Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
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Commentary on the Text
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1917 [1890]

Q. Mary. The iiij. and V. Examination of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaRichard Woodman and his fellowe prisoners falsely accused and belyed of the B. of Winchester in the pulpit. Marginalia1557. Iune.Ghost to be God (pointyng to vs with your left hand) the which might seeme to the whole audience, that you ment vs all. Wherfore to cleare our selues thereof, we spake, and sayd we held no such thyng. And you sayd you would cut out our tounges. But I am sure you haue no such law.

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Win. Yes, that we haue, if you blaspheme, and as it chaunced, I founde such amongest you.

Wood. In deede, after we spake, you declared who they were, but not before: for you spake generally. Wherefore we blasphemed not, but purged our selues.

Winch. But I pray you, how can you purge your selfe for speakyng to the Curate, MarginaliaSpeaking to the Curate in the pulpit made heresie.that it is not heresie?

Wood. Forsooth these be the wordes of the Statute: Who soeuer doth interrupt any preacher or preachers, lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that all such shall suffer iij. monethes imprisonment, &furthermore be brought to the quarter Sessiōs, there (beyng sory for the same) to be released vpon his goodaberyng one whole yeare. But I had not so offended as it was well proued. For he that I spake too, was not lawfulfully authorised, nor had not put away his wife. MarginaliaWoodman cleereth him selfe from breach of the Statute.Wherfore it was not lawful for him to preach by your owne law, &therfore I brake not the Statute, though I spake to him.

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Winch. I am glad. I perceaue this man speaketh agaynst Priestes Mariages: he is not contented with Priestes that haue wiues. He is an honester man then I tooke him for. Maister Sheriffe, haue him away. I am glad he loueth not Priestes Mariages.

Wood. Then I would haue aunswered to his sayinges, MarginaliaNote the prety shift of thys Catholicke Prelate.but hee would in no wise heare me, but bad the Sheriffe haue me away. So the Sheriffe tooke me by the hand, and plucked me away, and would not let me speake, but goyng out of the Chauncell doore, I sayd: I would shew him the whole matter, if he would haue geuen me leaue: but seyng he will not, if he will let me go so, they shall see whether I will not goe home to my wife and children, and keepe them as my bounden duety is, by the helpe of GOD. So I was sent to the Marshalsea agayne, where I now am mery, I prayse God therfore, as a sheepe appointed to be slayne.

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Moreouer, I was credibly enformed by one of our brethren that heard our talke, that the Byshop sayd when I was gone, that they would take me whilest I was somewhat good. Whiche woordes seemed to many of the people that were there, that I spake agaynst Priestes Mariages: but I did not, MarginaliaWoodman falsely taken to speake agaynst Priestes mariage. but did not onely aunswere to such questions as he asked me, as you shall perceiue well by the woordes if you marke them, which wordes were these.

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How can you purge your selfe from heresie, for talkyng to the Curate in the Pulpit, and not offend the Statute, sayd the Byshops? meanyng thereby I thinke to haue taken vantage of my wordes: but it was not Gods will that he should at that time. For I aunswered him by the wordes of the Statute, whiche wordes be as hereafter followeth (that is): who so euer doth interrupt any preacher, or preachers lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that all such shall suffer three monethes imprisonment. But I proued that this man was not lawfully authorised to preach (by their own law) because hee had not put away his wife. For their law is, that no Priest may say Masse, nor preach with the Masse, but hee must first be separated from his wife: That is because honest Mariages be good and commēdable, and theirs nought and abhominable, therfore they cannot dwell together.

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Now, I geue you all to vnderstand, 

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Woodman is anxious to deny rumours that he had denounced clerical marriage. These rumours arose because Woodman's defense against the charge that he had interrupted a priest during the preaching of the sermon was that the priest was not legitimate because he was married. This, by the way, is another indication that Woodman's accounts of his examinations were directed to fellowprotestants.

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that I did not reproue this Priest because hee had a wife, MarginaliaA Priest keeping his wyfe, yet would needes holde agayne with Papistrie.but because hee taught false doctrine, which greued my soule, because he had bene a feruent Preacher agaynst the Masse and al þe Idolatry thereof seuen yeares before, and then came and held with it agayne: for the whiche cause I reproued him in the Pulpit. And the woordes that I spake to him, are written in diuers of my Examinations of my first imprisonment for that same. But in very deede, I knew not of the Statute when I reproued him. But because I was sent to prison vpon the breach of it, I bought a Statute booke, and when I had perused it, I perceiued I had not offended by their owne law: and therfore still when I was called to aunswere, MarginaliaRichard Woodman sauing him selfe frō his enemies by their owne lawe.I aunswered them wt their owne law. But yet they kept me in prison a yeare and almost three quarters or euer I was released. I was at myne aunswere for that eighten tymes. If any thinke I do not allow Byshops and Priests Mariages, let them looke in my first examination before the Byshoppe of Chichester that now is, duryng this my imprisonment now, and there they shall find what I haue sayd in the matter. The truth is, I looked to be condemned with my brother that same day. But we may all see that they cā do nothyng but as God will permit them to do. But when the tyme is full come, I trust in GOD, I shall runne that ioyfull race that my brethren haue done. Thus I commit

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you all into the handes of God, who is the preseruer, defender, and keeper of all his elect for euermore. Amen.

