Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Anthony KitchenCardiffChepstow
 
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Anthony Kitchen

(1477 - 1563)

Bishop of Llandaff (1545 - 1563) [DNB]

Anthony Kitchen was one of the commissioners who presided over the deprivation of Hooper. 1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1506.

He imprisoned Rawlins White and persistently tried to induce him to recant. On the verge of condemning White, he postponed reading the sentence to give White a last chance to recant. Finally Kitchen reluctantly pronounced sentence on White. 1570, pp. 1726-27; 1576, pp. 1480 [recte 1474]-63 [recte 1475]; 1583, p. 1558.

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[Foxe occasionally calls him Anthony 'Kechin'.]

 
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Cardiff
NGR: ST 184 765

A borough, having separate jurisdiction and the head of a union, locally in the hundred of Kibbor, county of Glamorgan. 158 miles west from London. The borough consists of the parishes of St John Baptist and St Mary, both discharged vicarages consolidated in the diocese of Llandaff.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Chepstow
NGR: ST 534 934

A port, market town and parish in the upper division of the hundred of Caldicott, county of Monmouth, 15 miles south by east from Monmouth, 131 miles west from London. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Llandaff.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1581 [1557]

Queene Mary. The examination, trouble, and condemnation of Rawlins.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. March.vp the light of his Gospell, thorough the blessed gouernment of K. Edward the vj. here in this Realme of England, this Rawlins began partly to mislike that which before hee had embraced, and to haue some good opinion of that which before by the iniquitie of the tyme had ben concealed from him: and the rather to bring this good purpose and intent of his to passe, he began to be a diligēt hearer, and a great searcher out of the truth.

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MarginaliaThe desirous minde of Rawlins to search for truth.But because the good man was altogether vnlearned, and withall very simple, he knew no ready way how hee might satisfie his great desire: At length it came in hys mynde to take a speciall remedy to supply hys necessite, which was this: He had a little boy which was his own sonne, MarginaliaThe godly intēt of Rawlins in setting his sōne to schoole.which childe he set to schoole to learne to read English.  

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The wording here is a little obscure; does this passage mean that the boy could speak, but not read, English? Or was he a native Welsh speaker?

Now after the little boy could read indifferently wel, his father euery night after supper, sommer and winter, would haue the boy to read a piece of the holy scripture, & now and then of some other good booke. In which kind of vertuous exercise, the olde man had such a delight & pleasure, that as it semed, he rather practised himself in the study of Scripture, then in the trade or science which before tyme he had vsed: so that Rawlins within few yeares in the said tyme of K. Edward, MarginaliaThe meanes whereby Rawlins first came to knowledge.through the help of his little sonne, as a special minister appointed by god (no dout) for that purpose, & through much conscience besides, profited & went forward in such sort, that he was able not onely to resolue himselfe touching his owne former blindnes & ignorāce, but was also able to admonish and instruct other: and therfore when occasion serued, he would go from one place to an other, visiting such as he had best hope in. By which his doyng, he became in that countrey both a notable and open professor of the truth, MarginaliaRawlins by the meanes of his yong sōne came to the knowledge of the Scripture.beyng at all tymes and in all such places, not without þe company of his litle boy, whom (as I haue said) he vsed as an assistance to this hys good purpose. And to this his great industry and indeuor in holy scripture, God did also adde in him a MarginaliaThe gift of memory in Rawlins.singular gyft of memory, so that by the benefite therof he would & could do that in vouching and rehersing of the text, which men of riper and more profund knowlege, by their notes and other helpes of memory, could very hardly accomplish. In so much that he vpon the alledging of scripture, very often would cite the booke, the leafe, yea and the very sentence: such was the wonderfull working of God in this simple and vnlearned father.

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Nowe when he had thus continued in his profession the space of fiue yeares, K. Edward died, vpon whose decease Queene Mary succeeded, and with her all kynde of superstition and Papistrie crepte in. Which thing beyng one perceyued, Rawlins did not altogether vse open instruction and admonition (as before he was woont) and therfore oftētimes in some priuate place or other, he would call his trusty friends together, & with earnest prayer and great lamentation passe away the time, so that by his vertuous instructions, being without any blemish of errour, he conuerted a great number, which number (no doubt) had greatly encreased, had not the cruel storme of persecution bene.

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The extremitie and force whereof, at the last so pursued this good father Rawlins, that hee looked euery houre to goe to prison: whereupon many of those which had receyued comfort by his instructions, did resort vnto hym, MarginaliaRawlins exhorted to shifte for himselfe. and by all meanes possible began to perswade him to shift for hymselfe, and to dispose hys goods by some reasonable order to the vse of his wyfe and children, & by that meanes he should escape that daunger which was imminent ouer his head.

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But Rawlins nothyng abashed for hys owne part, through the iniquity of the tyme, & at all nothyng mooued with these their fleshly perswasions, thanked them most hartily for their good will, and told them plainely, that hee had learned one good lesson touching the confessing & denial of Christ, aduertising them, that if he vpon their persausions should presume to deny his maister Christ, Christ in the last day woul deny and vtterly condemne hym: MarginaliaRawlins promiseth to be constant to the death. and therfore (quoth he) I will by hys fauourable grace confes and beare witnes of him before men, that I may find him in euerlastyng lyfe.

