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Francis Talbot

(1500 - 1560)

5th earl of Shrewsbury (DNB)

Francis Talbot accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He bore the cap of maintenance before Queen Mary at the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jernegam (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

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Francis Talbot was humble before Elizabeth at Hampton court after her release from the Tower. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

[Foxe refers to him as Shrewsbury.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Fitzalan

(1512 - 1580)

Earl of Arundel (DNB)

Henry Fitzalan was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, stating that she was illegitimate and that Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-07).

Fitzalan escorted Henry Dudley, the duke of Northumberland, to the Tower (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Fitzalan was one of the leaders of the troops sent against Sir Thomas Wyatt (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1398; 1583, p. 1467).

He was chief judge at the condemnation of Henry Grey, duke of Suffolk (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1397; 1583, p. 1467).

He greeted Philip on his arrival at Southampton on 20 July 1554 (1570, p. 1642; 1576, p. 1401; 1583, p. 1471).

He was present at Stephen Gardiner?s Paul?s Cross sermon of 30 September 1554 (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

Fitzalan bore a cap of maintenance before Queen Mary at the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

He was signatory to a letter, dated 27 November 1554, from the privy council to Bonner, informing him that Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76).

Henry Fitzalan was patron of Lexden parish. 1563, p. 1564, 1570, p. 2156, 1576, p. 1864, 1583, p. 1975 [incorrectly numbered 1971].

He was involved in the questioning of Elizabeth after her removal from Ashridge. He apologized to her for the questioning she had been subjected to. 1563, p. 1712.

He was humble before Elizabeth at Hampton Court. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Neville

(1525? - 1563)

1st Earl of Westmorland (DNB, sub 'Neville, Ralph')

Accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Bore the Queen's sword before her in procession at the opening of Parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Christopherson

(d. 1558)

Master of Trinity College, Cambridge (1553 ? 1558); bishop of Chichester (1557 - 1558). Master of Trinity College (1553 - 1558). Dean of Norwich (1554 - 1557). Chaplain and confessor to Queen Mary. (DNB)

Christopherson was sent to Cambridge University by Stephen Gardiner with articles ordering that every scholar wear the proper vestments, pronounce Greek in the traditional pronounciation and declare the whole style of the king and queen in their sermons (1563, p. 1007; 1570, pp. 1646-47; 1576, p 1405; and 1583, p. 1475).

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John Christopherson condemned Robert Pygot and William Wolsey on 9 October 1555. 1570, p. 1893, 1576, p. 1621, 1583, p. 1715.

Philpot's eleventh examination, on St Andrew's day, was before Durham, Chichester, Bath, Bonner, the prolocutor, Christopherson, Chadsey, Morgan of Oxford, Hussey of the Arches, Weston, John Harpsfield, Cosin, and Johnson. 1563, pp. 1425-34, 1570, pp. 1986-92, 1576, pp. 1710-15, 1583, pp. 1817-22.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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John Christopherson was chosen by Pole to be a persecutor of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Christopherson attempted to sprinkle scholars of Trinity College with holy water at the gatehouse to the college, but they refused it. Nicholas Carre wrote a letter to John Cheke about Martin Bucer, which was then passed on to Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

Scot, Watson and Christopherson discussed and agreed to the exhumation of Bucer and Phagius. . 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1957.

Christopherson did not attend King's College on 14 January 1557 with the other commissioners. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

He was taken sick during Watson's Candlemas sermon and began babbling. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

Some present at Watson's sermon said that Christopherson had become sick because he had been accused of false accounting at the college and that he had witnessed his brother-in-law's lease being cancelled on the manor of the college because the covenants seemed unreasonable. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1960.

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Richard Woodman's first examination before Christopherson, Story, Cooke and others took place on 14 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1573-79, 1570, p. 2174-78, 1576, pp. 1877-81, 1583, pp. 1986-89.

Woodman's second examination before Christopherson and two of his chaplains, as well as Story, took place on 27 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1582-87, 1570, pp. 2178-82, 1576, pp. 1881-84, 1583, pp. 2089-92.

