Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1828 [1802]

Q. Mary. Godly letters of Iohn Hullier, Martyr. Vj. Martyrs of Colchester.

Marginalia1556. Aprill.therin and ouercome, vsing dissimulation vnfaithfully, for feare of their displeasure, doyng one thyng outwardly, and thinking inwardly an other: so hauyng them in reuerence vnder a cloke and colour, to whom they ought not so muche as to say God speede: and adioyning them selues to the malignant congregation, which they ought to abhorre as a den of theeues and murtherers, MarginaliaIohn. 3. MarginaliaIohn. 10. Eze. 16. and as the Brothell house of most blasphemous fornicators: whose voyces beyng contrary to Christes voyce, if they were of his flocke, they would not knowe, but woulde flee from them: MarginaliaIohn. he hym selfe beyng the good sheepheard of our soules doth full well in his holy Gospel testifie. MarginaliaAgaynst desembling bearers with the PapistsAgaine, what do they els I pray you, but receyue the Beastes marke in their foreheades and in their handes, which doo beare a fayre face and countenaunce outwardly in supportyng them as other doo, being ashamed onely to confesse Christ and his holy Gospell? But this faynednes and dissimulation, Christe and his Gospel wyl in no wise allowe. Of whom it is sayde: MarginaliaMark. 18. Luke. 9.who soeuer shal be ashamed of me and my wordes in this adulterous and sinfull generation, of hym also shal the sonne of man be ashamed, when he shall come in the glory of his father with his holy angels. Therefore saith almighty God by his Prophet Malachie: MarginaliaMala. 1.Cursed be the dissemblers. MarginaliaHeb. 6.Ye were once lightened, and tasted of the heauenly gyft, and were become partakers of the holy ghost, and tasted of the worde of God, and of the power of the world to come. And our Saueour Christ saith: MarginaliaLuke. 6.No man that putteth his hand to the plough, and looketh backe, is apt for the kingdome of God. Therefore S. Iohn Marginalia1. Iohn. 2. the Apostle vseth this for a manifest token, that the backsliding from the true preachers of Gods worde, declareth euidently, that they be not of the number of them. For, saith he: They went out from vs, but they were not of vs: for if they had ben of vs, no doubt, they would haue continued with vs. Surely, so long as we vse dissimulation, and to play on both hands, we are not in the light. For whatsoeuer is manifest, the same is light, as the elect vessel of God S. Paul MarginaliaEphe. 4. witnesseth.

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Wherfore (good Christians) for Gods most deare loue, deceiue not your selues through your owne wisedome, and through the wisedome of the world, which is foolishnes before God, Marginalia1. Cor. 3.but certifie and staye your owne conscience with the sure truth and faithful word of God, & with the infallible testimonies of holy scripture. MarginaliaPsal. 3.For although Gods mercy is ouer al his workes: yet it doth not extend but onely to them that MarginaliaHeb. 3.holde fast the confidence & reioysing of hope vnto the end, not being weery in well doyng, Marginalia2. Cor. 4.but rather waxing euery day stronger and stronger in the inward man. MarginaliaGods mercy to whom it belongeth.Therefore in the Reuelation of S. Iohn, where it is entreated of the Beast and his Image, it is also said: Here is the sufferance of Saintes, and here are they that keepe the cōmaundementes, and the faith of Iesus Christ. Whereby almighty God doth shewe plainly, that he doth vse those wicked men as instrumentes for a tyme, to trye the pacience and fayth of his peculiar people, without the perfourmance whereof we can haue no part among the liuyng, but as it is sayde in the same Reuelation: The fearefull shall haue their parte in the lake that burneth with fire and brymstone, whiche is the second death.

