Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Gilbert Bourne

(d. 1569)

Fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford (1531). Prebend of Worcester (1541). Bishop of Bath and Wells (1554 - 1560) [DNB]

Bourne preached a sermon at Paul's Cross on 13 August 1553, praising Bonner and criticising Edward VI. This so enraged his auditors that a dagger was thrown at him. At the request of Bourne's brother, Bradford quieted the mob; Bradford and John Rogers later escorted Bourne to safety. (Rerum, pp. 464 - 65; 1563, pp. 904 - 5; 1570, p. 1570; 1576, p 1339; and 1583, p. 1497 (recte 1409)).

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Bourne's sermon is briefly mentioned later by Foxe (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was created bishop of Bath and Wells (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

He visited Walter Mantell repeatedly before his execution and unsuccessfully attempted to convert him to catholic teachings on confession and the Sacrament (1570, p. 1638; 1576, pp. 1397-98; 1583, p. 1468).

Together with Edmund Bonner and Henry Morgan, Gilbert Bourne condemned Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. Before condemning Tomkins, Bourne exhorted him to recant. (1563, p. 1103; 1570, p. 1712; 1576, pp. 1461-62; 1583, p. 1535).

On 17 February 1555 Bonner, Bourne and others urged Thomas Higbed and Thomas Causton to recant. (1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539).

On 13 August 1553 John Bradford saved Bourne from a riotous crowd when the bishop preached at Paul's Cross. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1520 , 1583, p. 1604.

During Bourne's sermon at Paul's Cross on 13 August 1553, he had a dagger thrown at him from the crowd. 1563, p. 1173. The dagger touched Bradford's sleeve. 1570, p. 1788, 1576, p. 1527, 1583, p. 1610. John Bradford took over from him in the pulpit and the crowd's wrath subsided. Bradford then protected him when they left the pulpit. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1788, 1576, p. 1527, 1583, p. 1610.

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On 14 February 1555 Percival Creswell, an old acqauintance of Bradford's, went to visit Bradford in prison. He offered to make suit for Bradford. He returned later, at 11 o'clock, with another man and gave Bradford a book by More, desiring him to read it. He told Bradford that the lords of York, Lincoln and Bath wished to speak with him. Then at 3 o'clock the same day, Dr Harding, the bishop of Lincoln's chaplain, went to see Bradford in prison. Harding talked of his fear for Bradford's soul, and that he himself had spoken against Peter Martir, Martin Bucer, Luther and others for their beliefs. 1563, p. 1200, 1570, pp. 1790-91, 1576, p. 1529, 1583, pp. 1612-13.

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Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

John Philpot's final examination, on 16 December 1555, was before the bishops of London, Bath, Worcester and Lichfield. 1563, p. 1442, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

The certificate for Richard Lush's condemnation was discovered by Foxe in Gilbert Bourne's register (Bath and Wells). 1570, p. 2196, 1576, p. 1895, 1583, p. 2004.

Robert Farrer's examination was before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

Bourne was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, p. 2063.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Henry Morgan

(d. 1559)

Bishop of St David's (1554 - 1559). (DNB)

Henry Morgan was appointed to support Thomas Watson in the disputes in the 1553 convocation. He debated with James Haddon, Richard Cheney and debated very extensively with John Philpot (1563, pp. 912-16; 1570, pp. 1576-78; 1576, pp. 1344-47; 1583, pp. 1415-17).

He was appointed Bishop of St David's c. January 1554, (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1369; 1583, p. 1467).

Together with Edmund Bonner and Gilbert Bourne, Morgan condemned Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1563, p. 1103; 1570, p. 1712; 1576, pp. 1461-62; 1583, p. 1535.

He interrogated and tried Robert Ferrar in Carmarthen 26 February - 11 March 1555. Morgan condemned Ferrar on 13 March 1555. 1563, pp. 1098-1100; 1570, pp. 1723-24; 1576, pp. 1471-72; 1583, pp. 1554-55.

Philpot's eighth examination was before Bonner, John Harpsfield, St David's, Mordant and others. 1563, pp. 1419-20, 1570, pp. 1982-83, 1576, pp. 1705-06, 1583, p. 1814.

John Rough, in the presence of the bishop of London, the bishop of St David's and John Feckenham, was degraded and condemned. 1563, p. 1648, 1570, p. 2227, 1576, p. 1923, 1583, p. 2030.

After his condemnation of Ferrar, Henry Morgan fell ill and suffered greatly until his death. 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

He died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

[1563, p. 1704, incorrectly lists him among those who died before Queen Mary.]