The sixth and last examination of Woodman took place before Chichester, Roper, Nicholas Harpsfield, the fat priest, Winchester and others. 1563, 1599-1601, 1570, p. 2192-94, 1576, p. 1892-93, 1583, pp. 2000-02.

He accused and examined several prisoners in Chichester. 1563, p. 1634, 1570, p. 2220, 1576, p. 1815, 1583, p. 2023.

He died after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Reginald Pole

(1500 - 1558)

Archbishop of Canterbury (1555 - 1558) and cardinal. [DNB] Papal legate (1554 - 1557) [Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation; T. F. Mayer, Reginald Pole, Prince and Prophet (2000)]

On 7 November 1554, two ambassadors were sent abroad. The rumour was that they were sent to escort Pole to England (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

Pole landed at Dover on 21 November 1554 and on the same day an act was passed in parliament repealing the act of attainder passed against him in Henry VIII's reign (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475; cf. the account of this in 1563, p. 1008). Another notice of the act of attainder against Pole being repealed (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1481).

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Pole arrived at Lambeth on 24 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

He arrived at parliament on 27 November 1554 and made an oration there, praising England's previous catholic fidelity, deploring the reformation and extolling papal power (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-7; 1583, pp. 1476-78).

He pronounced a papal absolution in parliament on 28 November 1554 (1563, pp. 1010-11; 1570, p. 1649; 1576, p. 1407; 1583, pp. 1477-78).

Reginald Pole sent a letter to Pope Julius III on 30 November 1554 announcing the restoration of catholicism in England. 1563, pp. 1013-14 [in Latin, only in this edition, pp. 1012-13] ; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79; also see 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559.

He was present at Stephen Gardiner's Paul's Cross sermon of 2 December 1554 (1563, p. 1018; 1570, p. 1651; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

He absolved convocation on 6 December 1554 for their perjuries, heresies and schisms (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

As legate to Julius III, Pole reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English. 1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457; 1583, p. 1531.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. Ormanet was chosen because he had the trust of Pope Julius III. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Thomas Causton appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541.

Robert Ferrar appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1099; 1570, p. 1724; 1576, p. 1472; 1583, p. 1555.

The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) was held on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from 'Cardinall Poole'. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

William Stannard, Thomas Freeman and William Adams were condemned to be burned 13 June 1556 but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for their lives. 1563, pp. 1525-26, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1798, 1583, p. 1916.

Pole chose Cuthbert Scot, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole to be a persecutors of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Peter Martyr's wife was reburied in Richard Marshall's dunghill after Cardinal Pole ordered him to oversee the exhumation of her body. 1563, p1559., 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

Reginald Pole died the day after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

[Not related to David Pole.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Herbert

(1501? - 1570)

1st Earl of Pembroke (DNB)

Attended Thomas Watson's Paul's Cross sermon of 20 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

Accompanied the Queen to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Bore a sword in procession before the Queen at the opening of Parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Tresham

(d. 1569)

Vice-Chancellor of Oxford (1532 - 1547, 1556 and 1558) [DNB]

William Tresham was one of the official disputants in the Oxford disputations of April 1554. He debated extensively and acrimoniously with Nicholas Ridley and claimed that Cranmer?s Defense of the Sacrament contained 600 errors (1563, pp. 933-34, 936-38, 948-50, 975-76, 981-82, 989-90; 1570, pp. 1592-93, 1600-01, 1606, 1620-21, 1624-25 and 1629-30; 1576, pp. 1358-59, 1365-66, 1371, 1382-83, 1386-87 and 1390-91; 1583, pp. 1428-30, 1436-37, 1441, 1453, 1456-57 and 1461-62).

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[NB: A brief account of the Oxford disputations, printed only in 1563, mentions Tresham as disputing with Cranmer (1563, p. 933)].

Tresham addressed the students of Christ Church, urging them to hear mass, discussing the different types of mass and promising them new copes and a new bell for their services (1563, pp. 1007-8; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

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Bamptom [Bampton]
NGR: SP 315 035

Market town and parish in the hundred of Bampton, county of Oxford. 16 miles west by south from Oxford; comprises the chapelry of Stifford and the hamlets of Aston with Cote, Chimney and part of Bright Hampton. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Oxford.

Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

1499 [1475]

Queene Mary. Scriptures in Church walles put out. The Bishops iniunctions to Cambridge. Cardinall Poole.

MarginaliaAnno 1554. Nouember.should haue any hinderaunce or losse thereby. Therfore I will tell you what you shal do: Pay him the mony ye promised him, and goe your wayes home and looke on it, & if it will not serue for a God, make no more a doe: but clap a payre of hornes on his head, and so will he make an excellent deuill. This the Parishioners tooke well aworth, the poore man had his money, and diuers laughed well therat: but so did not the babilonish Priestes.

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MarginaliaThe Maior of Dancaster a good man.This Maior aboue mentioned continued a Protestant almost fifty yeares, & was the onely releuer of M. Marsh the Martyr (whose story foloweth hereafter) with meate, drinke, and lodging while he laye in Lancaster Castle the space of iij. quarters of a yeare, before he was had to Chester to be burned. &c.

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Commentary on the Glosses  *  Close
From Bonner's Mandate to Pole's Oration

The differences between the glosses in 1563 and later editions concerning Bonner's mandate are instructive: 1563 has the gloss 'Pharisaicall zeale', while later editions focus on the scandal of the erasure of scripture, and suggest a perverse belief that scripture encourages vice on Bonner's part. The shift is between an implication of hypocrisy to one of a crazed, vicious sensibility: the latter fits in much better with the portrayal of Bonner in the glosses and text previously, and shows Foxe adjusting his imputations to suit the target. An error occurs between glosses in 1583 and 1570; 1570 is correct, later editions wrong.

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About this time or the moneth next before, which was October, there came a precept or mandate from Boner bishop of London, to all Parsons and Curates within hys Dioces, for the abolishing of such scriptures & wrytinges as had bene paynted vpon Churche walles before, in king Edwardes dayes. The copy of which precept or mandate here we thought good to expresse, 
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Cattley/Pratt, VI, 565, fn 1

{Cattley/Pratt inserts in the text here: 'in their own style and words,' and adds the note: It is extant in Latin in the First Edition, p. 1005 ... - ED.}
Appendix:The Latin of this Mandate {is} from Bishop Bonner's Register, folio 357 verso.

that the world might see the wicked proceedinges of theyr impious zeale, or rather theyr malicious rage agaynst the Lord and his word, & agaynst the edyfying of Christian people: whereby it might appeare by this blotting out of these Scriptures, not only how blasphemously they spake agaynst the holy Scriptures of God, but also howe studiously they sought by all maner of meanes, to keepe the people still in ignoraunce.

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¶ A Mandate of Boner Byshop of London, to abolish the Scriptures and writings paynted vpon the Church Walles. 
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Block 32: From Bonner's mandate to Pole's Oration

Foxe reprints Bonner's mandate to remove scripture verses from the church walls in his diocese from Bonner's register (cf. Guildhall MS 9531/12, fol. 357v with 1563, pp. 1006-07; 1570, p. 1646; 1576, p. 1440 [recte 1404] -1405 and 1583, p. 1475). In the first edition both the Latin original as well as an English translation were provided; in subsequent editions the Latin original was deleted. (The elimination of Latin documents from the 1570 edition was a consistently pursued policy).

