Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Censorship Proclamation 32. Our Lady' Psalter 33. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain34. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 35. Bradford's Letters 36. William Minge 37. James Trevisam 38. The Martyrdom of John Bland 39. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 40. Sheterden's Letters 41. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 42. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 43. Nicholas Hall44. Margery Polley45. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 46. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 47. John Aleworth 48. Martyrdom of James Abbes 49. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 50. Richard Hooke 51. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 52. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 53. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 54. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 55. Martyrdom of William Haile 56. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 57. William Andrew 58. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 59. Samuel's Letters 60. William Allen 61. Martyrdom of Roger Coo 62. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 63. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 64. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 65. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 66. Cornelius Bungey 67. John and William Glover 68. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 69. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 70. Ridley's Letters 71. Life of Hugh Latimer 72. Latimer's Letters 73. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed74. More Letters of Ridley 75. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 76. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 77. William Wiseman 78. James Gore 79. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 80. Philpot's Letters 81. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 82. Letters of Thomas Wittle 83. Life of Bartlett Green 84. Letters of Bartlett Green 85. Thomas Browne 86. John Tudson 87. John Went 88. Isobel Foster 89. Joan Lashford 90. Five Canterbury Martyrs 91. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 92. Letters of Cranmer 93. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 94. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 95. William Tyms, et al 96. Letters of Tyms 97. The Norfolk Supplication 98. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 99. John Hullier 100. Hullier's Letters 101. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 102. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 103. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 104. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 105. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 106. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 107. Gregory Crow 108. William Slech 109. Avington Read, et al 110. Wood and Miles 111. Adherall and Clement 112. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 113. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow114. Persecution in Lichfield 115. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 116. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 117. Examinations of John Fortune118. John Careless 119. Letters of John Careless 120. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 121. Agnes Wardall 122. Peter Moone and his wife 123. Guernsey Martyrdoms 124. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 125. Martyrdom of Thomas More126. Martyrdom of John Newman127. Examination of John Jackson128. Examination of John Newman 129. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 130. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 131. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 132. John Horne and a woman 133. William Dangerfield 134. Northampton Shoemaker 135. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 136. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1854 [1840]

Q. Mary. The storie and trouble of Iulins Palmer Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno. 1556. Iuly.that you will doe in all thynges, muche better then I can teache you, because you haue that annointyng that teacheth you all thynges: who hath also giuen you an harte to obeye, and serue hym. Yet I truste you will not bee offended for this, whiche I haue written: but rather accept my good will towardes you, whom I loue in the Lorde, as well as I doe my daughter Iudith.

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Thus as myne owne soule, I commende you bothe to God, desiryng hym to blesse you with all maner of Spirituall blessynges in heauenly thynges, and also with the dewe of heauen, & fatnesse of the yearth, that in all thynges you maie be made riche in Iesus Christ our Lorde & onely Sauiour. The Lorde increase and blesse the fruite of your bodies, that your children maie stand round about your table, thicke, freshe, and lustie, like the Oliue braunches. God giue you bothe a long life, that you maie se & blesse your childrens children, vnto the third and fourth generation, & teach thē the true feare and loue of God, & that faith for the which thei shalbe accepted in his sight.

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God let you se the prosperitie of Syō, for whose liyng in the dust, let your hartes mourne. The Lorde make perfecte your loue together in hym, and alwaies encrease the same, and bryng you bothe in peace to your graues, at a good age. MarginaliaNote, þt bothe these departed in quiet peace, the one 1565. the other 1568.And now I bid you both moste hartly farewel: and I think I shall now take my leaue of you for euer in this life. I besech you both to aide me with your cōtinual praiers (as I will not forget you in myne) that I may haue a ioyfull victorie through Iesus Christe: To whose moste mercifull defence, I doe moste hartely for euer cōmende you to bee kepte vnblameable, vntill his commyng: The whiche I beseche hym to hasten for his mercies sake.

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Your owne vnfainedly Iohn
Careles, prisoner of the lord.

