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771 [747]

K. Henry. 7. A Table of the Turkes story.

beyng the 12. Turke after Ottomannus, may (by the grace of Christ) be the last, whom we heard credably to be reported at the printing hereof, to be dead. But howsoeuer this prophecy is to be taken, it appeareth by their owne oracles, that at length they shall be ouercome by the Christians.

¶ A table describyng the tymes and yeares of the Saracens, Turkes, and Tartarians, for the better explaning of the story aboue prefixed. 
Commentary  *  Close

The following table, which lists events in Near Eastern history from the death of Muhammed in AD 632 until the fall of Acre, the last Crusader stronghold in the Holy Land, in 1291. This table is Foxe's own composition. When it is dealing with history of the Crusades and the Crusader kingdoms it is fairly reliable, but otherwise it can be very inaccurate; in fact, some of the events and people it describes are fictitious.

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MarginaliaThe Saracēes begynne their reigne.
AN. 632. Began the kingdome of the Sa-
racens or Arabians, after the death of
Mahumet the first ringleader of þt mischief
which Saracens reignyng in Babilon o-
uer Persia and Asia, continued about.
An. 667. 
Commentary  *  Close

Jerusalem actually fell to the Moslems in AD 638; the conquest of Persia was complete in 636.

Ierusalem was taken of the Sa-
racens. These Saracēs after they had sub-
dued Ormisda K of Persia, set vp to them
selues a new kingdom, callyng their chiefe
prince Calipha, which signifieth a generall
Lord: and vnder him Seriphes, that is, an
vnder prince: And agayne vnder him their
Soldane, which is a ruler or captain: vn-
der the which Soldanes, all their prouinces
were deuided. And thus ruled they þe space
abouesayd of.
MarginaliaThe Egyptian Saracēs or Sultans. An.703. 
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The conquest of Egypt occurred in AD 641. Cairo did not become the capital until AD 972.

The Egyptiās being wery of their
subiection vnder the Romaines, called for
help of þe Saracen, Calipha: & so castyng of
þe Romains, submitted thēselues to þe law of
þe Saracēs, & had also their Calipha & their
Babilō called Cairus, where their Cali-
pha continued vnto Saraco or Syracinus.
Commentary  *  Close

If one includes the Fatimid caliphs, than these caliphs ruled Egypt for 530 years from AD 641 until AD 1171..

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The following sequence of events is fictitious.

Mauginetus or Muchumetus þe
chiefe Sultan of Persia, beyng at variance
with Imbrael þe Sultane of Babilon, sent
for the aid of the turkes, out of Scythia: by
whō, when he had got the victory agaynst
the Babilonians, the sayd Turkes shortly
after, conquered the Persians and subdued
theyr countrey within the space of
MarginaliaThe Saracens kingdome ceaseth. An. 830. 
Commentary  *  Close

The following sequence of events is fictitious.

The Saracens being expulsed out
of Asia by the turkes, wandered about A-
phrike, Spayne, and Italy, and were in dy-
uers places dipersed, and so remayne.
MarginaliaThe Turkes kingdome beginneth. An. 830. 
Commentary  *  Close

Various Turkish kingdoms (notably the Uighars and the Ghazanavids) were established in the seventh to the tenth centuries, but this is probably a reference to the domination of the Seljuk Turks which began in the late tenth century.

The turkes after they had expul-
sed the Saracens out of Asia, beganne to
reigne in Asia, in Persia, and in Arabia, &
there reigned without interruption, till the
comming of the Tartarians, the space of
An. 1009. 
Commentary  *  Close

The Seljuk Turks conquered Jerusalem in 1075.

The Turkes wanne the City of
Hierusalem from the Saracēs: which city
the Sultan of Egipte wan agayn from the
Turkes shortly after, and possessed þe same
till the comming of Gotfridus.
An. 1051. 
Commentary  *  Close

This entry is fictitious. In fact, the Seljuk Turks and the Fatimid caliphs of Egypt were bitter rivals.

Began the first kyng of þe turkes
called Zaduke, to reigne in Asia, and ioyned
league with Calipha of Egipt, and there
reigned till the conquest of Gotfridus & the
Christians, the space of
An. 1078. 
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Süleyman ibn Kutalmish was the Seljuk ruler of the sultanate of Rûm in Anatolia from 1077-1086. He was a kinsman (but not the nephew) of Alp Arslan, the second Seljuk sultan.

