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(d. c. 1546) [Fines]

Persecuted by the bishop of Norwich and the duke of Norfolk; burnt at Smithfield

William Rugg incited the duke of Norfolk against Rogers. Rogers was burnt, and within half a year the duke's position deteriorated, although it later recovered. 1563, p. 627; 1570, p. 1422; 1576, p. 1212; 1583, p. 1241.

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William Rugg (name in religion William Repps)

(d. 1550) [ODNB]

BTh Cambridge 1509; DTh 1513; abbot of St Benet of Hulme, Norfolk 1530

Bishop of Norwich (1536 - 50); resigned

William Rugg was one of the subscribers to the Bishops' Book. 1570, p. 1211; 1576, p. 1037; 1583, p. 1064.

Rugg attended a synod in 1537 with other bishops and learned men and with Thomas Cromwell as vicar-general. Rugg favoured retaining the seven sacraments. 1563, p. 594; 1570, p. 1351; 1576, p. 1153; 1583, p. 1182.

John Butler and William Smith were brought for examination before John Clerk, Richard Sampson and William Rugg. 1570, p. 1403; 1576, p. 1196; 1583, p. 1226.

William Rugg incited the duke of Norfolk against Rogers. Rogers was burnt, and within half a year the duke's position deteriorated, although it later recovered. 1563, p. 627; 1570, p. 1422; 1576, p. 1212; 1583, p. 1241.

Edward Seymour stood against the bishops of Chichester, Norwich, Lincoln, London and others at the consultation at Windsor in the first year of Edward VI's reign. 1570, p. 1551; 1576, p. 1322; 1583, p. 1372.

1265 [1241]

King. Henry. 8. A letter of Iohn Lacles out of prison. Rogers Martyr.

court and houshold of king Henry.

It happened well for them, that they dyed together with Anne Askew. For albeit that of themselues they wer strong and stout men, yet through the example and exhortation of her, they beyng the more boldened, receyued occasion of greater comfort in that so paynefull and dolefull kynd of death: who beholdyng her inuincible constancie, and also stirred vp thorough her perswasions, did set apart all kynd of feare.

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Thus they confirming one another with mutual exhortations taried looking for the tormenter and fire, which at the last flaming round about them, consumeb their blessed bodies in happy Martyrdome, in the yeare of our saluation. 1546. about the month of Iune.

There is also a certayne letter extant, which the sayd I. Lacels briefly wrote beyng in prison touchyng the sacrament of Christes body and bloud: wherin he doth both cōfute the errour of them, which being not contented wyth the spirituall receyuing of the sacrament, wil leaue no substance of bread therin, and also confuteth the sinister interpretation of many therupon. The tenor of which letter is as here vnder followeth.

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The copy of the letter of Iohn Lacels written out of prison 
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John Lascelles's letter is not included in the Bale editions of the Examinations.


MarginaliaThe letter of M. Iohn Lacels written out of prison.SAint Paule because of sectes and dissention among the Corinthians, wrote his epistle vnto them: and in lyke case pertaining to my conscience, I doe protest my whole hart in the blessed supper of the Lord, wherein I trust in God to bryng nothyng for me, but I shall be able wyth Gods holy worde, to declare and manifest the same. And herein I take occasion to recite the saying of saint Paule in the sayd Epistle the xi. chapter. Marginalia. Cor. 11. That which I deliuered vnto you, I receyued of the Lorde. For the Lorde Iesus, the same night in which he was betrayed, tooke breade, gaue thankes and brake it, and sayd, take ye, eate ye, this is my body, which is broken for you.

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Here me seemeth S. Paule durst not take vpon hym hys Lord and maisters authoritie. Wherefore, as at Gods hand the breaking of the most innocent and immaculate body and bloud of Christ, is the quietnes of all mens consciences, the onely remedy of our sinnes, and the redemption of mankynd which is called in the scripture the dailye offering: so the Masse which is the inuention of man (whose author is the Pope of Rome, as it doth appeare in Polydore Virgill and many others) is MarginaliaThe blasphemy & wickednes of the Masse.the vnquietnesse of all Christendome, a blasphemy vnto Christes bloud, and (as Daniel calleth it) the abhominable desolation, as the Scripture shall hereafter more manifest it. MarginaliaA prophesie. S. Paule was belyke to learne of the Romaines church, the manner of consecration (as they call it) wyth the breathyng ouer the hoste, and other ceremonies besides, that he durst not take vpon him to say: Hoc est corpus meum. MarginaliaS. Paule did not take vpon him in the person of Christ, to say: Hoc est corpus meum, as our Priestes doe.But this I will admitte: it was the Lord Iesus that made the supper, which also did finish it, and made an end of the onely acte of our saluation, not onely here in this world, but with his father in heauen, as he declareth hym selfe: that he will drinke no more of this bitter cuppe, tyll he drinke it new in his fathers kingdom, where all bitternes shall be taken away.

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Now if any man be able to finish the acte of our Saiuour, in breakyng of hys body, and sheadyng of his bloude here, and also to finish it with the father in heauen, then let hym say it. But I thinke that if men will looke vpon saint Paules wordes well, they shall be forced to say, as Saint Paule sayth: MarginaliaNone but Christ can say: Hoc est corpus meum: And he sayde it once for all.the Lord Iesus sayde it, and once for all, which onely was the fulfiller of it. For these wordes: Hoc est corpus meum, were spokē of his natural presence (which no man is able to deny) because the acte was finished on the crosse, as the story doth plainly manifest it to them that haue eyes. Now this bloudy sacrifice is made an ende of, the supper is finished, forasmuch as Marginalia1. Pet. 3.Christ hath once suffered for sinnes, the iust for the vniust, to bring vs to God, and was killed as pertainyng to the fleshe, and hath entered in by hys owne bloud once for all, into the holy place, and found eternall redemption. MarginaliaHeb. 9.