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But peraduenture ye wyl obiect & say vnto me: what shall we doo? Shall we cast our selues headlong to death? MarginaliaObiection aunswered.I say not so. But this I say that we are al bound (if euer we looke to receyue saluation at Gods hande) in this case wholy to be obedient to his determinate counsell and foreknowledge, Marginalia1. Cor. 12.expressed by the gyft of the spirite in holy Scripture: and then to caste all our care vpon hym, MarginaliaRom. 18.who worketh all in all for the best, vnto them that loue hym: and thus he geueth commaundement saying: MarginaliaApoc. 18.Come away from her my people, that ye be not partakers of her sinnes, and that ye receyue not of her plagues. Nowe who hearyng this terrible voyce of God, whiche must needes be fulfilled, wyll not with all speede and diligence apply hym selfe to doo thereafter, except such as wyl prisumptuously tempt hym? And as touchyng such the Wise man saith: MarginaliaEccle. 3.He that loueth peryl and daunger, shal perish therein. But they that be of the fayth of Abraham, euen as he dyd, so wyll they in all assayes and tryals be obedient to the heauenly voyce, howe so euer it seemeth contrary to their own natural wyl and carnal reason, according to the sure word of fayth, which saith: MarginaliaPsal. 36.Hope thou in the Lord and keepe his way: holde thee styll in the Lord, and abide paciently vpon hym. Let not thy ielousie moue thee also to doo euyll. Marginalia2. Cor. 6.Come out from among them, & ioyne not your selues to their vnlawful assemblies: yea, doo not once shewe your selues with the least parte of your body, to fauour their wicked doyngs, but glorifie God (as most right is) so wel in your whole body outwardly, as inwardly in your spirite, or els you can doo neither of both well: MarginaliaThe body must adioyne wyth the spirite in seruing God.for your body doth belong to God, so wel as your spirite. At the dreadfull day of iudgement, we shal all receyue

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the workes of our bodyes, accordyng to that we haue done, whether it be good or bad.

Therefore what soeuer we doo, we may not bring the spirite in bondage to the body, but contrarywise we muste subdue the body & þe wyll of the fleshe to the spirit, that the spirite may freely accomplish the wyl of God in al thynges: for otherwise we shall neuer be partakers of his promise, with the true children of Abraham. For as S. Paul saith: They which are the children of the flesh, are not the chyldren of God. If we shall liue according to the flesh, we shal dye. For to be carnally mynded, is death: but to be spiritually mynded, is lyfe and peace, because that the fleshly mynded is enmitie to God: for it is not obedient to the lawe of God, neither can be. So then they that are in the fleshe can not please God. Now chuse you which way you wil take: either þe narow way þt leadeth vnto lyfe, which Christ hym selfe and his faythfull folowers haue gone through before: or els the broad path way that leadeth to destruction, which the wicked worldlings take their pleasure in for a while. MarginaliaFaythfull admonition.I for my part haue nowe written this short admonition vnto you of good wyll (as God be my witnes) to exhorte you to that way which at length you your selues should proue and finde to be best, yea and reioyce therof. And I doo not onely write this, but I wyl also (wt the assistance of Gods grace) ratifie and confirme, and seale the same with the effusion of my bloud, when the ful time shal be expired that he hath appoynted: which (so farre forth as I may iudgde) must needes be within these few dayes. Therefore I now byd you all most hartyly frrewell in the Lorde, whose grace be with your spirite. Amen. Watche and pray, watch and pray, pray, pray. So be it.

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Iohn Hullyer.

Besides these letters, the sayd Iohn Hullyer leaft also a godly prayer, whiche if any be disposed to peruse, it is extant in the old booke of Actes, to be found, pag. 1515.

¶ The death and matyrdome of sixe constand professours of Christe, burned at Colchester, for the testimonie of the Gospel, the. 28. day of Aprill. 
Commentary  *  Close
Christopher Lister and Five Other Martyrs

The entire account of these martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition; there were no changes to it in subsequent editions. All of this material came from official records, probably from a court book of Bishop Bonner's which is now lost.

MarginaliaAprill 28.NOt long after the death of Robert Drakes, William Tyms, and the other Essex Martyrs, executed in Smithfielde, as is aboue specified, folowed in the same order likewise of Martyrdome, MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of sixe men at one like fire, in the towne of Colchester (where the most part of them did inhabite) sixe other blessed martyrs, whose names be these:

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Christopher Lyster, of Dagneham, Husbandman.
Iohn Mace, of Colchester, Apothecary. 

