Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1839 [1813]

Q. Mary. The death and examination of Iohn Careles,

Marginalia1556. Iuly.pressed accordyng as the vsuall maner of the Notary is so to declare in the end of þe sentence. Neuertheles this is most certaine, that he neuer abiured nor recanted, how soeuer it pleased the Lord by death to call him out of this world.

¶ The death of Iohn Careles in the Kynges Benche. 
Commentary  *  Close
John Careless

Although Careless was one of the most important of the Marian martyrs, he died in prison without a trial, leaving Foxe only an account of his examinations and some of his many letters to memorialize him. The examination of Careless, in fact the entire account of Careless, was first printed in the 1563 edition. Nothing was added to it, but a considerable amount was deleted from this examination. The reason for this was that the deleted sections of the examination revealed far too much about the doctrinal squabbling among protestant prisoners, particularly over the issues of free will and the liturgy. The charge that there was no doctrinal unity among protestants was one that was frequently levied by catholic polemicists and was especially used by Foxe's great critic Nicholas Harpsfield in attacking the credibility of Foxe's 1563 edition (see Nicholas Harpsfield, Dialogi sex contra summi pontificatus, monasticae vitae, sanctorum sacrarum imaginum oppugnatores et pseudomartyres [Antwerp, 1566], pp. 802-17). Once this compromising material had been deleted, there were no further changes made to this account.

[Back to Top]

MarginaliaIuly. 1. The death of Iohn Careles prisoner in the Kings Bench.ABout this tyme, the first day of Iuly, amongest diuers other prisoners whiche dyed the same yeare in the Kynges Bench, was also one Iohn Careles of Couentry, a Weauer. Who though hee were by the secrete Iudgement of almighty God preuented by death, so that he came not to the full Martyrdome of his body, yet is hee no lesse worthy to be counted in honour and place of Christes Martyrs, then other that suffered most cruell torments, aswell for that hee was for the same truthes sake a long tyme imprisoned, as also for his willyng mynd & zelous affectiō he had thereunto, if the Lord had so determined it, as well may appeare by his examination had before Doctour Martin. 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that abuse of Martin, 'a iolye stirer in these matters', was removed in the 1570 edition.

MarginaliaIohn Careles examined before Doct. Martyn.Whiche examination because it conteineth nothyng almost but wranglyng interrogations, and matters of contention, wherein Doctour Martin would enter into no communication about the Articles of his accusation, but onely vrged him to detect his fellowes, it shall not be greatly materiall therfore to expresse the whole, but onely to excerpt so much, as perteinyng to the question of predestination, may bryng some fruite to the Reader.

[Back to Top]
¶ The effect of Iohn Careles examination before Doctour Martin briefly declared.

MarginaliaThe effect of Iohn Careles examination.FIrst, Doctour Martin callyng Iohn Careles to him in his Chamber, demaunded what was his name. To whom when the other had aunswered, that his name was Iohn Careles, then began Doctour Martin to descant at his pleasure vpon that name, saying: that it would appeare by his conditions, by that tyme he had done with him, that he would be a true careles man in deede. And so after other by talke there spent about much needelesse matter, then he asked him where he was borne. 

Commentary  *  Close

At this point, the portion of the Careless examination reprinted in the 1570 edition, and all subsequent editions, begins.

[Back to Top]

Carel. Forsooth, sayth he, at Couentry.

Mart. At Couentry? what so farre, man? How camst thou hether? Who sent thee to the Kynges Bench to prison?

Carel. MarginaliaHow Iohn Careles was brought to the Kings Bench.I was brought thether by a write, I trow, what he was I can not tell. I thinke M. Marshall can tell you.

Marshall. In good fayth I can not tell what the matter is: but in deede my Lord chief Iustice sent him from the barre.

Mart. Well Careles, I would wishe, thou shouldest play the wise mans part. Thou art a handsome man: And it is pitie but thou shouldest do well, and saue that whiche God hath bought.

Careles. I thanke your good Maistershyp most hartely: And I put you out of doubt, that I am most sure and certaine of my saluation by Iesus Christ: so that my soule is safe already what soeuer paynes my body suffer here for a little tyme.

Mart. Yea Mary, you say truth. For thou art so predestinate to life, that thou canst not perish, in what soeuer opiniō thou doest dye.

Careles. MarginaliaIohn Careles examined vpon predestination.That GOD hath predestinate me to eternall life in Iesus Christ, I am most certaine, and euen so am I sure that his holy spirite (wherewith I am sealed) will so preserue me from all heresies and euill opinions, that I shall dye in none at all.

Mart. Go to, let me heare your fayth in predestination. For that shalbe written also.

Careles. Your Maistershyp shall pardon me herein. For you sayd your selfe erewhile, that you had no Commission to examine my conscience. I will trouble my selfe with aunsweryng of no moe matters then I needes must, vntill I come before them that shall haue more authoritie farther to examine me.

Mart. MarginaliaDoct. Martyn declareth his Commission.I tell thee then I haue Commission: yea, and commaundement from the Counsell to examine thee: for they deliuered me thy Articles.

Careles. Yea, I thinke in deede that your Maistershyp is appointed to examine me of my Articles whiche you haue there in writyng, and I haue told you the truth. I do confesse them to be myne owne fact and deede: but you do now examine me of predestination, wherof my Articles speaketh nothyng at all.

