Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Alice Benden and other martyrs10. Examinations of Matthew Plaise11. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs12. Ambrose13. Richard Lush14. Edmund Allen15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. Priest's Wife of Exeter49. The Final Five Martyrs50. John Hunt and Richard White51. John Fetty52. Nicholas Burton53. John Fronton54. Another Martyrdom in Spain55. Baker and Burgate56. Burges and Hoker57. The Scourged: Introduction58. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax59. Thomas Greene60. Bartlett Greene and Cotton61. Steven Cotton's Letter62. James Harris63. Robert Williams64. Bonner's Beating of Boys65. A Beggar of Salisbury66. Providences: Introduction67. The Miraculously Preserved68. William Living69. Edward Grew70. William Browne71. Elizabeth Young72. Elizabeth Lawson73. Christenmas and Wattes74. John Glover75. Dabney76. Alexander Wimshurst77. Bosom's wife78. Lady Knevet79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Edward Benet85. Jeffrey Hurst86. William Wood87. Simon Grinaeus88. The Duchess of Suffolk89. Thomas Horton 90. Thomas Sprat91. John Cornet92. Thomas Bryce93. Gertrude Crockhey94. William Mauldon95. Robert Horneby96. Mistress Sandes97. John Kempe98. Thomas Rose99. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers100. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth101. The Unprosperous Queen Mary102. Punishments of Persecutors103. Foreign Examples104. A Letter to Henry II of France105. The Death of Henry II and others106. Justice Nine-Holes107. John Whiteman108. Admonition to the Reader109. Hales' Oration110. Cautions to the Reader111. Snel112. Laremouth113. William Hunter's Letter
Critical Apparatus for this Page
Names and Places on this Page
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2005 [1978]

Q. Mary. The troubles and examinations of Thomas Rose.

MarginaliaAn. 1558.Norwich, but also beset al þe hauens for hym, frō Yarmouth to London, & being Lieutenant, cōmaunded that whosoeuer could take the said Tho. Rose, should hang hym on the next tree. Howbeit the said Thom. Rose at his commyng home, hauing warnyng hereof by certaine godly persons, was cōueyed away, & passed ouer to Flanders, & so to Germanie vnto Zuricke, where a tyme he remayned with M. Bullinger, & afterward went to Basil, & there hosted with M. Grineus, til letters came that M. doct. Barnes should be bishop of Norwich, & things should be reformed, & he restored. But whē he came ouer into Englād againe, it was nothing so, & therfore forwith fled againe beyond þe seas, being so beset, as if the mighty prouidence of God had not sent hym in redynes to receiue him, the self same man, bote & boy, that before caryed hym ouer, it had not bene possible for hym to haue escaped. MarginaliaThe mightie prouidence of God in preseruing T. Rose from his enemies. But such was the goodnes of god towards hym, that he safely was conueyed, & liued at Barow the space of three yeres, tyl at length purposing to come ouer into England, about busines that he had, he, his wife, & their chyld being but a yere & three quarters old, vpon the sea, the ship being in great danger, wherin they sayled, (for the mast being hewen down in that peryl, they were caryed whither soeuer the waues tossed thē) they with diuers others made full account of death. Howbeit, at length they were taken prisoners, & caryed into Deepe in Fraunce, hauyng al their stuffe taken frō them, & xl. li. in money. There they remained prisoners frō Michaelmas tyll Hallow tyde, in great heauynes, not knowing what would become of them, but depending only vpon Gods prouidence, it pleased God at the same tyme, that one M. Young of the towne of Rye (who had heard hym preach before) came thyther for the redeemyng of certaing Englishe men there taken prisoners. MarginaliaT. Rose agayne deliuered.This M. Young moued to see thē in this case, much pitied them, and cōforted them, and told them he would pay their ransome, & so he did, had them away, & brought them to Rye, and from thence by stealth came they to London. At length the honourable Earle of Sussex hearing of the sayd Tho. Rose, sent for hym, his wife, & his chyld, and had thē to his house at Attelborough, where they continued, tyll at length it was blased abroad, that the Earle was a mainteiner of such a man to reade in his house, as had preached against the Catholike faith (as they terme it.) The Earle being at the parlament, & hearing thereof, wrote a letter to warne hym to make shyft for hym selfe, & to auoyd. So that frō thence he passed to London, making strayt shyftes for a yere there and somwhat more, tyll the death of kyng Henry. After the kings death, he & others which in the kinges general pardon were excepted (and therefore dead men, if they had ben taken whilest king Henry lyued) by certaine of the Coūsaile were set at libertie, & at length, after K. Edward was crowned, were licenced to preach againe by the kyng, who gaue vnto þe said Tho. Rose, the benefice of Westham by London. But at the death of that vertuous and noble prince, he was depriued of al, and so should also haue bene of his life, had not God appoynted hym frendes, who receiued hym in London secretly, as their teacher in the congregation, amongst whom for the poore prisoners at their assemblies. x. li. a night oftentymes was gathered. And thus he continued amongst them, & with the Lady Vane almost a yeare, in the raigne of Q. Mary. But although he oftentymes escaped secretly whilst he read to the godly in sundry places of London, yet at length through a Iudas that betrayed them, MarginaliaThomas Rose apprehended.he with. xxxv. that were with him, were takē in Bow churchyard at a Shiermans house on New yeres day at night being Tuesday. The residue being committed to prisons, the said Tho. Rose was had to the B. of Winchester Ste. Gardiner, but the Bishop would not speake with hym that night, but committed him to the Clynke tyl Tuesday after.

