Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
Names and Places on this Page
Unavailable for this Edition
1963 [1936]

Q. Mary. Vj. Martyrs burned at Brainford.

MarginaliaAnno. 1558. Iuly.cordingly was accomplished in the same place, the sayd xiiij. day of Iuly: Wherunto they being brough, made

MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Robert Milles, Ste. Cotton. Rober Dynes, Ste. Wight, Iohn Slade. Will. Pikes, at Brainford. Anno 1558. Iuly 14.The burnyng of sixe Martyrs at Brainford.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The fifth use of this cut in the last two books in 1583.

their humble prayers vnto the Lord Iesus, vndressed themselues, went ioyfully to the stake wherto they were boūd, and the fire flaming about them, they yelded their

soules, bodies, and liues into the handes of the omnipotent Lord, for whose cause they did suffer, & to whose protection I commend thee gentle reader, Amen.

Among these vi. was one Williā Pikes (as ye haue heard) who sometyme dwelt in Ipswich in Suffolke, by his occupation a Tanner, a very honest godly man, and of a vertuous disposition, a good keeper of hospitalitie, and beneficiall to the persecuted in Q. Maries daies. This said William Pikes, in the 3. yeare of Q. Maries reigne, 

Commentary  *  Close

Pikes, or Pickess, had been forced to flee Ipswich before May 1556: see 1576, p. 1981 and 1583, p. 2089.

a little after Midsomer, beyng then at liberty, went into his Garden, and tooke with hym a Bible of Rogers translation, where he sitting with his face towardes the South, reading on the said Bible, sodenly fel doune vpon his boke betwene a. xi. and xii. a clocke of the day, iiij. droppes of fresh bloude, and hee knew not frō whence it came. Then he seyng the same, was sore astonished, and could by no meanes learne (as I said from whence it should fall: and wiping out one of the drops with his finger, called his wife, and said: In the vertue of God wife, what meaneth thys? will the Lord haue iiij. sacrifices? I see well enough the Lord will haue blood: his will be done, and geue mee grace to abide the triall. Wife, let vs pray (said he) for I feare the day draweth nigh. Afterward he dayly looked to be apprehēded of the papistes, & it came to passe accordingly, as ye haue heard. Thus much thought I good to write hereof, to stir vp our dull senses in considering þe Lords works, & reuerently to honor the same. His name therefore be praised for euermore, Amen.

[Back to Top]

Moreouer, concernyng the said William Pikes, as he was in newgate sore sicke and at the point of death, so that no man looked he should liue vi. houres, there declared to them that stoode by, that he had bene twise in persecution before, & that now he desired the Lord, if it were his will, that he might glorifie his name at the stake, and so as he praied it came to passe at Brainford.

[Back to Top]

Ye heard before of those 22. taken at Islington 13. were burned, and 6. escaped, albeit very hardly, and some of them not without scourgyng by the handes of the Bishop. In the which number was Thomas Hinshaw and Iohn Milles, accordyng to the expresse Picture, here after purported.

¶ The right Picture and true counterfeite of Boner, and his crueltie, in scourgyng of Gods Sainctes in his Orchard at Fulham.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
Bishop Bonner (who perhaps scarcely needed the label attached to his garden wall in this woodcut) is particularly vivid in his characterisation here as the fat unlaced figure of ridicule acting as master of devilish ceremony. There was no mistaking his outrageousness, as he beat the prisoner John Willes so hard that he wore out his willow scourge and turned to a birch one, drawing so much blood that even his attendants recoiled. This was a device used elsewhere by the illustrators, and here all eyes are averted from Bonner's actions - the two clerks confer on their own, the servants coming in with a fresh birch whip turn away, and the man whose job it is to hold down the unfortunate prisoner covers his eyes. Bonner, who died in 1569, was still alive when the first edition of the Acts and Monuments appeared, and according to John Harington's later story, when shown his picture in the work laughed and said, 'a vengeance on the foole, how could he get my picture drawn so right?' In conflating the accounts of this episode in the text the illustrators took some liberties, for instance with the 'lad' bringing the new birch rod, and the victim, Thomas Hinshaw - reported as aged 19 or 20 - both of whom appear older. They were ready to rise above the specifics of textual fidelity in order to produce an image of Bonner's personal cruelty on a par with the corporate cruelties of the persecuting 'true Catholic Church of Christ' (represented in the first woodcut of 'The Proud Primacy of Popes' series, 1570, sig. nnir; 1576, p. 756; 1583, 780. Play on Bonner's name added to the visual exploitation of his character. What good qualities could be found in this bishop who combined the role of ruthless persecutor with the rauncy as well as the pauncy Vice of old comedy fame? The point was made in a simple pun. 'Boner' for Bonner ('Bono' inscribed on the wall behind him - very much the contrary of its Latin meaning (bonus, good).

¶ Ex
Go To Modern Page No:  
Click on this link to switch between the Modern pagination for this edition and Foxe's original pagination when searching for a page number. Note that the pagination displayed in the transcription is the modern pagination with Foxe's original pagination in square brackets.
Type a keyword and then restrict it to a particular edition using the dropdown menu. You can search for single words or phrases. When searching for single words, the search engine automatically imposes a wildcard at the end of the keyword in order to retrieve both whole and part words. For example, a search for "queen" will retrieve "queen", "queene" and "queenes" etc.
Humanities Research Institute  *  HRI Online  *  Feedback
Version 2.0 © 2011 The University of Sheffield