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MarginaliaThe Scriptures paynted on Church walles rased out. EDmund by Gods permission bishop of London, to all & euery Parsons, Vicars, Clarkes, and lettered, within the parishe of Hadham, or within the precinct of our dioces of London whersoeuer being, sendeth greeting, grace, & benediction. Because some children of iniquity, geuen vp to carnall desires and noueltyes, haue by many wayes enterprised to banish the auncient maner & order of the Church and to bring in and establish sectes and heresies: taking from thence the picture of Christ, and many thinges besides instituted and obserued of auncient time laudably in the same, placing in the roome therof suche thinges, as in such a place it behoued them not to do: & also haue procured MarginaliaNote well these causes reader, why the Scriptures should be rased out. as a stay to their heresies (as they thought) certayne scriptures wrongly applied, to be paynted vpon the Churche walles, all which persons tende chiefly to this end, that they might vphold the liberty of the flesh & mariage of priestes, and destroy as much as lay in them, the reuerend sacramēt of the aultar and might extinguish and enaruate holy dayes, fasting dayes, and other laudable discipline of the Catholicke church, MarginaliaScriptures open a window to vices with Boner. opening a window to all vices, and vtterly closing vp the way vnto vertue: Wherefore we being mooued with a christian zeale, iudging that the premises are not to be longer suffered do for discharge of our duety, cōmit vnto you ioyntly & seuerally, & by the tenor hereof do straightly charge and cōmaund you, that at the receit hereof, with all speed conuenient, you doe warne, or cause to be warned, first, secōd, & third time, & peremptorily, all and singuler Churchwardens and Parishioners whosoeuer within your foresayd Dioces of London, wheresoeuer any such Scriptures or payntings haue bene attempted, that they abolish and extinguishe such maner of Scriptures, so that by no meanes they bee either readde or seene, and therein to proceede moreouer as they shall see good and laudable in this behalfe. And if after the sayd monition, the sayd Churchwardens and Parishioners shall be founde remisse and negligent, or culpable, then you ioyntly and seuerally shall see the foresayd Scriptures to be rased abolished and extinguished forthwith: citing al and singuler those Churchwardens and Parishioners (whome we also for the same do cite here by the tenour hereof) that all and singuler the sayde Churchwardens and Parishyoners being slacke and negligent, or culpable therein, shall appeare before vs our Vicar generall and principall officiall, or our Commissary speciall in our Cathedrall Church of S. Paule at Londō, in the Consistory there, at the houre appoynted for the same, the sixt day next after theyr citation if it be a court day, or els at the next court day after ensuing, whereas either we or our Officiall or Commissary shall sit: there to say and alledge for themselues some reasonable cause: if they haue or cā tell of any, why they ought not to be excommunicated, and otherwise punished for theyr such negligence, slackenesse, & fault, to say and to alledge, and further to do and receiue, as law & reason requireth. And what you haue done in the premises, do you certify vs, or our Vicar, principall Officiall, and such our Commissary, diligently and duely in all thinges, and through all thinges, or let him among you thus certify vs, which hath taken vpon him to execute this Mandate: In witnes whereof we haue set our seales to these presentes. Dated in the byshops pallace at London the 25. daye of the moneth of October in the yeare of our Lorde 1454. and of our translation the 16.

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MarginaliaM. Christopherson sent to Cābridge with Gardiners iniunctions.About this time the L. Chauncellour sent M. Christopherson vnto the vniuersity of Cābridge 

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The account of Christopherson presenting Cambridge University with Gardiner's three articles and of twenty-four fellows being forced from St. John's appears to have come from a Cambridge informant, possibly the same informant who supplied the material on John Young's activities there which first appeared in 1563, p. 1000. Like that material, this account appeared in all four versions (1563, p. 1007; 1570, pp. 1646-47; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

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with these 3. Articles, which he enioyned them to obserue.

The first, that euery scholer should weare his apparell according to his degree in the scholes.

The second was touching the pronūciation of þe Greeke tongue.

The third, that euery Preacher there should declare the whole stile of the king and Queene in theyr sermons.

In this vniuersity of Cambridge, and also of Oxford, by reason of the bringing of these thinges, and especiallye for the alteration of religion, may good wits and learned men departed the Vniuersities: of whō, some of theyr own accord gaue ouer, some were thrust out of their felowships some were miserably handled: in so much that in Cābridge in the Colledge of Saint Iohn, there were MarginaliaIn Cambridge was 34. places voyde at one tyme in one Colledge.24. places void together, in whose roomes were taken in 24. other which neither in vertue nor in religiō semed to answere to them before. And no lesse miserable, was the state of Oxforde, by reason of the time, and the straight dealing of the visitours that for setting forward theyr Papisticall procedinges, had no regard or respect to the forwardnes of good wittes, and the maynteinaunce of good letters beginning then more & more to florish in that Vniuersity.

