Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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1911 [1884]

Q. Mary. The ij. and iij. Examination of Richard Woodman Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Iune.scorners before God, and be the children of hell, al the sort of you, as farre as I cā see. MarginaliaD. Story commeth in.And therwith came in D. Story, pointing at me with his finger, speaking to the Bishop in Latin, saying at length.

Story. I can say nothing to hym, but he is an heretike. I haue heard you talke this houre and a halfe, and can heare no reasonablenes in hym.

Wood. Iudge not, lest you be iudged: for as you iudge, you shalbe iudged your selfe.

Story. What, be you a preaching? you shal preach at a stake shortly with your felowes. My Lord, trouble your selfe no more with hym.

With those woordes, one brought woorde that the Abbot of Westminster was come to dyne with the Bishop, and many other Gentlemen and women. Then there was rushing away with speede to meete hym. Then said Doctor Story to my keeper.

Story. MarginaliaD. Story commaūdeth Richard Woodman againe to the Marshalsey.Cary hym to the Marshalsee againe, and let him be kept close, and let no body come to speake to hym.

Wood. And so they departed. Then one of the priestes begon to flatter with me, and saide: for Gods sake remember your selfe. God hath geuen you a good wyt: you haue read the scriptures wel, and haue borne them wel in memory: It were great pitie you should doo amisse.

Wood. What a flatterer be you, to say my wyt is good, and that I haue read the scriptures wel: and but euen now you said I was an heretike, & despised me. If I be an heretike I can haue no good wit, as you haue cōfessed. But I think your owne conscience doth accuse you. God geue you grace to repent, if it be his wyl.

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Priest. I cal it a good wit, because you are expert in al questions.

Wood. You may call it a wicked wit, if it agree not with Gods word. Then one cried: Away, away: here cōmeth straungers. So we departed, & I came againe to the Marshalsee with my keeper.

The third examination of Richard Woodmā, (copied with his own hand) before D. Langdal parson of Buxted in Sussex, and Chapleine to my Lord Montague, and M. Iames Gage, at my Lord Montagues house beside S. Mary Oueries in Southwarke, the 12. day of May. Anno. 1557.

MarginaliaThe third examination of Richard Woodman before D. Langdale, and M. Iames Gage May. 12.THe. xij. day of May, the Marshal came to the Marshalsee, & sent for me to speake with hym. When I came before hym, & had done my duetie, he asked my name, & what countrey man I was. I shewed hym both. Then he asked me when I was abroad in the citie. To whom I answeared, if it shall please your maistership, I was abroad in the citie on monday was seuennight.

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Marshal. What made you abroad?

Wood. The bishop of Chichester sent for me to talke with me at home at his house beside s. Nicholas Shambles.

Mar. Were you abroad no otherwise then so?

Wood. No forsooth: I was neuer abroade since I was sent hither, but then. For I haue nothing to doo abroad, vnlesse they send for me.

Mar. This is a marueilous matter. I promise you I was not so rebuked these seuē yeres, as I was for you within these three dayes. MarginaliaFalse lyes and lewde reportes.It is reported that you were abrod in the citie at certain Tauernes, & spake seditious words, both in the Tauernes and in the streates as you went.

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Wood. Syr, the truth is, I was in neuer a house nor Tauerne, whiles I was abroad, but in the Bishops house, as my keeper can, & wyll (I am sure) testifie: nor I neuer talked with any man in the streates as I came, but with my keeper, sauyng with one man in deede, of the Parishe of Framfield in Sussex, where M. Iames Gage dwelleth. His name is Rob. Smith, being one of my moste enemies: who stood in a wayne as we came by, and was vnladyng of Cheese (me thought) but a litle way from the Marshalsee. In deede I bade hym God speede, and asked hym howe he dyd: and he said, wel, he thanked me: and he asked me how I dyd, and I said, Wel, I prayse God: and that was al the talke that we had: & these words were spoken as I came by hym. I promise you sir, I stoode not styll while I spake them, as my keeper can tel: and I thinke these words were no seditious words, but might be spokē wel enough (I thinke) or els it were very strayt.

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Marshal. Then it is to be thought, that that man reported otherwise then it was. I am glad it is as you say. MarginaliaWoodman warned to appeare.Wel make you redy, for you must go forth strait way, wher you shalbe examined of that and of other thinges, where you shal answeare for your selfe. Goe make hast: for I wil tary tyl you be ready.

