Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the Text
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1920 [1893]

Q. Mary. The 6. Examination of Richard Woodman Martyr.

MarginaliaWoodman for his feruent speach rebuked. Marginalia1557. Iune.Wood. Then my Keeper and the Sheriffes deputie Fuller, rebuked me, because I spake so sharply to them. And I sayd: I pray you let me alone: I aunswere for my life.

Then there was much ado, that I should keepe silence, and so I held my peace. Then spake the Bishop of Winchester and the Archdeacon of Caunterbury, saying: we go not about to condemne thee, but go about to saue thy soule, if thou wilt be ruled and do as we would haue thee.

Woodman. To saue my soule? nay you can not saue my soule. My soule is saued already, I prayse GOD therfore. There can no man saue my soule, but Iesus Christ: and he it is that hath saued my soule before the foundation of the world was layd.

The fat Priest. MarginaliaThis fatte priest well seene in the Scriptures.What an heresie is that my Lord? here is an other heresie. He sayth his soule was saued before the foundations were layde. Thou canst not tell what thou sayest. Was thy soule saued before it was?

Wood. Yes I prayse God, I cā tell what I say, &I say the truth. Looke in the first of the Ephesians, &there you shall finde it. Where Paule sayth: MarginaliaEphes. 1.Blessed be God the Father of our Lord Iesus Christ, which hath blessed vs with all maner of spirituall blessinges in heauenly thyngs, by Christ, accordyng as he hath chosen vs in him selfe before the foundation of the earth was layd, that we should be holy and with out blame before him, thorough loue, and thereto were we predestinated. These be the wordes of Paule: and I beleue they be most true. MarginaliaIesus Christ onely Sauiour of mans soule and not man.And therfore it is my fayth, in &by Iesus Christ that saueth, and not you, nor any man els.

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The fat Priest. What? fayth without workes? S. Iames sayth: fayth without workes is dead, and we haue free will to do good workes.

Wood. MarginaliaGood works not disallowed.I would not that any of you should thinke that I do disallow good workes. For a good fayth can not be without good workes. Yet not of our selues, but it is the gift of God, as sayth S. Paul to the Phillippians, the 2. Chapter. MarginaliaPhil. 3.It is GOD that woorketh in vs both the will and also the deede, euen of good will.

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Winchester. Make an ende: aunswere to me. MarginaliaThe Archdeacon of Canterbury made Ordinary by the Cardinall to examine Rich. Woodman.Here is your Ordinary, the Archdeacon of Caunterbury: he is made your Ordinary by my Lord Cardinall: and he hath authoritie to examine you of your fayth vpon a booke, to aunswere to such Articles as he will lay to you. And I pray you refuse it not: for the daunger is great if you do. Wherfore we desire you to shew your selfe a subiect in this matter.

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Then they spake all and sayd: loe, my Lord desireth you gently to aunswere to him, and so we do all. For if you refuse to take an othe, he may excommunicate you. For my Lord Cardinall may put whom he will in the Byshops office, vntill he is consecrated.

Woodman. I know not so much. If you will geue me tyme to learne the truth of it (if I can proue it be as you say) I will tell you my mynd in any thyng that he will demaund of me, without any flattering.

Priest. My Lord and all we tell thee it is true: and therfore aunswere to him.

Wood. I will beleue none of you all, for you be turne coates, and chaungelynges, and be wauering mynded, as sayth S. Iames: you be neither hoat nor cold, as saith S. Iohn, therfore God will spue you out of his mouth. Wherefore I can beleue none of you all, I tell you truth.

Winchest. What? be we turne coates, and chaungelinges? what meanest thou by that?

Wood. MarginaliaRichard Woodman chalengeth his iudges to be all turne coates and chaungelinges.I meane that in King Edwardes tyme you taught the doctrine that was set fourth then, euery one of you, and now you teach the contrary: and therefore I call you turne coates, and chaungelinges, as I may well inough. Whiche wordes made the most part of them quake.

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Winch. Nay, not all, as it chaunced.

Wood. No? I pray you where were you then?

Winche. I was in the Tower, as the Lieutenaunt will beare me recorde.

Wood. If you were in the Tower, it was not therfore, I dare say: it was for some other matter.

Then they tooke all hart of grace, and sayd: my Lord, he cōmeth to examine you, we thinke: if he will not aunswere to the Articles, you were best to excommunicate him.

Winche. He is the naughtiest verlet hereticke, that euer I knew. I will read the Sentence agaynst hym.

Wood. Then they spake all at once: MarginaliaThe free speach of Woodman to the Byshops and Priestes.and I aunswered them as fast as I could. But I can not remember it all, the wordes came out so thicke, and that I spared them not (I prayse God therfore): for I spake freely.

Then they þt stode by, rebuked me, &sayd: you can not tell to whom you speake, I thinke.

Woodman. No? thinke you so? they be but men. I am sure I haue spoken to as good as they be, and better then they will euer be, for any thyng that I can see, if they repent not with speede.