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Notwithstandyng which aunswer, his friends were very importunate with hym. Howbeit, father Rawlins continued still in his good purpose, so long till at the last he was taken by the Officers of the towne, as a man suspected of heresie: MarginaliaRawlins apprehended and conuented before the B. of Landaffe named Anthony Kechin. vpon which apprehension he was conuented before the B. of Landaffe that then was, the sayd B. lying then at hys house besides Chepstow: by whome, after diuers combates and conflicts with him and his chaplains, this good father Rawlins was committed to prison in Chepstow. But this hys kepyng, whether it were by the Bishops meanes, because he would rid hys handes of

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hym, or through the fauour of hys keeper, was not so seuere and extreme, but that (if he had so listed) MarginaliaRawlins might escape and would not.hee myght haue escaped oftentymes.

But that notwithstandyng, hee continued still, in so much, that at the last he by the aforenamed Bishop was remooued from Chepstow to the castle of Cardiffe, MarginaliaRawlins a whole yeare in prison. where he continued by the space of one whole yeare. Duryng which tyme, this reporter resorted to him very often, with money and other reliefe from this MarginaliaA godly woman styrred vp to relieue Rawlins.reporters mother (who was a great fauourer of those that were in affliction in those dayes) and other of hys friends: which he receyued not without great thanks and prayses geuen to the name of God. And albeit that he was thus troubled and imprisoned, as ye haue heard, to hys owne vndoyng in this world, and to the vtter decay of his poore wyfe & children: yet was hys heart so set to the instruction and furtherance of other in the way of saluation, that he was neuer in quiet, but when he was perswading or MarginaliaExhortatiō of Rawlins to his friendes. exhorting such of hys familiar frends as commonly came vnto him. In so much that on the Sondayes and other tymes of laisure, when his friends came to visite hym, hee would passe away the tyme in prayer and exhortations, admonishing them alwayes to beware of false Prophets which come in sheeps clothyng.

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Now when hee had continued in Cardiffe Castle by the space of one whole yeare (as I haue sayde) the tyme of hys further triall was at hand. Whereupon, the aforenamed Bishop of Landaffe caused him to be broughte agayne from the castle of Cardiffe vnto his owne house besides Chepstow, & whilest he continued there, þe Bishoppe assayed many wayes howe to reduce him to some conformitie. MarginaliaRawlins by no meanes could be reduced to returne to Popery. But when all meanes eyther by theyr threatning wordes or flattering promises were to no purpose: the Byshoppe willed him to aduise and be at a full poynte with hymselfe, eyther to recant hys opinions, or els to abide the rigor of the lawe, and thereupon gaue him a day of determination.

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MarginaliaRawlins brought before the B. of Landaffe in opē iudgement.Which day beyng come, the Bishop with hys Chaplaynes went into his chappell, not without a great number of other by dwellers, that came to behold the manner of their doyngs. When the Bishop with his retinue were placed in order, poore Rawlins was brought before them. The Bishop after great deliberation in addressyng hymselfe (as it seemed) and silence forewarned to the rest that were there present, vsed a long kynd of talke to him, declaring the cause of hys sendyng for , which was, for that hee was a man well knowen to hold hereticall opinions, and that through his instruction many were led into blynd errour. In the end he exhorted hym to consider hys owne estate wherein he stood: MarginaliaThe words of the B. to Rawlins.for (said the B.) Rawlins, you haue bene oftentymes since your first trouble, both here in my house, and els where bene trauailed withal touching your opinions, and that notwithtandyng ye seeme altogether obstinate and wilfull.

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Now hereupon we thought good to sende for you, to see if there were any conformity in you: so that the matter is come to this poynt, that if you shall shew your selfe repentant for that which you haue done both agaynst God and the princes law, we are ready to vse fauour towards you: but if by no meanes we can perswade with you touching your reformation, we are minded at this time to minister the law vnto you, and therfore aduise your self what you will do.

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MarginaliaRawlins aunswereth to the Byshop.When the B. had made an ende of his long tale, this good father Rawlins spake very boldly to him, and sayd: My Lord. I thanke God I am a christian mā, and I hold no opinions contrary to the word of God, & if I do, I desire to be reformed out of the worde of God, as a christian mā ought to be: many mo words in like sort wer betwene the B. & Raulins, which this reporter doth not wel remēber. But in the end when Rawlins would in no wyse recant his opinions, the B. told him plainly, þt he must proceed against him by þe law, & condemn him as an heretike.

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Proceed in your law a Gods name said Rawlins, but for an heretike you shal neuer condemn me while þe world standeth. But (said the B. to his company) before we proceed any further with hym, MarginaliaThe B. of Landaffe proceedeth with prayer in condemnation of Rawlins, which cōmonly the popish persecutors are not wont to doe. let vs pray vnto God that he would send some sparke of grace vppon him, (meanyng Rawlins) & it may so chance that God through our prayer will here turne and conuert his heart. When Rawlins heard the B. say so, Ah my Lord, quoth he, now you deale well and like a godly Bish. and I thanke you most hartily for your great charity and gentlenes. Christ saith: where as two or three be gathered in my name, I will be in the middest of them, and there be moe then two or three of you. Now if it be so that your request be godly and lawfull, and that that you pray as ye should pray, without doubt God will heare you. And therefore my Lord goe to, doe you praye

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