Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Commentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
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1967 [1940]

Q. Mary. Persecution in Salisbury. Master Benbrige, Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno. 1558. Iuly.haue liued a pleasaunt & a gentlemans life in the wealthy possessions of this world, yet to followe Christ, had rather enter into the straite gate of persecution, to the heauenly possession of life in the lordes kingdome, then here to enioy pleasures present with vnquietnes of cōscience. Wherfore manfully standyng against the Papistes, for the defence of the sincere doctrine of Christs Gospell, he spared not him self to confirme the doctrine of the Gospell. For the which cause he being apprehended for an aduersary of the Romishe religiō, MarginaliaM. Benbrige examined before the B. of Winchester.was forth with had to examination before D. White B. of Winchester, where he susteined sondry conflictes for þe truth against the said Bishop and his Colleagues. The articles of the Bishoppe ministred to hym, with his aunsweres to the same annexed, be here following.

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¶ Articles ministred to Maister Benbrige, with his aunswers followyng the same.

Marginalia1. MarginaliaArticles opposed against M. Benbrige.FIrst, we articulate against you, that the churche of God ministreth rightly accordyng to the rite Apostolicall.

MarginaliaAunswere.To this he aunswereth, that Baptisme is not administred at this present, so as it was in the Apostles tyme, for that it is not ministred in the English tongue.

Marginalia2. The reall presence.Item, we articulate that the church of God doth beleue and hold, that in the sacrament of thankesgeuyng, after the words of consecration pronounced of the priest, the true and naturall body of Christ is present really.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswereth, that he beleueth not, that in the sacrament is contained the bodye and bloude of our Sauiour Iesu Christ, saiyng: this is the marke that ye shote at.

Marginalia3. Confirmation.Item, we articulate, that the church holdeth and beleueth that confirmation is a sacrament in the church, and that by imposition of handes of a Bishop, cometh grace.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswered, that he knoweth not whether that confirmation be a sacrament or not, and whether the Bishop geueth grace or not: he knoweth not the order and fashion of ministration.

Marginalia4.Item, we articulate, that penaunce is a Sacrament in the churche, and that by auricular confession and absolution pronounced by the priest, sinnes be forgeuen.

MarginaliaAunswere. Penanuce no Sacrament.He aunswered negatiuely, denying sinnes to be forgeuen by absolution pronounced of a priest, and that it is not necessary for a man to recite all his sinnes to a priest.

Marginalia5.Item, we articulate against thee, that the churche doth beleue and holde, the same authority to bee nowe in the church, which Christ gaue to his Apostles.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswered negatiuely, for that the church hath not the same power and strength to worke.

Marginalia6.Item, we articulate, that the church beleueth and holdeth that the order of ministers, now being in the church of Christ, is instituted of Christ hym self.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswered that he beleueth not the bishops to bee the successors of the Apostles, for that they be not called as they were, nor haue that grace.

Marginalia7. Head of the Church.Item, we articulate, that the church beleueth and holdeth, the Pope to be supreame head in the Churche and the Vicar of Christ in earth.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswered, that it is not the Pope, but it is the deuill that is supreame head of the Churche whiche you speake of.

Marginalia8.Item, we articulate, that the church doth hold and beleue that it is necessary to be baptised.

MarginaliaAunswere.He denied not the same.

Marginalia9. Purgatory.Item, we articulate, that the church doth hold and beleue, that there is purgatory, and that the soules of the dead be relieued with the almes and praiers of the liuing.

MarginaliaAunswere.He aunswereth and saieth, as touching purgatory he will not beleue as their church doth beleue.

Marginalia10.Item, we articulate, that the church holdeth, and beleueth, that Matrimony is a Sacrament of the church.

MarginaliaAunswere. Matrimony no Sacrament.He aunswered, that he will not say that Matrimony is a Sacrament, but to bee a sacrate order and signe of an holy thyng. &c. 

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In the 1563 edition, Foxe records that Benbridge was asked at this point why he did not marry one Mary Newton and Benbridge said that there was good reason why, but he would not declare it. It is obvious that Mary Newton was Benbridge's betrothed and it is also obvious why this passage was never reprinted.

