrs.good brethrē remember your selues and become new men, for I my selfe was in this fond opinion that you are now in, but I am now become a new man. 
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Nicholas Shaxton had been a high-profile evangelical, and bishop of Salisbury, who had very publicly recanted his beliefs in 1546. Shaxton was villified by fellow evangelicals for his recantation; see Robert Crowley, The confutation of .xiii. articles, wherunto N. Shaxton, late byshop subscribed and caused to be set forth in print M.C.xlvi. when he recanted (STC 6083).

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MarginaliaWolseyes aunswere to Shaxton.Ah sayd Wolsey, are you become a new man? Wo be to thee thou wicked new man, for God shal iustly iudge thee.

Doctor Fuller then spake saying, this Wolsey is an obstinate felow, and one that I could neuer do good vppon. 

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John Fuller, the chancellor of the diocese, had visited Wolsey numerous times in prison in the hope of making him recant (Ely Diocesan Register G 1/8, fo. 81r-v).

But as for the Painter he is a man quyet and indifferent (as farre as I perceiue) and is soone reformed,and may very well be deliuered for any euill opinion I find in him.

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