Here endeth the letters of Iohn Careles,

¶ The historie and Martirdom of a learned and vertuous yonge man called Iulins Palmer, sometyme fellowe of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, with twoo other Martirs, to wit, Iohn Gwin, and Thomas Askine, burned together in Newberie, at a place there called the Sande pittes. 
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Julins Palmer

Foxe gives an account of Palmer's background, his career as a catholic at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign, Bullingham's description of his conversion to protestantism during Mary's reign (Palmer was the opposite of the vicar of Bray), his departure from Magdalen in Mary's reign and a relatively brief account of his arrest and execution. Foxe relied on personal informants for this information, possibly his relatives in Coventry - his wife's family came from the city - and certainly members of Magdalen College. The most important of these was John Bullingham, whose letter recounting Palmer'sprotestant zeal, was printed in this edition.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a long description of Palmer's character and habits. He also added much more detail about Palmer's time at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign and his expulsion for libelling Walter Haddon, the president of the college. Foxe also added much greater detail about Palmer's conversion to protestantism and his leaving Magdalen in Mary's reign. Further material was added on Palmer's becoming master of the grammar school at Reading, the search of his study there, instigated by rivals in Reading, and the discovery of verses denouncing Stephen Gardiner. Additionally the account was inserted of Palmer's flight from Reading, his mother's refusal to aid him, Palmer's return to Reading and his arrest, trial and execution. Once again, all of this additional material came from oral sources: definitely Thomas Parry and John Moyer, who not only seem to have contributed their own reminiscences, but also to have organized the gathering and sending of information to Foxe. The Bullingham letter was dropped from this edition, but Latin verses in praise of Palmer were added.

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No changes were made to this account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, the Bullingham letter was restored to the account. Material supplied by Moyer and Parry had attacked one Thomas Thackham as being partly responsible for Palmer's death; Thackham's defence was added to this edition, as was Moyer's rebuttal of it. Also added to this edition was an exchange Palmer was said to have had with Barwick, a fellow of Magdalen College, about martyrdom

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Strikingly, the account of Palmer did not make use of a single official document and it was not based on any of the martyr's own writings; it came entirely from information supplied by individual informants.

MarginaliaThe storie of Palmer.THe same moneth of Iuly, in whiche Careles, as before is declared, was released out of prison by death, in shorte tyme after, about the. xvi. daie of the said moneth of Iuly, suffered these three godlie and constaunt Martyres aboue mentioned, at Newberie, in whiche number was Iulins Palmer, somtyme student and fellowe of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, and afterwardes Schoole miaster in the towne of Readyng. Concernyng whose storie and Martyrdome, here foloweth, although not so muche as he deserueth to bee saied: yet so muche as sufficientely maie sette forthe the great workyng of GOD in this yonge man.

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¶ Iulins Palmer.

AS all Gods workes are wonderous, in callyng of all sortes of men to cōfirme his truthe, and to beare witnesse vnto his assured, and infallible worde, whiche the aduersaries haue depraued, & corrupted with their false gloses, to establishe the fleshely kyngdome of Antichriste, and to purchase securitie in the worlde, which they seke to kepe in their possession, by all meanes possible, rather cursyng with the Thunderbolte of excommunication, burnyng, hangyng, drounyng, rackyng, scourgyng, and persecutyng by secret practise, and open violence, the simple shepe of our Sauiour Christ: then that their false forged packing, should be detected, their estimation appaired, their kitchen cooled, their rentes, reuenues, gooddes, landes, and possessions abated: I saie as Goddes workes be wonderfull, whiche choseth some of al sortes, to confesse his Gospell: so there is no one exāple in the whole godlie fellowship of Martyrs, more to bee marked, yea, more to bee wondered at, then this: that one, which in all kyng Edwardes daies, was a Papist within the Vniuersitie of Oxford, and so obstinate, as that he did vtterly abhorre all godlie praier, and sincere Preachyng, and almoste of all them, with whom he liued, was therefore likewise abhorred, and (as I may saie) pointed at with the finger, did yet after in Queene Maries time suffer moste cruell death, at the Papistes handes, at Newberie in Barckshiere, for

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the most redy, & zelous profession of the blessed truthe.

His name was Iulins Palmer, MarginaliaIulins Palmer borne in Couentrie. borne in Couētrie, where also his parentes dwelte. His Father had some tyme been Maior of that citie, and occupied marchandise, albeit he was an Vpholster by his misterie.  

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Roger Palmer, the father of Julins Palmer, had become a successful merchant although he had started out in the trade ('mystery') of being an upholsterer.