 
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James Clyne

Clerk

James Clyne was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

 
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John Feckenham

(1518? - 1585)

Dean of St Paul's. Last abbot of Westminster. [DNB]

Feckenham was made dean of St Paul's on Midsummer's Day, 1554. 1563, p. 1151; 1570, pp. 1636 and 1760; 1576, pp. 1396 and 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1467 and 1587

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554 trying to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1153-54; 1570, p. 1762; 1576, p. 1505; 1583, pp. 1588-89

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Feckenham traveled to Colchester with Bishop Bonner to try to win Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed back to catholicism. 1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

He tried to persuade Hooper to recant after he was condemned on 29 January 1555. The effort was unsuccessful but false rumors spread that Hooper had recanted. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507.

Feckenham was one of those who presided over an examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

He was one of those who examined first Thomas Causton, and then Thomas Higbed, in Bonner's palace on 8 March 1555. 1563, p. 1105; 1570, p. 1718; 1576, p. 1466; 1583, p. 1540.

He wrote a ballad, Caveat emptor , on the subject of the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1497; 1583, p. 1559.

Feckenham received a letter from William Paulet. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He discussed eucharistic doctrine with Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Feckenham claimed that Green was converted by Peter Martyr's lectures and that Zwingli, Luther, Oecolampadius and Carolostadius could never agree doctrine. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Bartlett Green told John Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter by the thirteen prisoners reproaching Feckenham for his slander dated Feckenham's sermon as 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of John Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Morren

(fl. 1533 - 1560)

Prebend of Weldland (St Paul's) (1558 - 1560). [Fasti] Bonner's chaplain, held a number of livings in the diocese of London. He was deprived of all his livings in 1560 [Emden, 1501-1540, sub 'Morwyn, John'].

Morren was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

[Foxe calls him 'John Morwen'.]

 
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Thomas Bekinsaw

Clerk

Bekinsaw was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

[NB: This may be the 'Thomas Bekynsaw' in Emden, 1501-1540].

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas More

(1532? - 1556)

Merchant's servant. Martyr. Of Leicester

Thomas More was burned at Leicester 26 June 1556. 1563, p. 1611.

[Not to be confused with Sir Thomas More.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Moreton

Prebendary of Broomesbury (St Paul's) (1555 - 1558), resigned [Fasti]; parson of Fulham

Thomas Moreton was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

 
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Tristram Swaddell

Prebend of Rugmere [St.Paul's], deprived in 1560 [Fasti]

Swaddell witnessed the degradation of John Hooper and John Rogers on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508.

He was one of those who presided over the examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

[Foxe refers to him as Tristram 'Swadocke'.]

 
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William Hunter

(d. 1555)

Weaver's apprentice and martyr

William Hunter refused to attend mass in London in 1553; he returned home to Brentwood, Essex. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1462; 1583, p. 1536.

He was denounced to Thomas Wood, the vicar of South Weald, for reading scriptures in English. He was examined by Wood, who denounced William Hunter to Anthony Browne. 1570, p. 1713; 1576, p. 1462; 1583, p. 1536.

Hunter was brought before Browne and interrogated; Hunter was then sent to Bonner by Browne. 1570, pp. 1713-14; 1576, pp. 1462-63; 1583, pp. 1536-37.

William Hunter was examined by Bonner and condemned. 1563, p. 1110. [NB: This account of Hunter's examinations, based on Bonner's registers, was replaced in subsequent editions by a more detailed account of Bonner's treatment of Hunter.]

Hunter was detained by Bonner for nine months, during which time the bishop tried both harsh and lenient treatment to persuade him to recant. Finally he condemned Hunter. 1570, pp. 1714-15; 1576, pp. 1463-64; 1583, pp. 1537-38.

Foxe mentions that Hunter was examined by Bishop Bonner on 8 February 1555; he was condemned by Bishop Bonner on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1705; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

William Hunter was sent to Brentwood to be burned. Hunter refused pressure at his execution to recant and died constantly on 26 March 1555. 1563, p. 1110; 1570, pp. 1715-16; 1576, p. 1464; 1583, pp. 1538-39. [NB: The date of Hunter's execution is given as 25 March in the 1563 edition; this is corrected in subsequent editions.]

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Hunter wrote a short letter to his mother shortly before his martyrdom. 1583, p. 2149.

1559 [1535]

Queene Mary. The examination and Martyrdome of Thomas Tomkins Martyr.
Articles obiected and ministred the 8. day of Februarie against Tho. Tomkins, with his owne hand subscribing to the same.  
Commentary  *  Close

This document is reprinted from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now lost.