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And for so much as we haue entred into the mention of Oxford, 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 566, fn 1

The following is from the first edition, p. 1007: "And for as much as mention is here made of Oxford, I cannot but something lament the state and condition of that University, which before in Wicliffe's time, being so forward in religion, and the first eye that gave lighte to al other places, to discerne true religion from blyndnese and ignorance, now through the misgovernaunce of certayne heads, seemeth so prone and inclinable to blind superstition and all popery, that so sone as the Quene came in, they with the first were redye to masse; insomuch that the Quene comminge in July, the next moneth after (being the xv of August) upon the assumption day, masse was sayd, first in Marton college, then in Corpus Christi college, and then in New college, being compelled by no law notwithstanding to the same. Only Magdalene college and Christes church, misliking the heady rashnes of them, did shew themselves more constante in thys matter then the rest. And here," &c.

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we may not passe ouer in silēce MarginaliaA Popish exhortation of Doct. Tresham.the famous exhortation of D. Tresham who 
Commentary  *  Close

The account of William Tresham's exhortation to the students of Christ Church also appears in all four editions, although considerably altered between 1563 and 1570. (See 1563, p. 1007; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475). For one thing, the 1563 edition mentioned that the incident happened while 'Doctoure [Richard] Marshall' was dean of Christ Church. This reference was removed from all subsequent editions. Foxe also moderated the insulting language between the editions and also muted his sarcasm. Foxe also deleted one of Tresham's arguments enumerating the different types of mass and the different purposes which they served. With regard to Tresham's promise to secure the 'Lady Bell of Brampton' for Christ Church, it should be noted that Tresham was the vicar of Brampton, Oxfordshire.

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Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 566, fn 2

The following is from the first edition, pp. 1007-8: "Who supplying the room of the subdean *under Doctoure Marshall* in Christ's Church, *upon a great zeale, more willful than witful, called his companye together into the back side of the quere, where he required certain of the prebendaries, which wer nothing so folishlye affected as he was, to be present and to assist him. In the number of the students were a great many grave men, well learned and wise. To them Doctoure Tresham made an exhortation, the which was so eloquently handled and with such arte persuasory, that although we be not able to attain to the perfit grace thereof, yet in repeting the effect we thought it not good to defraud the reader of the fruite of so worthy a matter. The state of his oration was, to move them to come to the church, and there devoutly to behave themselves, and to here masse. Among other things conteined in his oration, two were principal, which this auncient doctour most substantially handled. The one was a proof of al masse to be good, whiche he confirmed by an enumeration how many kindes of masses there wer. The other matter was a violent persuasion, to bring men to church for the commodity that should arise by it. For the first, he sayd that all masses were either of the Trinity, or of the Holy Ghost, or of our Ladye. Now the Trinity said he none wil deny but damnable heretikes: such as wer condemned by the holy general counsels. Wherfore the masse of the Trinity must needs be good. The masse of the Holy Ghost was never douted of, of any Christian. Why? It is sayde before every generall counsell, and therefore it muste nedes be good. But peradventure ye doubte of the masse of oure Ladye. But I tell you, there is stuffe inough in Scrypture to prove it, and good stuffe too. But stuffe did he store them with none but with this. For the other part of his perswasion, he said,* ther were a company of goodly copes," &c. Foxe was, in all probablility, furnished with an abstract of the oration on these "important" matters by Jewel, afterwards bishop of Salisbury.

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supplying the roome of þe Subdeane in Christes Church, after he had called all the Studentes of the Colledge together, with great Eloquence & art persuasory, began to commend the dignity of the masse vnto them, declaring that there was stuffe in Scripture enough to proue the masse good. Then to allure them to the catholick seruice of the Church, he vsed these reasons MarginaliaThe great reasons of D. Treshā.declaring that there were a goodly cōpany of Copes, that were appoynted to Windsore, but he had foūd the Queene so gracious vnto him, that they should come to Christes church. Now if they like honest men, would come to Church, they should weare them on holydayes. And besides all this, he would get them the Lady Bell of Bamptom, & that should make the sweetest ring in all England. And as for an holy watersprinckle, he had already the fayrest that was within the realme, Wherfore he thought that no man would be so mad to forgo these commodityes. &c.