¶ The fift examination of Richard Woodman, had before the Byshop of Winchester, the Archdeacon of Canterb. Doctor Langdale, with a fat headed Priest, and other whose names I know not, with certaine also of the Commissioners, at S. Maryes Oueries church in Southwarke, in the presence of three C. people at the least, the xv. day of Iune. An. 1557.

MarginaliaThe fift examination of Richard Woodman, before the B. of Winchester, and diuers other. Iune 15. Anno. 1557.WInchester. Woodman, you were before vs the last day, and would not be acknowen in any wise that you were sent to prison for heresie, and called for your accusers, and stoode stoutly in defendyng of your selfe, and in your departyng I had thought you had spoken agaynst Priestes Mariages, thinkyng by your woordes we shoulde haue founde you an honest man, and conformable when we had called you before vs agayne. You told such a fayre tale for your selfe, as though you had bene free from all that was layde to your charge. For you sayd it was all lyes that I told agaynst you: but since I haue proued the contrary, as here is your owne hand to shewe. By the whiche I haue proued that you reproued not the Priest for lackyng of authoritie, and because he had not put away his wife, but because you liked not his preachyng. For in deede I tooke it that you reproued him for because he was not lawfully authorised, but I haue proued the contrary since.

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Wood. I told you not that I did either reproue him for lacke of authoritie, or because I liked not his preachyng, but I told you wherfore I was first sēt to prisō. For you sayd I was sent to prison for heresie, and made a long tale agaynst me. And in deede I told you that there was neuer a word of your sayinges true, but was all lyes, as it was in deede. For I neuer was sent to prison for heresie, neither held I any then, nor do now, I take heauen and earth to witnesse, but I told you I was sent, to prison vppon the breach of a Statute, whiche was for speakyng to a Priest in the Pulpit, and for that cause the Iustices of that Coūtrey had thought I had offended the Statute, and called me before them, and would haue had me to haue bene bounde to my goodabearyng: and because I refused it, they sent me to prison. And these be the wordes of the Statute, as I told you the last day. MarginaliaThe wordes of the statute.If any man doe interrupt any Preacher or Preachers, lawfully authorised by the Queenes Maiestie, or by any other lawfull Ordinary, that then euery partie that so offendeth, shall suffer three monethes imprisonment, and furthermore be brought to the quarter Sessions, and there beyng sory for the same, and also bounde for his goodabearyng, one whole yeare, to be released, or els to remaine to prison agayne.

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And whē I was in prison, I bought a Statute booke, whiche when I had perused ouer, I founde by the wordes therof that I had not offended, because he was not lawfully authorised, as the Byshoppe of London was certified by the handes almost of. xxx. men, both Esquiers, Gentlemen, and Yeomen, the chiefest in all that countrey. For he had not put away his wife, MarginaliaNo breach of this statute, and why.and therfore the Statute tooke no place on me, as I told you the other day. Wherefore my Lord of London seyng me hauyng so much wrong, did like a good man to me in that matter, and released me. Now when I had told you this matter, you bad the Sheriffe haue me away: You sayd you were glad I held against Priestes Mariages, because I aunswered to the question you asked me.

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The fat Priest. My Lord, doe you not heare what he sayth by my Lord of Londō? MarginaliaThe Priest scanneth vpon the meaning of Woodmā.He sayth he is a good man in that he released him, but he meaneth that he is good in nothyng els.

Wood. What? can you tell what I meane? let euery man say as he findeth: he did iustly to me in that matter. I say, if he be not good in any thyng elles, as you say, he shall aunswere for it, and not I: for I haue nothyng to do with other mens matters.

Winch. Well, how say you? MarginaliaSee how nerely these men seeke matter against hym, whereby to trap liked you his preachyng? I pray you tell vs.

Wood. That is no matter how I liked it. How so euer I liked it, I offended not the Statute. Wherfore you haue nothyng to say to me for that, I am sure.

Winchester. Well, how like you this then? Here is your owne hand writyng: I am sure you will not deny it. Will you looke on it?

Wood. It is myne owne hādy worke in deede, the which by Gods helpe I will neuer deny, nor neuer did yet, I prayse God therfore.

Winchester. And here is good geare I tell you. I pray you harken well to it: these be the wordes, before the Commissioners. How say you? Do you not beleue, as soone as the wordes be spoken by the Priest, that they remaineth nei-

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