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John Mace was a figure of some prominence in Colchester; he had been sergeant-at-arms of the city until the end of Edward's reign. He was also the brother-in-law of Thomas Dybney, a Colchester alderman who was brought before the privy council in May 1556 and forced publicly to recant his religious convictions.

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Joan Dybney, Thomas Dybney's daughter-in-law, was harassed for her protestant beliefs in Mary's reign and fled into exile (Laquita M. Higgs, Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester [Ann Arbor, MI: 1998] pp. 170-71 and 1563, p. 1678). Joan Dybney was also the mother, by a previous marriage, of Thomas Firefanne who would be one of 22 protestants arrested in Colchester and brought to London for trial (Higgs, Godliness and Governance, pp. 224-25).

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Iohn Spenser, of Colchester, Weauer.
Simon Ioyne, Sawyer.
Richard Nicols, of Colchester, Weauer. 
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Nichols was one of the protestant prisoners in Newgate, led by William Tyms, whom Henry Hart, the leader of the freewillers, tried to convert. Nichols joined the other prisoners in denouncing Hart. (See ECL 260, fo. 87r-v; also see 1563, p. 1530. For a discussion of the episode see Thomas Freeman, 'Dissenters from a DissentingChurch: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie,eds., The Beginnings of English Protestantism [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 140-41).

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Iohn Hamond, of Colchester, Tanner. 
Commentary  *  Close

In 1530, John Hammond had been forced to recant his religious covictions (Laquita Higgs, Godliness and Governance in Tudor Colchester [Ann Arbor, MI: 1998], pp. 111 and 172).

With these sixe was also ioyned an other, MarginaliaRoger Grosbroke.whose name was Roger Grasbroke, but he afterwarde submitted hym selfe. These aboue named, the Bishop, because he (as it seemeth by the short processe recorded by his Register) waxed nowe weerye, made a verye quicke dispatche. For soone after that, they were deliuered vnto one Iohn Kingstone, MarginaliaIohn Kingston B. Boners Commissary in Essex. Bacheler of Ciuil Lawe, and then Commissary to the bishop, by the Earle of Oxford and other Commissioners (as appeareth by a byll endented, made betweene the Commissioners and the sayd Commissary, for the receyt of the sayd prisoners, MarginaliaThese Martyrs were deliuered by the Earle of Oxford to the Commissary, and by the Commissary sent to the Byshop. dated the. xxviij. day of March, Anno regni regis & Reginæ, Philippi & Mariæ, secundo & tertio: 

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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

Anno regni Regis & Reginae, Philippi & Mariae, secundo & tertio.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Cattley-Pratt 1877, viii, 86)

in the second and third year of the king and queen, Philip and Mary

whiche is the yeare of our Lorde. 1556.) and by hym sent vp vnto his Lorde and Maister, the Bishop caused them to be brought vnto his house at Fulham: Where in the open Churche, iudicially were ministred vnto them the same articles that were propounded vnto Bartlet Grene and others, mentioned before pag. 1585. MarginaliaThese articles reade before pag. 1585. To the which they made their seuerall aunsweres, agreeing all together in one truth, as by the sūme and effect thereof here ensuing, more playnely appeareth.

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MarginaliaTheir aunsweres to the Byshops Articles.1 To the first article they all consented and agreed: Iohn Spenser adding further therto, that the church malignant, MarginaliaThe Church of Rome no part of Christes Catholicke Church.(which is the Churche of Rome) is no parte of Christes Catholike church: and that he neither hath, nor doth beleue the doctrine and religion, taught & set forth in the sayde Romish and malignant church.

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2 To the second they answered: that they beleued that in the true Catholike church of Christ, MarginaliaTwo Sacramentes.there be but two Sacraments: that is to say, the sacrament of Baptisme, & the sacrament of the body and bloud of Christ.

3 To the thirde article they all agreed, confessing that

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