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Charles Brandon

(c. 1484 - 1545) [ODNB]

1st duke of Suffolk (1514 - 45); courtier and soldier; married Margaret, Henry VIII's sister, widow of Louis XII

When reaction in Suffolk to Cardinal Wolsey's exactions threatened to turn violent, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk calmed the people. 1570, p. 1121; 1576, p. 960; 1583, p. 987.

The duke of Suffolk tested the basin of water for Cardinal Wolsey when Henry VIII attended mass after receiving the papal bull granting him the title of defender of the faith. 1563, p. 441; 1570, p. 1124; 1576, p. 962; 1583, p. 989.

Thomas Wolsey was indicted for praemunire, his goods were confiscated, and the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk were sent to remove from him the great seal. They were then assigned to hear causes in the Star Chamber. 1570, p. 1129; 1576, p. 967; 1583, p. 994.

The duke of Suffolk was sent to Catherine of Aragon after her divorce from the king to reduce the size of her household, removing those who refused to serve her as princess rather than queen. 1570, p. 1200; 1576, p. 1027; 1583, p. 1055.

The duke of Suffolk walked on the left side of the dowager duchess of Norfolk, godmother to Princess Elizabeth, at the christening of the princess. 1563, p. 509; 1570, p. 1199; 1576, p. 1026; 1583, p. 1054.

The king sent the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the marquess of Exeter and the earl of Shrewsbury into Yorkshire to put down the Pilgrimage of Grace. 1570, pp. 1237-38; 1576, pp. 1059-60; 1583, pp. 1086-87.

The king sent Thomas Cromwell and the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk to dine with Thomas Cranmer to reassure him after his opposition to the Six Articles. 1570, p. 1298; 1576, p. 1111; 1583, p. 1136.

Geoffrey Loveday was charged with supplying money to Adam Damplip in Calais. He was able to prove that he had been in Paris at the time, seeing to the affairs of the duke of Suffolk. 1563, p. 663; 1570, p. 1298; 1576, p. 1111; 1583, p. 1136.

The duke of Suffolk was one of those appointed commissioner for Calais in 1540. 1563, p. 664; 1570, p. 1404; 1576, p. 1197; 1583, p. 1226.

The duke of Suffolk's chaplain, Alexander Seton, was presented in London in 1541 for a sermon he had preached. 1570, p. 1379; 1576, p. 1177; 1583, p. 1205.

After the death of Henry VIII, the duke of Suffolk related to Thomas Cranmer how Stephen Gardiner had nearly been arrested at the time of the execution of Germaine Gardiner. 1570, p. 1477; 1576, p. 1253; 1583, p. 1290.

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Germaine Gardiner

(d. 1544) [ODNB sub Stephen Gardiner]

Nephew and secretary of Stephen Gardiner; executed in 1544 on charges of denying the royal supremacy

When Stephen Gardiner had fallen out with Germaine, he asked Sir John Mason to speak to him so they could be reconciled. Robert Preston told Edmund Bonner that Germaine was repeatedly showing the king's letters to strangers. Bonner in turn told Thomas Cromwell. 1570, p. 1244; 1576, p. 1066; 1583, p. 1092.

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John Larke and Germaine Gardiner were executed for placing loyalty to the pope above the king's supremacy. 1563, p. 627; 1570, p. 1409; 1576, p. 1201; 1583, p. 1230.

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Robert Preston

Servant to Stephen Gardiner; insinuated to Bonner that Germaine Gardiner showed the king's letters to strangers [G. Redworth, In Defence of the Church Catholic (1990) pp. 83-84]

Robert Preston told Edmund Bonner that Germaine Gardiner was repeatedly showing the king's letters to strangers. Bonner in turn told Thomas Cromwell. 1570, p. 1244; 1576, p. 1066; 1583, p. 1092.

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Aquitaine, France

Coordinates: 43° 29' 37" N, 1° 28' 30" W

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Loire valley, France

Coordinates: 47° 35' 38" N, 1° 19' 41" E

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[Bitures; Bituricae; Beturia; Burges]

Cher, France

Coordinates: 47° 5' 4" N, 2° 23' 47" E

Capital of historic province of Berry; cathedral city

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Chavenne [Schauenna]

Auvergne, France

Coordinates: 46° 36' 0" N, 3° 18' 0" E

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Le Breuil

[la Barella; La Barclla]

near Lyon, Rhône, France

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Moulins [Molyns]

Allier, Auvergne, France

Coordinates: 46° 20' 0" N, 3° 10' 0" E

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Vierzon [Veronne]

Cher, France

Coordinates: 47° 13' 21" N, 2° 4' 10" E

1116 [1092]

K. Henry 8. Doctor Boner ambaßadour in Fraunce. Boners letter agaynst Winchester.

towne, stoode at the post house dore: To whome the Byshop sayd, we shall see you soone M. Boner. Yea my Lord (quoth I) thinking that thereby he had desired me to supper, and at supper time I went to his lodging, hauing other to eate my supper at home, and glad he appeared to be, that I was come, making merry communication all supper while, but nothing at all yet speaking to me, or giuing any thing to me, sauing at the comming of the fruite, he gaue me a peare I trow, because I should remember mine owne countrey. MarginaliaBoner seemeth by this Peare to be a Worcestershire man. After supper, he walked taking M. Thirlby with hym, and I walked with an Italian, being Embassadour for the Countie Mirandula, and after a good space we returned, and bad the Byhop good night.

