Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. Anti-papal writers58. Quarrel among mendicants and universities59. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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365 [364]

K. Henry.3. The viage and actes of Prince Edward in Palestina.

About which tyme came out the great concordaunces by an Englsh frier, called Ihon Derninghton. Ex Eulogio.

It was aboue declared, how a generall voyage beyng proclaymed to warre agaynst the Turkes, and a subsidie beyng collected in England vpon the same: prince Edward with other was appoynted to take their voyage, and now were onward in their iourney. Who at Michaelmas folowyng, with his company came to Egermorth, which is from Marsilius 8. leagues westward: and there takyng ship agayne (hauyng a mery winde and prosperous) within x. dayes arriued at Sunes Tunitium, where he was wyth great ioy welcommed and intertained of the Christian princes that there were to this purpose assembled, as of Philip the French kyng, whose father Ludouicus, died a litle before: of Charolus the kyng of Sicilia: and the two kings of Nauarre and Aragon. And as this lord Edward came thither for hys father the kyng of England, thether came also Henry the sonne of the kyng of Almaine for his father: who at his returne from the voyage, was slaine in a chappel at Viterbium hearyng masse, by the Lord Simon and Guido, the sonnes of Lord Simon Mountfort Erle of Lecseister.

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When Prince Edward demaunded of these kyngs and Princes what was to be done, they aunswered him agayne and sayd: The Prince of this Citie sayd they, and the prouince adioyning to the same, hath bene accustomed to pay tribute vnto the kyng of Sicile euery yeare. And now, for that the same hath bene for the space of. vij. yeares vnpayed and more, therfore we thought good to make inuasion vpon hym. But the kyng knowyng the same tribute to be but iustly demaunded, hath now accordyng to our owne desires satisfied for the tyme past, and also payed his tribute before hand.

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MarginaliaThe great expeditiō to inuade the Turke stayed by the concluding of a peace.
The great viage of the French kyng agaynst the Turkes turned to a money matter.
Then sayd he: My Lordes what is this to the purpose? Are we not here all assembled, and haue taken vpon vs the Lordes Character to fight agaynst the infidels & enemies of Christ? what meane you then to conclude a peace with them. God forbid we should do so: for now the land is playne and hard, so that we may approch the holy Citie Ierusalem. Then sayd they, now haue we made a league with them, neyther is it lawfull for vs to breake the same: But let vs returne agayne to Sicilia and when the wynter is past, we may well take shippyng to Acra. 

Commentary  *  Close
Foreign events in Henry III's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

But this counsaile nothyng at all liked hym, neither did he shew hymselfe well pleased therwith: But after that he had made them a princely banket, he went into his closet or priuy chāber, from amongst them: neyther would be partaker of any of that wicked mony which they had taken. They notwithstandyng continuyng their purpose: at the next mery wind tooke shipping, and for want of ships, left CC. of their men a shore crying out and piteously lamentyng for the peril and hazard of death they were in. MarginaliaThe clemēcie of prince Edward toward the poore souldiers.Wherwith Prince Edward beyng somewhat mooued with compassion, came backe agayne to the land and receaued and stowed them in his own shippes, beyng the last that went aborde. Within vii. dayes after, they ariued in the kyngdome of Sicilia ouer agaynst the Citie Trapes, castyng theyr anchors a league frō thence within the sea, for that their ships were of great burden and throughly fraught. And from the hauen of the Citie they sent out barges and boates to receaue and bryng such of the nobilitie to lande as would: but their horses for the most part, and all their armour they kept still within bourd. At length towardes the euenyng, the sea began to be rough and encreased to a great tempest and a mighty: MarginaliaA great shipwrack of the Christiās lying at anchor a litle from Trapes.
Money euill got as euill lost.
Non habet euētus, sordida præda benos.
Ex Gual Gisburn.Ex Flori. hist.
In so much, that their ships were beaten one agaynst an others sides, and drowned there was of them at that tempest lying at anchor, more then 120. with all their armour and munition with innumerable soules besides, and that wicked mony also which they had taken before likewise perished and was drowned. But the tempest hurt not so much as one ship of Prince Edwardes, who had in number. xiij. nor yet had one man lost therby: for that as it may be presupposed, he consented not to the wicked counsayle of the rest. When in the mornyng the Princes and kinges came to the sea side, and saw all their ships drownd: and saw their men and horses in great number cast vpon the land drowned, they had full heauy hartes, as well they might. For of all their ships and mariners, which were in number a 1500. besides the common souldiours: there was no more saued, then the Mariners of one onely shippe, and they in this wyse. There was in that shippe, a good and wyse Matrone (a Countesse or an Earles wyfe) perseuyng the tempest to grow, and fearyng her selfe, called to her the Master of the ship: and asked whether in attemptyng to the shore, it were not possible to saue themselues: who answered, that to saue the ship MarginaliaPrince Edward and his mē preserued from the tempest.
The integritie of Prince Edward rewarded of god.
it was impossible, howbeit the men that were therein by Gods helpe he doubted not. Then sayd the Countesse, for the shippe force no whitte: saue the soules therin, and haue to thee, double the valure of thy ship. Who immediatly hoysing the sayles, with all force ran the ship a ground so neare the shore as possible was. Thus with the vehemency of the weather and force he came with all, brast the shippe and saued all that was within the same, as the maister had shewed and sayd before.