Winc. Geue eare: MarginaliaWinchester about to read the sentence.for I will read sentence agaynst you.

Wood. Will you so:? wherfore will you? you haue no iust cause to excommunicate me: and therefore if you doe condemne me you will be condemned in hell, if you repent not: and I prayse God, I am not afrayde to dye for Gods sake, if I had a hundred lyues.

Winch. For Gods sake? nay for the Deuils sake. Thou sayest thou art not afrayde to dye: No more was Iudas that hanged himselfe, as thou wilt kill thy selfe wilfully, because thou wilt not be ruled.

Wood. Nay, I defie the deuill, Iudas and all their members. And Iudas flesh was not afrayde, but his spirite and conscience was afrayde, and therefore dispayred, and hong him selfe. But I prayse GOD, I feele lothsomnes in my fleshe to dye, but a ioyfull conscience and a willyng mynde thereto. Wherfore my fleshe is subdued to it, I prayse God: and therfore I am not afrayde of death.

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Chichester. Woodman, for Gods sake bee ruled. You know what you sayd to me at my house. I could say more if I would.

Wood. Say what you can: the most fault that you founde in me was, because I praysed the liuyng God, and because I sayd, I prayse God, and the Lord: which you ought to be ashamed of, if you haue any grace, for I told you where the wordes were written.

Winc. Well: how say you? will you confesse that Iudas receaued the body of Christ vnworthely? tell me playnly.

Wood. My Lord, if you, or any of you all can proue before all this audience, in all the Bible, MarginaliaNo man can receiue the body of Christ vnworthely.that any man euer eate the body of Christ vnworthely, then I will be with you in all thynges that you will demaunde of me: of the which matter I desire all this people to be witnes.

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Priest. Will you so? then we shall agree well inough. Saint Paule sayth so.

Woodman. I pray you where sayth he so? rehearse the wordes.

Priest. In the xj. of the first to the Corinthians, he sayth: Marginalia1. Cor. 11.Who so eateth of this bread, and drinketh of this cuppe vnworthely, eateth and drinketh his own damnation, because he maketh no difference of the Lordes body.

Wood. Doth these wordes proue that Iudas eate the body of Christ vnworthely? I pray you let me see them. They were contēted. Then sayd I: these be the wordes euen that you sayd. Good people, harken wel to them: Who so eateth of this bread, &drinketh of this cup vnworthely: MarginaliaThe place of S. Paule. 1. Cor. 21. expounded.He sayth not, who so eateth of this body vnworthely, or drinketh of this bloud vnworthely. But he sayth: Who so eateth of this bread, and drinketh of this cup vnworthely (whiche is the Sacrament) eateth and drinketh his owne damnation, MarginaliaWhat it meaneth to make no difference of the Lordes body.because he maketh no difference of the Sacrament which representeth the Lordes body, and other bread and drinke. Here good people, you may all see they are not able to proue their sayinges true. Wherfore I can not beleue them in any thyng that they do.

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Winchester. Thou art a ranke hereticke in deede. Art thou an expounder? Now I will read sentence agaynst thee.

Wood. Iudge not least you be iudged. For as you haue iudged me, you be your selfe. Then he read the Sentence. MarginaliaWinchester readeth sentence agaynst Woodmā, and can not tell wherefore.Why sayd I? will you read the Sentence agaynst me, and cannot tell wherfore?

Winchester. Thou art an hereticke, and therfore thou shalt be excommunicated.

Wood. I am no hereticke. I take heauē &earth to witnes, I defie all heretickes: and if you condemne me, you will be damned, if you repent it not. But God geue you grace to repent all if it be his will: and so he read forth the sentence in Latin, but what he sayd, God knoweth, and not I. God be iudge betwene them &me. When he had done, I would haue talked my mynde to thē, but they cryed away, away wt him. MarginaliaRichard Woodman condemned and caryed to the Marshalsey, being not suffered to speake.So I was caried to the Marshalsea agayn, where I am &shall be as long as it shall please God: &I prayse God most hartly, that euer he hath elected, &predestinated me to come to so high dignitie, as to beare rebuke for his names sake: his name be praysed therfore, for euer and euer, Amen.

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And thus haue you the examinations of this blessed Woodman, or rather Goodman: wherein may appeare as well the great grace and wisedome of God in that man, as also the grosse ignoraunce and barbarous crueltie of his aduersaries, especially of Doctour White Byshop of Winchester. Now foloweth likewise the effect of his Letter.

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¶ A godly Letter of Richard Woodman written to a Christian woman Mistres Robertes of Hawkhurst. 
Commentary  *  Close

Part of this letter survives in manuscript in Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 425, fo. 104r-v.

GRace, mercy, and peace from God the father, and from his sonne our alone Sauiour Iesus Christ, by the operation and workyng of the holy Ghost, be multiplied plente-

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