Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1912 [1885]

Q. Mary. The iij. Examination of Richard Woodman, Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Iune.were sent to prison for nothyng: for you call for your accusers, as though there were no man to accuse you. But if there were no man to accuse you, MarginaliaWoodman charged with his owne hand writingyour owne hande writyng dyd accuse you enough, that you set vpon the Church doore (if you be remembred) and other letters that you let fall abroade, some at one place, and some at an other. Wherefore you neede not call for your accusers. Your owne hand wyll accuse you enough, I warrant you: it is kept safe enough. I would not for two hundred pounde there were so muche against me.

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Wood. I wyll not deny myne owne hand, by Gods helpe. For it can not lightly be counterfeited. I doo not deny but I wrote a letter to the priest and other of the parish, declaryng to them their folly and presumption, to come into my house without my loue or leaue, and fet out my chylde, and vse it at their pleasure. Which moued me to write my mynd to them: and because I coulde not tell howe to conuey it to them, MarginaliaRichard Woodmans writing set vpon the Church dore vpon what occasion.I set it on the Church doore. Which letter my Lorde of Chichester hath: for he shewed it me whē I was before hym: wherin is conteined nothing but the very scriptures, to their reproche. Let it be layde before me when you or he wyl: I wyl answeare to it by the helpe of God, to all their shames that I wrote it to. And as for any other letters, I wrote none, as you say I dyd, neither had I wrote that, if they had done like honest neighbours. Wherfore if they be offended with me, for that I wyll aunsweare them with Christes wordes, in the. xviij. of Math. wo vnto them selues, because they geue me the occasion.

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And where as you said, I was desirous to speake with you, and that Maister Sheriffe and his brother, and other of my frendes wylled me to talke with you, and that I fare nowe as though I had nothing to doo with you, and as though I were sent to prison for nothing: the truth is, I know no more wherfore I am sent to prison, then the least chyld in this towne knoweth. And as for me, I desired not M. Sheriffe to speake with you: MarginaliaWoodman required of M. Shrieffe and other his frendes, to talke with D. Langdale.but in deede he desired me that I would speake with you, & to vtter my fayth to you. For he supposed that I dyd not beleue wel: and he reported you to be learned. But I refused to talk with you at þe first. For I remēbred not that you were the parson of Buxted: MarginaliaD. Langdale parson of Buxsteede, where Woodmans father dwelt. wherfore I said to hym, I would not vtter my faith to any but to the bishop. I said, he is myne Ordinary: Wherfore I appeale vnto him. I am commaunded by S. Peter in the first Epistle the third chapt. to render account of my hope that I haue in God, to hym that hath authoritie: wherfore I wil talke with none in that matter, but with him. Wherfore send me to him, if you wil, or els there shal no mā know my faith, I tel you plainly.

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These wordes then made the Sheriffe angrye, and he went his way: and when he was gone from me, I remēbred that it was you that he would haue me to talke with, and then I remembred that I had made a promise to my father, and goodman Day of Vcfield, not past a fourtnight before I was taken, that when soeuer you came into the countrey, I would speake with you by Gods helpe, because they praysed you so muche, that ye were learned, MarginaliaWoodmans frendes desirous to heare hym and D. Langdale talke together.and they would fayne heare vs talke.

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So al these things called to remembrance, I desired my keeper, which was the Sheriffes man, to shew hys maister that I would faine speake with hym: for I had remēbred things that were not in my mynd before, when I spake to hym. So he went to his maister, & shewed hym the matter, and he came to me: and then I tolde hym my mynd, & what promise I had made: and he said, he would send for you on the morow, as he dyd, and the messenger brought word you could not come: you preached before the Queene, he sayd. Wherupon the Sheriffe came vp hym selfe, and spake to the Bishop that he should come downe, but he was sicke. So when he came home agayne, he sent me to the Bishop, MarginaliaThis Byshop was D. Christopherson. and I haue talked wyth hym twise already, and I am sure he can find no fault in me, if he say iustly: MarginaliaWoodman sent to prison not knowing wherfore.and yet I know not wherefore I was sent to prison. For I was not gylty of that whiche was layde to my charge, that I had baptised children, the which I neuer dyd, as God knoweth: wherefore I haue wrong to be thus handled.

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D. Lang. In deed, it hath bene reported that you haue christened children, & that you christened your owne childe: but since I heard say you would not haue the childe christened, which is a damnable way, if you deny Baptisme: and they said, your childe was not christened in a fournight or three weekes after it was borne, and the chiefest of the parish were fayne to fetche it out of your house against your wyll. Wherefore you wrote raylyng wordes agaynst the Prieste and them for their good wyll: MarginaliaRichard Woodman falsely sclaundered for denying baptising of children.the whiche declareth that you allowe not baptising of chyldren. And if the chylde had dyed, it had bene damned, because it was not Christened, and you shoulde haue bene damned, because you were the let thereof.