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Then the kinges and princes (alteryng their purpose aftr this so great a shipwracke) returned home againe euery one vnto their owne landes: Onely Edward the kinges sonne remayned behynd with his men and ships, which the Lord had saued and preserued. MarginaliaPrince Edward arriueth at Acra and taketh Nazareth.Then Prince Edward (renouating his purpose) tooke shippyng agayne, and within xv. dayes after Easter arriued he at Acra, and went a land taking with him a thousand of the best souldiours and most expert, and taried there a hole moneth, refreshing both his men and horses and that in thys space he might learne and know the secretes of the land. After this, he tooke with him vj. or vij. thousand souldiours and marched forward twenty myles from Acra, and tooke Nazareth: and those he there found he slew, and afterward returned againe to Acra. But their enemies followyng after them, thinkyng to haue set vpon them at some straight or other aduauntage: were by the Prince premonished therof, and returnyng agayne vppon them gaue a charge, and slue many of them and the rest they put to flight. After this about Midsomer, when the prince had vnderstandyng that the Sarasens began to gather at Cakhow, which was 40. miles from Acra: he marching thether, set vpon them very early in the mornyng, and slew of them more thē 1000, the rest he put to flight, and toke rich spoyles, marchyng forward till they came to a Castle, named Castrum Peregrinorum, situate vpon the sea cost, and taried there that nyght, and the next day they returned toward Acra. In the meane season, the Kyng of Ierusalem sent vnto the noble men of Cypres, desiryng them with speede, that they would come and ayde the Christians: but they would not come, saying: they would kepe their owne land and go no further. MarginaliaThe noble mē of Cypras shewe their fidelitie to the prince and kings of Englād.Then Prince Edward sent vnto them, desiring that at hys request they would come & ioyne in ayde with hym. Who immediatly therupō came vnto him, with great preparation and furniture for the warres, saying: that at hys commaundement they were bound to do no lesse, for that his predecessors were sometymes the gouernors of that their land, and that they ought always to shew their fidelitie, to the kings of England. Then the Christiās beyng herewith animated, made a third voiage or Rode, and came as farre as the fort called Vintula S. Petri, and to S. Georges: and when they had slayne certaine there, not finding any to make reistence agaynst them, the retired again from whence they came.

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When thus the fame of Prince Edward grew amongest his enemyes, and that they began to stand in doubt of hym: they deuised amongest themselues, how by some pollicie they might circumuent him and betray hym. MarginaliaA guilefull decept of the Sarasens practised agaynst prince Edward.
Ex Gisb. Scala mundi.
Wherupon, the great prince and Admirall of Ioppa, sent vnto him: fayning himselfe vnder great deceit to become a Christian, and that he would draw with hym a great number besides so that they might be honorably intertayned and vsed of the Christians. This talke pleased the Prince well, and persuaded him to finishe the thyng, he had so well begunne, by writing againe: who also by the same messenger sent and wrote backe vnto hym, diuers times about the same matter, wherby no mistrust should spring. This messenger, sayth myne autor, was one ex caute nutritis, one of the stony harted that neither feared God, nor dreaded death. The fift tyme when this messenger came, and was of the princes seruantes searched, according to the maner and custome what weapon and armour he had about him, as also hys purse, that not so much as a knife could be founde about hym: MarginaliaThe messenger serched before he came to the princes presence.he was had vp into the Princes chamber, and after hys reuerence done, he pulled out certayne letters, which he deliuered to the Prince from his Lord, as he had done others before. This was about eight dayes after whitsontide vpon a Teusday, somewhat before night: at which time the Prince was layd vpon his bed bare headed in his Ierkn, for the great heate and intemperature of the weather.

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When the prince had red the letters, it appeared by them þt vpō þe saterday next folowing, his lord would be there ready to accomplish all that he had written and promised. The report of this newes by the prince to the stāders by liked thē well, drawing somewhat backe to consult therof amongest themselues. In the meane time, the messenger kneeling & making his obeisaunce to þe prince (questioning further with

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