Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Francis Talbot

(1500 - 1560)

5th earl of Shrewsbury. Privy councillor [DNB]

A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters, one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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Haukes

Haukes gave John Tooley a book containing protestant prayers which Tooley read at his execution. 1563, p. 1146; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

[Quite possibly this is Thomas Hawkes the martyr.]

[Also referred to as 'Haux']

 
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Martin Bucer

(1491 - 1551)

Protestant divine. [DNB]; Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Martin Bucer's body was exhumed and burned on Cardinal Pole's orders. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570], 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Martin Bucer liked John Bradford and exhorted him to preach on several occasions 1563, pp. 1172-73, 1570, pp. 1779-80, 1576, p. 1520 , 1583, p. 1603.

He was mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge, the inhabitants of which he asked to remember the readings and preaching of God's prophet and true preacher, Bucer. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, p. p. 1808-09, 1576, pp. 1545-47, 1583, p. 1627.

Foxe refers to Martin Bucer's preaching at Cambridge University. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2143, 1576, p. 1863, 1583, p. 1956.

Scot, Watson and Christopherson interdicted St Mary's Church, Cambridge, where Bucer was buried.1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 1959.

Bucer's good character is referred to. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1958.

Scot, Watson and Christopherson discussed and agreed to the exhumation of Bucer. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1958.

Bucer and Phagius were condemned. 1563, p. 1542, 1570, p. 2146, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1959.

Bucer's body was exhumed. 1570, p. 2150, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1963.

 
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Paul Phagius

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

Scot, Watson and Christopherson interdicted St Michael's church, Cambridge, where Phagius was buried. 1563, p. 1538, 1570, p. 2143, 1576, p. 1863, 1583, p. 1957.

Scot, Watson and Christopherson discussed and agreed to the exhumation of Bucer and Phagius. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1958.

Phagius and Bucer were condemned. 1563, p. 1541, 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1866, 1583, p. 1958.

 
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Reginald Pole

(1500 - 1558)

Archbishop of Canterbury (1555 - 1558) and cardinal. [DNB] Papal legate (1554 - 1557) [Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation; T. F. Mayer, Reginald Pole, Prince and Prophet (2000)]

On 7 November 1554, two ambassadors were sent abroad. The rumour was that they were sent to escort Pole to England (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

Pole landed at Dover on 21 November 1554 and on the same day an act was passed in parliament repealing the act of attainder passed against him in Henry VIII's reign (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475; cf. the account of this in 1563, p. 1008). Another notice of the act of attainder against Pole being repealed (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1481).

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Pole arrived at Lambeth on 24 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

He arrived at parliament on 27 November 1554 and made an oration there, praising England's previous catholic fidelity, deploring the reformation and extolling papal power (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-7; 1583, pp. 1476-78).

He pronounced a papal absolution in parliament on 28 November 1554 (1563, pp. 1010-11; 1570, p. 1649; 1576, p. 1407; 1583, pp. 1477-78).

Reginald Pole sent a letter to Pope Julius III on 30 November 1554 announcing the restoration of catholicism in England. 1563, pp. 1013-14 [in Latin, only in this edition, pp. 1012-13] ; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79; also see 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559.

He was present at Stephen Gardiner's Paul's Cross sermon of 2 December 1554 (1563, p. 1018; 1570, p. 1651; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

He absolved convocation on 6 December 1554 for their perjuries, heresies and schisms (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

As legate to Julius III, Pole reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English. 1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457; 1583, p. 1531.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. Ormanet was chosen because he had the trust of Pope Julius III. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Thomas Causton appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541.

Robert Ferrar appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1099; 1570, p. 1724; 1576, p. 1472; 1583, p. 1555.

The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) was held on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from 'Cardinall Poole'. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

William Stannard, Thomas Freeman and William Adams were condemned to be burned 13 June 1556 but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for their lives. 1563, pp. 1525-26, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1798, 1583, p. 1916.

Pole chose Cuthbert Scot, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole to be a persecutors of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Peter Martyr's wife was reburied in Richard Marshall's dunghill after Cardinal Pole ordered him to oversee the exhumation of her body. 1563, p1559., 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

Reginald Pole died the day after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

[Not related to David Pole.]