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MarginaliaM. Luther.Moreouer, happenyng into the mention of Martine Luther, he sayd: that the said Martine Luther died a good christen man, whose doctrine and lyfe he did approue and allowe.

MarginaliaM. Benbrige condemned.Thus haue ye the articles ministred by the Bishop, and also the aunsweres of the sayd Master Benbrige vnto the same, for the which he was then condemned, MarginaliaM. Benbrige brought to the stake.and after brought to the place of Martyrdome, by the sheriffe called Sir Richard Pecksal, where as he standing at the stake began to vnty his pointes, and to prepare hym selfe. Then he gaue his gowne to the keeper, beeyng belike his fee. His Ierkin was layd on with gold lace fayre and braue, whiche he gaue to Syr Ri-

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chard Pecksall, the high sheriffe. His cappe of Veluet he tooke of from his head, and threw it away. Then liftyng his mynd to the Lord, he made his prayers.

That done, beyng now fastened to the stake, Doct. Seaton willed hym to recant and hee shoulde haue his pardon: but when he saw it preuailed not to speake, the sayd dreamyng and doltish Doct. MarginaliaD. Seaton forbiddeth to pray for hym. willed the people not to pray for hym vnlesse he would recant, no more then they would pray for a dog.

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Master Benbrige standyng at the stake with hys handes together, in suche maner as the priest holdeth his handes in his memento, the sayd Doctor Seaton came to hym agayne and exhorted him to recant: vnto whom he sayd: away Babylonian, away.

Then said one that stode by: Sir, cut out his toung: and an other beeyng a temporall man, rayled on hym worse then Doctor Seaton did a great deale, who (as is thought) was set on by some other.

Then, when they saw he would not yelde, they bad the Tormentors to set to fire, and yet he was nothyng like couered with faggotes. First the fire tooke away a peece of his bearde, wherat he nothing shrancke at all. Then it came on the other side and tooke his legs, and the nether stockings of his hose beyng lether, made the fire to pearce the sharper, so that the intolerable heate therof made him to cry: MarginaliaMaster Benbrige recanted at the stake.I recant, and sodenly therwith he thrust the fire from hym. And hauyng ij. or iij. of hys frendes by, that wished his life, they stept to the fire and holpe to take it from hym also: who for their labour were sent to prison. The Sherife MarginaliaSyr Richard Pecksall. also of his owne authority toke him from the stake, and sent hym to prison againe: for the which he was sent vnto the Fleete, and there lay a certaine tyme.  

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Sir Richard Pexall, the sheriff of Hampshire, was also summoned before the privy council to answer for his failure to carry out the execution (see APC VI, pp. 371-72).

But before hee was taken from the stake, the sayd Seaton wrote articles to haue him to subscribe vnto them, as touchyng the Pope, the sacrament, and such other trashe. But the sayd Master Benbrige made much ado ere he would subscribe them in so much that Doct. Seaton willed them to set to fire againe. Then with much paine and great grief of hart he subscribed to them vpon a mans backe. That beyng done, he had his gowne geuen hym againe, and so was led to prison. Beyng in prison, hee wrote a letter to D. Seaton, MarginaliaMaster Benbrige repenteth his recantation.and recanted those woordes hee spake at the stake, vnto which he had subscribed: for he was greued that euer he did subscribe vnto them. 
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Whatever the sincerity of Benbridge's recantation, it was not enough in any case to save his life. A letter from the privy council to Sir Richard Pexall ordered that Benbridge be executed even if his recantation was sincere (APC VI, p. 361).

Whereupon expressyng his conscience, he was the same day seuenight

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Thomas Benbrige. Anno 1558. Iuly. 29.The burnyng of Thomas Benbrige Gentleman.
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A cut which already had a chipped top edge in 1570, at its earlier use to illustrate the martyrdom of William Halle.

after burnt in deede, where the vile tormentours did rather broyle hym then burne hym. The Lord geue his enemies repentaunce.

¶ The
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