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I did not after that night dine nor sup with the Bishop, till hee came to Burges in Berry, where vpon the depeach of Fraunces, and closing vp of our letters sent to the Kings highnes, the supper was so prouided, and set vpon the bourd and the Bishop in washing, standing so betweene me and the dore, that I could not get out: MarginaliaThe straūgenes betweene Winchester and Boner. and there would he needes that I should wash with hym and sup and I suppose all the way from Barella to Bloys, he talked not aboue foure times with me, and at euery time sauing at Molyns, (where he by mouth told me somewhat of the Kings affaires heere in Fraunce) and at Veronne, (when he aunswering to my requests in writing, deliuered me his booke of his owne hand for mine instructions, MarginaliaWinchesters booke of instructions to Boner. the copie whereof is now sent heere withall) there was quicke communication betweene vs. His talking by the way was with M. Thirleby, MarginaliaThyrlebye and Winchester great togeather. who I thinke, knoweth a great deale of his doing, and will if he be the man I take him for, tell it plainely to your Lordship. I my selfe was out of * Marginalia* Why Boner was out of credite with Wynchester. credence with the Byshop, not being appliable to his manners and desires.

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And surely, as M Thirleby told me, at his first comming to Lyons, and then speaking with the Bishop, the Bishop seemed to be so well content to returne, and so glad of his comming to succeede him, MarginaliaWinchesters fleshe trembled at the first comming of Doct. Thirleby to succeede him.that his fleshe in his face began all to tremble, and yet would the Bishop make men beleeue, that he would gladly come home. Which thing beleeue it who will, I will neuer beleeue: for euer he was looking of letters out of England from M. Wallop, and M. Brian, whome he taketh for his great frends: and M. Wyat himselfe reckoned that the Bishop should haue come into Spaine, or else my Lord of Durham, so that the Bishop of Winchester euer coueted to protract the time, MarginaliaWinchester loth to returne into England. desiring yet withall to haue some shadow to excuse and hide himselfe, as tarieng at Barella, he made excuse by my not comming to Lyons, and comming to Varennes, and there hearing by the Embassadors of the Venetians a flieng tale of the going of the Frenche King towardes Bayon to meete the Emperour, by and by he said: lo, MarginaliaBoner called M. diligence.where is mayster diligence now? If he were now heere (as then I was that night) wee would go to the Court and present him and take our leaue. But whē I in the morning was vp afore him, and ready to horse, hee was nothing hasty. No, comming to Molyns afore him, and there tarrieng for him, the Frenche King lieng at Schauenna, three small leagues off, hee made not halfe the speede and haste that hee pretended.

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MarginaliaThe second complainte.I mislike in the Byshop of Winchester, that he cannot be content that any ioined in commission with him, MarginaliaWinchester would be alone. should keepe house, but to be at his table. Wherein eyther he searcheth thereby a vaine glory and pride to himselfe, with some dishonour to the King, as who saith, there were among all the Kings Embassadors, but one able to mainteine a table, and that were he: either else he doth the same for an euill entent and purpose, to bring them therby into his daunger, that they shall say and do as liketh him alone, which I suppose verily hath bene his entent.

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MarginaliaThe thyrd complaynte.I mislike in the sayd Bishop, that where he for his owne pompe and glory, MarginaliaThe Pompe and glory of Winchester. hath a great number of seruaunts in their veluets and silkes, with their chaines about their neckes, and keepeth a costly table, with excessiue fare, and exceeding expenses many other waies: he doth say, and is not ashamed to report, that he is so commaunded to do by the Kings grace, and that is his aunswere commonly, when his frends telleth him of his great charges, and so vnder colour of the Kings commaundement and honour, he hydeth his pride which is heere disdained.

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MarginaliaThe fourth complaynte.I mislike in the said Bishop, that he hauing priuate hatred against a man, will rather satisfie his owne stomacke and affection, hindering, and neglecting the Kings affaires, MarginaliaWynchester geuen more to hys owne affections, thē to the kings affayres. then relenting in any part of his sturdy and stubburne will, geue familiar and harty counsaile (whereby the Kings highnes matters and busines may be aduaunced and set foorth) to him that he taketh for his aduersary.

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MarginaliaThe 5. cōplaint.I mislike in the said Bishop, that he euer continually heere in this Court of Fraunce, made incomparably more of the Emperours, Kings of Portugals, Venetians, and Duke of Ferraries Ambassadours, then of any Frenchmen in the Court, which with hys pride caused them to disdaine him, and to thinke that he fauoured not the French King, MarginaliaWynchester suspected to be imperiall.but was imperiall.