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Here now followeth the administration of the supper of the Lorde, which I will take at Christes handes after the resurrection, although other men will not bee ashamed to bryng the wicked Councels of foolish inuentions for them. MarginaliaLuke. 24.And it came to passe as Christ sate at meate with them, he tooke bread, blessed, and brake it, and gaue it to them, and their eyes were opened and knewe hym, and he vanished out of their sight. And the Apostles did know him, in breakyng of breade.

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MarginaliaThe right vse of the supper in the Apostles tyme,Here also it seemeth to me the Apostles to follow their Maister Christ, and to take the right vse of the Sacra-ment, and also to teache it to those that were conuerted to Christ, as mention is made in the Actes of the Apostles: where as is sayd: MarginaliaActes. 2. They continued in the Apostles doctrine and fellowship in breakyng of bread and prayer, and they continued daylie with one accord in the temple, and brake bread in euery house, and did eate there with gladnesse and singlenesse of heart, praysing God, and had fauour with all the people. And Saint Paule followyng the same doctrine, doth plainely shew the duetie of the Minister, and also of them that shal receiue it: Marginalia1. Cor. 11. As oft as you shall eate this bread, and drinke this cuppe, ye shall shewe the Lordes death vntill he come. MarginaliaHow farre the power of the minister extendeth in consecrating the supper.Here I doe gather that the Minister hath no further power and authoritie, then to preach and pronounce the lordes death, or els to say the Lord Iesus sayd it, which did fulfill it on the crosse.

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MarginaliaHow the fleshe of Christ is eaten in the supper.Furthermore I doe stedfastly beleeue, that where the bread is broken according to the ordinaunce of Christ, the blessed and immaculate Lambe is present to the eyes of our fayth, and so we eate his flesh, and drinke hys bloud, which is to dwell with God, and God with vs. And in this we are sure we dwell with God, in that he geueth vs his holy spirite, euen as the forefathers that were before Christes commyng, did presently see the Lordes death, and did eate his body, and drinke his bloud.

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MarginaliaPopishe Priests vpon them to do then Christ did.In this do I differ from the Popes Church, that the priestes haue authoritie to make Christes naturall presence in the bread, for so doth he more then our Lorde and Sauiour did: As the example is manifest in Iudas, which at Christes handes receyued the same wyne and bread, as the other Apostles did. But the Pope and his adherents, are euen they whom Daniel speaketh of, saying: MarginaliaDan. 11. He shall set men to vnhallow the sanctuary, and to put downe the dailye offering, and to set vp the abhominable desolation. Yea, he (of Rome) shall speake meruailous things against the God of heauen, and God of all Gods, wherin he shall prosper so long, till the wrath be fulfilled, for the conclusion is deuised already. He shall not regard the God of heauen, nor the God of his fathers, yea in his place shall he worship the mighty Idoll, and the God whome his fathers knew not, which is the God Maozim. MarginaliaMaozim signifieth a Hebrew, as much as the God of diuers temples

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MarginaliaThe God Maczimin. Daniel deth much neare to M, which signifieth bread.For lacke of tyme, I leaue the commemoration of the blessed supper of the Lord, and the abhominable idoll the masse, which is it that Daniel meaneth by the God Maozim. Read the second and last chap. of Daniel, the ij. to the Thes. the 2. Epistle: where as they recite the abhomination of desolation, which Mathew sayth, MarginaliaMath. 24. standeth in the holy place, which is the consciences of men. Marke sayeth, MarginaliaMark. 13. where it ought not to stand, which is a plaine denial of all the inuentions of men. Further Luke sayth, MarginaliaLuke. 21. the tyme is at hand. Paule sayth, Marginalia2. Thess. 2. the mysterie of iniquitie worketh alreadie, yea, and shall continue till the appearaunce of Christ, which in my iudgement is at hand.

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MarginaliaThe faithful & reuerend confession of Lacels, touching the Lordes supper.Now for the supper of the Lord, I do protest to take it as reuerently as Christ left it, and as his apostles did vse it, according to the testimonies of the Prophets, the Apostles and our blessed sauiour Christ, which accordingly S. Paule to the Ephesians doth recite.

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Now with quietnes I commit the whole world to their pastor and heardman, Iesus Christ the onely Sauior and true Messias, and I commend my soueraigne Lorde and Maister, the Kings maiestie, King Henry the 8. to God the father, and to our Lord Iesus Christ: the Queene and my Lord the Prince, with this whole realme, euer to the innocent and immaculate lambe, that his bloud may wash and purifie their hartes and soules from all iniquitie and sinne, to Gods glory, and to the saluation of their soules. I doe protest that the inward part of my hart doth grone for this, and I doubt not but to enter into the holy tabernacle which is aboue: yea and there to be with God for euer. Farewell in Christ Iesu.

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Iohn Lacels seruaunt late to the king,
and now I trust to serue the euer
lasting king, with the testimony of
my bloud in Smithfield.

¶ Rogers Martyr, burned in Northfolke.

MarginaliaOne Rogers in Norfolke, Martyr.LIke as Winchester and other Bishops did set on kyng Henry against Anne Askew and her fellow martyrs, so D. Repse B. of Norwich did incite no lesse the old duke of Norfolke against one Rogers in the country of Northfolke: MarginaliaThe martirdome of Rogers. who much about the same yere and time, was there condemned and suffered Martyrdome for the vj. articles. After which tyme, it was not long, but within halfe a yere both the kyng himselfe, and the dukes house decayed: albeit the Dukes house by Gods grace recouered againe afterward, and he hymselfe conuerted to a more moderation in this kind of dealyng.

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