Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1916 [1889]

Q. Mary. The iiij. Examination of Richard Woodman, Martyr.

Marginalia1557. Maye.terwarde agayne, that you had leaue of the Keeper to goe abroade and speake openly in the streetes, as you went vppe and downe.

Wood. In deede so the Marshall told me to day. MarginaliaLewde tales and false lyes raysed vpon Woodman.But in deede I was neuer abroad since I came to prison, but whē I was sent for, and in deede the same tyme I was abroad with my Keeper, cōmyng from the Byshop, and as I was cōmyng, euen not farre from the Marshalsey, I saw goodman Smith stād in a Wayne vnladyng of Chese, & I asked him how he did, euē as I wēt by, & neuer stayed for þe matter, & thereupō it did rise. So I departed frō them, with my Keeper, to the Marshalsey agayne, where I now am mery I prayse God therfore, as a sheepe appointed to be slayne.

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¶ The fourth examinatiō of Richard Woodman, had before the Byshop of Winchester, the Byshop of Rochester, and a certaine Doctour, with diuers other Priestes and Gentlemen, the xxv. day of May. Anno. 1557.


MarginaliaThe 4. examination of Richard Woodman before the Byshop of Winchester. &c.I Was fet from the Marshalsea to the sayd Byshops and Priestes, sittyng in S. Georges Churche in Southwarke, by one of the Marshals men & one of the Sheriffes men. When I came before them, & had done my duty to thē, as nigh as I could, then sayd the Byshop of Winchester.

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Winchester. What is your name?

Wood. My name is Richard Woodman forsooth.

Winchester. Ah Woodman, you were taken and apprehended for Heresie 

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This was incorrect, as Woodman will point out, he was arrested for interrupting a priest giving a sermon.

about a three yeares agone, and were sent to prison in the Kynges Bench, and there remained a long tyme. Myne old Lord of Chichester, MarginaliaThis olde Bishop of Chichester was Doct. Day. beyng a learned famous man well knowen in this Realme of England, and almost thoroughout all Christendome, I thinke, came to prison to you, and there, and at other places, called you before him diuers tymes, trauelyng and perswadyng with you many wayes (because he was your Ordinary) to plucke you from your heresies that you held, but hee could by no meanes aduertise you.

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Whereupon you were deliuered to the Commissioners, and they could do no good with you neither. Then they sent you vnto my Lord of Lōdon. My Lord of London callyng you before him diuers tymes, MarginaliaVntrue. For B. Boner deliuered him of his owne accord at the burning of Philpot vpon other causes.labour was made vnto him of your frendes, that you might be released. My Lord hauyng a good hope in you, that you would become an honest man, because he had heard so of you in tymes past, yea & you your selfe promising him that you would go home and recāt your heresies that you held, deliuered you: sendyng also a letter of your recantation to the Commissary that hee should see it done. 

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Bishop White mistakenly assumed that because Woodman was released, he must have recanted. Actually Woodman was released because of a technicality.

But as soone as you were out of his handes, you were as bad as euer you were, and would neuer fulfill your promise, MarginaliaFalse and vntrue. but haue hid your selfe in the woods, Bushes, Dēnes, and Caues, and thus haue continued euer since, till it was now of late. Thē the Sheriffe of that Shyre (beyng a worshypfull man) hearyng thereof, sent certaine of his men, and tooke you in a wood, and so caryed you to his house. I cā not tell his name. What is your Sheriffes name?

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Wood. Forsooth his name is MarginaliaSyr Edward Gage Shrieffe of Sussex.Syr Edward Gage.

Winchester. Well, you were apprehended for heresie, and being at Maister Gages three weekes or more, ye were gently entreated there: he and other Gentlemē perswading with you diuers tymes, litle preuailed.

Then you appealed to the Byshoppe of Chichester that now is. The Sheriffe like a worshypfull man sent you to him, and he hath trauelled with you, and other also, and can do no good with you, wherupon we haue sent for you.

Wood. Then I spake to him. For I thought he would be long, before he would make an ende. I thought he was a yeare a tellyng of those lyes that hee had told there agaynst me already. Yea I kept silence from good wordes: but it was great payne and grief vnto me (as Dauid sayd).

At length the fire was so kindled within my hart, that I could not choose but speake with my toung: for I feared least any of the company should haue departed or euer I had aunswered to his lyes, & so for the Gospell to haue bene sclaundered by my long silence keepyng. So I spake, I prayse God therefore, and sayd: my Lord, I pray you let me now aunswere for my selfe, for it is tyme.

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Winchester. I permitte you to aunswere to these thynges that I haue sayd.

Wood. I thanke God therfore. And I thinke my selfe happy (as Paule said whē he was brought before king Agrippa) þt I may this day aunswere for my selfe. My Lord, I promise you there is neuer a word of your sayings true that you haue alledged agaynst me.

Winch. I can not tell, but thus it is reported of you. As for me, I neuer did see you before this day: MarginaliaWoodman charged with false matter.but I am sure it is not all lyes that I haue sayd, as you reporte.