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Wood. What abominable lyes haue you told? Be you not ashamed to speake suche wordes as you haue done? Firste you say, I christened myne owne childe, and by and by you said, I denyed baptising of children, and that my child was a fourtnight or three weekes olde ere it was baptised. What abominable lyes be these? I neither baptised my child my selfe, neither helde against the baptising of it, but dyd moste gladly allowe it: for it was baptised as soone as it was borne, and I was glad therof: 

Commentary  *  Close

Woodman is concerned here to maintain that, even though he was an active preacher, despite being a layman, he did not administer the sacraments.

therefore you be to blame to report so of me.

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Lang. I pray you, who baptised it? some vnthrift of your prouiding.

Wood. MarginaliaWoodmans childe baptised by the midwife.Nay surely, the Midwife baptised it.

Lang. MarginaliaWoodman falsely belyed.But it was your mynd that it should be so.

Wood. Nay sure, I was not nigh home by almost. xx. miles, nor heard that my wife was brought in bed foure dayes after the child was christened. For it was not like to liue: & therfore the Midwife baptised it.

Lang. MarginaliaD. Langdale to curious an Inquisitour.Would you haue had it to church to haue bene christened, if it had not ben christened?

Wood. That is no matter what I would haue done. I am sure you can not denie but it is sufficiently done, if þe midwife doo it, and I hold not against the doing of it, neither did I it my selfe, as you said I did.

Lang. Wherfore were you displeased with them that fet it to Church?

Wood. First tel me whether the child were not truely baptised by the Mydwife?

Lang. Yes, it was truely baptised, if shee baptised it in the name of the Father, and of the Sonne, and of the holy Ghost.

Wood. Yes that I am sure shee dyd, and you graunt that was sufficient: MarginaliaWoodman troubled without iust cause.and the cause that I blamed them for, was because they dyd more to it then neede was, by your owne saying. Yea, they fet it out of my house without my leaue: the which was not wel done.

Lang. They had it to Church to confirme that was done.

Wood. Yea, but that was more then needes. But God forgeue them, if it be his wyl. But let that matter passe. But I would you should not say that I holde against baptising of chyldren, for I doo not, I take God to recorde: but doo allowe it to be most necessary, if it be truely vsed. But me thought you spake wordes euen nowe that were vncomely to be spoken: if a childe dye, & be not baptised, it is damned. Howe thinke you? be all damned that receiue not the outward signe of baptisme?

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Lang. MarginaliaAll children be damned by D. Langdale, which dye without baptisme.Yea, that they be.

Wood. How proue you that?

Lang. Goe, saith Christ, and baptise in the name of the father, and of the Sonne, and of the holy Ghost, and he that beleueth, and is baptised, shalbe saued: and he that beleueth not, shalbe damned. These be the wordes of Christ, which are my warrant.

Wood. Then by your saying, Baptisme bringeth faith, and al that be baptised in the water, shalbe saued: shal they? how say you?

Lang. MarginaliaAl children being baptised by D. Langdale shall be saued.Yea, that they shal: if they dye before they come to discretion they shalbe saued euery one of them, and all that be not baptised, shalbe damned euery one of them.

Wood. Then my spirite was moued with hym to reproue him sharply, because I had manifest scriptures fresh in my mynd against his saying. Then said I.

O Lorde God, howe dare you speake such blasphemie against God and his worde, as you doo? howe dare you for your life to take vpon you to preach, & teach the people, and vnderstand not what you say? MarginaliaRichard Woodman chargeth D. Langdale with ignorance in the Scriptures.For I protest before God, you vnderstand not the scriptures, but as farre as naturall reason can comprehend. For if you dyd, you would be ashamed to speake as you doo.

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Lang. Wherein haue I spoken amisse? take heede, you haue a toye in your head wyll make you dispayre. I dare say you can not tell what you say. Wherefore reproue you me as you doo?

Wood. Because you blaspheme GOD: and as for dispayring, take heede to your selfe. For I can not see but you be out of your wyt already: and as for me, I prayse God, I can tell what I say, and what you haue said: the which shall turne to your shame, if you wyll talke the Scriptures with me.

So, when he perceyued that I spake earnestly, and challenged hym to talke by the woorde, his colour beganne to chaunge, and his fleshe beganne to tremble and quake. And I said.

Proue your sayinges true, if you can: for I wyl proue them false, by Gods helpe. You saide, All children, or other that be not baptised with water, all shall be damned. I dare not saye so, for all the good in the worlde. And you brought in the saying of Christ for your warrant. In the

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