Solymannus nephue to Aspasa-
lē the turkish king in Asia, otherwise called
Turquinia, subdued Cappadocia, which
hath continued now since, the space of
An 1099. Gotfridus Bulion Duke of Lo-
tharing a christen prince, takyng his voiage
into Asia, with 700000. christen souldiours
first got the city of Nicea against the Sul-
tan of the Turkes: then Lycaonia, Cili-
cia, Syria, afterward Mesopotamia, and
Comagena, then Antiochia. an. 1098. and
the next yeare recouered Hierusalem, being
then in the handes of the Saracens, which
they a little before had wonne from the
Turkes, as is aforesayd. After this Got-
fridus succeded viij. christian kings, which
kept the kyngdome of Hierusalem and A-
sia both from the Turkes and Saracens,
the space of
An. 1100. 
Commentary  *  Close

After the death of Süleyman ibn Kutalmish in 1086, the Armenians overran the sultanate of Rûm.

The Georgians, which be a pe-
ople of Armenia the greater, vanquished the
Turkes out of the kyngdome of Persia, af
ter they had cut their king in peces. Wher-
by þe Turkes flying to Cappadocia, there
remayned vnder Solyman, and ioyned thē
selues to the Suldan of Egypte, and waxed
thē strong in Asia minor, called now Tur-
An. 1170. When Almericus the vij. kyng
of Hierusalem after Gotfridus, had ouer-
come the Calipha or Sultane of Egypt, þe
Sultane beyng ouercome called for þe helpe
of Saracon the Sultan of Syria. This
Saracon after 
Commentary  *  Close

Salah al-Din (or Saladin) was the nephew of Shirkuh, a commander of Nur ad-Din, the ruler of Syria. In 1171, Shirkuh and Salah al-Din overthrew the last Fatimid caliph of Egypt.

he had expulsed þe christians
out of Egipt, turned his power against the
Sultan of Egipt, and vanquishyng him
tooke to him selfe the kyngdome of Egypt:
Whiche kyngdome he with hys posteritie
did holde till the commyng of the Tartari-
ans & the Mamaluches about the space of.
An. 1187. Saladinus the nephew of Sa-
racon the Sultan of Egypt, perceauing
the dissension among the Christian states
of Palestina, got Antioche, where he slue
Raymundus the Prince with hys owne
Commentary  *  Close

Shirkuh had slain Raymond of Poiters, prince of Antioch, in 1149.

: Then got Tiberias: Frō thence
went to Accō, where he tooke Guido king
of Hierusalem & Maister of the Templa-
res, prisoners: for whose raunsome, the
Turke had Ascalon yelded vp to hym of þe
Christians. That done, hee subdued Hie-
rusalem, whiche had bene inthe handes of
the Christians before, the space of.
An. 1189. 
Commentary  *  Close

The events described in this entry took place in 1189-92..

Friderike Emp. Philip Frēch
kyng, Rich. K/ of England made their vi-
age into Asia, where Friderike washyng
in a ryuer at Cilicia, dyed. In this viage at
the siege of Accon, Saladinus wanne the
field of our men, of whome 2000. were
slayne in the chase. Accon at lēgth was got
of the Christians. K. Richard gotte Cy-
prus. The ij. kynges fell at strife. Philip
retyred home without any good doing, king
Richard layd siege to Hierusalem, but in
vayne, and so returning homewarde was
taken nere to Vienna in Austria, after hee
had taken truce before with the Soldan,
vpon such condition as pleased him. And
thys good spede had the Popes, sendyng
out agaynst the Turkes.
MarginaliaTransubstantiation. An. 1215. There was an other Councell
holden at Rome, by pope Innocēt 3. where
was enacted a new article of our fayth for
transubstantiation of bread and wyne, to be
turned into the body and bloud of our saui-
our. In this Councell also great excitation
was made by the pope, & great preparation
was throughe all Christendome, to set for-
ward for recouery of the holy land. A migh-
ty armye was collected of dukes, lordes,
knightes, byshops and prelates, þt if Gods
blessing had gone with them, they might
haue gone through ont al Asia and India.
An. 1219. The Christians after 18. mo-
nethes siege, gotte a certaine towne in E-
gypt called Damiata or Elipolis, wyth
much a do, but not much to þe purpose. For
afterward as the christian army of þe popes
sending, went aboute to besiege the Citie
Cairus or Babilon, the Sultane through
hys subtile trayne so intrapped and inclosed
them within the daunger of Nilus, that
they were constreyned to render agayne
the City Damiata, with their prisoners,
and all the furniture thereof as they found
it, into the Souldaues hand, and glad so
with their lyues to passe forward to Ty-
rus. an. 1221.
In the meane tyme the Egyptiā Turke
caused the citye of Hierusalem to bee rased
that it should serue to no vse to the christi-
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