 
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Richard Cluney

Bonner's summoner. Keeper of Lollards Tower.

Cluney witnessed the degradation of John Hooper and John Rogers on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508. [NB: Described as a bell ringer in 1563, p. 1058, but this was changed to summoner in later editions.]

Bonner's writ for the excommunication of John Tooley was sent to Cluney. 1563, p. 1143; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1582.

Robert Johnson wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle, confirming Cluney's and Harpsfield's reports. He mentioned that Sir Thomas More's submission was read to him twice to no good effect. 1563, p. 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he mentioned Cluney's report. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Margery Mearing was talking with a friend when she saw Cluney, Bonner's summoner, making his way to her house. Cluney took her away to be examined. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2228, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2031.

Cluney took William Living to his own house, robbed him, and then took him to Bonner's coalhouse and put him in the stocks. Cluney eventually brought him meat and then took him to Darbyshire who presented him with a list of names. Cluney took Julian Living to Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1956, 1583, p. 2063.

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John Fetty was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner, who sent him to Lollards Tower and put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

The chaplains had Cluney take William Fetty to his father in Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

The child told his father what had happened, at which point Cluney seized the child and returned him to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

Thomas Green was transferred quickly from Lollards Tower to the coalhouse by Cluney and then put in the stocks. 1563, p. 1685, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1953, 1583, p. 2060.

After examination, Cluney removed Green to prison again, first to the coalhouse and then the salthouse. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

Cluney delivered Green to Trinian, the porter of Christ's hospital, where he was thrown into the dungeon. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

After Elizabeth Young's sixth examination, Darbyshire called on Cluney to take her away. Cluney took her to the stockhouse, where she was kept in irons, and then to Lollards Tower, where she was kept in stocks and irons. 1570, p. 2273, 1576, p. 1962, 1583, p. 2069.

Alexander Wimshurst was sent to Cluney's house in Paternoster Row, where he was to be carried forward to Lollard's Tower, but Cluney, his wife and maid had no time to lock up Wimshurst as they were extremely busy. When Wimshurst was left alone in Cluney's hall, a woman came to him and told him this was his chance to escape, which he took. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

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Edward Benet asked Story to help him out of prison, which he did, only to deliver him to Cluney who put him in stocks in the coalhouse for a week. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

[Foxe occasionally refers to him as 'Richard Cloney'.]

 
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Robert Bromley

Grocer and yeoman sergeant of the sheriff of London

Bromley was present at John Tooley's execution. He requested that Tooley hand him one of the prayers which Tooley read before he was executed. Tooley handed him a prayer headed 'Beware of Antichrist'. For this offence Bromley had to seek a pardon from Bishop Bonner. 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

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Bromley described Tooley's execution to one John Burton and gave Burton a copy of Tooley's prayer. 1563, pp. 1145-46.

Bromley's deposition of 3 May 1555, describing his giving Burton a copy of Tooley's prayer, and expressing penitence for it, is printed in 1563, p. 1146.

 
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Sir John Gage

(1479 - 1556)

Statesman and military commander. MP Sussex (1529, 1539). Lord Chamberlain (1553 - 1556); privy councillor (DNB; Bindoff)

John Gage was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Sir John Gage was an attendant to Elizabeth when she was brought to London under suspicion of involvement in Wyatt's rebellion. 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

He was appointed to go with Elizabeth after her release. 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

[Married the daughter of Sir Richard Guildford of Cranbrook. Father of James and Edward Gage.]

 
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Sir Richard Southwell

(1504 - 1564)

Master of the Ordinance; elder brother of Sir Robert Southwell. Courtier and official. (DNB)

Sir Richard Southwell was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Bishop Bonner, dated 27 November 1554, informing him that Queen Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-75).

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Southwell was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was present at John Rogers' execution on 4 February 1555. 1570, p. 1664; 1576, p. 1420; 1583, p. 1493.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

Richard Southwell was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Bradford was brought to speak to Bonner by the under-marshal of the King's Bench. Talk took place between the lord chancellor, Bonner and John Bradford on 22 January 1555, during which the bishop of Durham, Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Robert Rochester, and Secretary Bourne questioned Bradford's eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1185-88, 1570, pp. 1782-84, 1576, pp. 1522-23, 1583, pp. 1605-06.

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A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters, one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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He sent a letter to Bishop Bonner about William Andrew. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1878, 1576, p. 1608, 1583, pp. 1702-03.

Robert Farrer's examination took place before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Southwell went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

 
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Sir Thomas Cheyney

(1482/87 - 1558)

Treasurer of the Household (1539 - 1558) (DNB)

One of the signatories of a letter of the Privy Council to Princess Mary dated 9 July 1553, stating that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1567; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

One of the signatories of a letter of the Privy Council to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to initiate posthumous proceedings against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court (1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584).

Also referred to as 'Cheney'

 
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Sir William Petre

(1505? - 1572)

Mary's principal secretary until 1557 [DNB]

Sir William Petre was one of the signatories of a letter from the privy council to Princess Mary, dated 9 July 1553, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1658; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He was present at Gardiner's sermon, 30 September 1554. Foxe spells his name 'Peter', (1570, p. 1644; 1576, p. 1402; 1583, p. 1473).

On 28 March 1555, Mary announced to Petre and three other privy councillors that she was restoring the monastic lands in the crown's possession to the church. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559.

William Peter was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters: one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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Sir William Petre was humble before Elizabeth at Hampton court. 1563, p. 1715, 1570, p. 2294, 1576, p. 1986, 1583, p. 2291.

[Also referred to as 'Secretary Peter']

 
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Thomas Harold

A prisoner in the Marshalsea in 1555, Thomas Harold wrote a prayer, 'Beware of Antichrist,' which John Tooley read from the gallows. 1563, pp. 1145-46; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

1608 [1584]

Queene Mary. Processe agaynst Iohn Tooly after he was dead.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iune. ther at the least.

After this it happened, that when Tooley had readde the Byll the fyrste tyme, it fell from him: and a certayne young man (who was thought to be a Prentise)  

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I.e., an apprentice.

stouped downe and tooke vp the Byll, and clymed vp by the Cart, and deliuered it vnto Tooly agayne, which he agayne did reade to the people. That done, he deliuered vnto one of the Marshialles Officers the booke aforesayd, and wylled hym to deliuer it to one Haukes, saying that it was hys Booke. Furthermore, hee deliuered one of the Prayers written in a paper, to one Robert Bromley Sergeaunt, which desired to haue it of him. Vpon the toppe of whiche Byl  
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I.e., paper.

l was written a line, conteyning these wordes: Beware of Antichrist: and subscribed vnderneath: Per me Thomam Harold prysoner in the Marshalsea, enemy to Antechriste. For the Byll  
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I.e., paper.

aforesayde Robert Bromley was brought afterward Coram nobis,  
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I.e., Bromley was brought before Bishop Bonner's court.

and was faine to aske pardon of the bishop, and to detest all the wordes of Tooly, and glad so to escape.

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Thus while Tooly had made his prayers, as is aboue sayd, to be diliuered from the Popes tyranny, by the same prayer he fel into great tyranny. For so soon as the brute  

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I.e., report or rumour.

of this fact came vnto the eares of the Priests & Mitred prelates, they were not a litle mad therat, thinking it not tollerable that so great a reproch should be done agaynst the holy father. MarginaliaA Councell called agaynst Tooly.Calling therfore a coūsell together, as though it had bene a matter of great importance. Toolyes talke at his death was debated among themselues.

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At the last, (after much Pro and Contra) they all consented to those mens iudgements, which thought it meet that the vyolating of the Popes holynes shoulde be reuenged with fire and fagot. And I do easely beleue, that Cardinal Poole was no small doer in this sentence: for as Winchester and Boner did alwayes thirst after the bloud of the liuing, MarginaliaCardinall Poole a great doer in burning dead mens Bones.so Pooles lightning was for the most part kindled agaynst the dead: and he reserued this charge onely to hymselfe, I knowe not for what purpose, except peraduenture being loth to be so cruel as the other, he thought neuerthelesse by this meanes to discharge his duetye towarde the Pope. By the same Cardinalles like lightening and fierye fist, MarginaliaM. Bucer Paulus Phagius, Peter Martyrs wyfe. Iohn Tooly, burned for heretickes after their death.the bones of Martine Bucer, and Paulus Phagius, which had lyen almost two yeares in theyr graues, were taken vp and burned at Cambridge, as Toolyes carkase was here at London. And besides this, because he woulde shew some token of his diligence in both Vniuersities, he caused Peter Martirs wife, a woman of worthy memory, to be digged out of the Churchyarde, and to be buryed on the dunghill. Of these two prodigious actes, ye shal heare more hereafter. But now to our purpose of Tooly, which hauinge ended his prayer, was hanged, and put into hys graue, out of the which he was digged agayne, by the cōmaundement of the Bishops, and because he was so bolde to derogate the authority of the Bishop of Rome at þe time of his death, it pleased them to iudge and cōdemne him as an hereticke, vpon the commaundement of the Counselles letter, as here appeareth.

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¶ A Letter sent vnto Boner Byshop of London, from the Counsell.  
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Bonner's normal practice was to copy letters to him from the queen or the privy council into his register; this letter is an exception. This suggests that all the materials relating to the case of Tooley were kept in a separate register.

MarginaliaThe Counsells letter to B. Boner concerning Tooly.AFter our very harty commendations to your Lordship vnder standing that of late amongest others that haue suffered about London for theyr offences, one leude person that was condemned for felony, dyed very obstinately professing at the tyme of his death sundry hereticall and erronious opinions: like as we thinke it not conuenient that such a matter should be ouerpassed without some example to the world, so we thought good to pray your Lordshyppe, to cause further enquirye to be made thereof, and thereupon to proceede to the making out of such processe as by the Ecclesiasticall lawes is prouided in that behalfe. And so we bid your Lordship hartily well to fare. From Hamptō Courte, the 28. of April. 1555.

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Your Lordships louing frendes.


Ste. Winton Cancel.
F. Shrewsbury.
Iohn Gage.
Thomas Cheney.

R. Rochester.
William Peter.
Rich Southwell.

Anon after, a Citation was set vpon Paules Church doore vnder the Bishop of Londons great seale: the tenor wherof here ensueth.

¶ The writ or Mandate of Boner B. of London, set vp at Charing Crosse, on Paules Church doore, and at S. Martins in the field, for the cityng and further inquiring out of the case of Iohn Tooly.  
Commentary  *  Close

This writ was the necessary first step in excomunicating Tooley. Foxe probably copied it from a register, now lost, containing all the documents in the Tooley case.

 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 92

Edmundus permiss. divina Lond. Epis. universis et singulis rectoribus, vicariis, capellanis, curatis et non curatis, clericis, et literatis quibuscunque per diocesim nostram Lond. constitutis, et præsertim Richardo Clony Apparitori nostro jurato, salutem, gratiam, et benedictionem. Quia fama publica, ac plurium fide dignorum relatione, nec non facti notorietate insinuantibus ad nostrum nuper pervenit auditum, huod quidam Joan. Tooly civis et Pulter Lond. perditionis et iniquitatis filius, ad profundum malitiæ perveniens, &c. (Foxe's first Edit., p. 1142 as printed.) Charing Cross mentioned in the English heading, is not alluded to in the document itself.

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MarginaliaA Citation set vp by Boner & that in Latin, commaunding his kinne and kinsfolkes to lay for him what they could before the sentence geuen, or els to hold their peace for euer.EDmond by the sufferaunce of God, Bishop of London, to all and singular Parsons, Vicares, Curates, and others, Clerks and learned men, being within our Dioces of London, and specially vnto Richard Clony our sworn Sumner, greeting, salutation, & benediction. For so much as it is come to our hearing by common fame, and the declaration of sundry credible persons, that one Iohn Tooly late Citizen and Pulter of London, the sonne of perdition and iniquity, comming to the profundity of malice, in the selfe same time in the which he should go to hanging, accordyng to the lawes of the Realme, for the greate thefte by him lately committed, at whiche time chiefely he shoulde haue cared for the wealth of his soule, and to haue dyed in the vnity of the Catholique Churche, did vtter diuers and sundry, damnable, blasphemous, and hereticall opinions, & errors, vtterly contrary & repugnant to the verity of the Catholicke fayth & vnity of the same, and did exhort, styrre vp, and encourage the people there standing in great multitude, to hold & defend the same errors and opinions: And moreouer, certaine of the people there standing, as it did appeare, infected with errours and heresies, as fautours and defenders of the sayd Iohn, did confirme and geue expresse consent to the foresayd wordes, propositions, and affirmations: which thing we doe vtter with sorrow and bytternesse of hart.

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MarginaliaNote how Boner here pretendeth conscience in prosecuting this matter. when onely he was commaunded vnto it by the Counsells letters.We therfore the foresayd Edmond & bishop abouesayd, not being able, nor daring passe ouer in silence, or winke at the foresaid hainous act, least by our negligence and slacknes, þe bloud of thē might be required at our handes, at the most terrible day of iudgement, desiring to be certified and enformed, whether þe premises declared vnto vs be of truth & least that any scabbed sheep, lurking amongst the simple flocke of our Lord do infect them with pestiferous heresy, to you, therfore, we straitly charge and commaūd, that you cite, or cause to be cited al and singuler, hauing or knowing the truth of the premisses, by setting vp this Citation vpon the Church doore of Saint Martines in the field, being within our Dioces of London, and also vpon the Cathedrall Church doore of S. Paules in London, leauing there the copy hereof, or by other meanes or wayes, the best you can, that this Citation and Monition may come to theyr knowledge.

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All which and singular by the tenor of these presentes, we cite and admonishe that they appeare, and euery one of them do appeare before vs or our Vicar generall, or Commissary, whatsoeuer he be in that behalfe, in our cathedrall Church of S. Paul in London, in the Consistory place vp on thursday the second day of May, now next ensuing, betwixt the houres of 9. & 10. of the clocke in the forenoone the same day, to beare witnes to the truth in this behalfe, and to depose and declare faythfully the trueth that they know or haue heard of the premisses: and moreouer, to do and receiue, that law and reason doth require.

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MarginaliaThe wyfe children & kindred of Iohn Tooly cited.Further, we commit vnto you, as before, and straytlye enioyning you do cōaund, that ye will generally cite the wife of the sayd Tooly that is dead & his children, his kynred by father and mother, his frendes, and his familiars in especiall, and all other and euery of thēm, if there be any perhaps that desire to defend and purge the remembraunce of the person in the premisses, and that ye admonish them after the maner and forme aforesayd, whō we likewise by the tenor of these presentes, do in such sort cite and monish that they appeare all, & that euery one of thē do appeare (vnder pain to be cōpelled to keep silence for euer hereafter in this behalfe) before vs, or our Vicar generall in spirituall matters, or such our Commissary at the day, houre, and place aforesayd, to defende the good name and remembraunce of him that is dead, and to say, alledge, & propose in due forme of law, a cause reasonable, if they haue any or can tel of any why the sayd Iohn Tooly that is dead, ought not to be determined and declared for such an heretick and excommunicate person, and his remembrance condemned, in the detesting and condemning of so heynous a deed and crime, MarginaliaThe carcas of Tooly cut of from Christian buryall.& his body or carkas to lacke Church buriall, as a rottē mēber cut of from the church, and the same to be committed to the arme & power secular, and they compelled hereafter for euer to hold theyr peace.

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MarginaliaThe Bishop layeth his bayte to catch whom he may trouble.And furthermore, to do, receiue, & to suffer, as law and reason will, and as the quality of suche matter, and the nature of themselues do constrayne and require: and moreouer, that you cite and monish after the maner aforesayd, all and euery of the receiuers, fautours, and creditours of the sayd Iohn Tooly that is dead, especially if any of them doe accline and geue consent to those wicked and detestable affirmations, propositions, and rehearsals aforesaid, that on this side the sayd thursday, they returne and submit themselues vnto vs, and to the lap of the mother holy Church: which thing if they doe, we trusting vpon the mercye of al-

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mighty
CCCC.ij.
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