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MarginaliaThe 6. cōplaint.I mislike in the Bishop, that there is so great familiaritie and acquaintance, yea and suche mutuall confidence betweene the said Bishop and M. as naughty a fellow, and as very a Papist MarginaliaBoner like a true Gospeller complayneth of Papistes. as any that I know, where he dare expresse it. The Bishop in his letters to M. Wyat euer sendeth speciall commendations to Mason, and yet refuseth to send any to M. Heynes and me, being with M. Wy-at, as we perceiued by the sayde letters. And Mason maketh such foundation of the Bishop, that he thinketh there is none suche. And hee telled me at Villa Franca, that the Byshop vpon a time, when he had fallen out wyth Germaine, so trusted him, that weeping and sobbing he came vnto him, desiring and praieng hym that hee woulde speake wyth Germaine, and reconcile him, so that no wordes were spoken of it, and what the matter was, hee would not tell me. MarginaliaWinchester suspected of vntrue dealing.That yong fellowe Germaine knoweth all, and Preston which is seruaunt to the Byshop of Winchester, shewed me one night in my chamber at Bloys after supper, that Germaine is euer busie in shewing the Kings letters to straungers, and that he himselfe hath geuen him warning thereof. This thing Preston told me the night before that the Byshop departed hence, and when I woulde haue more of him therein, hee considering how the Bywop and I stoode, kept him more close, and woulde say no further.

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MarginaliaThinges in the foresayd declaration to be noted.In this declaration of D. Edmund Boner sente to the Lord Cromwell aboue prefixed, diuers things we haue to note: First, as touching Steuen Gardiner, Bish. of Wint. heere we haue a plaine demonstration of his vile nature and pestilent pride, MarginaliaThe rancour and pride of Steuen Gardiner. ioyned with malice and disdaine intollerable: whereof worthely complaineth D. Boner aforesayd, shewing sixe speciall causes, why and wherefore he misliketh that person, according as he was willed before by the Kings commaundement so to do.

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Marginalia2.Secondly, in the said Steuen Wint. this we haue also to note and vnderstand, that as he heere declareth a secrect inclination from the truth (which he defended before in his booke De obedientia) to papistry, MarginaliaSteuen Gardiner reuolteth to Papistry.ioining part and side with suche as were knowne papists: so he seemeth likewyse to beare a like secret grudge against the Lord Cromwell, and all such whomsoeuer he fauoured.

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Marginalia3.Thirdly, as concerning the forenamed D. Edmund Boner the author of this declaration, heere is to be seene and noted, that he all this while appeared a good man and diligent friend to the truth, and that he was fauoured of the Lord Cromwell for the same.

Marginalia4.Fourthly, that the said D. Boner was not onely fauoured of the Lord Cromwell, but also by him was aduaunced first to the office of Legation, then to the Bishoprike of Hereford, and lastly to the Bishoprike of London, whome the said D. Boner in his letters agniseth and confesseth to be his only Patron, and singular Mecænas.

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D. Boners comming vp onely by the Gospell.


Which being so, we haue in this said D. Boner, greatly to meruayle, what should be the cause, that he, seing all his setting vp, making, and preferring, came only by the Gospell and by thē of the Gospels side, he being then so hated of Steuen Gardiner and such as he was, being also at that time such a furtherer and defender of the Gospell (as appeared both by his Preface before Gardinars booke De obedientia, and by his writings to the Lord Cromwell, also by helping forward the printed Bibles at Paris) could euer be a man so vngratefull & vnkind, afterward to ioyne part with the said Steuen Gardiner against the Gospell (without þe which Gospel, he had neuer come to be bishop, neither of Hereford nor yet of London) and now to abuse þe same bishopricke of London to persecute þt so vehemently, which before so openly he defended. Wherin þe same may well be said to him in this case, þt he himselfe was reported once to say to the french King in the cause of Grancetor: to witte, that he had done therein against his honour, against iustice, against reason, against honesty, against frēdship, against his own promise and his othe so often made, against his owne doctrine and iudgement, which then he professed, against all truth, against the treates and leagues betwene him and his setters vp, and against all together, and to conclude, against the saluation of his owne soule. MarginaliaBoners owne wordes retorted against himselfe.

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But to referre this to the booke of his accomptes who shall iudge one day all things vprightly, let vs proceede further in þe cōtinue of this D. Boners legation. Who being now Ambassadour in the court of Fraunce (as he haue heard) had geuen in commission from the king, to entreate with the French King for sondry pointes, as for the printing of the new Testament in English, and the Bible at Paris: MarginaliaPrinting the newe testament in English and the Byble at Paris. also for slanderous preachers, and malicious speakers against the King: for goods of merchaunts taken and spoiled: for the kings pension to be paid: for the matters of the Duke of Suffolke: for certaine prisoners in Fraunce. Item, for Grancetor the traitour, and certain other rebels to be sent into England, &c. Touching all which affayres, the sayd D. Boner did employ his diligence & trauaile MarginaliaThe diligēce & trust of D. Boner in legatyon. to the good satisfaction and contentment of the kings minde, and discharge of his duetie, in such sort as no default could be found in him, saue only that the French King one time tooke displeasure with him, for that the said Boner, beyng now made bishop of Hereford, and bearing himself somewhat more seriously and boldly before the king in the cause

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