MarginaliaAnno. 1555. March. MarginaliaArticles ministred agaynst Tho. Tomkins.THou doest beleeue that in the MarginaliaTransubstantiation denyed.Sacrament of the aultare vnder the formes of bread and wine there is not, by the omnipotent power of almighty God and his holy woorde, really, truely, and in very deede, the very true and naturall body of our Sauiour Iesus Christ, as touching the substaunce thereof, which was conceiued in the wombe of the virgine Mary, and hanged vppon the crosse, suffering Passion and death there for the life of the worlde.

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I doe so beleeue.

MarginaliaSubstance of bread remaineth in the sacramēt.Thou doest beleeue that after the consecration of the breade and wine prepared for the vse of the Sacramente of the aultare, there doth remaine the very substance of material bread and materiall wine, not changed nor altered in substance by the power of almighty God, but remaining as it did before.

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I doe so beleeue.

MarginaliaThe naturall presēce of Christ in the sacrament denyed.Thou doest beleeue that it is an vntrue doctrine, and a false beliefe to thinke or say that in the Sacrament of the aultare there is after the consecration of the bread and wine, the substaunce of Christes naturall body and bloude, by the omnipotent power of almighty God and his holy worde.

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I doe so beleeue.

MarginaliaThe errour of the forelders touching the Sacrament.Thou doest beleeue that thy parents, kinsfolkes, frendes, and acquaintaunce, and also thy Godfathers and Godmother, and all people did erre, and were deceiued, if they did beleeue that in the Sacrament of the aultar there was, after the consecration, the body and bloude of Christe, and that there did not remaine the substaunce of materiall bread and wine.

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I doe so beleeue.

By me Thomas Tomkins.

The second examination of Thomas Tomkins.  
Commentary  *  Close

This document is reprinted from Bonner's official records, probably from a court book which is now lost.

MarginaliaThe second examination.THe next day, being the 9. of Februarie, at 8. of the clocke before noon, the said Thomas Tomkins, (according to the former commaundement) was brought againe into the place afore named, before the Bishoppe and other hys assistants, where the foresayd Articles were propounded vnto him: whereunto he aunswered as foloweth.

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MarginaliaAunswere of Tomkins to the articles.To the first he said, that he did so beleeue, as in the same is contained.

To the second he sayd that it was onely bread, & a participatiō of Christes death and passion, and so do the scriptures teach.

To the third he said and did beleeue, it was a false doctrine, to beleeue and thinke as is contained in this Article.

To the fourth, he did also beleeue the same.

After this aunswere, he did also subscribe hys name to the sayd Articles. Whereupon the Bishop drawing out of his bosome another confession subscribed wyth Tomkins owne hand, and also that article that was the first day obiected against him, caused the same to be openly read, and then willed him to reuoke and deny his sayd opinions: the which he vtterly refused to do, and therfore was commanded to appeare before the Byshop againe in the same place at two of the clocke in the after noone.

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The Bishop repeateth againe the confession of Thom. Tomkins wrytren before by the sayd Bishop of London, the subscribed by the sayd Tomkins, the 26. day Septemb. An. 1554. which is this.

MarginaliaThe first confession of Tomkins offered to B. Boner, and now here agayne repeated.I Thomas Tomkins of the Parish of Shordich, in the Diocesse of London, hauing confessed and declared openly heeretofore to Edmund Bishop of London mine Ordinarie, that my beliefe hathe bene many yeares past, and is at this present: that the body of our Sauiour Iesus Christ is not truely and in very deede in the Sacrament of the aultare, but onely in heauen, and so in heauen, that it can not nowe in deede be really and truely in the Sacramente of the altare.

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And moreouer, hauing likewise confessed and declared to my said Ordinary openly many times, that although the church, called the Catholicke Churche, hathe allowed and doeth allowe the Masse and sacrifice made and done therein, as a wholesome, profitable, & a godly thing: yet my beliefe hath ben many yeres past, & is at this present, MarginaliaThe Masse full of superstition and Idolatry.that the said Masse is full of superstition, plaine idolatrie, and vnprofitable for my soule, & so haue I called it many times, and take it at this present.

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MarginaliaBaptisme ought to be ministred in the vulgar tongue.Hauing also likewise confessed and declared to my said Ordinarie, that the Sacrament of Baptisme oughte to be onely in the vulgar tounge, and not otherwise ministred, and also without any such ceremonies, as customably are vsed in the Latine church, and otherwise not to be allowed.