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¶ The first examination of Thomas Rose before Winchester at saint Mary Oueryes.

MarginaliaThe first examination of Tho. Rose.On Thursday being brought before the B. of Winchester at S. Mary Oueries, the said Thom. Rose spake as foloweth:

Rose. It maketh me to marueile (my Lord, quoth he) that I should be thus troubled for that whiche by the worde of God hath ben established, and by the lawes of this Realme allowed, and by your own writyng so notably in your booke De vera obedientia, confirmed.

Bysh. Ah sirrha, hast thou gotten that?

Rose. Yea, my lord, I thanke God, and do confesse my selfe much therby confirmed. For as touching the doctrine of the supremacie against the B. of Romes vsurped authoritie, no man hath said further. And as I remēber you cōfesse in it, that when this truth was reuealed vnto you, you thought the scales to fal from your eyes.

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Bishop. Thou lyest like a varlet, there is no such thyng in my booke, but I shall handle thee & such as thou art well enough. I haue long looked for thee, & at length haue caught thee. I wyll know who be thy mainteyners, or els I wyll make thee a foote longer.

Rose. My lord, you shal doo as much as pleaseth God, and no more, yet the lawe is in your hand: but I haue God for my mainteiner, & none other. At these words one of his seruāts stepped forth, & said: My lord, I heard this mā preach by Norwich in sir Iohn Robsters house, & in his prayer he desired God to turne Q. Maryes hart, or els to take her out of the world, and this was in K. Edwards tyme.

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Rose. My lord, I made no such prayer, but next after the king I prayed for her after this sort, saying: Ye shal pray for my Lady Maryes grace, that God wyl vouchsafe to indue her with his spirit, that she graciously may peceiue þe mysteries cōteined within his holy lawes, & so render vnto him her hart purified wt true faith, & true & loyal obediēce to her soueraigne lord & king, to the good ensample of the inferiour subiects. And this, my lord, is alredy answered in mine own hand writing to the Counsaile. Vnto this he said litle, but turnyng his face to certaine that were by hym: MarginaliaTho. Rose belied of Winchester.This is he (quoth the Bishop) that my Lord of Norwich told me had begotten his mayd with chyld.

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Rose. This is no heresie, my lord, although it be a lye. In deede certain wicked persons raysed this report of me, for þe hatred they bare to the doctrine which I preached: but for purgatiō of my selfe herein, I had no lesse thē sixe of þe Coūsailes handes, þt there might be due & diligent examination for this matter in the countrey by men of worship appoynted for that purpose, who can al testifie (I thank God) that I am most cleare frō such wickednes, MarginaliaTho. Rose cleare from Winchesters sclaunder.& in deede they haue cleared me frō it, & therfore I doubt not but al good mē wyl espie the mischeeuous deuise of myne aduersaries, whiche (when other wayes fayled) by such sinister meanes went about to draw me into discredit & hatred: but God which is þe helper of þe innocēt, & searcher of mens harts, hath & doth defend me, & hath layed open thinges that were hyd, to their shame. One of the chiefest reporters of this, that I should so abuse my selfe, was one M. Clearke seruant & in some estimatiō with the old lord Treasurer of England, reputed & takē for a Cōiurer, who afterward for his good demerits hanged hym selfe in the Tower. MarginaliaTho. Rose committed to the Tower.Then the bishop cōmaunded that I should be caryed to the tower, & to be kept safly, where I dyd lye tyl it was the weeke before Whitsontyde. Before which tyme I was twise called, when as the bish. came to the tower about other prisoners. Notwithstanding the B. had no great talke with me, but spake frendly. Howbeit, one sir Rich. Southwel knight styll accused me for my prayer, & said, I dyd put a difference betwixt Lady Mary & Lady Elizabeth, for that I praied in K. Edwards faith, and prayed that he would confirme Lady Elizabeth in that which was wel begon in her. Vnto this the bishop said litle: but in the weeke before Pentecost I was conueyed frō the Tower to Norwich, there to be examined by the bishop and his Cleregie, as cōcernyng my fayth, the maner wherof here foloweth.

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¶ The second examination of Tho. Rose before the B. of Norwich, Hopkins by name, in his owne Palace, in the presence of sir W. Woodhouse knight, M. Steward the Chancellor, D. Barret, with diuers others, the Wednesday in Whitson weeke. an. Domini. 1553.

MarginaliaThe second examination of Tho. Rose before the B. of Winchester.AFter I was presented by my keeper, the bishop immediately asked me what I was. I told hym I had bene a Minister.

Bishop. What is this to the purpose, were ye a Fryer or a Priest?

Rose. Fryer was I neuer, but a priest haue I bene, and beneficed by the kinges maiestie.

Bishop. Where were ye made Priest?

Rose. In Exeter, in the Coūtie wher I was borne. Thē the bishop required of me my letter of Orders. I told hym I knew not where they were become, for they wer things of me not greatly regarded.

Bishop. Wel, you are sent to me to be examined: what say you, wyl you submit your selfe to the order of the church of England?

Rose. My lord, I trust I am not out of the order of Christes church in England, neither do I know my selfe an offender thereagainst.

Bish. What, yes ye haue here preached most damnable and deuilish doctrine.

Rose. Not so, my lord. The doctrine by me here preached, was both true, sincere, & holy. But in deede þe doctrine that is now set forth, is most wicked & damnable, yea, & that both against Gods lawes & mans. But as for the doctrine by me

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