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Wood. So I departed from him MarginaliaWoodman taketh his leaue of his fellowes.& went to my prison felowes, & tooke my leaue of them, desiring thē to pray for me,

for I thought verily to come no more to them. For I supposed I should haue gone before the Counsaile, because the Marshal said he would tary for me hym self: and especially because he said it was reported that I had spoken seditious words, it made me to thinke, it is possible that there may be some false things imagined vpō me, to bring me to my end. I remēbred that Christ said: The seruaunt is not aboue his Lorde. Seeing the Iewes brought false witnes againste Christ, I thought they would do much more, or at the least do so to me, if God would suffer thē: which made me cast þe worst. But I was & am sure (I prayse my Lord God) that all the world is not able to accuse me iustly of any such thing. Which thing considered, made me meery & ioyful: and I was surely certified that they could doo no more against me, then God would geue thē leaue: And so I bad my prison felowes fare wel, & went into the Porters Lodge to the Marshal, MarginaliaWoodman deliuered to one of the Lord Mountagues men.& he deliuered me to one of his owne men, & to one of my Lord Mountagues men, & bade me go with them: & they caryed me to my lord Mountagues place in Southwarke, not farre from S. Mary Oueries, and brought me into a chamber in my Lord Mountagues house: and there was one D. Langdale, chapleyn to my Lord. My keepers said to the Doctor: this is the man that we went for.

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Lang. Is your name Woodman?

Wood. Yea forsooth, that is my name.

Lang. Then he beganne with a greate circumstaunce, and sayd: I am sory for you, that you wyll not be ruled, but stande so muche in your owne conceite, displeasing your father and other, iudging that all the Realme doth euyll, saue a fewe that doo as you do: with many suche wordes, which be too long to rehearse: but I wyll declare the substaunce of them.

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Lang. MarginaliaReligion estemed by auncitors and Grandfathers, and by place.What thinke you of them that died long agone, your Graundfather, with their fathers before them? You iudge them to be damned, and al other that vse the same that they dyd, throughout al Christendome, vnlesse it be in Germany and here in England a fewe yeares, and in Denmarke: and yet they are returned againe. Thus we are sure this is the truth, and I would you should doo well. Your father is an honest man, and one of my parishe, and hath wept to me diuers tymes, because you would not be ruled: and he loueth you wel, and so doth al the countrey, both rich and poore, if it were not for those euyl opinions that you hold: wth many such like tales of Robin Hood.

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Wood. I pray you geue me leaue to speake a fewe words to you.

Lang. Yes, say your mynd.

Wood. You haue told a great tale and a long, as it were against me (as you thinke) saying: I hold this and that: I iudge my Father and my Graundfather, and almost all the world, without it be a few that be of our sect. But I iudge no man. But the. xij. of Iohn declareth, who it is that iudgeth, and shal iudge in the last day. The father shall not beare the sonnes offences, nor the sonne the fathers offences: but that soule that sinneth, shal dye, as saith the Prophet. And againe, MarginaliaMultitude not to be followed in doing euill.we may not folow a multitude to doo euyl, as saith the Prophet: For the most go the wrong way. And Christ saith in the. xij. of Luke, that his flocke is a litle flocke. Here be places enough to discharge me, although I do not as the most do. MarginaliaTo doe as most men do and to doe as a man ought to doe, be two thinges. But can any man say, that I doo not as I ought to doo? where be my accusers?

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Lang. What you be full of scripture me thinke, and call for your accusers, as though you were afrayde to vtter your mynd to me. But I would haue you not to be afraid to talk with me: For I meane no more hurt to you then I doo to my selfe, I take God to my record.

Wood. I can not tel. It is hard trustyng of fayre words, when a man can not trust his father nor brother, nor other that haue ben his familiar frends, but they deceyue hym. MarginaliaHard trusting any man in this worldA man may lawfully folowe the example of Christe towardes them that he neuer sawe before, saying: Be as wise as Serpents, and as innocent as doues. Beware of men, for they go about to betray you. And it maketh me suspect you muche, because you blame me for answearing with the scriptures. MarginaliaWoodman blamed for aunswering with scripturers. It maketh me to doubt that you would take vauntage of me, if I should speake myne owne words. Wherfore I wil take as good heede as I can, because I haue bene deceyued already by them I trusted moste. Wherefore blame me not though I aunsweare circumspectly. It shal not be said by Gods helpe, that I wyl runne wylfully into myne enimies handes: and yet, I prayse God, my life is not deare to my selfe, but it is deare with God: Wherfore I wyl do the vttermost that I can to keepe it.

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Lang. MarginaliaD. Lanagdales talke with Richard Woodman vpon what occasion, and by whose procurement.You be afraid where no feare is, for I was desired of Maister Sheriffe and his brother, and of other of your frendes, to talke with you, and they tolde me that you were desirous to talke with me, and now ye make the matter as though you had nothing to doo with me, and as though you

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