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Finally, being many times and ofte called openly before my said Ordinarie, and talked withall touching all my sayd confessi-

ons and declarations, both by the saide mine Ordinarie & diuers other learned men, aswel his Chaplaines as other, and counselled by all them to embrace the truthe, and to recant mine errour in the premisses, which they tolde me was plaine heresie and manifest errour: do testifie and declare hereby, MarginaliaTomkins constantly standeth to the truth of the Gospel.that I do and wil continually stand to my saide confession, declaration, and beliefe, in all the premisses & euery part therof, and in no wise recant or go frō any part of the same. In witnesse wherof I haue subscribed, & passed this wryting the 26. day of Septemb. the yeare aforesayd.

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By me Thomas Tomkyns aforesaid.

The names of them that sate vppon Thomas Tomkins at this Session, were these, Edmunde Boner, Iohn Fecknam Deane of Paules, Iohn Harpsfield Archdeacon of London, Iohn Morwen master of Art, Thomas Morton parson of Fulham, Tristram Swadell, Thom. More, Thomas Beckinsaw, Iames Cline, clearkes.

The last appearance of Tho. Tomkins before Boner and the Commissioners. 
Commentary  *  Close

In many cases the accounts Foxe prints of a martyr's examination are drawn from the martyr's account or from accounts by his or her supporters. Foxe could apparently find no such accounts for Tomkins, since this account, in its brevity, is clearly an official record which is now lost.

MarginaliaThe last appearance & condemnation of Thomas Tomkins Martyr.THe same daye and place, at two of the clocke in the after noone, he was (the last time) brought forth before the bishops of London, Bath, and Saint Dauids, with others: where hee was earnestly exhorted by the sayd Bishoppe of Bath, to reuoke & leaue off his opinions. Vnto whome he answeared: My Lord, I was borne & brought vp in ignoraunce vntill nowe of late yeares. And nowe I know the truthe, wherein I will continue vnto the death.

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Then Boner caused all his articles and confession to be again openly red, and so in hys accustomed maner persuaded with hym to recant. To whome hee finally sayde: My Lord, I can not see but that you would haue me to forsake the truth, and to fall into errour and heresie. The Byshop seeing he would not recant, did proceede in his law, and so gaue sentence of condemnation vpon him.

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The burning of the blessed Martyr, Thomas Tomkyns. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Thomas Tomkins in Smithfield An. 1555. March 16.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
One of the frequently recycled single column woodcuts, this is unusual in being combined here with a large woodcut of the same martyr. This cut (Type 1) was reused three times in the last two books of 1583, pp. 2022, 2034, 2053. See also 1570, p. 2124, 2246; and 1576, p. 1940.

MarginaliaSentence read against Thomas Tomkins. March 16.Then he deliuered him to the sheriffe of London, who caried him straighte vnto Newgate, where hee remayned most ioyous and constant, vntill the 16. day of March  

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This date is 15 March in 1563 and was corrected to 16 March in 1570.

next after: on which day, hee was by the sayde Sheriffe conueied into Smithfield, and there sealed vp his faith in the flaming fire, to the glory of Gods holy name, and confirmation of the weake.

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A notable historie of W. Hunter, a yong man of 19. yere, pursued to death by iustice Browne for the Gospels sake, worthy of all young men and parents to be red.  
Commentary  *  Close
The Martyrdom of William Hunter

William Hunter's case should have disturbed the authorities. He was one of the first of the lay people of humble background to be executed and, unlike some of the other early martyrs with similar backgrounds (e.g., Thomas Tomkins and John Warne), he had no previous history of religious dissidence. The narrative Foxe presents of his arrest and judicial ordeals presents a vivid picture of overzealous local authorities feeding the fires of persecution.

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Foxe's narrative is an excellent example of the importance of oral sources to his martyrology. The entire account of Hunter in the Rerum consists of praise of Hunter's parents for subordinating their natural love for their son to ther duty to God and their support for his refusal to submit (Rerum, pp. 427-8). This material was reprinted in the 1563 edition, with no significant change or addition. But in the second edition, Foxe added the detailed and vivid narrative of William Hunter's arrest, interrogations and martyrdom, which was clearly supplied by Hunter's brother Robert. The reader should keep this source in mind when reading the account: its strengths are its mastery of local detail and its access to the feelings of the martyr and those around him (e.g., his description of William Hunter's dreams). But partisanship may colour some of the 'facts' of the narrative: for example, did the sun shine brightly on Hunter after he prayed for the Son of God to shine upon him?

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THe 26. day of the sayde moneth of Marche, the yeare aforesayde, followed the Martyrdome of William Hunter, a right godly young man of the age of xix. yeares, and borne of like godly parents: by whome hee was not onely instructed in true religion and godlinesse, but also confirmed by them vnto death, after a rare and strange example,

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