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Which thinges I rehearse, that it may appeare what want of descretion is in the fathers of popery, & into what idle follies such men do fall. Whome I beseech the Lord if it be his pleasure, to reduce to a better truth, & to opē theyr eyes to see theyr owne blindnes.


Commentary  *  Close

After the account of Tresham's oration, Foxe went on in the 1563 edition to give brief relations of a few important events in the autumn of 1554. Most of these were later dropped in favour of more detailed accounts of the same events which Foxe obtained.

A few phrases of Foxe's description of the opening of parliament on 12 November 1554 in the 1563 edition were retained; otherwise this material was replaced in 1570 with more detailed accounts drawn from Foxe's lost chronicle source.

To proceed now further in the course & race of our story where as we left, being before in the moneth of Nouēber it foloweth more that in Marginalia* Where note that the Printer of Queene Maryes Statutes doth erre in his supputation, which saith, that this Parlament began the 11. of this moneth which day was then Sonday.the * xij. day of the same month of Nouember being Monday, beganne the Parliament holden at Westminster, to the beginning whereof both the king and Queene rode in theyr Parliament robes hauing 2. swords borne before them. The Earle of Penbroke bare his sword, & the Earle of Westmerland bare the Queenes. They had ij. cappes of maynteinaunce borne before them: whereof the Earle of Arundell bare one, and the Earle of Shrewsbury the other.

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MarginaliaCardinall Poole ariueth in England. Ex Statut. an. 1. & 2. Regis Philip & Mariæ cap. 8. Cardinall Poole landed at Douer vpon the Wednesday being the xxi. day of Nouember, 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, 567, fn 2

Stow says, Nov. 24. - ED.
Addenda:Upon the 20th, according to the "Ritorno del Regno d'Inghilterra alla cath. Unione," &c. reprinted in Poli Epistolæ, pars v. 305, written probably by Binardi. or Floribello, or Fr. Stella, or some other Italian in the cardinal's retinue." (Pye's Life of Card. Pole, p. 93.)

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on which day one Act passed in the parliamēt for his restitution in bloud, vtterly repealing as false & most slaunderous that Act made against him in king Henry the eightes tyme, and on the next day being Thursday and the xxij. of Nouember, the King and the Queene both came to the Parliament house to geue theyr royall assent & to establish this Act agaynst his comming.

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Vpon the Saterday being the xxiiij. of Nouember, the sayd Cardinal came by water to London, & so to Lambeth house which was ready prepared agaynst his comming.

MarginaliaNouember 28.Vpon the Wednesday folowing being the 28. of Nouember, there was generall procession in Paules 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VI, Appendix: ref page 567, line 27

The first edition reads "procession in Paul's Churche, with Masse, and te Deum solemnely songe."

for ioy þt the Quene was conceiued and quick with child, as it was declared in a letter sent from the counsell to the Byshop of London. The same day at this procession was present ten Bishops with al the Prebendaries of Paules, and also the Lord Maior with the Aldermen, and a greate number of Commons of the City in theyr best aray. The Copy of the Coūcels letter here foloweth, ad perpetuam rei memoriam.

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A Copy of a letter sent from the Counsell vnto Edmund Boner Byshop of London, concerning Queene Mary conceiued with Childe. 
Commentary  *  Close

A letter from Privy Council to Edmund Bonner announcing that Mary was pregnant was moved in the 1570 edition from its place after Pole's letter to Julius III to before Pole's oration to Parliament. This minor rearrangement was merely to place these materials in their proper chronological order. Foxe's note that the letter was printed by John Cawood (a note printed only in 1563, p. 1014) shows that Foxe's source was a printed copy of the letter, not an archival source.

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AFter our harty commendations vnto your good Lordshippe whereas it hath pleased almighty God amongest other his in-

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