How he was brought vp in his yong, and tender yeres, from his firste entryng, wee knowe not, but as we haue learned, MarginaliaIulins Palmer scholer to M, Harley, schoole maister of Magdalene Colledge.he was sometyme scholer to master Harley, whiche taught the free schole of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, by whose diligence, and the goodnesse of his owne capacitie, he became a towarde yonge scholer in prose, and verse. For he had a very prompt and ready memorie, a witte sharpe and pregnant. He spake Latine with greate facilitie of vtteraunce, and wanted not competēt knowledge in the Greke tong: in so muche that diuers tymes, he supplied the roome of the Greke reader in his house. He was a subtill disputer, bothe in the publique schooles, and also at home. He vsed to saie, MarginaliaIulins Palmer addicted to Philosophie.that he was neuer so pleasauntly occupied, as when he came to the hard debatyng, of profounde questions in Philosophye so that he hath oftētymes watched, and spent the whole night in the discussyng, and searchyng out the truthe of depe, and diffuse questions, as De principijs, de infinito, de vacuo, te tempore, de casu, & fortuna. &c. 
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Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

De principiis, de infinito, de vacuo, de tempore, de casu & fortuna. &c.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

On principles, on infinity, on space, on time, on accident and fortune. etc.

And this vsed he to doe sōdrie times, with diuerse of his equalles.

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In familiar talke he greatly delited, for the exercise of his learnyng, to defende the contrary to that, whiche was affirmed, yet with modestie, and without all ostentation. For he greately abhorred all ouerthwart cauillyng, all friuolous talke, and vnsauerie brabblyng. He was not captious, but would reason so soberly, & with suche probabilitie, that euen his aduersaries would no lesse maruell at the dexteritie of his inuentiō: then at his comely & decent behauiour in prosecuting the same.

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MarginaliaIulins Palmer beginneth to apply Diuinitie.And although he applied Diuinitie very lately, yet it appeareth, that he recompensed the small tyme of his studie, with the greatnesse of diligence bestowed in the same, and his late comming to the truthe, with his earneste and zealous procedyng therein. For by the secrete inspiration of Gods holie spirite, inwardly working in his harte, he gaue an apparant significatiō in his yong yeres, that if God had spared his life to age, he would haue growen to suche maturitie, and ripenes of iudgement, as whereby he should haue been an ornamente to Christes Churche, and an honour to his countrey.

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MarginaliaThe ciuill behauiour of Iulins Palmer.And somewhat to speake of his ciuill behauiour, he was of maners courteous without curiositie, of countenaunce chereful, without high lookes, of speach pleasaunt, without affectation, he was affable and lowly as any child, and yet quicke spirited, and vehement in reasonyng. He practised no deceipt toward any man, for he was of suche simplicitie, that he was apter to be deceiued, then to deceiue, and he was so great a contemner of all reproches, & iniuries, that he would saie: MarginaliaPalmers prouerbe.none were to be coūted valiant, but suche as could despise iniury.

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In priuate studie he was so infatigable, that he arose ordinarily euery mornyng at. iiij. of the clocke, and went not lightly to bed, before. x. at night. In so muche that as he grewe in yeres and vnderstādyng: so he came to be a Bacheler of Art, & at length for the hope apperyng in hym, MarginaliaPalmer fellowe of Magdalene the preferment of a felowship in Magdalene Colledge, MarginaliaPalmer reader of Logique in his college.where also he was admitted to the office of a reader in Logique Anno. 1550. Now if he had at the firste, fauoured sincere Religion, so muche as he followed his booke, then had we had the lesse matter to note in him. But in deede he was so muche (as is aforesaied) addicted to the Romishe faithe, MarginaliaPalmer an vtter enemie to sounde religiō.that his company and conuersation in the same house, was altogether with suche, as were vtter enemies to the Gospell of Christ. If he came to cōmon praier at any tyme, it was by violence, and complusion, for otherwise he came not. Sermons would he heare none hym self, nor yet suffer his scholers, to resorte vnto them, by his good will, for he was full perswaded, that they might be better occupied at home. MarginaliaPalmer impugner of true preachers in Kyng Edwardes tyme.The Preachers them selues, he did both disdaine, and despise, and all suche as were setters forth of sounde doctrine beside. For the whiche contumacie, and stubbornesse, he was so ofte called before the officers of the Colledge, & punished somtyme by the purse, sometyme by the lacke of his commons, and otherwhile by certaine taskes, and exercises of learnyng, enioyned vnto hym: that diuerse supposed hym to haue endeuoured of set purpose, and continually to seke occasion, whereby he might be counted a sufferer for that fantasied religion of the Romishe Churche.

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In the ende, not long before the death of kyng Ed-

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