Wood. Yes my Lord, there is neuer a true woorde of that you sayd. And further, where you sayd you neuer saw me before this day, you haue both heard me, and seene me, I dare say, before this day.

Winchester. I thinke I heard you in deede on Sonday where you playde the malapert: but I can not tell that I saw you. But I pray you, were you not takē in the woodes by the Sheriffes men?

Wood. No sure, I was taken besides my house, I beyng in my house when they came: wherfore that is not true.

Winchester. Were not you at the Sheriffes three weekes.

Wood. Yes that I was, a moneth iust, and was gently entreated of him, I can say no otherwise: for I had meate and drinke inough, and fayre wordes.

Winch. Ah, I am well appayed: it is not all lyes then, as it chaunced. For I spake, but of three weekes, and you cōfesse a moneth your selfe.

Woodman. Yet your tale is neuer the truer for that. For you sayd I was there three weekes for heresie, the whiche is not so. For I was not apprehended for heresie at the first, 

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Woodman is saying - accurately - that he was not initially arrested for heresy.

neither did myne old Lord of Chichester trauaile with me to pull me from heresie, as you sayd: for I held none thē, neither doe I now, as God knoweth, neither was I sent to the Commissioners nor to the Byshop of London for heresie, neither was I deliuered to him for any such thyng, nor promised him to recant, as you sayd I did. Wherfore I maruaile you be not ashamed to tell so many lyes, beyng a Byshop that should be an example to other.

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Winch. Lo, MarginaliaWinchester swift in iudging.what an arrogant hereticke this same is. He wil deny God: for that he denieth his own hād, denieth God.

Wood. My Lord, iudge not least you be iudged your selfe. For as you haue iudged me, you shalbe iudged, if you repent not. And if I haue set my hand to any recantation, let it be sene to my shame, before this audience: MarginaliaRichard Woodman cleareth him selfe of recantation. for I will neuer deny myne owne hand, by Gods helpe.

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Win. It is not here now, but I thinke it wil be had wel enough: but if it can not be foūd, by whom will you be tried.

Wood. Euen by my Lord of London: MarginaliaThe honest dealing of B. Boner with Woodman herein.for he delt like a good man with me in that matter that I was sent to prison for. For it was vppon the breach of a Statute, as Maister Sheriffe here can tell. For he was Sheriffe then, as he is now, and can tell you how I was tossed vp and downe, from Sessions to Sessions: & because I would not consent that I had offended therein, they sent me to prison agayne.

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Then my Lord of Chichester beyng myne Ordinary, MarginaliaThis was Doct. Day. and I beyng his tenaunt, came to me, to perswade with me that I should haue consented to them, and to finde my selfe in fault, where I was in none. To the whiche I would not agree, but I desired him that he would see me released of my wrong: but he sayd he could not, but willed me or my frendes to speake to the Commissioners for me, because it was a temporall matter: and when I came before them, they sent me to my Lord of London, and my Lord of London was certified by the handes of almost xxx. men, both Esquiers, Gentlemen, and Yeomen, the chiefest in all the coūtrey where I dwelt, þt I had not offēded in þt matter þt I was sent to prison for. MarginaliaThe cause and maner how Woodman was deliuered by B. Boner. Whereupon he deliuered me, not willyng me to recant heresies, for I held none (as GOD knoweth) neither do I now: nor I know not wherfore I was sent to prison, no more then any man here knoweth: for I was taken from my worke.

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Winch. No? wherfore appealed you then to my Lord of Chichester, if it were not for heresie?

Wood. Because there was layd to my charge that I had Baptised childrē, and maried folkes the which I neuer did, for I was no where Minister. MarginaliaWherfore Woodman appealed to his Ordinary.Wherefore I appealed to myne Ordinary, 

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I.e., the bishop of the diocese in which an accused heretic lived. The ordinary had sole jurisdiction to try someone for heresy.

to purge my selfe therof as I haue. Wherfore if any man haue any thyng agaynst me, let them speake: for I came not hither to accuse my selfe, neither will I.

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Winch. Maister Sheriffe can you tell vpon what breach of the Statute he was sent to prison first?

The Sheriffe. Yea forsooth my Lord, that I can.

Wood. My Lord, if you will geue me leaue, I will shew you the whole matter.

Winc. Nay Maister Sheriffe, I pray you tell you the matter, seyng you know it.

The Sheriffe. MarginaliaThe cause why Woodman was first apprehended.My Lord, it was for speaking to a Curate in the Pulpit, as I remember.

Winch. Ah, like enough, that he would not sticke to reproue a Curate. For did you not see how he fashioned him selfe to speake to me in the Pulpit on Sonday? You played the malaperte fellow with me, and therefore it was no great maruaile though he played that part with an other.

Woodman. Why, you will not blame me for that, I am sure. For we spake for no other cause, but to purge our selues of these heresies that you layed to our charge. For these were your wordes: Good people, these men that be brought before vs, beyng here, deny Christ to be God, and the holy

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