Martin. I tell thee yet agayne, that I must also examine thee of such thynges as be in controuersie betwene thee and thy felowes in the Kynges Bench, whereof predestination is a part, as thy fellow N. hath confessed and thy selfe doest not deny it.

Carel. I do not deny it. But he that first told you that matter, might haue found him selfe much better occupyed.

Martin. Why? what if he had not told me? thinkest thou I would not haue knowen it? yes, or elles thou shouldest haue withstand my Commission. MarginaliaWhy Doct. Martyn would not examine him of the Sacrament.For I tell thee truth, I may now examine thee of the blessed Sacrament, or any other thyng that I list, but that I would shewe thee fauour, and not be to hasty with thee at the first.

[Back to Top]

Marshall. Yea in deede Careles, Maister Doctour hath Commission to examine you or any other of your felowes.

Mart. Yea mary haue I, I tell the truth of it.

Carel. Then let your Scribe set his pen to the paper, and you shal haue it roundly euen as the truth is. I beleue that almighty GOD our most deare louyng father of his great mercy and infinite goodnes, did elect in Christ.

Mart. Tush, what neede all that long circumstaūce? write, I beleue that God elected, and make no more ado.

Carel. No, not so M. Doctour. It is an hygh mistery, and ought reuerently to be spokē of. And if my wordes may not be written as I do vtter them, I will not speake at all.

Mart. Go to, go to, write what he will. Here is more busines then needeth.

Careles. MarginaliaCareles opinion of Gods election.I beleue that Almighty GOD our most deare louyng Father, of his great mercy and infinite goodnesse (thorough Iesus Christ) did elect and appoynt in him before the foundation of the earth was layd, a Church or congregation, which he doth continually guide and gouerne by his grace and holy spirite, so that not one of them shall euer finally perish. When this was written, Maister Doctour tooke it in his hand and read it, saying.

[Back to Top]

Mart. MarginaliaD. Martyn alloweth Careles iudgement of Gods election.Why? who will deny this?

Carel. If your Maistershyp do allow it, and other learned men when they shall see it, I haue my hartes desire.

Mart. And do you hold none otherwise, thē is there writtē?

Carel. No verely, nor neuer did.

Mart. Write that he saith, otherwise he holdeth not. So that was written. It was told me also that thou doest affirme, that Christ did not dye effectually for all men.

Carel. What soeuer hath bene told you it is not much materiall vnto me. Let the tellers of such tales come before my face, and I trust to make them aunswere. For in deede I do beleue that Christ did effectually dye for all those that do effectually repent and beleue, and for none other: so that was written also.

[Back to Top]

Mart. Now Syr, what is Trewes 

Commentary  *  Close

John Trew was the leader of the freewillers in the King's Bench and Careless's determined opponent over the issue of predestination; see Thomas S. Freeman, 'Dissenters from a Dissenting Church: The Challenge of the Freewillers, 1550-1558' in The Beginnings of English Protestantism, eds. Peter Marshall and Alec Ryrie [Cambridge: 2002], pp. 137-39.

[Back to Top]
fayth of predestination? he beleueth that all men be predestinate, and that none shalbe damned. Doth he not?

Carel. No forsooth, that he doth not.

Mart. How then?

Carel. Truly I thinke he doth beleue as your Maistershyp and the rest of the Clergy do beleue of predestination, MarginaliaA wrong fayth of Predestination, beleuing to be elected in respect of good workes.that we be elected in respect of our good workes, and so long elected, as we do them, and no longer.

Martin. Write that he sayth, his fellow Trew beleueth of predestination as the Papistes do beleue.

Carel. Ah Maister Doctour, did I so terme you? Seyng that this my confession shall come before the Counsell, I pray you place my termes as reuerently as I spake them.

Mart. Well, well. Write that Trew is of the same fayth as the Catholickes be.

Carel. I did not so call you neither. I wonder what you meane.

Marshall. You sayd the Clergy, did you not Careles?

Carel. Yes forsooth did I. So then it was written, of the Clergy.

Mart. Now Syr, what say you more?

Carel. Forsooth I haue no farther to say in this matter.

Mart. Well, Careles I pray thee proue thy selfe a wise mā, and do not cast away thy life wilfully,

Carel. Now the Lord he knoweth, good Maister Doctour, I would full gladly lyue, so that I might do the same with a safe conscience. And your Maistershyp shall right well perceiue that I will be no wilfull mā, but in all thyngs that I stand vpon, I will haue a sure grounde.

Martin. MarginaliaD. Martyn pretendeth fauour to Careles.Now the Lord knoweth, good Careles, that I would gladly make some meanes to preserue thy lyfe: but thou speakest so much of the Lord, the Lord. Wilt thou be content to go with my Lord Fitzwater into Irelād? me thinkes thou art a goodly tal felow to do the Queene seruice there. How sayest thou?

[Back to Top]

Carel. Verely Maister Doctor, whether I be in Ireland, Fraunce, or Spayne, or any place els, I am ready to do her grace the best seruice that I can, with body, goodes, and life, so long as it doth last.

Mart. That is honestly sayd. I promise thee euery man will not say so. How say you Maister Marshall, this man is meete for all manner of seruice. In deede thou art worthy Careles, to haue the more fauour.

Carel. In deede Syr, I hope to be meete and ready vnto all thynges that pertaineth vnto a true Christian subiect to

Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield