Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Names and Places on this Page
John TooleyRichard Alvey
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Tooley

(d. 1555)

Poulterer and posthumous martyr

John Tooley robbed a Spaniard, was caught and sentenced to hang. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1583.

At the gallows, Tooley prayed that the Lord deliver them from the tyranny of the bishop of Rome. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1756; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, pp. 1583-84.

The privy council ordered that Tooley be posthumously punished by ecclesiastical law for his prayer. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, pp. 1756-57; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Depositions of witnesses to Tooley's heretical prayer: 1563, pp. 1144-46.

Bishop Bonner published a writ excommunicating Tooley. 1563, pp. 1142-44; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, pp. 1500-1; 1583, pp. 1584-85.

Tooley was posthumously tried and his remains exhumed and burned. 1563, p. 1144; 1570, pp. 1757-58; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1585.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Alvey

(d. 1584)

Rector of Thorington, Essex (1539 - 1555 and 1558 - 1565); Canon of Westminster (1552 - 1554 and 1560 - 1574); Master of the Temple (1560 - 1584). In exile at Frankfurt (1555 - 1558) [DNB].

Thomas Wattes declared to Bishop Bonner that he [Wattes] had been taught his religious beliefs by Alvey and that Alvey preached the gospel truly and sincerely. 1563, p. 1163; 1570, p. 1770; 1576, p. 1511; 1583, p. 1595

1619 [1595]

Queene. Mary. The story and examination of Thomas Wattes.

MarginaliaAnno. 1555. Iune.Lordship, to be further examined by you of his perticular opinions, as to your pastorall office shall seeme conuenient, certifieng you further, that in our opinion he is one of the most arrogant heretikes that hath bene heard speake, or euer came before you, & not meet to be kept here in any Gaole, as well for feare of corrupting others, as for diuers & sundry other speciall causes hereafter to be more declared. Thus leauing to molest your good Lordship, we commit you to the holy ghost. Geuen at Chelmesford the 27. of Aprill. An. 1555.

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Your good Lordships most assured, MarginaliaThe names of the Iustices.

R. Rich.
Henry Tirrell.
Anthony Browne.
Edmund Tirrell.
T. Myldman.
Iohn Wiseman.
Rog. Appleton.
Rich. Weston.

Now when the B. had receiued him, how he vsed him it is easie (by his common practises with others) to iudge. What his priuate conferēces were, I know not, but what was publikely done in the Consistory at Paules (the common stage for these tragedies) you shall here see.

The first appearance of Thomas Wattes in the bishops Consistorie. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

MarginaliaThe first appearance of Thomas Wattes in the Bishops Consistory.FIrst vppon Thursday, beyng the second day of May, Thomas Wattes was brought thether before the Bishop of London, & there being examined vpon his words had before the L. Rich and others (as is conteined in their letters) he did earnestly affirme the same to be true. Wherupon the Bishop obiected, and examined him vpon these Articles following, to the which he aunswered, as vnder may appeare.

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¶ Articles obiected agaynst Thomas VVattes of Byllerica in the Countie of Essex, within the Diocesse of London, by Boner Bish. there, as ensueth. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 120

These Articles appear in a slightly enlarged form, and the different Items all commence personally, in the first edition of the 'Acts and Monuments' (pp. 1163, 1164,) as thus: "Item, that thou Thomas Wattes," &c., but the variations are immaterial. "The Answer of the said Thomas Wats" also varies slightly.

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MarginaliaArticles agaynst Tho. Wattes.1. FIrst that the said Tho. Wattes was of Billerica, & so of the iurisdiction of the B. of London.

MarginaliaThe Sacraments of the Church of Rome.2. Item, that be beleeued not in the Sacraments of the holy and Catholike church, as the Catholike church of Rome, and all other Churches members of the same, euer hetherto hath beleued, & is taught of al good & faithful people, nor hath allowed the said sacraments, rites, vsages, or ceremonies of the said church, but hath despised the same.

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MarginaliaThe substance of the sacramēt.3. Item, that he beleeueth, & also hath taught others, that the substaunce of materiall bread and wyne do remaine in the Sacrament of the aultar after the consecration, & that the sayd materiall bread and wyne are the signes & tokens of Christes body hanged vpon the crosse, and of hys bloud there shed, and that in the sayd Sacrament there is only a memory or remembraunce of Christes body & bloud, and nothyng els.

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MarginaliaThe presence in the sacrament.4. Item, that he beleueth, and doth precisely affirme, that the very true presence of Christes body and bloud in substaunce, is not in the Sacrament of the aultar, but only in heauen, and no where els.

MarginaliaThe Masse abhominable.5. Item, that he beleeueth, affirmeth, and sayth, that the Masse now vsed in the church of Rome here in England, and other places is full of Idolatry, abhomination & wickednes, and that Christ did neuer institute it, nor ordayne it, nor yet allow it as a good and laudable thyng to be vsed in his Church.

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MarginaliaConfession to God.6. Item, that he beleeueth and affirmeth that auricular confession to be made vnto the Priest, is not necessary, but superfluous: and that it is enough for a man to beleeue onely, & to confesse hymselfe vnto God, without any priest or minister at any tyme, though he may haue the Priest to confesse hym vnto.

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MarginaliaDefence of Martyrs.7. Item, that he beleueth that Luther, Wickliffe, Doctor Barnes, and all others that haue holden against the Sacrament of the aultar, & suffred death by fire or otherwise, for the maintenaunce of the said opinion, were good men, and faithfull seruaunts and Martyrs of Christ, in so beleeuyng and dieng.

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MarginaliaFasting, praying & almes deedes.8. Item, that he hath and doth beleue, that to fast, pray, or to do almes deeds, is a thyng vtterly vnprofitable: for if a man shal be saued, he shalbe saued without doing of them: and if he shall be damned, they shall not helpe him, or doe hym any good at all.

MarginaliaQ. Maryes seruice reproued.9. Item, that the said Wattes of late comming into open Court at the Sessions before the Lord Riche, Sir Henry Tirell Knight, Anthony Browne Esquier, and others, & beyng then and there examined, did openly confesse, that hee had refused to come to the Church, and to heare there the diuine seruice, and to receiue the sacrament of the aul-tar, according to the order of the Church: because that like as the seruice of the Church set out in the dayes of the late king Edward the 6. was said and alledged to be abhominable, hereticall, schismaticall, and all naught: so hee the said Thomas Wattes thē and there said openly before the said Commissioners, that all that is now vsed and done in the Church, is abhominable, hereticall, schismaticall, and altogether naught: And that he did also then vtter before the sayd Commissioners, other erroneous and arrogant words, to the hurt of his soule, and to the euill example of the people there present.

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MarginaliaWattes reputed by the lawes for an hereticke.10 Item, that he the said Thomas by reason of the premisses, was and is to be takē, had, reputed, and iudged as a manifest & open heretike, and for the same, by the order of ecclesiasticall lawes is to be declared, accursed: and beyng obstinate and incorrigible, is to be deliuered to the secular power, there to be punished as an heretike.

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MarginaliaThe church of Rome a Sinagoge of Sathan.11 Item, that he ouer and besides all these offences, and trespasses aforesaid, had also added this trespasse, that is to wit: that he had beleued and deliberately spoken, that the Church of Rome in her rites, ceremonies, Sacramentes, constitutions, and traditions, is the Synagoge of Satan, and therefore that he had consented and agreed in opionion & beliefe, with one Iohn Tooly, of late hanged at Charing crosse, who at the tyme of his executing, desired the people to pray, to be deliuered from the tiranny of the Bishop of Rome, with all his enormities: as who should say, that his authoritie and doings were tiranny, and had all enormities and iniquities in them.

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12 Item, that the premisses and euery part thereof, bee true, notorious, manifest, and openly spoken, & talked of amongst the honest & credible persons in great multitude, and that of all & singular the same within Billerica aforesayd, and other places there about, beyng of the diocesse of London, there is a common voyce and fame thereof.

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¶ The aunswer of the sayd Thomas VVattes to the foresayd Articles. 
Commentary  *  Close

The accounts of Wats's appearance in Consistory court, along with the letter from the Essex justices, and the articles objected against him with his answers, are taken from official documents, probably a court book, which is now lost.

MarginaliaHis aunsweres to the articles.TO the first he sayd and confessed the same to bee true in euery part thereof.

To the 2. Article he answered that he beleueth in al the Sacraments according to Christes institution, & the Catholike church: but not according to the Bish. of Romes church: and further said, that he doth not beleeue now as he had done in tymes past: for in tyme past he beleeued as the church then beleeued, but now he doth not so beleeue: for the church of Rome had deceiued vs, and therefore hee sayd he did not beleue as the church of Rome beleueth, but as Christ hath taught him: MarginaliaTho. Wattes first wonne to the Gospell by M. Aluey.And further said, that hee was so taught to beleue by preachyng of one M. Aluey, & other whose names he remembred not: which Aluey he said did preach the word of God truly and sincerely.

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To the 3. he aunswered, that he hath and doth beleeue, that Christes body is in heauen, and no where els: & further, that he will neuer beleue that Christes body is in the Sacrament.

To the 4. he aunswered, confessing and firmely beleeuing the same to be true.

To the 5. that he did beleue, that the Masse is abhominable, and that he will not go one iot from that his belief.

To the 6. that he neither did, nor yet doth beleeue that the priest can absolue him of his sinnes: howbeit, he denieth not but it is good to aske councell at the priests mouth.

To the 7. he sayd, that he knoweth not what the opinions of the sayd persons named in the sayd article were: and in case the sayd persons did beleeue that the body and bloud of Christ were reall and in very deed in the Sacrament of the altar, then that they were not good men. But in case they did beleue that the body & bloud of Christ was not in the Sacrament of the aultar really and truely, then he beleued that they were good christian men.

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To the 8. that he had not spokē as is conteined in this article, but said, that he hath and doth beleue that fastyng, prayers and almes deeds be workes of a liuely faith.

To the 9. he confessed, that he did vtter and speake, as in this article is conteyned, and further desired God that he might dye in that fayth and beliefe, wherein he now is.

To the x. he answered and said, that he wil submit him selfe herein to the order of the law: and further said that he trusteth that with God he shall be blessed, although wyth men he be accursed.

MarginaliaThe Byshop of Rome an enemy to Christ.To the xi. he sayd, that he beleued that the B. of Rome is a mortall enemy to Christ and hys Church. And as for Tooly he sayd, he dyd neuer see or know hym: but in case the sayd Tooly dyd wish and pray as is conteyned in the Article, then he dyd likewyse wish and consent with hym therein.

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